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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Wolfpack Gear Inc. Composite Frame Firefighter Backpack, Gabriel Mountjoy, Blair Ridings, Carl Drummond Buchenroth Nov 2012

Wolfpack Gear Inc. Composite Frame Firefighter Backpack, Gabriel Mountjoy, Blair Ridings, Carl Drummond Buchenroth

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr. Aug 2012

Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr.

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Noise control over a wide frequency band is an increasingly important design criterion in the building and transport industries. Examples of well known broadband passive concepts for optimal sound absorption are multi-layering with graded properties across the thickness and optimization of the material shape (e.g., wedges). However, for typical applications, the material thickness is limited and shaping or use of different material costly. Thus, there is growing interest for developing acoustical materials having microstructure properties gradient at the micro- or meso-scale; also known as Functionally Graded Materials (FGM). Even if sophisticated models are available to predict the acoustic behavior ...


Magnetic Properties Study Of The Mn-Al System With Additions Of B Or C And Mechanical Milling Techniques, Timothy E. Prost Aug 2012

Magnetic Properties Study Of The Mn-Al System With Additions Of B Or C And Mechanical Milling Techniques, Timothy E. Prost

Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses

Recently a shift in the focus of permanent magnetic research has moved from Rare Earth (RE)-based alloys to those made from more readily available elements. Because of their relatively large magnetocrystalline anisotropy, L10 compounds have the potential for use as permanent magnet materials. One particular alloy that is readily available and inexpensive is near equi-atomic manganese and aluminum (Mn50-Al50). First characterized in 1958, it did not receive much attention until more recently when RE supply chain issues made the alloy more attractive for commercial and research applications. The ferromagnetic (FM) τ-phase (L10) is metastable ...


Biaxial & Twist Testing Of Composite Carbon-Fiber Sandwich Panels For Automotive Racing Vehicles, Erik Eckberg Jun 2012

Biaxial & Twist Testing Of Composite Carbon-Fiber Sandwich Panels For Automotive Racing Vehicles, Erik Eckberg

Materials Engineering

Composite sandwich panels were constructed with 4-ply plain weave carbon-fiber/epoxy face sheets in the 0o/45o/0o/45o orientation and 1/8th inch Nomex honeycomb core. The panels were cut into 5-inch square test plates for mechanical testing. All testing was done on a fixture designed and fabricated by Pratt & Miller Engineering and installed on an Instron testing system at Cal Poly. The twist test was performed by supporting diagonal corners of the plate while simultaneously loading the opposite two corners at a crosshead rate of .06 in/min (ASTM 3044-94R11). Out of 10 panels tested, six were tested longitudinally, with the L direction of the honeycomb parallel to the front of the test plate, and four were tested in the transverse orientation, with the L direction of the honeycomb perpendicular to the front of the plate. The average compliance for the longitudinal loading was 1.303 mil/lb, and the transverse loading was 1.394 mil/lb. The panels failed with a combination core shear failure and face-to-core debonding. The anisotropic nature of the honeycomb core supports the difference in the compliance of the panels; however the complex loading of the twist test results the difference being not statistically significant. The biaxial bending tests involved supporting the composite plate on each corner and loading it in the center. In 5 tested plates, the measured average compliance was .4363 mil ...


A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Apr 2012

A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

This work investigates the links between the microstructure of polyurethane foams and their sound absorbing efficiency, and more specifically the effect of membranes closing the cells. In a previous work, the authors proposed a semi-empirical approach to link the foam microstructure properties, i.e. reticulation rate, strut length and thickness, with its non-acoustic parameters. The study was based on the complete characterization of 15 isotropic polyurethane foams with various cell sizes and reticulation rates (i.e. open pore content). This paper proposes a validation of this semi-empirical model using 3 new polyurethane foams, not used in the first characterization set ...


