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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Mechanical And Tribological Behaviour Of Treated And Untreated Moringa Oleifera Pods Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Polymer Composite For Packaging Applications, Prakash Sampath, Senthil Kumar V.S Dr Apr 2019

Mechanical And Tribological Behaviour Of Treated And Untreated Moringa Oleifera Pods Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Polymer Composite For Packaging Applications, Prakash Sampath, Senthil Kumar V.S Dr

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Researchers now focus on the use of natural fiber polymer composites materials for packing applications. This attention is due to their low cost and renewable characteristics. Fabrication of composites with the use of renewable resources has many benefits of alternating from an appropriate management and reduction in industrial wastages, ecofriendly behaviour to cost effectiveness. The artificial fibers in packing industries can be replaced by natural fibers in the areas where stiffness and high strength are not the primary requirement. In the last decade the use of Natural fibers in the place of artificial fibers for reinforcements in epoxy resin matrix ...


Problem Of A Particle Solid Particles With A Ground Surface Airflow Formed Due To High-Speed Train Movement, Sh.S. Fayzibayev, R.Sh. Isanov, M.Sh. Valiyev Mar 2019

Problem Of A Particle Solid Particles With A Ground Surface Airflow Formed Due To High-Speed Train Movement, Sh.S. Fayzibayev, R.Sh. Isanov, M.Sh. Valiyev

Journal of TIRE

The paper deals with the problem of entrainment of particles by air flow with increasing speed of a high-speed train. We have obtained solutions to the problem in the case when the particles in the section have the shape of a trapezoid. If the speed of a high-speed train increases at the end of the train, a whirlwind may occur, which we will study


Electrical System For Bioelectric Impedance Using Ad5933 Impedance Converter, Allison Garcia, Ahmet C. Sabuncu Feb 2019

Electrical System For Bioelectric Impedance Using Ad5933 Impedance Converter, Allison Garcia, Ahmet C. Sabuncu

SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research

Benchtop lab equipment, such as the HP4194A Precision Impedance Analyzer, offer accuracy and functionality but are often expensive and bulky. Although integrated circuits offer less functionality than benchtop equivalents, they can be a cheaper alternative for smaller applications. In this study, the AD5933 Impedance Converter was investigated as a low-cost option for impedance analysis of the bicep brachii. The AD5933 evaluation board was properly calibrated to measure human muscle by using an equivalent parallel circuit consisting of a 5 nF capacitor and a 1 kOhm resistor. Next, the impedance of the bicep was measured using the AD5933 as the experimental ...


Fe Modeling Methodology For Load Analysis And Preliminary Sizing Of Aircraft Wing Structure, Jun Hwan Jang, Sang Ho Ahn Jan 2019

Fe Modeling Methodology For Load Analysis And Preliminary Sizing Of Aircraft Wing Structure, Jun Hwan Jang, Sang Ho Ahn

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

It is a critical part at the basic design phase of aircraft structural design to build a finite element model and it will have a direct impact on time and cost for airframe structure development. In addition, the objective of finite element model will be varied depending on each design review phase and the modelling methodology varied accordingly. In order to build an effective and economic finite element model, it is required to develop adequate level of modelling methodology based on each design phase and its objectives. Therefore, in this paper, the finite element modeling methodology was presented for internal ...


Transport Logistics Of Transit Potential Of “Uzbekistan Temir Yullari” Jsc, U.N. Ibragimov, O.T. Aliyev, M.M. Tohirov Dec 2018

Transport Logistics Of Transit Potential Of “Uzbekistan Temir Yullari” Jsc, U.N. Ibragimov, O.T. Aliyev, M.M. Tohirov

Journal of TIRE

Uzbekistan occupies an important geostrategic position in Central Asia, through the territory of which the Great Silk Road, where numerous trade routes converged, was in ancient times, and an intensive process of mutual enrichment of the cultures of the peoples of the world was under way. And today, there are crossroads of transport routes leading from the East to the West, from the South to the North. For us, the task of preserving a place in international transport with the purpose of developing the efficiency of transportation must be urgent.


Mechanical Characterization Of Expanded Polystyrene Spheres Embed Sandwich Composites For Packaging Applications, Maheswaran R, Arockia Reemas S Nov 2018

Mechanical Characterization Of Expanded Polystyrene Spheres Embed Sandwich Composites For Packaging Applications, Maheswaran R, Arockia Reemas S

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

This paper addresses on study of development of new packaging material comprising Expanded Polystyrene Spheres (EPS) embedded epoxy polymer based sandwich composites with aluminium skin. The density of the packing material is controlled by varying the volume of embedded spheres. In this study, the Flexural and Compression performance of Expanded Polystyrene Spheres (EPS) embedded polymer based sandwich composites with aluminium skin are investigated. The EPS volume percent in the core is 25% with epoxy matrix which makes the the density less than 1 g/cm3 for the composite. The fabricated Sandwich Composite are very light weight, the density is less ...


Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira Sep 2018

Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Packages made of corrugated paper are fundamental to the protection, transportation and handling of the appliance product market. During the storage and sales stages of a product, the package must resist compressive loads in different directions beyond moderate impacts. In this context, the objective of this work is to develop and implement a post-processor that allows the simultaneous analysis of two of the most common failure modes of packages made of corrugated paper: failure due to tensile or compressive stress limit, and failure due to local buckling, when the buckling of the faces of the corrugated paper between two peaks ...


Post-Wrapping Behavior Of High-Performance Stretch Film, Jake Wyns, John Cook, Kyle Dunno Sep 2018

Post-Wrapping Behavior Of High-Performance Stretch Film, Jake Wyns, John Cook, Kyle Dunno

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Compressive force is the energy a stretch film exerts onto the corners of a unit load of product, this paper analyzes the effects of compressive force overtime after application to a unit load. Previous research has shown how storage conditions, pallet configurations, and storage duration affect the performance of various packaging materials, however, there is a lack of this type of study relating to stretch film and load unitization. This paper looks at trends in compressive force depending on whether a film is applied with negative or positive secondary stretch. When a load is stretch wrapped with negative secondary stretch ...


Review Of Challenges And Advances In Modification Of Food Package Headspace Gases, Ziynet Boz, Bruce A. Welt, Jeffrey K. Brecht, William Pelletier, Eric Mclamore, Gregory A. Kiker, Jason E. Butler Apr 2018

Review Of Challenges And Advances In Modification Of Food Package Headspace Gases, Ziynet Boz, Bruce A. Welt, Jeffrey K. Brecht, William Pelletier, Eric Mclamore, Gregory A. Kiker, Jason E. Butler

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) has been widely used as an effective way to preserve foods. Fresh produce, meat and meat products, seafood, and dairy products can benefit from modified gaseous atmospheres, which are usually achieved by reducing oxygen and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, within limits, defined by product tolerances. MAP of fresh produce is particularly challenging because products are living and respiring. Respiration rates depend on several factors including temperature, oxygen, and carbon dioxide concentrations. Balancing package permeation with respiration is challenging, often due to limited selection of practical packaging materials. Failing to remain within tolerance limits of products leads ...


Screening Algorithm Based On The Color Halftone Fluorescent Printing And Its Application In Packaging Design, Hu Yaojian, Liu Juan, Wang Ruojing, Zhong Yunfei Feb 2018

Screening Algorithm Based On The Color Halftone Fluorescent Printing And Its Application In Packaging Design, Hu Yaojian, Liu Juan, Wang Ruojing, Zhong Yunfei

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Abstract:This paper analyzed the characteristics of colorless fluorescent ink and the existing color separation theory, so that colored additive method should be used in printing color pattern with colorless fluorescent ink as well as three-color screening separation type (red, green and blue). Considering the exhibition of the tone, this paper selected dot parallel screening method. At the same time, through comparing the properties of different dots, this paper adopted a special method of AM screening, using regular triangle as the basic dot model to a threshold matrix of AM screening. Finally, designing a screening algorithm which best suit the ...


Developments And Properties Of Plastic Mimicking Biopolymers For Food Packaging Application, Daniel I. Hefft Apr 2017

Developments And Properties Of Plastic Mimicking Biopolymers For Food Packaging Application, Daniel I. Hefft

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Sustainability takes an ever increasing importance in the food industry. Here not only the selection of raw materials plays a role, but also packaging materials. Nowadays there is an increasing number of biodegradable and bio-compostable packaging materials available.

However, these materials are still not able to replace mineral oil based packaging materials completely, nevertheless they are becoming increasingly important, since there must be solutions to problems such as pollution of the oceans by plastic waste, growing piles of rubbish from growing population, etc.

The following literature review shows briefly recent developments on plastic mimicking biopolymers, as these materials guarantee great ...


The Effect Of Creasing Lines On The Compression Strength Of Adjustable Height Corrugated Boxes, Péter Csavajda, Péter Böröcz, Ákos Mojzes, Bence Molnár Jan 2017

The Effect Of Creasing Lines On The Compression Strength Of Adjustable Height Corrugated Boxes, Péter Csavajda, Péter Böröcz, Ákos Mojzes, Bence Molnár

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Due to its high strength and low density, the corrugated fibreboard (CFB) box is one of the most popular types of packaging all over the world. This packaging device is able to fulfil a huge number of requirements of the logistic process, during the phases of handling, shipping and storage. In addition to this, corrugated packaging is easily machinable, so it is also suitable for special supply chains and products. These special needs include the requirement to fit to the inner measurements of the shipping device, e.g. the shipping container. This is particularly expected in case of less than ...


Adding A Polymer Film Barrier Layer In The Press Forming Process Of Paperboard Trays, Ville Leminen, Panu Tanninen, Mika Kainusalmi, Kirubel Bogale, Juha Varis Jan 2017

Adding A Polymer Film Barrier Layer In The Press Forming Process Of Paperboard Trays, Ville Leminen, Panu Tanninen, Mika Kainusalmi, Kirubel Bogale, Juha Varis

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

The aim of this paper was to investigate the possibility to add a barrier layer in the press forming phase of paperboard trays by sealing a polymer film to a paperboard substrate. Plastic coating is often an important part of packages manufactured for food packaging. Traditionally the paperboards for food packaging are coated in the paper mill before the actual forming of the package. Experiments with coated and uncoated boards were made and the bonding and adhesion of materials was observed. The results indicate that adhesion between the board and the film can be achieved in the forming process. However ...


