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Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Nanomaterial-Mediated Biosensors For Monitoring Glucose, Eric S. Mclamore, Masashige Taguchi, Andre Ptitsyn, Jonathan C. Claussen Dec 2013

Nanomaterial-Mediated Biosensors For Monitoring Glucose, Eric S. Mclamore, Masashige Taguchi, Andre Ptitsyn, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

Real-time monitoring of physiological glucose transport is crucial for gaining new understanding of diabetes. Many techniques and equipment currently exist for measuring glucose, but these techniques are limited by complexity of the measurement, requirement of bulky equipment, and low temporal/spatial resolution. The development of various types of biosensors (eg, electrochemical, optical sensors) for laboratory and/or clinical applications will provide new insights into the cause(s) and possible treatments of diabetes. State-of-the-art biosensors are improved by incorporating catalytic nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, electrospun nanofibers, and quantum dots. These nanomaterials greatly enhance biosensor performance, namely sensitivity, response time ...


Biophotonic Logic Devices Based On Quantum Dots And Temporally-Staggered Forster Energy Transfer Relays, Jonathan C. Claussen, W. Russ Algar, Niko Hildebrandt, Kimihiro Susumu, Mario G. Ancona, Igor L. Medintz Dec 2012

Biophotonic Logic Devices Based On Quantum Dots And Temporally-Staggered Forster Energy Transfer Relays, Jonathan C. Claussen, W. Russ Algar, Niko Hildebrandt, Kimihiro Susumu, Mario G. Ancona, Igor L. Medintz

Jonathan C. Claussen

Integrating photonic inputs/outputs into unimolecular logic devices can provide significantly increased functional complexity and the ability to expand the repertoire of available operations. Here, we build upon a system previously utilized for biosensing to assemble and prototype several increasingly sophisticated biophotonic logic devices that function based upon multistep Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) relays. The core system combines a central semiconductor quantum dot (QD) nanoplatform with a long-lifetime Tb complex FRET donor and a near-IR organic fluorophore acceptor; the latter acts as two unique inputs for the QD-based device. The Tb complex allows for a form of temporal ...