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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Thermal Transport Study On Actinide Oxides Using Phonon Density Of States Calculation, Alex Resnick, Katherine Mitchell Nov 2018

Thermal Transport Study On Actinide Oxides Using Phonon Density Of States Calculation, Alex Resnick, Katherine Mitchell

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The thermophysical properties of nuclear fuels being developed in generation IV nuclear reactors are still being widely examined since the reactor’s operating performance is strongly correlated to the thermal transport properties of the fuel source. In this research, phonon density of states (DOS) are estimated for uranium dioxide (UO2), thorium dioxide (ThO2), and plutonium dioxide (PuO2) as these are all significant representations of the actinide oxide family. The crystalline structures of these fuels are altered to contain point defects in the form of primary atom vacancies, oxygen vacancies, and uranium substitution. Primary atom and oxygen vacancies ...


Thermophotovoltaic Devices: Combustion Chamber Optimization And Modelling To Maximize Fuel Efficiency, Arnold Chris Toppo, Ernesto Marinero, Zhaxylyk Kudyshev Aug 2018

Thermophotovoltaic Devices: Combustion Chamber Optimization And Modelling To Maximize Fuel Efficiency, Arnold Chris Toppo, Ernesto Marinero, Zhaxylyk Kudyshev

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Currently, 110 billion cubic meters of natural gas (primarily methane), a potent greenhouse gas, are flared off for environmental and safety reasons. This process results in enough fuel to provide the combined natural gas consumption of Germany and France. The research team developed a thermophotovoltaic device to convert thermal energy to electricity at a high efficiency using proprietary emitters and combustion system. With the current focus being fuel efficiency and the combustion process, the assembly was simulated using ANSYS Fluent modelling software and the following parameters were optimized: air/fuel ratios, flow rates, and inlet sizes. Simultaneously the heat transfer ...


Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks Jun 2018

Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks

The International Student Science Fair 2018

We have innovated “The Energy Conversion System for Travelers” or the ECoST. With the fact that most travelers have wheeled cabin-bags, whilst walking, the wheels will rotate so why don’t we harvest electricity from this kinetic energy? We thus install our innovation, the ECoST, to the bag to generate electricity from the spinning wheels. The electricity is then kept in the storage unit and ready to charge your empty battery devices in an emergency case via a USB port. To make life easy, our ECoST was designed to replicate the power bank charging method; therefore, we can charge it ...


Investigation Of The Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient Of The Hand And Fingers In Firefighter Gloves Using A Thermal Hand, Jie Yang, Li Wang, Weiwei Chen, Rui Li, Liwen Wang, Huanjiao Dong, Chunhui Xiang, Akm Mashud Alam, Guowen Song Jan 2018

Investigation Of The Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient Of The Hand And Fingers In Firefighter Gloves Using A Thermal Hand, Jie Yang, Li Wang, Weiwei Chen, Rui Li, Liwen Wang, Huanjiao Dong, Chunhui Xiang, Akm Mashud Alam, Guowen Song

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The heat transfer coefficients of the hands are critical inputs of the thermoregulation model that can simulate thermal responses of the hand and fingers. Besides, the hand has a greater surface area to mass ratio and complex anthropometric parameters, thus is extremely important in heat transfer and thermoregulation.

However, the convective heat transfer coefficients of the fingers, palm, and dorsal of the hand are not fully investigated and understood. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for full understanding of the convective heat transfer coefficients in both the whole-hand and regional segments. The results of this study will provide guidance for ...


Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski Aug 2017

Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Accidental mishandling of explosive materials leads to thousands of injuries in the US every year. Understanding the mechanisms behind the detonation process is crucial to prevent such accidents. In polymer-bonded explosives (PBX), high-frequency mechanical excitation generates thermal energy and can lead to an increase in temperature and vapor pressure, and potentially the initiation of the detonation process. However, the mechanisms behind this energy release, such as the effects of dynamic fracture and friction, are not well understood. Experimental data is difficult to collect due to the different time scales of reactions and vibrations, so research is aided by running simulations ...


