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Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

2016

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Articles 61 - 69 of 69

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Secondary Pool Boiling Effects, C. Kruse, A. Tsubaki, C. A. Zuhlke, T. P. Anderson, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Sidy Ndao Jan 2016

Secondary Pool Boiling Effects, C. Kruse, A. Tsubaki, C. A. Zuhlke, T. P. Anderson, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Sidy Ndao

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

A pool boiling phenomenon referred to as secondary boiling effects is discussed. Based on the experimental trends, a mechanism is proposed that identifies the parameters that lead to this phenomenon. Secondary boiling effects refer to a distinct decrease in the wall superheat temperature near the critical heat flux due to a significant increase in the heat transfer coefficient. Recent pool boiling heat transfer experiments using femtosecond laser processed Inconel, stainless steel, and copper multiscale surfaces consistently displayed secondary boiling effects, which were found to be a result of both temperature drop along the microstructures and nucleation characteristic length scales. The ...


In Situ Microscopy Of The Self-Assembly Of Branched Nanocrystals In Solution, Eli Sutter, Peter Sutter, Alexei V. Tkachenko, Roman Krahne, Joost De Graaf, Milena Arciniegas, Liberato Manna Jan 2016

In Situ Microscopy Of The Self-Assembly Of Branched Nanocrystals In Solution, Eli Sutter, Peter Sutter, Alexei V. Tkachenko, Roman Krahne, Joost De Graaf, Milena Arciniegas, Liberato Manna

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Solution-phase self-assembly of nanocrystals into mesoscale structures is a promising strategy for constructing functional materials from nanoscale components. Liquid environments are key to self-assembly since they allow suspended nanocrystals to diffuse and interact freely, but they also complicate experiments. Real-time observations with single-particle resolution could have transformative impact on our understanding of nanocrystal self-assembly. Here we use real-time in situ imaging by liquid-cell electron microscopy to elucidate the nucleation and growth mechanism and properties of linear chains of octapod-shaped nanocrystals in their native solution environment. Statistical mechanics modelling based on these observations and using the measured chain-length distribution clarifies the ...


Propagation Of Extensional Waves In A Piezoelectric Semiconductor Rod, C.L. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, W. Q. Chen, J. S. Yang Jan 2016

Propagation Of Extensional Waves In A Piezoelectric Semiconductor Rod, C.L. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, W. Q. Chen, J. S. Yang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

We studied the propagation of extensional waves in a thin piezoelectric semiconductor rod of ZnO whose c-axis is along the axis of the rod. The macroscopic theory of piezoelectric semiconductors was used which consists of the coupled equations of piezoelectricity and the conservation of charge. The problem is nonlinear because the drift current is the product of the unknown electric field and the unknown carrier density. A perturbation procedure was used which resulted in two one-way coupled linear problems of piezoelectricity and the conservation of charge, respectively. The acoustic wave and the accompanying electric field were obtained from the equations ...


Characterizing The Boundary Lateral To The Shear Direction Of Deformation Twins In Magnesium, Y. Liu, N. L I, M. Gong, Jian Wang, R.J. Mccabe, Y. Jiang, C.N. Tome Jan 2016

Characterizing The Boundary Lateral To The Shear Direction Of Deformation Twins In Magnesium, Y. Liu, N. L I, M. Gong, Jian Wang, R.J. Mccabe, Y. Jiang, C.N. Tome

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The three-dimensional nature of twins, especially the atomic structures and motion mechanisms of the boundary lateral to the shear direction of the twin, has never been characterized at the atomic level, because such boundary is, in principle, crystallographically unobservable.We thus refer to it here as the dark side of the twin. Here, using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atomistic simulations, we characterize the dark side of {1012} deformation twins in magnesium. It is found that the dark side is serrated and comprised of {1012} coherent twin boundaries and semi-coherent twist prismatic–prismatic {2110} boundaries that control twin growth. The ...


Mode-Converted Ultrasonic Scattering In Polycrystals With Elongated Grains, Andrea P. Arguelles, Christopher M. Kube, Ping Hu, Joseph A. Turner Jan 2016

Mode-Converted Ultrasonic Scattering In Polycrystals With Elongated Grains, Andrea P. Arguelles, Christopher M. Kube, Ping Hu, Joseph A. Turner

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Elastic wave scattering is used to study polycrystalline media for a wide range of applications. Received signals, which include scattering from the randomly oriented grains comprising the polycrystal, contain information from which useful microstructural parameters may often be inferred. Recently, a mode-converted diffuse ultrasonic scattering model was developed for evaluating the scattered response of a transverse wave from an incident longitudinal wave in a polycrystalline medium containing equiaxed single-phase grains with cubic elastic symmetry. In this article, that theoretical mode-converted scattering model is modified to account for grain elongation within the sample. The model shows the dependence on scattering angle ...


