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Engineering Science and Materials Commons

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2009

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Modeling And Computer Simulation Of Fault Calculations For Transmission Lines, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Dec 2009

Modeling And Computer Simulation Of Fault Calculations For Transmission Lines, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Calculation of transmission line faults has a fundamental importance in the fault detection, classification, and location determination of faults in transmission line. This paper presents a proposed computer program based on Matlab software to calculate all ten types of shunt faults that may occur in a transmission line. Various fault scenarios (fault types, fault locations and fault impedance) are considered in this paper. The inputs of the proposed program are line length, source voltage, positive, negative and zero sequence for source impedance, line charging, and transmission line impedance. The output of the algorithm is used to train an artificial intelligence ...


Hydrometallurgical Process For Extraction Of Metals From Electronic Waste-Part I: Material Characterization And Process Option Selection, Zeljko J. Kamberovic Dec 2009

Hydrometallurgical Process For Extraction Of Metals From Electronic Waste-Part I: Material Characterization And Process Option Selection, Zeljko J. Kamberovic

Zeljko J Kamberovic

Used electronic equipment became one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world. In the past two decades recycling of printed circuit boards (PCBs) has been based on pyrometallurgy, higly polluting recycling technology whic causes a variety of environmental problems. The most of the contemporary research activities on recovery of base and precious metals from waste PCBs are focused on hydrometallurgical techniques as more exact, predictable and easily controlled. In this paper mechanically pretrated PCBs are leached with nitric acid. Pouring density, percentage of magnetic fraction, particle size distribution, metal content and leachability are determined using optical microscopy, atomic ...


Utilization Of Virtual Globes For Open Source Industrial Symbiosis, William Doyle, Joshua M. Pearce Sep 2009

Utilization Of Virtual Globes For Open Source Industrial Symbiosis, William Doyle, Joshua M. Pearce

Joshua M. Pearce

Several proprietary industrial symbiosis software tools have been developed, however, without long term financial commitments these endeavors fall short of creating generalizable and sustainable tools. The recent development of virtual globes such as Google Earth (GE), an information service that provides imagery and three dimensional data depicting the entire physical earth, provides an opportunity to use a new sustainable method of navigating information to save energy and use materials more efficiently in the real world. To test this open source methodology, a data set was used from the Department of Environmental Protection in Pennsylvania, which has mandated reporting the location ...


A Review On Load Flow Studies, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Jul 2009

A Review On Load Flow Studies, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

No abstract provided.


Controlled Islanding Scheme For Power Systems, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Jul 2009

Controlled Islanding Scheme For Power Systems, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

No abstract provided.


Seminar In Kumamoto University, 11-6-2009 (Protection), Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Jun 2009

Seminar In Kumamoto University, 11-6-2009 (Protection), Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

This Seminar about a Novel protective scheme for Transmission line Presented by me in Kumamoto University, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Japan at 11-6-2009.


Comparison Between Direct Quadrature Method Of Moments And The Method Of Classes For Bubbly Flow, Brahim Selma, Rachid Bannari, Pierre Proulx Jun 2009

Comparison Between Direct Quadrature Method Of Moments And The Method Of Classes For Bubbly Flow, Brahim Selma, Rachid Bannari, Pierre Proulx

Rachid BANNARI

No abstract provided.


Design And Cfd Analysis Of Mass Transfer And Shear Stresses Distributions In Airlift Reactor, Rachid Bannari, Brahim Selma, Abdelfettah Bannari, Pierre Proulx Jun 2009

Design And Cfd Analysis Of Mass Transfer And Shear Stresses Distributions In Airlift Reactor, Rachid Bannari, Brahim Selma, Abdelfettah Bannari, Pierre Proulx

Rachid BANNARI

The design, scale-up and performance evaluation of biological reactors require accurate information about the gas-liquid flow dynamics. In this study, we use CFD techniques to investigate important parameters of the multiphase flow dynamics on an initial airlift bioreactor in order to improve its design. Such parameters are distributions of shear stresses and mass transfer. Our initial proposed design of the airlift bioreactor was used for biomass growing. Specifically to produce cellulase enzyme using the fungus Trichoderma Reesei. However, the morphology of the microorganism obtained in this bioreactor was not appropriated to produce cellulase. Since the microorganism morphology presented a small ...


