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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett May 2019

Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett

Michael Bartlett

Soft composites are critical for soft and flexible materials in energy harvesting, actuators, and multifunctional devices. One emerging approach to create multifunctional composites is through the incorporation of liquid metal (LM) droplets such as eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) in highly deformable elastomers. The microstructure of such systems is critical to their performance, however, current materials lack control of particle size at diverse volume loadings. Here, we present a fabrication approach to create liquid metal-elastomer composites with independently controllable and highly tunable droplet size (100 nm ≦ D ≦ 80 μm) and volume loading (0 ≦ φ ≦ 80%). This is achieved through a combination ...


Deformation Correlations And Machine Learning: Microstructural Inference And Crystal Plasticity Predictions, Michail Tzimas Jan 2019

Deformation Correlations And Machine Learning: Microstructural Inference And Crystal Plasticity Predictions, Michail Tzimas

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The present thesis makes a connection between spatially resolved strain correlations and material processing history. Such correlations can be used to infer and classify prior deformation history of a sample at various strain levels with the use of Machine Learning approaches. A simple and concrete example of uniaxially compressed crystalline thin films of various sizes, generated by two-dimensional discrete dislocation plasticity simulations is examined. At the nanoscale, thin films exhibit yield-strength size effects with noisy mechanical responses which create an interesting challenge for the application of Machine Learning techniques. Moreover, this thesis demonstrates the prediction of the average mechanical responses ...


Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett Jan 2019

Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Soft composites are critical for soft and flexible materials in energy harvesting, actuators, and multifunctional devices. One emerging approach to create multifunctional composites is through the incorporation of liquid metal (LM) droplets such as eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) in highly deformable elastomers. The microstructure of such systems is critical to their performance, however, current materials lack control of particle size at diverse volume loadings. Here, we present a fabrication approach to create liquid metal-elastomer composites with independently controllable and highly tunable droplet size (100 nm ≦ D ≦ 80 μm) and volume loading (0 ≦ φ ≦ 80%). This is achieved through a combination ...


Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao Jan 2018

Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The evolution of the microstructure and crystallography in SAE1078 pearlitic steel sheets under different cold-rolling reductions of up to 90% were quantified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical properties were determined by tensile testing at room temperature. TEM analysis showed that the pearlite structure was obviously refined with the interlamellar spacing decreasing to about 57 nm at the rolling reduction of 90%. EBSD investigations indicated that the ferrite exhibited a {001}texture in the 90% cold-rolled pearlitic steel. The dislocations were mainly concentrated during cold rolling between the 10% and 70 ...


An Integrated Microstructural-Nanomechanical-Chemical Approach To Examine Material-Specific Characteristics Of Cementitious Interphase Regions, Mahdieh Khedmati, Yong-Rak Kim, Joesph A. Turner, Hani Alanazi, Charles Nguyen Jan 2018

An Integrated Microstructural-Nanomechanical-Chemical Approach To Examine Material-Specific Characteristics Of Cementitious Interphase Regions, Mahdieh Khedmati, Yong-Rak Kim, Joesph A. Turner, Hani Alanazi, Charles Nguyen

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Effective properties and structural performance of cementitious mixtures are substantially governed by the quality of the interphase region because it acts as a bridge transferring forces between aggregates and a binding matrix and is generally susceptible to damage. As alternative binding agents like alkali-activated precursors have obtained substantial attention in recent years, there is a growing need for fundamental knowledge to uncover interphase formation mechanisms. In this paper, two different types of binding materials, i.e., fly ash-based geopolymer and ordinary portland cement, were mixed with limestone aggregate to examine and compare the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of interphase region ...


An Integrated Microstructural-Nanomechanical-Chemical Approach To Examine Material-Specific Characteristics Of Cementitious Interphase Regions, Mahdieh Khedmati, Yong-Rak Kim, Joseph A. Turner, Hani Alanazi, Charles Nguyen Jan 2018

An Integrated Microstructural-Nanomechanical-Chemical Approach To Examine Material-Specific Characteristics Of Cementitious Interphase Regions, Mahdieh Khedmati, Yong-Rak Kim, Joseph A. Turner, Hani Alanazi, Charles Nguyen

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Effective properties and structural performance of cementitious mixtures are substantially governed by the quality of the interphase region because it acts as a bridge transferring forces between aggregates and a binding matrix and is generally susceptible to damage. As alternative binding agents like alkali-activated precursors have obtained substantial attention in recent years, there is a growing need for fundamental knowledge to uncover interphase formation mechanisms. In this paper, two different types of binding materials, i.e., fly ash-based geopolymer and ordinary portland cement, were mixed with limestone aggregate to examine and compare the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of interphase region ...


