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Articles 151 - 169 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Geological Engineering

Methodology And Process To Accompany A Virtual Geotechnical Database For The St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Katherine Leigh Onstad Jan 2008

Methodology And Process To Accompany A Virtual Geotechnical Database For The St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Katherine Leigh Onstad

Masters Theses

"The St. Louis metropolitan (STL) area, which spans Missouri and Illinois, currently has no overarching organization of geospatial data (geodata). The two states have their own geodata, using their own individual standards. The development of a virtual geotechnical database (VGDB) encompassing the entire STL area on both sides of the Mississippi River is a solution to the data sharing and standardization problem of this area. The VGDB integrates geodata from disparate sources into a geographic information systems (GIS) database accessible via the internet. The creation of the STL area VGDB consisted of three parts: 1) compiling the geodata; 2) formatting ...


Ground Motion Sensitivity Analyses For The Greater St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Ece Karadeniz Jan 2008

Ground Motion Sensitivity Analyses For The Greater St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Ece Karadeniz

Masters Theses

"Local site effects can play an important role in modifying the intensity of ground shaking and earthquake damage. The process of rock motion propagating through the soil column can be approximated using one-dimensional site response analyses. To evaluate the likely site response several input parameters are required. These include: thickness of the unconsolidated soil cap, shear wave velocity, unit density, dynamic soil properties, and acceleration time histories. Considerable uncertainty often exists in regards to these input parameters. In this study, the program Shake2000 was employed for site response analyses and sensitivity analyses were performed to determine how the uncertainties in ...


Development Of A Geographic Information System-Based Virtual Geotechnical Database And Assessment Of Liquefaction Potential For The St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Jae-Won Chung Jan 2007

Development Of A Geographic Information System-Based Virtual Geotechnical Database And Assessment Of Liquefaction Potential For The St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Jae-Won Chung

Doctoral Dissertations

"The St. Louis Metropolitan area is the focus the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Hazard Program's plan for assessing and reducing the likely risks of an earthquake likely emanating from New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ), which is the most active seismic zone in the Midwestern United States. The St. Louis Metropolitan area consists of three counties in Missouri and four in Illinois, which are divided by the state boundary along the Mississippi River. Both of the state's respective geological surveys have produced their own geologic maps and datasets, employing dissimilar geodata information and systems, with differing map ...


Characterization Of Coarse Aggregate Angularity Using Digital Image Processing, Gregory Allen Swift Jan 2007

Characterization Of Coarse Aggregate Angularity Using Digital Image Processing, Gregory Allen Swift

Masters Theses

"This thesis involves a comparative analysis between well-established physically performed measurements for coarse aggregate and an image-based system. A thorough literature review was conducted, focusing on the importance of aggregate shape and how it is measured. In addition, state of the art in image-based aggregate measurement was reviewed along with the impacts and difficulties of an image-based methodology. Physical testing, consisting of Uncompacted Void Content, Index of Particle Shape and Texture (Compacted Voids), and Percent of Fractured Particles (fractured face or crush counts), was performed on aggregate control samples prior to testing on bulk aggregate samples. All aggregate samples were ...


Pilot Program To Assess Seismic Hazards Of The Granite City, Monks Mound, And Columbia Bottom Quadrangles, St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Missouri And Illinois, Deniz Karadeniz Jan 2007

Pilot Program To Assess Seismic Hazards Of The Granite City, Monks Mound, And Columbia Bottom Quadrangles, St. Louis Metropolitan Area, Missouri And Illinois, Deniz Karadeniz

Doctoral Dissertations

"Three 1:24000 scale quadrangles were selected for a pilot program intended to evaluate seismic site response across the spectrum of geologic conditions underlying the St. Louis Metropolitan area, using the Granite City, Monks Mound and Columbia Bottom quadrangles. These evaluations included assessments of: i) site amplification distributions; ii) probabilistic hazard analysis of PGA, 0.2 second and 1.0 second spectral accelerations for 2%, 5% and 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years; iii) two scenario earthquakes and their associated PGA, 0.2 sec, and 1 sec spectral accelerations; and v) sensitivity and uncertainty analyses. These hazard maps were ...


Vertical Shear Wave Velocity Profiles Generated From Spectral Analysis Of Surface Waves: Field Examples, Neil Lennart Anderson, Genda Chen, Siasi Kociu, Ronaldo Luna, Thanop Thitimakorn, Alexi A. Malovichko, D. Malovichko, D. Shylakov Apr 2003

Vertical Shear Wave Velocity Profiles Generated From Spectral Analysis Of Surface Waves: Field Examples, Neil Lennart Anderson, Genda Chen, Siasi Kociu, Ronaldo Luna, Thanop Thitimakorn, Alexi A. Malovichko, D. Malovichko, D. Shylakov

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Surface wave (Rayleigh wave) seismic data were acquired at six separate bridge sites in southeast Missouri. Each acquired surface wave data set was processed (spectral analysis of surface waves; SASW) and transformed into a site-specific vertical shear-wave velocity profile (SASW shear-wave velocity profile). The SASW shear-wave velocity profiles generated for each bridge site were compared to other geotechnical data including seismic cone penetrometer shear-wave velocity profiles, cross-borehole shear-wave velocity profiles, and borehole lithology logs. The geotechnical data presented herein indicate the SASW shear-wave velocity profiles correlate well with subsurface lithology logs and available cross-borehole shear-wave velocity control. More specifically, clays ...


