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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr. Aug 2012

Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr.

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Noise control over a wide frequency band is an increasingly important design criterion in the building and transport industries. Examples of well known broadband passive concepts for optimal sound absorption are multi-layering with graded properties across the thickness and optimization of the material shape (e.g., wedges). However, for typical applications, the material thickness is limited and shaping or use of different material costly. Thus, there is growing interest for developing acoustical materials having microstructure properties gradient at the micro- or meso-scale; also known as Functionally Graded Materials (FGM). Even if sophisticated models are available to predict the acoustic behavior ...


A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Apr 2012

A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

This work investigates the links between the microstructure of polyurethane foams and their sound absorbing efficiency, and more specifically the effect of membranes closing the cells. In a previous work, the authors proposed a semi-empirical approach to link the foam microstructure properties, i.e. reticulation rate, strut length and thickness, with its non-acoustic parameters. The study was based on the complete characterization of 15 isotropic polyurethane foams with various cell sizes and reticulation rates (i.e. open pore content). This paper proposes a validation of this semi-empirical model using 3 new polyurethane foams, not used in the first characterization set ...


Optimization Of The Acoustic Performance Of Polyimide Foams, Olivier Doutres, Noureddine Atalla, Rebecca Wulliman, Shari Ferguson, Steve Bailey Jul 2011

Optimization Of The Acoustic Performance Of Polyimide Foams, Olivier Doutres, Noureddine Atalla, Rebecca Wulliman, Shari Ferguson, Steve Bailey

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Due to their low weight, high fire resistance and good mechanical strength, SOLIMIDE® Polyimide foams are good candidates for sound packages in aerospace sound transmission applications. However, their high resistance to airflow limits the sound absorption efficiency inside a double wall structure and thus the sound transmission loss of the structure. The paper discusses two concepts to improve the transmission efficiency of such materials for double wall applications: (i) improving its sound absorption behavior by removing mechanically or chemically the cell membranes and thus decreasing both the flow resistance and tortuosity, (ii) coupling the Polyimide foams to screens (porous or ...


A Practical Impedance Tube Method To Estimate The Normal Incidence Sound Transmission Loss Of Double Wall Structure, Olivier Doutres, Noureddine Atalla Jul 2011

A Practical Impedance Tube Method To Estimate The Normal Incidence Sound Transmission Loss Of Double Wall Structure, Olivier Doutres, Noureddine Atalla

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

The objective of this paper is to propose a practical impedance tube method to optimize the sound transmission loss of double wall structure by concentrating on the sound package placed inside the structure. In a previous work, the authors derived an expression that breaks down the transmission loss of a double wall structure containing a sound absorbing blanket separated from the panels by air layers in terms of three main contributions; (i) sound transmission loss of the panels, (ii) sound transmission loss of the blanket and (iii) sound absorption due to multiple reflections inside the cavity. The sound transmission loss ...


Optimisation Acoustique De Paroi Par Algorithme Génétique Et Influence De L’Habillage Par Une Couche Poreuse, Nicolas Dauchez, Olivier Doutres, Jean-Michel Genevaux, Jean-Christophe Le Roux Apr 2010

Optimisation Acoustique De Paroi Par Algorithme Génétique Et Influence De L’Habillage Par Une Couche Poreuse, Nicolas Dauchez, Olivier Doutres, Jean-Michel Genevaux, Jean-Christophe Le Roux

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

L’amélioration du confort acoustique dans les habitacles passe en particulier par l’optimisation de la transparence acoustique de parois simple ou double au moyen de matériaux viscoélastiques et poreux. Une méthode d’optimisation de paroi basée sur un algorithme génétique couplé à un calcul par matrices de transfert est présentée. Cette technique permet une exploitation efficace des itérations précédentes sans coût de calcul supplémentaire. Les résultats obtenus pour une simple et une double paroi sont analysés. Dans un deuxième temps, l’influence d’un habillage poreux est présenté en fonction de la nature du squelette : mousse polymère ou fibreux ...


