Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Numerical Analysis and Computation

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 100

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Numerical Investigation Of Inclination On The Thermal Performance Of Porous Fin Heatsink Using Pseudospectral Collocation Method, George Oguntala, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo, Raed Abd-Alhameed, James Noras Mar 2019

Numerical Investigation Of Inclination On The Thermal Performance Of Porous Fin Heatsink Using Pseudospectral Collocation Method, George Oguntala, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo, Raed Abd-Alhameed, James Noras

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Numerical investigation of inclination effect on the thermal performance of a porous fin heat sink is presented. The developed thermal model is solved using pseudo-spectral collocation method (PSCM). Parametric studies are carried out using PSCM, and the thermal characterization of heat sink with the inclined porous fin of rectangular geometry is presented. Results show that heat sink of inclined porous fin exhibits higher thermal performance than heat sink of vertical porous fin operating under the same thermal conditions with the same geometrical configurations. Performance of inclined or tilted fin increases with decrease in length-thickness aspect ratio. However, increase in the ...


Stair Climbing Hand Truck, James Mcpherson Jan 2019

Stair Climbing Hand Truck, James Mcpherson

All Undergraduate Projects

Abstract

Getting a heavy object up a flight of stairs usually requires a team of two or more people. Even with a team of people, the task is often still difficult, dangerous, and possibly insurmountable by one person. This problem is especially prevalent in for those who are moving into apartment complexes. Most apartment complexes have many buildings with two or more floors of living quarters, and elevators are often missing. This project sought to offer a solution to this problem. The solution in question; a motorized hand-truck with 2, trigonal planar pinwheels in place of the stock wheels. The ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Creating A Computational Tool To Simulate Vibration Control For Piezoelectric Devices, Ahmet Ozkan Ozer, Emma J. Moore Nov 2018

Creating A Computational Tool To Simulate Vibration Control For Piezoelectric Devices, Ahmet Ozkan Ozer, Emma J. Moore

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Piezoelectric materials have the unique ability to convert electrical energy to mechanical vibrations and vice versa. This project takes a stab to develop a reliable computational tool to simulate the vibration control of a novel “partial differential equation” model for a piezoelectric device, which is designed by integrating electric conducting piezoelectric layers constraining a viscoelastic layer to provide an active and lightweight intelligent structure. Controlling unwanted vibrations on piezoelectric devices (or harvesting energy from ambient vibrations) through piezoelectric layers has been the major focus in cutting-edge engineering applications such as ultrasonic welders and inchworms. The corresponding mathematical models for piezoelectric ...


Rotordynamic Analysis Of Theoretical Models And Experimental Systems, Cameron R. Naugle Apr 2018

Rotordynamic Analysis Of Theoretical Models And Experimental Systems, Cameron R. Naugle

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This thesis is intended to provide fundamental information for the construction and

analysis of rotordynamic theoretical models, and their comparison the experimental

systems. Finite Element Method (FEM) is used to construct models using Timoshenko

beam elements with viscous and hysteretic internal damping. Eigenvalues

and eigenvectors of state space equations are used to perform stability analysis, produce

critical speed maps, and visualize mode shapes. Frequency domain analysis

of theoretical models is used to provide Bode diagrams and in experimental data

full spectrum cascade plots. Experimental and theoretical model analyses are used

to optimize the control algorithm for an Active Magnetic Bearing ...


Application And Evaluation Of Lighthouse Technology For Precision Motion Capture, Soumitra Sitole Jan 2018

Application And Evaluation Of Lighthouse Technology For Precision Motion Capture, Soumitra Sitole

Masters Theses

This thesis presents the development towards a system that can capture and quantify motion for applications in biomechanical and medical fields demanding precision motion tracking using the lighthouse technology. Commercially known as SteamVR tracking, the lighthouse technology is a motion tracking system developed for virtual reality applications that makes use of patterned infrared light sources to highlight trackers (objects embedded with photodiodes) to obtain their pose or spatial position and orientation. Current motion capture systems such as the camera-based motion capture are expensive and not readily available outside of research labs. This thesis provides a case for low-cost motion capture ...


On The Ramberg-Osgood Stress-Strain Model And Large Deformations Of Cantilever Beams, Ronald J. Giardina Jr Aug 2017

On The Ramberg-Osgood Stress-Strain Model And Large Deformations Of Cantilever Beams, Ronald J. Giardina Jr

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis the Ramberg-Osgood nonlinear model for describing the behavior of many different materials is investigated. A brief overview of the model as it is currently used in the literature is undertaken and several misunderstandings and possible pitfalls in its application is pointed out, especially as it pertains to more recent approaches to finding solutions involving the model. There is an investigation of the displacement of a cantilever beam under a combined loading consisting of a distributed load across the entire length of the beam and a point load at its end and new solutions to this problem are ...


Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi Jul 2017

Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Clean (and specifically renewable) energy is steadily improving its global share. However, finite availability of fossil fuels and the growing effects of climate change make it an urgent priority to convince the industry and governments to incentivize investment in the renewable energy field and to make it more attractive by decreasing the capital cost. Until recently, uncertainties in funding limited renewable energy development, especially in the US. That limitation has been one of the barriers to progress. Another limitation of many renewable energy systems is the variability in their output, which makes them unsuitable for baseline power production. Therefore, fossil ...


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang Jan 2017

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...


Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni Jan 2017

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni

Masters Theses

Fourier pseudo-spectral method on equispaced grid is one of the approaches in turbulence simulation, to compute derivative of discrete data, using fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and gives low dispersion and dissipation errors. In many turbulent flows the dynamically important scales of motion are concentrated in certain regions which requires a coarser grid for higher accuracy. A coarser grid in other regions minimizes the memory requirement. This requires the use of Non-equispaced Fast Fourier Transform (NFFT) to compute the Fourier transform, by solving a system of linear equations.

To achieve similar accuracy, the NFFT needs to return more Fourier coefficients than ...


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook Dec 2016

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Multi-Dome Forming Of A Ti–Al–Mn Alloy, Sergey Aksenov, Aleksey Kolesnikov, Ivan Zakhariev Oct 2016

Multi-Dome Forming Of A Ti–Al–Mn Alloy, Sergey Aksenov, Aleksey Kolesnikov, Ivan Zakhariev

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca Aug 2016

A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

External gear pump is an important category of positive displacement fluid machines used to perform the mechanical–hydraulic energy conversions in many fluid power applications. An efficient numerical simulation program is needed to simulate the system in order to provide a direction for design purpose. The model consists of a lumped parameter fluid dynamic model and a model that simulates the radial micro-motions of the gear’s axes of rotation. The system consists of a set of ordinary differential equations related to the conservation on mass of the internal control volumes of the pump, which are given by the tooth ...


Cfd Model For Ventilation In Broiler Holding Sheds, Christian Heymsfield May 2016

Cfd Model For Ventilation In Broiler Holding Sheds, Christian Heymsfield

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Broiler production in Arkansas was valued at over $3.6 billion in 2013 (University of Arkansas Extension of Agriculture). Consequently, improvement in any phase of the production process can have significant economic impact and animal welfare implications. From the time poultry leave the farm and until they are slaughtered, they can be exposed to harsh environmental conditions, both in winter and in summer. After road transportation, birds are left to wait in holding sheds once they arrive at the processing plant, for periods of approximately 30 minutes to two hours. This project was interested in this holding shed waiting time ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Curvature-Dependence Of Cut-Off Frequencies Of Guided Waves Propagating Through Curved Structures Obtained By A Semi-Analytical Finite Element Method, Kosuke Kanda, Toshihiko Sugiura Jan 2016

Curvature-Dependence Of Cut-Off Frequencies Of Guided Waves Propagating Through Curved Structures Obtained By A Semi-Analytical Finite Element Method, Kosuke Kanda, Toshihiko Sugiura

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Non-destructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) are engineering techniques for investigating defects without breaking structures. Guided wave ultrasonic modes propagating over long distances can be applied to NDT for long structures such as plates, rods and pipes. Guided waves have a dispersion property, which represents dependence of propagation velocities on frequencies. Therefore, for effective use of guided waves, we need to know this property, which is usually expressed as dispersion curves [1]~[3].

The goal of this paper is to numerically investigate effects of curvatures on the dispersion property of guided waves propagating in a helical structure and ...


Constitutive Damage Variable Measurement In Composites Using Guided Waves, Olivier Mesnil, Massmo Ruzzene Jan 2016

Constitutive Damage Variable Measurement In Composites Using Guided Waves, Olivier Mesnil, Massmo Ruzzene

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Cohesive Zone Methods (CZMs) are numerical methods used to numerically simulate damage initiation and growth at the interfaces of composite materials under external loading. These techniques provide estimates of the residual properties of a damaged specimen such as residual strengths, fatigue life or stiffness losses. To run these simulations, it is necessary to measure material properties such as the strengths of the interfaces. To describe the state of the structure at a given time instant during the loading, CZMs define a damage variable D which is a constitutive variable of the structure assessing its current state of health. The literature ...