A Coupled Cfd-Kinetic Models For Cellulase Production In Airlift Reactor, Rachid Bannari, Abdelfettah Bannari, Brahim Selma, Pierre Proulx Apr 2009

A Coupled Cfd-Kinetic Models For Cellulase Production In Airlift Reactor, Rachid Bannari, Abdelfettah Bannari, Brahim Selma, Pierre Proulx

Rachid BANNARI

Cellulase production provides a catalyst for cellulose hydrolysis to glucose, to be used for eventual production of ethanol. The transport of reactants may influence the reaction rate remarkably, for the biological reaction, especially the enzymatic reaction, The transport behavior of the components in a biological system should be considered in the model. In this work, we propose a coupled model between hydrodynamics (twoPhaseEuler- Foam) and a kinetic model for batch and fed-batch cellulase enzyme production by T. reesei from cellulose/lactose substrate which is constructed from literature concepts and laboratory data. Good agreement is obtained between the results and experimental ...


Electric Energy Sector In Egypt: A Review, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Mar 2009

Electric Energy Sector In Egypt: A Review, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

No abstract provided.


Researches On Copper. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2009

Researches On Copper. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The present volume is a collection of selected papers dealing with the extractive metallurgy of copper published by the author and his coworkers. They are reproduced here in a facsimile edition in 240 pages. In addition ten new chapters were specially written in 150 pages. The book is fully illustrated by many colored pictures, flowsheets, and diagrams. It is hoped that it will be useful for students, engineers, chemists, geologists, and for research workers.


Non-Process And Chemical Free Offset Printing Plate, Bilge N. Altay, C. Koroglu, O. Yaman, C. Sahin Feb 2009

Non-Process And Chemical Free Offset Printing Plate, Bilge N. Altay, C. Koroglu, O. Yaman, C. Sahin

Bilge Nazli Altay

No abstract provided.


Gold. History, Metallurgy, Culture, Fathi Habashi Feb 2009

Gold. History, Metallurgy, Culture, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Gold, the first metal used by man, has a special place among metals. It plays an important role in society and in world economics. It caused unprecedented mass migrations on three continents, and at least one war. It was responsible for creating many large cities, is highly prized, has been the inspiration of numerous myths, was the ultimate goal of alchemists, stored in the vaults of banks, widely on display in oriental bazaars, and is generously used in decorating churches and temples. The present volume is composed of two parts: a collection of selected papers published by the author on ...


Optimal Design Of Wind-Pv-Diesel-Battery System Using Genetic Algorithm, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset Jan 2009

Optimal Design Of Wind-Pv-Diesel-Battery System Using Genetic Algorithm, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

The optimization of diesel generators (DGs) and renewable energy sources have to be done within a cost benefit, high reliability and environmentally friendly framework. Most of optimization method just consider only from economical point of view. This paper presents complete optimization method involving of cost, reliability and pollutant emission into optimization process. The reliability level is analyzed using basic probabilistic concept in order to find loss of load probability (LOLP). This value is then used to determine the customer damage cost due to electricity interruption. Meanwhile, CO2 emission as an indicator of pollution is calculated to determine the annual emission ...


Influence Of Ballast Conditions On Flexural Responses Of Railway Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov Jan 2009

Influence Of Ballast Conditions On Flexural Responses Of Railway Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Railway sleepers in track systems are usually modeled using the beam on elastic foundation theory. In reality, the sleeper-supported ballast is of highly frictional granular media but does not provide any tensile resistance. This paper presents a finite element model of a railway sleeper in a track system, taking into account the tensionless nature of the elastic support. The highlight of this paper is the effect of ballast distributions on the flexural responses of railway sleepers in track systems. Using a finite element package STRAND7, the finite element model updating of the concrete sleeper was earlier developed and validated against ...


