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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Deformation Correlations And Machine Learning: Microstructural Inference And Crystal Plasticity Predictions, Michail Tzimas Jan 2019

Deformation Correlations And Machine Learning: Microstructural Inference And Crystal Plasticity Predictions, Michail Tzimas

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The present thesis makes a connection between spatially resolved strain correlations and material processing history. Such correlations can be used to infer and classify prior deformation history of a sample at various strain levels with the use of Machine Learning approaches. A simple and concrete example of uniaxially compressed crystalline thin films of various sizes, generated by two-dimensional discrete dislocation plasticity simulations is examined. At the nanoscale, thin films exhibit yield-strength size effects with noisy mechanical responses which create an interesting challenge for the application of Machine Learning techniques. Moreover, this thesis demonstrates the prediction of the average mechanical responses ...


3d Printing Of 316l Stainless Steel And Its Effect On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties, Rawn Penn Oct 2017

3d Printing Of 316l Stainless Steel And Its Effect On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties, Rawn Penn

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Laser powder bed fusion or 3D printing is a potential candidate for net shape forming and manufacturing complex shapes. Understanding of how various parameters affect build quality is necessary. Specimens were made from 316L stainless steel at 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° angles measured from the build plate. Three tensile and four fatigue specimens at each angle were produced. Fracture morphology investigation was performed to determine the fracture mode of specimens at each build angle. Microstructural analysis was performed on one of each orientation. The average grain size of the samples was marginally influenced by the build angle orientation. Tensile ...


Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw Jan 2017

Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Control over microstructures at the nanoscale (<100nm) still seems challenging due to, among other things, the stochastic nature of nucleation in the bulk phase. The densification of assemblies of ligand-capped nanocrystals (colloidal nanocrystal assemblies, CNAs) could bypass this challenge that limits our control over the nanostructure and, therefore, the properties of materials. However, the removal of the ligands and the cracking that follows it are the two critical hurdles that have been stymieing this approach.

We show that low-pressure plasma processing can effectively remove ligands from CNAs (down to 0.6 at.% of carbon which can be accounted for adventitious carbon) without harming the properties of the inorganic cores of the nanoparticles and the structure of CNAs. The cracking of CNAs is correlated with the structure of the CNAs, which can be controlled and easily predicted by Hansen solubility parameters of solvent in which the nanoparticles are dispersed. While a fully solvated ligand shell leads to the formation of close-packed ordered CNAs – which cracked after self-assembly or ligand removal ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere Dec 2016

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma Jan 2015

Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Ferroic materials, as notable members of smart materials, have been widely used in applications that perform sensing, actuation and control. The macroscopic property change of ferroic materials may become remarkably large during ferroic phase transition, leading to the fact that the macroscopic properties can be tuned by carefully applying a suitable external field (electric, magnetic, stress). To obtain an enhancement in physical and/or mechanical properties, different kinds of ferroic composites have been fabricated. The properties of a ferroic composite are determined not only by the properties and relative amounts of the constituent phases, but also by the microstructure of ...


Factors Governing The Performance And Stability Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Prepared By Infiltration, Rainer Küngas Jan 2012

Factors Governing The Performance And Stability Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Prepared By Infiltration, Rainer Küngas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Infiltration method, developed at the University of Pennsylvania, is a unique analytical platform for investigating the effect of material properties and electrode microstructure on the performance of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes. During cell fabrication by infiltration, the ion-conducting electrolyte phase is sintered first, followed by the addition of the catalytically active perovskite phase into the pores of the electrolyte. The use of separate sintering steps for the electrolyte and the active phase gives one a high degree of control over the microstructure of both phases, unattainable with traditional fabrication methods. In this thesis, the infiltration approach has been ...


Microstructural Characterization And Heat Treatment Of A-286 Turbine Buckets, Christopher Michael Bradley Jan 2009

Microstructural Characterization And Heat Treatment Of A-286 Turbine Buckets, Christopher Michael Bradley

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

A-286 is an iron-based superalloy used extensively in land-based gas turbines for 2nd stage (low pressure) buckets and 1st and 2nd stage wheels. Although A-286 may appear to some as just another austenitic stainless steel, its elevated temperature properties are attributed to ' precipitate structures, effective distributions of alloy carbides in the forms of M23C6, M6C and MC, and solid solution strengthening. Unfortunately over the course of these components service lives microstructural degradation develops in the form of η-phase formation. The presence of η-phase, especially in large quantities, can have a negative effect on stress rupture properties. Resistance to creep rupture ...


Microstructural Characterization Of Overaged Gtd-111 Hp Turbine Buckets, Oscar Quintero Jan 2009

Microstructural Characterization Of Overaged Gtd-111 Hp Turbine Buckets, Oscar Quintero

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Superalloys are metallic materials that exhibit excellent mechanical strength and creep resistance at high temperatures. They have good surface stability and are corrosion resistant. Superalloys are mostly used in the aerospace industry, gas turbine engines and blades (hot zones of gas turbines), and where extreme heat is encountered. The focus of this research was on the GTD-111 Ni-base superalloy, which is a General Electric (GE) proprietary superalloy mostly used in gas turbine blades with the form of high pressure or first stage buckets. This alloys features better mechanical properties, creep resistance, and a higher stress rupture temperature than the commonly ...