Effect Of Ultrasonic Treatment On The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Al6061 And Composite, Ana S. Exime Nov 2017

Effect Of Ultrasonic Treatment On The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Al6061 And Composite, Ana S. Exime

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this study, the effect of ultrasonic treatment (UST) parameters such as amplitude, sonication time, and melt temperature on microstructure and microhardness of Al 6061 alloy is evaluated. The effect of UST on the dispersion of tungsten disulfide (WS2) and carbon nanotubes (CNT) as reinforcement particles in Al 6061 during casting is also studied. The cast Al 6061 with UST demonstrated 32% grain size reduction and 8% increase in the microhardness for optimum processing conditions. The cavitation process induced by UST is responsible for the refinement in microstructure and increase of hardness by enhancing the degassing and nucleation process ...


Multiple Scattering Theory For Polycrystalline Materials With Strong Grain Anisotropy: Theoretical Fundamentals And Applications, Huijing He Oct 2017

Multiple Scattering Theory For Polycrystalline Materials With Strong Grain Anisotropy: Theoretical Fundamentals And Applications, Huijing He

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

This work is a natural extension of the author’s previous work: “Multiple scattering theory for heterogeneous elastic continua with strong property fluctuation: theoretical fundamentals and applications” (arXiv:1706.09137 [physics.geo-ph]), which established the foundation for developing multiple scattering model for heterogeneous elastic continua with either weak or strong fluctuations in mass density and elastic stiffness. Polycrystalline material is another type of heterogeneous materials that widely exists in nature and extensively used in industry. In this work, the corresponding multiple scattering theory for polycrystalline materials with randomly oriented anisotropic crystallites is developed. To validate the theory, the theoretical results ...


Tem Study Of The Martensitic Phases In The Ductile Dycu And Ycu Intermetallic Compounds, G. H. Cao, C.-G. Oertel, R. Schaarschuch, W. Skrotzki, Alan M. Russell Jun 2017

Tem Study Of The Martensitic Phases In The Ductile Dycu And Ycu Intermetallic Compounds, G. H. Cao, C.-G. Oertel, R. Schaarschuch, W. Skrotzki, Alan M. Russell

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

DyCu and YCu are representatives of the family of CsCI-type B2 rare earth intermetallic compounds that exhibit high room temperature ductility. Structure, orientation relationship, and morphology of the martensites in the equiatomic compounds DyCu and YCu are examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM studies show that the martensite structures in DyCu and YCu alloys are virtually identical. The martensite is of orthorhombic CrB-type B33 structure with lattice parameters a = 0.38 nm, b = 1.22 nm, and c = 0.40 nm. (02 (1) over bar) twins were observed in the B33 DyCu and YCu martensites. The orientation relationship of ...


Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw Jan 2017

Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Control over microstructures at the nanoscale (<100nm) still seems challenging due to, among other things, the stochastic nature of nucleation in the bulk phase. The densification of assemblies of ligand-capped nanocrystals (colloidal nanocrystal assemblies, CNAs) could bypass this challenge that limits our control over the nanostructure and, therefore, the properties of materials. However, the removal of the ligands and the cracking that follows it are the two critical hurdles that have been stymieing this approach.

We show that low-pressure plasma processing can effectively remove ligands from CNAs (down to 0.6 at.% of carbon which can be accounted for adventitious carbon) without harming the properties of the inorganic cores of the nanoparticles and the structure of CNAs. The cracking of CNAs is correlated with the structure of the CNAs, which can be controlled and easily predicted by Hansen solubility parameters of solvent in which the nanoparticles are dispersed. While a fully solvated ligand shell leads to the formation of close-packed ordered CNAs – which cracked after self-assembly or ligand removal ...