Full Wave Modeling Of Ultrasonic Scattering Using Nystrom Method For Nde Applications, Praveen Gurrala, Kun Chen, Jiming Song, Ron Roberts Jan 2016

Full Wave Modeling Of Ultrasonic Scattering Using Nystrom Method For Nde Applications, Praveen Gurrala, Kun Chen, Jiming Song, Ron Roberts

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Approximate methods for ultrasonic scattering like the Kirchhoff approximation and the geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD) can deliver fast solutions with relatively small computational resources compared to accurate numerical methods. However, these models are prone to inaccuracies in predicting scattered fields from defects that are not very large compared to wavelength. Furthermore, they do not take into account physical phenomena like multiple scattering and surface wave generation on defects. Numerical methods like the finite element method (FEM) and the boundary element method (BEM) can overcome these limitations of approximate models. Commercial softwares such as Abaqus FEA and PZFlex use FEM ...


Finite Element Modeling Of Resonance In Polycrystalline Materials For Resonance Ultrasound Spectroscopy, T. J. Lesthaeghe, R. A. Adebisi, S. Sathish, R. Cherry, P. A. Shade, J. C. Aldrin Jan 2016

Finite Element Modeling Of Resonance In Polycrystalline Materials For Resonance Ultrasound Spectroscopy, T. J. Lesthaeghe, R. A. Adebisi, S. Sathish, R. Cherry, P. A. Shade, J. C. Aldrin

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Validation of models that predict the performance of aerospace engine materials depends on the ability to obtain accurate single crystal elastic constants. Resonance Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS) is a nondestructive technique in which the natural resonances of a material are utilized to obtain these constants. Traditional RUS utilizes an analytic approach to determine the resonance frequencies of a specimen given an initial guess set of elastic constants. A nonlinear optimization process then fits the elastic constants to experimentally measured data. This approach is limited both in its ability to handle specimens with complex geometry and to handle polycrystalline materials. These more ...


Comparison Of Numerical Simulations And Analytical Theories For Elastic Wave Scattering Within Polycrystalline Materials, A. Van Pamel, G. Sha, S. I. Rokhlin, M. J. S. Lowe Jan 2016

Comparison Of Numerical Simulations And Analytical Theories For Elastic Wave Scattering Within Polycrystalline Materials, A. Van Pamel, G. Sha, S. I. Rokhlin, M. J. S. Lowe

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Understanding the propagation and scattering of ultrasonic waves within polycrystalline materials is relevant to both material characterisation and flaw detection NDE. Validating analytical theories of scattering however has historically been hampered by the difficulty of obtaining sufficiently reliable experimental data where the statistical properties of the grains within the volume of the material are known well enough. Instead, this presentation exploits important recent progress in numerical modelling, which for the first time enables accurate three-dimensional simulations of wave propagation and scattering in polycrystals. The presentation reports work using such a model to compare and validate 3D numerical simulations of wave ...


Hybrid Ray-Fdtd Model For The Simulation Of The Ultrasonic Inspection Of Cfrp Parts, Pierre Calmon, Karim Jezzine, Damien Segur, Romain Ecault, Nicolas Dominguez Jan 2016

Hybrid Ray-Fdtd Model For The Simulation Of The Ultrasonic Inspection Of Cfrp Parts, Pierre Calmon, Karim Jezzine, Damien Segur, Romain Ecault, Nicolas Dominguez

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) are commonly used in structural parts in the aeronautic industry, to reduce the weight of aircraft while maintaining high mechanical performances. Simulation of the ultrasonic inspections of these parts has to face the highly heterogeneous and anisotropic characteristics of these materials. To model the propagation of ultrasound in these composite structures, we propose two complementary approaches. The first one is based on a ray model predicting the propagation of the ultrasound in an anisotropic effective medium obtained from a homogenization of the material. The ray model is designed to deal with possibly curved parts and ...


Multimode Model Based Defect Characterization In Composites, R. Roberts, S. Holland Jan 2016

Multimode Model Based Defect Characterization In Composites, R. Roberts, S. Holland

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

This paper reports on work to explore model based defect characterization methods for NDE of CFRP composites. The work is examining defect responses obtained with ultrasound and thermography, for the purpose of classifying and characterizing the defect through combined analysis of the multiple-mode data. Analysis is premised on the availability of forward scattering models to predict NDE response to specified defects. The approach to defect characterization identifies a set of parameters describing the defect, then optimizes agreement between NDE measurements and measurement predictions through manipulation of defect descriptors, subject to ancillary measures of defect properties imposed to regularize an otherwise ...