Ultrasound-Assisted Synthesis Of Mesoporous Β-Ni(Oh)2 And Nio Nano-Sheets Using Ionic Liquids, Tarek Alammar, Osama Shekhah, Jonas Wohlgemuth, Anja V. Mudring Jan 2012

Ultrasound-Assisted Synthesis Of Mesoporous Β-Ni(Oh)2 And Nio Nano-Sheets Using Ionic Liquids, Tarek Alammar, Osama Shekhah, Jonas Wohlgemuth, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

Via a facile ultrasound synthesis from nickel acetate and sodium hydroxide with ionic liquids as the solvent and template it is possible to obtain nano-β-Ni(OH)2 of various dimensionalities depending on the reaction conditions with the ionic liquid (IL) being the most important factor. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging showed β-Ni(OH)2 to form as nanosheets, nanorods and nanospheres depending on the IL. ILs with strong to moderate hydrogen bonding capability like [C3mimOH][Tf2N] (1-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonylamide)), [C4mim][Tf2N] (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonylamide)) and [Edimim][Tf2N] (1-ethyl-2,3-diemethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonylamide)) lead to the formation of nanosheets whilst ...


Melting Point Suppression In New Lanthanoid(Iii) Ionic Liquids By Trapping Of Kinetic Polymorphs: An In Situsynchrotron Powder Diffraction Study, Anthony S.R. Chesman, Mei Yang, Bert Mallick, Tamsyn M. Ross, Ian A. Gass, Glen B. Deacon, Stuart R. Batten, Anja V. Mudring Jan 2012

Melting Point Suppression In New Lanthanoid(Iii) Ionic Liquids By Trapping Of Kinetic Polymorphs: An In Situsynchrotron Powder Diffraction Study, Anthony S.R. Chesman, Mei Yang, Bert Mallick, Tamsyn M. Ross, Ian A. Gass, Glen B. Deacon, Stuart R. Batten, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

he inclusion of lanthanoids in ionic liquids (ILs) offers an ideal route to incorporate their unique luminescent and magnetic properties into a bulk solution.1,2 However, lanthanoid compounds often exhibit a poor solubility in commonly used ILs because the IL anions are typically very weakly coordinating, prohibiting the simple dissolution of a lanthanoid salt by complexation to any beneficial extent.2 One strategy used to achieve high lanthanoid concentrations is to incorporate the lanthanoid cation directly into an anion that will form ILs.3 This is best accomplished by employing a ligand which readily coordinates to a lanthanoid atom ...


Cryogenic Machining And Burnishing Of Az31b Magnesium Alloy For Enhanced Surface Integrity And Functional Performance, Zhengwen Pu Jan 2012

Cryogenic Machining And Burnishing Of Az31b Magnesium Alloy For Enhanced Surface Integrity And Functional Performance, Zhengwen Pu

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Surface integrity of manufactured components has a critical impact on their functional performance. Magnesium alloys are lightweight materials used in the transportation industry and are also emerging as a potential material for biodegradable medical implants. However, the unsatisfactory corrosion performance of Mg alloys limits their application to a great extent. Surface integrity factors, such as grain size, crystallographic orientation and residual stress, have been proved to remarkably influence the functional performance of magnesium alloys, including corrosion resistance, wear resistance and fatigue life.

In this dissertation, the influence of machining conditions, including dry and cryogenic cooling (liquid nitrogen was sprayed to ...


Development And Validation Of Probabilistic Fatigue Models Containing Out-Life Suspensions, Noel S. Murray Jan 2012

Development And Validation Of Probabilistic Fatigue Models Containing Out-Life Suspensions, Noel S. Murray

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Author's abstract: In the area of reliability engineering it is necessary to be confident that a component or system of components will not fail under use for safety and cost reasons. One major mechanism of failure to a mechanical component is fatigue. This is the repetitious motion of loading and unloading of the material, typically below the ultimate tensile strength of the material, which ultimately leads to a catastrophic failure. To ensure this does not happen, engineers design components based on tests to determine the life of these components. These tests are typically conducted on a bench type tester ...