Monitoring The Movement Of St. Catherine’S Point Lighthouse Using The United Kingdom’S Active Global Positioning System Network, Jared L. Ware Nov 2001

Monitoring The Movement Of St. Catherine’S Point Lighthouse Using The United Kingdom’S Active Global Positioning System Network, Jared L. Ware

Faculty Theses and Dissertations

This report provides a study of the statistical data extracted from the United Kingdom’s National Global Positioning System (GPS) Network, specifically Station SCP1 at St. Catherine’s Point Lighthouse on the Isle of Wight. The entire network consists of 30 continuously operating GPS reference stations located throughout Great Britain. These stations are permanently installed, precisely coordinated active GPS stations. The station at Saint Catherine’s Point on the Isle of Wight appears to have shifted from its original position. This was attributed to the extensive rainfall in the autumn and winter of 2000, which could have caused soil erosion ...


Earthquake Hazard Assessment Along Designated Emergency Vehicle Priority Access Routes, Neil Lennart Anderson, Hal Baker, Genda Chen, Tom Hertell, David J. Hoffman, Ronaldo Luna, Yulman Munaf, Shamsher Prakash, Paul Michael Santi, Richard Wesley Stephenson Nov 2001

Earthquake Hazard Assessment Along Designated Emergency Vehicle Priority Access Routes, Neil Lennart Anderson, Hal Baker, Genda Chen, Tom Hertell, David J. Hoffman, Ronaldo Luna, Yulman Munaf, Shamsher Prakash, Paul Michael Santi, Richard Wesley Stephenson

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Because of the compelling need to reopen vehicular access routes to Sikeston, Cape Girardeau and St. Louis following a devastating earthquake, Missouri Department of Transportation initiated a study of those portions of US 60 and MO 100 that have been officially designated as emergency vehicle priority access routes. The primary objectives of this study were twofold. Objective 1 was to establish a current subsurface and earthquake design geographic information systems (GIS) database for areas in proximity to designated portions of US 60 and MO 100 (includes counties of Butler, Stoddard, New Madrid, Franklin and St. Louis). Objective 2 was to ...


An Experiment To Measure Transport Parameters In A Saturated Heterogeneous Scaled Medium, Logan Mcinnis Apr 1995

An Experiment To Measure Transport Parameters In A Saturated Heterogeneous Scaled Medium, Logan Mcinnis

Mathematics, Engineering and Computer Science Undergraduate Theses

One of the major difficulties in groundwater research is determining an appropriate scale at which to conduct an experiment. Because of a phenomenon called the scale effect, measured values of parameters in heterogeneous media can vary with the scale of measurement. The objective of this experiment was to measure the parameters of dispersivity and velocity at different length scales, to see if the measured values would converge to a limit at some scale of measurement. A good deal of research has been conducted on the scale effect in heterogeneous media, but this phenomenon is still not totally understood. The heterogeneous ...


Deep Drainage As A Method Of Treating Saltland, Eric Bettenay Jan 1978

Deep Drainage As A Method Of Treating Saltland, Eric Bettenay

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

In some situations, deep drainage may be warranted to return salt-affected land to full production.

This method is being investigated at CSIRO's Yalanbee Experiment Station.


Test Sites For Farm Dams, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1977

Test Sites For Farm Dams, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

A short article outlining procedures for testing potential dam sites.


Measurement Of The Surface Energy Of Rock By The Three-Point Bending Of Notched Beams, John Walter Corwine Jan 1970

Measurement Of The Surface Energy Of Rock By The Three-Point Bending Of Notched Beams, John Walter Corwine

Masters Theses

"In this investigation, the surface energy of a medium-grained igneous rock (Barre granite) was measured by breaking small, notched beams in bending. The technique was adapted from fracture toughness tests that have been used with metals and ceramics. The equations used for the calculation of surface energy were derived from several writers' equations for the stress intensity at the end of a notch in a beam subject to bending. Beam thickness, notch width and mineral occurring at the notch tip were evaluated for their influence on the calculated values of surface energy. The surface energy values obtained were used in ...


An Investigation Of The Application Of Photoelastic Coatings To Soil Studies, James Kenneth Meisenheimer Jan 1969

An Investigation Of The Application Of Photoelastic Coatings To Soil Studies, James Kenneth Meisenheimer

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this investigation was to determine if photoelastic coatings could be adapted to soil systems and used as a workable tool for analyzing deformation and stress distribution. The required physical properties of a photoelastic coating on soil is discussed and a number of photoelastic materials are investigated as possible soil coatings. Mixing procedures, coating application techniques, curing methods, testing procedures, and results are discussed for gelatin and several plastics. Compacted soil samples and extruded soil samples from a Vac-Aire extrusion device were coated with reflective and photoelastic coatings and then loaded in an unconfined compression machine. The stress ...