Redesign Of Computer Keyboards For Hospital And Consumer Use, Kent Williams, Brian Jensen, Anton Bowden Feb 2017

Redesign Of Computer Keyboards For Hospital And Consumer Use, Kent Williams, Brian Jensen, Anton Bowden

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

Application of carbon nanotube coatings to computer keyboards in order to reduce the spread of bacteria in hospitals and homes.

Keywords: carbon nanotube, bacteria, antimicrobial, keyboard, design, MRSA, biofilm


Study On Criterion Of Fabricating Columnar Dendrite Structure Dz466 Superalloy Based On Lmc Process, Xun Sun Oct 2016

Study On Criterion Of Fabricating Columnar Dendrite Structure Dz466 Superalloy Based On Lmc Process, Xun Sun

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Welding Parameters On Initial Instability Dynamics During Solidification, Fengyi Yu, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan Oct 2016

The Influence Of Welding Parameters On Initial Instability Dynamics During Solidification, Fengyi Yu, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Prediction Of The Graphite Morphology And Nodularity Based On The Quantitative Sample Solidification Cooling Curves, Han Ye, Chao Li, Qingyou Han, Xiangjie Yang Oct 2016

Prediction Of The Graphite Morphology And Nodularity Based On The Quantitative Sample Solidification Cooling Curves, Han Ye, Chao Li, Qingyou Han, Xiangjie Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Temperature Filed Numerical Simulation Of Laser Welding For Ta15 Titanium Alloy By Coupling Thermal And Phase Transformation, Wenmin Ou, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan, Gaoyang Mi Oct 2016

Temperature Filed Numerical Simulation Of Laser Welding For Ta15 Titanium Alloy By Coupling Thermal And Phase Transformation, Wenmin Ou, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan, Gaoyang Mi

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation On The Sealing Of Aluminum Ball Joint, Haobin Tian, Xiaohang Liu, Xuelei Li, Jun Feng Oct 2016

Simulation On The Sealing Of Aluminum Ball Joint, Haobin Tian, Xiaohang Liu, Xuelei Li, Jun Feng

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modeling And Simulation Of Dendrite And Porosity Evolution During Solidification In The Molten Pool Of Al–Cu Alloys, Cheng Gu, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan Oct 2016

Modeling And Simulation Of Dendrite And Porosity Evolution During Solidification In The Molten Pool Of Al–Cu Alloys, Cheng Gu, Yanhong Wei, Xiaohong Zhan

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Fe Simulation For Accuracy Evolution And Control In Hot Forging Of Non-Circular Spur Bevel Gear, Wuhao Zhuang, Xinghui Han Oct 2016

Fe Simulation For Accuracy Evolution And Control In Hot Forging Of Non-Circular Spur Bevel Gear, Wuhao Zhuang, Xinghui Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen Aug 2016

High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Energetic materials, in particular HMX, is widely used in many applications as polymer bonded explosives (PBX) and rocket propellant. However, when damaged, HMX is known to be an unstable substance which renders it a hazardous material and in some cases unreliable. Finding critical mechanical conditions at high rates that render various forms of energetic materials as unreliable would be vital to understand the effects that vibrations and compression forces have on energetic materials. A better understanding would enable the ability to develop improvements in the manufacturing of PBX and rocker propellant. The method utilized to evaluate the mechanical properties of ...


Phased Array Ultrasonic Inspection Method For Homogeneous Tube Inspection Over Wide Oblique Angle Range, Benoit Lepage, Guillaume Painchaud-April Jan 2016

Phased Array Ultrasonic Inspection Method For Homogeneous Tube Inspection Over Wide Oblique Angle Range, Benoit Lepage, Guillaume Painchaud-April

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

As seamless tube manufacturers push quality requirements for their products, automated phased array Rotating Tube Inspection Systems (RTIS) are now required to provide continuous NDE detection performances over a wide angular range of oblique flaws. One major impact of this new reality is a paradigm shift for the calibration method driven by the requirement to meet homogeneous detection over broad oblique flaw angle intervals, whereas standard practice only requires calibration at specific discrete angles. An innovative method specifically designed to obtain high productivity and homogeneous inspection measurements over an oblique flaw range extending from -45 to 45 degrees is presented ...