Enhancing Stability And Efficiency Of Perovskite Solar Cells With Crosslinkable Silane-Functionalized And Doped Fullerene, Yang Bai, Qingfeng Dong, Yuchuan Shao, Yehao Deng, Qi Wang, Liang Shen, Dong Wang, Wei Wei, Jinsong Huang Jan 2016

Enhancing Stability And Efficiency Of Perovskite Solar Cells With Crosslinkable Silane-Functionalized And Doped Fullerene, Yang Bai, Qingfeng Dong, Yuchuan Shao, Yehao Deng, Qi Wang, Liang Shen, Dong Wang, Wei Wei, Jinsong Huang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The instability of hybrid perovskite materials due to water and moisture arises as one major challenge to be addressed before any practical application of the demonstrated high efficiency perovskite solar cells. Here we report a facile strategy that can simultaneously enhance the stability and efficiency of p–i–n planar heterojunction-structure perovskite devices. Crosslinkable silane molecules with hydrophobic functional groups are bonded onto fullerene to make the fullerene layer highly water-resistant. Methylammonium iodide is introduced in the fullerene layer for n-doping via anion-induced electron transfer, resulting in dramatically increased conductivity over 100-fold. With crosslinkable silane-functionalized and doped fullerene electron transport ...


Synthesis And Photonic Sintering Of Bioresorbable Zinc Nanoparticle Ink For Transient Electronics Manufacturing, Bikram K. Mahajan Jan 2016

Synthesis And Photonic Sintering Of Bioresorbable Zinc Nanoparticle Ink For Transient Electronics Manufacturing, Bikram K. Mahajan

Masters Theses

"Zinc is an essential 'trace element' that supports immune systems, and is required for DNA synthesis, cell division, and protein synthesis. Zinc nanoparticles (Zn NP) has antibacterial properties and potential to be used in biodegradable printed electronics devices. The research presented here is about the synthesis of Zn NP and their potential use in transient electronics devices. In Paper 1, a technique of room temperature synthesis of Zn NP is reported using ball milling. Controlled amount of PVP was mixed in the solvent to stabilize the Zn particles and minimize cold welding during milling. The size of the produced Zn ...


Fiber Based Approaches As Medicine Delivery Systems, Farrokh Sharifi, Avinash C. Sooriyarachchi, Hayriye Altural, Reza Montazami, Marissa Nichole Rylander, Nicole Nastaran Hashemi Jan 2016

Fiber Based Approaches As Medicine Delivery Systems, Farrokh Sharifi, Avinash C. Sooriyarachchi, Hayriye Altural, Reza Montazami, Marissa Nichole Rylander, Nicole Nastaran Hashemi

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The goal of drug delivery is to ensure that therapeutic molecules reach the intended target organ or tissue, such that the effectiveness of the drug is maximized. The efficiency of a drug delivery system greatly depends on the choice of drug carrier. Recently, there has been growing interest in using micro- and nanofibers for this purpose. The reasons for this growing interest include these materials’ high surface area to volume ratios, ease of fabrication, high mechanical properties, and desirable drug release profile. Here, we review developments in using these materials made by the most prevalent methods of fiber fabrication: electrospinning ...


Study Of Role Of Meniscus And Viscous Forces During Liquid-Mediated Contacts Separation, Prabin Dhital Jan 2016

Study Of Role Of Meniscus And Viscous Forces During Liquid-Mediated Contacts Separation, Prabin Dhital

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Menisci may form between two solid surfaces with the presence of an ultra-thin liquid film. When the separation operation is needed, meniscus and viscous forces contribute to an adhesion leading stiction, high friction, possibly high wear and potential failure of the contact systems, for instance microdevices, magnetic head disks and diesel fuel injectors. The situation may become more pronounced when the contacting surfaces are ultra-smooth and the normal load is small. Various design parameters, such as contact angle, initial separation height, surface tension and liquid viscosity, have been investigated during liquid-mediated contact separation. However, how the involved forces will change ...