A Photoelastic Study Of The Stresses Around An Underground Opening And Its Support System, Alphonse C. Van Besien Jan 1969

A Photoelastic Study Of The Stresses Around An Underground Opening And Its Support System, Alphonse C. Van Besien

Masters Theses

"The stress conditions around openings in rock have long been of interest to the field of rock mechanics. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the stress distribution around an opening with a rib and wall-plate support system. A photoelastic model of the opening (a modified horse-shoe section) was loaded in the centrifuge to determine the effect of body loading. Both the tangential stress and the stress within the rock bench, due to the opening, were determined. The stress conditions within the bench were examined using simulated ribs and a loading frame. Application of the data is discussed, as ...


An Aggregate Quality Investigation Of The Meramec River Gravels, Kadri Ercin Kasapoglu Jan 1969

An Aggregate Quality Investigation Of The Meramec River Gravels, Kadri Ercin Kasapoglu

Masters Theses

"This thesis represents a study which was made to evaluate and interpret the downstream variations in the quality of the Meramec River gravels as coarse aggregate for concrete. Since gravel deposits constitute a valuable resource for a region, it is desirable that extent and quality variations of these deposits are known. It was hoped that an evaluation of certain properties of the Meramec River gravels would assist in determining the value of the Meramec River as undeveloped aggregate source by indicating the relative quality of the gravels from alternate sites of the river. For the purpose of this investigation, representative ...


Hydrologic Characteristics Of Shallow Bedrock Aquifers In The Vicinity Of Norman Creek, Central Phelps County, Missouri, Michael A. Nawrocki Jan 1967

Hydrologic Characteristics Of Shallow Bedrock Aquifers In The Vicinity Of Norman Creek, Central Phelps County, Missouri, Michael A. Nawrocki

Masters Theses

"Groundwater is becoming increasingly important as a source of water supply in the United States. Consequently, the prediction of well yields is a vital concern. In order to predict the quantity of water which can be reduced from a given aquifer it is necessary to know the aquifer's hydrologic characteristics. Many theoretical formulae have been derived for determining the aquifer characteristics. To date, these formulae have been tested mainly on unconsolidated and clastic rock aquifers. It has never been shown that these formulae can also be consistently applied to carbonate aquifers which underlie regions of karst terrain. This paper ...


Maximum Present Value Calculations With Digital Computers, James Boyd Robison Jan 1965

Maximum Present Value Calculations With Digital Computers, James Boyd Robison

Masters Theses

"This paper discusses maximum present value calculations for a mineral property using digital computers. A semi-quantitative mathematical model to optimize operating conditions is considered. The model is based on a modified cash flow analysis. Many variables affect the solution, and their effect upon present value is described. Selected data (mining rate, costs, reserves, metal sales price, and others) for a hypothetical open pit copper mine are used in a set of solutions for present value. The results are discussed in detail. It is concluded that: (1) Digital computer methods are rapid and useful, (2) Changes in the mining rate, average ...


The Effect Of Vegetation, Soil, And Rock Type On Runoff From Some Small Watersheds In Missouri, Anant Suthipas Narupon Jan 1965

The Effect Of Vegetation, Soil, And Rock Type On Runoff From Some Small Watersheds In Missouri, Anant Suthipas Narupon

Masters Theses

"A previous study of mean annual floods (Harbaugh, 1962) was based on watershed area, channel length, and channel slope of forty five small watershed in the State of Missouri. The present study investigates the effect of precipitation, soil distribution, vegetal cover, and underlying bedrock on annual peak rate of discharge. This study consists of statistical analysis by multiple correlations of additional quantitative data for nine of Harbaugh's forty five watersheds. Hydrologic data were obtained from the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Weather Bureau climatological publications. Distribution of vegetation was compiled from U.S. Department of Agriculture aerial ...


Piezometric Levels And Shallow Aquifers, Dillon And Meramec Spring Quadrangles, Missouri, James Hugh Crouch Jan 1965

Piezometric Levels And Shallow Aquifers, Dillon And Meramec Spring Quadrangles, Missouri, James Hugh Crouch

Masters Theses

"Little is known about groundwater in carbonate rock; quantitative data about limestone and dolomite aquifers are almost non-existent. Objectives of this study are: identification of shallow aquifers, and yield, occurrence, and piezometric level of groundwater in cherty dolomitic rocks in eastern Phelps County, Missouri. Area studied comprises of the 7.5-minute Dillon and Meramec Spring Quadrangles. The data used were derived from water well logs, interviews with well drillers and owners, and a previously available geologic map.

The Jefferson City, Roubidoux, and Gasconade formations are aquifers. Groundwater in the Jefferson City formation is perched. West and north of Dry Fork ...