Mesure Des Propriétés Mécaniques Des Matériaux Poreux À L’Aide D’Un Transducteur Électrodynamique Sans Fer, Nicolas Dauchez, Olivier Doutres, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand, Sylvain Mezil Apr 2010

Mesure Des Propriétés Mécaniques Des Matériaux Poreux À L’Aide D’Un Transducteur Électrodynamique Sans Fer, Nicolas Dauchez, Olivier Doutres, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand, Sylvain Mezil

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Un banc de mesure des propriétés mécaniques des matériaux poreux est présenté. Il permet d'étendre les méthodes quasistatiques basées sur la compression d'un échantillon vers les hautes fréquences. Les méthodes quasistatiques sont limitées en fréquence (< 100 Hz) parce qu'elles négligent les éléments inertiels et le couplage avec l'air ambiant. Dans la méthode présentée, l'échantillon est placé dans une cavité étanche pour limiter l'effet de l'air ambiant et ainsi permettre une meilleure estimation du facteur de perte. Un transducteur électrodynamique a été conçu spécifiquement pour permettre une excitation sur une large gamme de fréquence : les premiers modes de l'équipage mobile sont au dela de 5 kHz. De plus, son architecture sans fer et sans suspension viscoélastique permet de l'utiliser comme capteur par le biais de son impédance électrique. L'impédance mécanique de l'échantillon est obtenue en inversant le modèle électromécanique du transducteur et les propriétés viscoélastiques - module d'Young et facteur de perte - sont obtenues par recalage d'un modèle analytique utilisant la théorie de Biot-Allard. Les résultats sont présentés pour une mousse polymère à cellule ouvertes. Le calcul des incertitudes montre que la méthode permet une bonne estimation jusque 500 Hz et permet de définir les conditions d'extension de la plage de fréquence.


A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand Dec 2008

A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

A new method for measuring viscoelastic properties of sound absorbing materials is presented. This method is derived from the quasistatic method using a loudspeaker as actuator and sensor. Previous results carried out with a traditional electrodynamic loudspeaker were limited to 100 Hz because of transducer nonlinearities. In this paper, viscoelastic properties are determined up to 500 Hz due to the design of a specific loudspeaker devoid of the main nonlinearities.


Validity Of The One-Dimensional Limp Model For Porous Media, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Olivier Dazel Dec 2007

Validity Of The One-Dimensional Limp Model For Porous Media, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Olivier Dazel

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

A straightforward criterion for determining the validity of the limp model validity for porous materials is addressed here. The limp model is an “equivalent fluid” model which gives a better description of porous behavior than the well known “rigid frame” model. It is derived from the poroelastic Biot model, assuming that the frame has no bulk stiffness. A criterion is proposed for identifying the porous materials for which the limp model can be used. It relies on a new parameter, the Frame Stiffness Influence FSI, based on porous material properties. The critical values of FSI under which the limp model ...


[Ph.D.] Caractérisation Mécanique De Matériaux Fibreux En Vibro-Acoustique, Olivier Doutres Ph.D. Aug 2007

[Ph.D.] Caractérisation Mécanique De Matériaux Fibreux En Vibro-Acoustique, Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

This work deals with modelization and characterization of the mechanical properties of soft fibrous materials used in aeronautic industries. First, the Biot-Allard model and a simplified model dedicated to soft materials are presented. The simplified model, called limp model, assumes that the frame has no bulk stiffness. Being an equivalent fluid model accounting for the the motion of the frame, it has fewer limitations than the usual equivalent fluid model assuming a rigid frame. A criterion is proposed to identify the porous materials for which the limp model can be used : the use of the Biot model is generally recommended ...


Characterisation Of Porous Materials Viscoelastic Properties Involving The Vibroacoustical Behaviour Of Coated Panels, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez Dec 2005

Characterisation Of Porous Materials Viscoelastic Properties Involving The Vibroacoustical Behaviour Of Coated Panels, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Porous materials are widely used as passive acoustic absorbers. For optimal design, it is often necessary to know the viscoelastic properties of these materials in the frequency range relevant to their application. The viscoelastic properties are obtained by fitting an analytical model to acoustical radiation experimental measurements carried out on a circular coated plate clamped in a rigid baffle. Compared with quasistatic method, the viscoelastic properties are here achieved at high frequency corresponding to the first resonance in the thickness of the porous layer and coupling between porous materials and external fluid is taken into account. The analytical model, developped ...


Modelling Of The Acoustic Radiation Of A Structure Covered By A Porous Layer, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez Apr 2005

Modelling Of The Acoustic Radiation Of A Structure Covered By A Porous Layer, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

In many applications, porous materials such as polymers foams are attached to a structure subjected to vibration. This allows to diminish vibration by increasing structural damping or to reduce noise level in cavities by sound absorption. The radiation efficiency of the coupled system is studied. An analytical model has been carried out, separating the acoustical and vibratory behaviors: - The vibratory analysis is based on a dynamic study of an equivalent plate of the coupled system. In this case the porous layer is considered as a viscoelastic layer. - In the acoustical analysis, a surface impedance is applied on this equivalent plate ...