Effect Of Non-Stationary Current Regimes On The Morphology Of Silver Electrodeposits, Zeljko J. Kamberovic Jan 2009

Effect Of Non-Stationary Current Regimes On The Morphology Of Silver Electrodeposits, Zeljko J. Kamberovic

Zeljko J Kamberovic

This work is concerned with the use of reverse current regimes in order to form small-grained and compact silver deposits during the electrorefining process. Several parameters were varied, i.e., i) anodic overpotential, ii) cathodic vs. anodic time ratio and iii) duration of the anodic pulse. After optimization of these parameters, phosphate ions were added and the electrolyte was stirred. The effects of a rise of the anodic overpotential on the grain sizes of the silver deposit and compactness were studied. Prolongation of the anodic time had a similar influence but with a decrease in current efficiency. An increase of ...


Chemistry And Metallurgy In The Great Empires, Fathi Habashi Jan 2009

Chemistry And Metallurgy In The Great Empires, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

It is remarkable that certain countries expand to become great empires then as time goes by they gradually decline while others rise. This book attempts to briefly trace the history of chemistry and metallurgy through the different empires that became at one time great and then faded away. In 272 pages 21.5 x 28 cm, the author outlines the inter-relation of chemistry, metallurgy, mining, and medicine, the idea of the divinity of kings and the formation of nations, and finally the rise and fall of the empires. He then covers the ancient and medieval empires, followed by the empires ...


Science, Technology, And Society, Fathi Habashi Jan 2009

Science, Technology, And Society, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Science, technology, and society is a vast and complex question. It is discussed here from five points: social responsibility of scientists, migration and movement of scholars, philanthropy and its role in education and culture, enlightened despots and their influence on science and culture, and finally the social aspects of mining. The book is meant for the general reader but can benefit scientists as well. It is fully illustrated with colored pictures. It is hoped that it will serve as an introduction to this field to the young generation and inspire them to serve society.


Surface Structure Changes In Cement Paste Exposed To 10.6 Um Laser Radiation, Juan José Soto-Bernal, María Del Rosario Moreno-Virgen, Claudio Frausto-Reyes, Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet, José Vega-Duran, José Pineda-Piñon, José Ortíz-Lozano Dec 2008

Surface Structure Changes In Cement Paste Exposed To 10.6 Um Laser Radiation, Juan José Soto-Bernal, María Del Rosario Moreno-Virgen, Claudio Frausto-Reyes, Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet, José Vega-Duran, José Pineda-Piñon, José Ortíz-Lozano

Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet

We report the changes occurring in cement pastes irradiated by 10.6um CO2 laser at different stages of hydration. Raman spectroscopy, X-rays and Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) techniques had been used to observe molecular structural changes. Intensity of cement paste Raman peaks after laser irradiation was monitored in samples irradiated 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 days after their preparation. Applied laser power changed Raman peaks intensity at 187.5cm-1, 563cm-1, 695cm-1, 750cm-1, 897cm-1, 1042cm-1 and 1159cm-1 that corresponds to compounds already presents in cement pastes. X ray diffraction and SEM images confirm the recrystalization ...


Cleaner Metallurgical Industry In Serbia: A Road To The Sustainable Development, Zeljko J. Kamberovic Dec 2008

Cleaner Metallurgical Industry In Serbia: A Road To The Sustainable Development, Zeljko J. Kamberovic

Zeljko J Kamberovic

Since the sustainable development has been a global and fundamental objecttive, a metallurgical industrial sector faces some of the most difficult sustainability challenges of any industrial sector. On the other hand, the metallurgical production in Serbia is a very important part of the economy. Due to present facilities and technologies, metallurgical companies face a great challenge to fulfill the requirements introduced by legislature referring to the cleaner production and sustainable development. The state of art in the production, facilities, pollution with some answers to imposed challenges is presented.