Line-Focus Acoustic Mcroscopy Measurements Of Thin-Film Elastic Constants, Jin O. Kim, Jan D. Achenbach Jan 1993

Line-Focus Acoustic Mcroscopy Measurements Of Thin-Film Elastic Constants, Jin O. Kim, Jan D. Achenbach

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Thin film materials are widely used as hard, protective coatings for softer surfaces. It is known that fracture strength and hardness are related to the elastic and plastic properties [1]. The elastic constants of the film deposited on a substrate are, however, difficult to measure. By a technique which was recently discussed [2] the elastic constants of amorphous (isotropic) films and single-crystal (anisotropic) films can be obtained by measuring the velocities of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) propagating over a thin-film/ substrate specimen by the use of a line-focus acoustic microscope.


A Reflection Ultrasonic Interference Method For Measurement Of The Acoustic Velocity Of Thin Layers, D. K. Mak, G. Langlois Jan 1993

A Reflection Ultrasonic Interference Method For Measurement Of The Acoustic Velocity Of Thin Layers, D. K. Mak, G. Langlois

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Ultrasonic waves can be used to measure the velocities and other properties of a material layer by determining the difference in the time-of-flight of the successive echoes from the backwall of the layer. The top and bottom surfaces must be sufficiently far apart for the successive echoes to be distinct. This method can be used to measure the velocity of a protective epoxy layer on a pipeline wall to determine the deviation of an ultrasonic wave scattered from a defect. It has been used to determine the strength of adhesive bonds [1].


Ultrasonic Attenuation Of Water-Infiltrated Thermal Barrier Coatings, Joachim Bamberg, Heinz Schmitt Jan 1993

Ultrasonic Attenuation Of Water-Infiltrated Thermal Barrier Coatings, Joachim Bamberg, Heinz Schmitt

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

For advanced aircraft gas-turbine engines greater efficiencies and higher thrust are demanded. One possibility to achieve this is to increase the gas temperature at the turbine-section. Then thermal barrier coatings are necessary to protect the metallic structures.


Thermal Coating Characterization Using Thermoelasticity, Christopher S. Welch, Michael J. Zickel Jan 1993

Thermal Coating Characterization Using Thermoelasticity, Christopher S. Welch, Michael J. Zickel

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Synchronous demodulation techniques have been used for some time to measure thermal radiation produced by the small temperature changes associated with elastic stress in materials, the thermoelastic effect[l]. As reviewed in [2], these measurements have been employed primarily for inferring stress distributions in materials from the associated temperature distributions. Images of stress distribution have been made most often by assembling a large number of individual synchronous component measurements using specialized equipment [3]. Other investigators [4,5] have used subtraction of stroboscopic samples to build up similar images. Recently, techniques using full-field synchronous demodulation [6,7] have been reported using ...


Fast Photothermal Inspection Of Plasma-Sprayed Coatings Of Primary Circulation Seal Rings Of A Nuclear Reactor. Part Two: After The Trial Run, R. Lehtiniemi, J. Hartikainen, J. Rantala, J. Varis, M. Luukkala Jan 1993

Fast Photothermal Inspection Of Plasma-Sprayed Coatings Of Primary Circulation Seal Rings Of A Nuclear Reactor. Part Two: After The Trial Run, R. Lehtiniemi, J. Hartikainen, J. Rantala, J. Varis, M. Luukkala

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

In the 1991 QNDE conference [1] we described a photothermal inspection of the plasma-sprayed coatings of two seal rings used in the main pump of the primary circulation in the PWR-type nuclear reactor. The measurements concentrated on detecting the most critical flaw type, adhesion defects at the interface between the coating and the substrate. The samples were tested immediately after they were coated and lapped, and already then two thermal anomalies could be found.