Micro/Nanostructures Formation By Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing On Amorphous And Polycrystalline Ni60nb40, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Meiyu Wang, Ryan Bell, Michael J. Lucis, Troy P. Anderson, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield Jan 2017

Micro/Nanostructures Formation By Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing On Amorphous And Polycrystalline Ni60nb40, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Meiyu Wang, Ryan Bell, Michael J. Lucis, Troy P. Anderson, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Femtosecond laser surface processing is a technology that can be used to functionalize many surfaces, imparting specialized properties such as increased broadband optical absorption or superhydrophilicity/superhydrophobicity. In this study, two unique classes of surface structures, below surface growth (BSG) and above surface growth (ASG) mounds, were formed by femtosecond laser surface processing on amorphous and polycrystalline Ni60Nb40 with two different grain sizes. Cross sectional imaging of these mounds revealed thermal evidence of the unique formation processes for each class of surface structure. BSG mounds formed on all three substrates using the same laser parameters had similar ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere Dec 2016

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


Finite Element Simulation And Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Combining Ultrasonic Vibration With Ecap Process On Pure Aluminum 1050, Saeed Bagherzadeh, Yanfei Liu, Karen Abrinia, Qingyou Han Oct 2016

Finite Element Simulation And Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Combining Ultrasonic Vibration With Ecap Process On Pure Aluminum 1050, Saeed Bagherzadeh, Yanfei Liu, Karen Abrinia, Qingyou Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Flow Stress And Microstructure Models Of Alloys, Lars-Erik Lindgren Oct 2016

Flow Stress And Microstructure Models Of Alloys, Lars-Erik Lindgren

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma Jan 2015

Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Ferroic materials, as notable members of smart materials, have been widely used in applications that perform sensing, actuation and control. The macroscopic property change of ferroic materials may become remarkably large during ferroic phase transition, leading to the fact that the macroscopic properties can be tuned by carefully applying a suitable external field (electric, magnetic, stress). To obtain an enhancement in physical and/or mechanical properties, different kinds of ferroic composites have been fabricated. The properties of a ferroic composite are determined not only by the properties and relative amounts of the constituent phases, but also by the microstructure of ...


Factors Governing The Performance And Stability Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Prepared By Infiltration, Rainer Küngas Jan 2012

Factors Governing The Performance And Stability Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Prepared By Infiltration, Rainer Küngas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Infiltration method, developed at the University of Pennsylvania, is a unique analytical platform for investigating the effect of material properties and electrode microstructure on the performance of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes. During cell fabrication by infiltration, the ion-conducting electrolyte phase is sintered first, followed by the addition of the catalytically active perovskite phase into the pores of the electrolyte. The use of separate sintering steps for the electrolyte and the active phase gives one a high degree of control over the microstructure of both phases, unattainable with traditional fabrication methods. In this thesis, the infiltration approach has been ...


Microstructural Characterization And Heat Treatment Of A-286 Turbine Buckets, Christopher Michael Bradley Jan 2009

Microstructural Characterization And Heat Treatment Of A-286 Turbine Buckets, Christopher Michael Bradley

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

A-286 is an iron-based superalloy used extensively in land-based gas turbines for 2nd stage (low pressure) buckets and 1st and 2nd stage wheels. Although A-286 may appear to some as just another austenitic stainless steel, its elevated temperature properties are attributed to ' precipitate structures, effective distributions of alloy carbides in the forms of M23C6, M6C and MC, and solid solution strengthening. Unfortunately over the course of these components service lives microstructural degradation develops in the form of η-phase formation. The presence of η-phase, especially in large quantities, can have a negative effect on stress rupture properties. Resistance to creep rupture ...


Microstructural Characterization Of Overaged Gtd-111 Hp Turbine Buckets, Oscar Quintero Jan 2009

Microstructural Characterization Of Overaged Gtd-111 Hp Turbine Buckets, Oscar Quintero

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Superalloys are metallic materials that exhibit excellent mechanical strength and creep resistance at high temperatures. They have good surface stability and are corrosion resistant. Superalloys are mostly used in the aerospace industry, gas turbine engines and blades (hot zones of gas turbines), and where extreme heat is encountered. The focus of this research was on the GTD-111 Ni-base superalloy, which is a General Electric (GE) proprietary superalloy mostly used in gas turbine blades with the form of high pressure or first stage buckets. This alloys features better mechanical properties, creep resistance, and a higher stress rupture temperature than the commonly ...