Methodology For Analyzing Epoxy-Cnt Phononic Crystals For Wave Attenuation And Guiding, Madhu Kolati Jan 2016

Methodology For Analyzing Epoxy-Cnt Phononic Crystals For Wave Attenuation And Guiding, Madhu Kolati

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Phononic crystals (PhnCs) control, direct and manipulate sound waves to achieve wave guiding and attenuation. This dissertation presents methodology for analyzing nanotube materials based phononic crystals to achieve control over sound, vibration and stress mitigation. Much of the analytical work presented is in identifying frequency band gaps in which sound or vibration cannot propagate through these PhnCs. Wave attenuation and mitigation analysis is demonstrated using finite element simulation. Engineering principles from current research areas of solid mechanics, solid-state physics, elasto-dynamics, mechanical vibrations and acoustics are employed for the methodology. A considerable effort is put to show that these PhnCs can ...


Computational Simulation Of Mass Transport And Energy Transfer In The Microbial Fuel Cell System, Shiqi Ou Dec 2015

Computational Simulation Of Mass Transport And Energy Transfer In The Microbial Fuel Cell System, Shiqi Ou

Doctoral Dissertations

This doctoral dissertation introduces the research in the computational modeling and simulation for the microbial fuel cell (MFC) system which is a bio-electrochemical system that drives a current by using bacteria and mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature. The numerical methods, research approaches and simulation comparison with the experiments in the microbial fuel cells are described; the analysis and evaluation for the model methods and results that I have achieved are presented in this dissertation.

The development of the renewable energy has been a hot topic, and scientists have been focusing on the microbial fuel cell, which is an environmentally-friendly ...


Development Of A Two-Fluid Drag Law For Clustered Particles Using Direct Numerical Simulation And Validation Through Experiments, Ahmadreza Abbasi Baharanchi Nov 2015

Development Of A Two-Fluid Drag Law For Clustered Particles Using Direct Numerical Simulation And Validation Through Experiments, Ahmadreza Abbasi Baharanchi

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on development and utilization of numerical and experimental approaches to improve the CFD modeling of fluidization flow of cohesive micron size particles. The specific objectives of this research were: (1) Developing a cluster prediction mechanism applicable to Two-Fluid Modeling (TFM) of gas-solid systems (2) Developing more accurate drag models for Two-Fluid Modeling (TFM) of gas-solid fluidization flow with the presence of cohesive interparticle forces (3) using the developed model to explore the improvement of accuracy of TFM in simulation of fluidization flow of cohesive powders (4) Understanding the causes and influential factor which led to improvements and ...


Numerical Solutions Of Generalized Burgers' Equations For Some Incompressible Non-Newtonian Fluids, Yupeng Shu Aug 2015

Numerical Solutions Of Generalized Burgers' Equations For Some Incompressible Non-Newtonian Fluids, Yupeng Shu

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The author presents some generalized Burgers' equations for incompressible and isothermal flow of viscous non-Newtonian fluids based on the Cross model, the Carreau model, and the Power-Law model and some simple assumptions on the flows. The author numerically solves the traveling wave equations for the Cross model, the Carreau model, the Power-Law model by using industrial data. The author proves existence and uniqueness of solutions to the traveling wave equations of each of the three models. The author also provides numerical estimates of the shock thickness as well as maximum strain $\varepsilon_{11}$ for each of the fluids.


On The Selection Of A Good Shape Parameter For Rbf Approximation And Its Application For Solving Pdes, Lei-Hsin Kuo Aug 2015

On The Selection Of A Good Shape Parameter For Rbf Approximation And Its Application For Solving Pdes, Lei-Hsin Kuo

Dissertations

Meshless methods utilizing Radial Basis Functions~(RBFs) are a numerical method that require no mesh connections within the computational domain. They are useful for solving numerous real-world engineering problems. Over the past decades, after the 1970s, several RBFs have been developed and successfully applied to recover unknown functions and to solve Partial Differential Equations (PDEs).
However, some RBFs, such as Multiquadratic (MQ), Gaussian (GA), and Matern functions, contain a free variable, the shape parameter, c. Because c exerts a strong influence on the accuracy of numerical solutions, much effort has been devoted to developing methods for determining shape parameters which ...