Optimization Of Takeoffs On Unbalanced Fields Using Takeoff Performance Tool, Nihad E. Daidzic Jul 2016

Optimization Of Takeoffs On Unbalanced Fields Using Takeoff Performance Tool, Nihad E. Daidzic

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Unbalanced field length exists when ASDA and TODA are not equal. Airport authority may add less expensive substitutes to runway full-strength pavement in the form of stopways and/or clearways to basic TORA to increase operational takeoff weights. Here developed Takeoff Performance Tool is a physics-based total-energy model used to simulate FAR/CS 25 regulated airplane takeoffs. Any aircraft, runway, and environmental conditions can be simulated, while complying with the applicable regulations and maximizing performance takeoff weights. The mathematical model was translated into Matlab, Fortran 95/2003/2008, Basic, and MS Excel computer codes. All existing FAR/CS 25 takeoff ...


Elevated Test Pressure Significantly Reduces Dynamic Accumulation Oxygen Transmission Rate (Astm F3136) Measurement Time For Barrier Packaging Films, Bruce A. Welt Sep 2015

Elevated Test Pressure Significantly Reduces Dynamic Accumulation Oxygen Transmission Rate (Astm F3136) Measurement Time For Barrier Packaging Films, Bruce A. Welt

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Measurement of gas transmission rates of materials is important for successful package design. The dynamic accumulation (DA) method (ASTM F3136) is becoming increasingly popular for measuring oxygen transmission rate (OTR) due to its simplicity and low cost. However, measurement time increases with barrier properties of materials, limiting measurement throughput. A dynamic accumulation measurement prototype capable of operating up to 1,000 psig was developed in order to accelerate gas transfer by boosting concentration gradients via elevated absolute pressures. Results show that measurement results were independent of test pressure while measurement times were substantially reduced. These results also suggest that gas ...


Predictive Modeling Of Oxygen Transmission Through Micro-Perforations For Packaging Applications, Ayman Abdellatief, Bruce A. Welt, Jason Butler, Eric Mclamore, Arthur Teixeira, Sanjay Shukla May 2015

Predictive Modeling Of Oxygen Transmission Through Micro-Perforations For Packaging Applications, Ayman Abdellatief, Bruce A. Welt, Jason Butler, Eric Mclamore, Arthur Teixeira, Sanjay Shukla

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Methods for creating precise perforations in respiring produce packaging are being increasingly adopted. Knowledge of oxygen transfer through perforated packaging and oxygen distribution in packages is necessary for successful packaging design of fresh produce. An approach to modeling perforated packaging performance was developed using a cylindrical chamber with precision perforations using Fick’s second law. The model was simulated using two techniques including Finite Element Method (FEM) using commercially available software and Finite Volume Method (FVM) through programming. Perforations were approximated as a source term in the second method. Both simulation techniques showed trends similar to experimental data.


Viscosity Dependence Of Faraday Wave Formation Thresholds, Lisa M. Slaughter Jun 2014

Viscosity Dependence Of Faraday Wave Formation Thresholds, Lisa M. Slaughter

Symposium

This experiment uses an electromagnetic shaker to produce standing wave patterns on the surface of a vertically oscillating sample of silicon liquid. These surface waves, known as Faraday waves, form shapes such as squares, lines, and hexagons. They are known to be dependent upon the frequency and amplitude of the forcing as well as on the viscosity and depth of the liquid in the dish. At a depth of 4mm and for various silicon liquids having kinematic viscosities of 10, 20, and 38 cSt, we determined the acceleration at which patterns form for frequencies between 10 and 60 Hz. For ...


The Effects Of A Collaborative Problem-Based Learning Experience On Students’ Motivation In Engineering Capstone Courses, Brett D. Jones, Cory M. Epler, Parastou Mokri, Lauren H. Bryant, Marie C. Paretti May 2013

The Effects Of A Collaborative Problem-Based Learning Experience On Students’ Motivation In Engineering Capstone Courses, Brett D. Jones, Cory M. Epler, Parastou Mokri, Lauren H. Bryant, Marie C. Paretti

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

We identified and examined how the instructional elements of problem-based learning capstone engineering courses affected students’ motivation to engage in the courses. We employed a two-phase, sequential, explanatory, mixed methods research design. For the quantitative phase, 47 undergraduate students at a large public university completed a questionnaire that measured the components of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation (Jones, 2009): empowerment, usefulness, success, situational interest, individual interest, academic caring, and personal caring. For the qualitative phase that followed, 10 students answered questions related to the MUSIC components. We identified several instructional elements that led to motivating opportunities that affected students ...


Sci-Tech Book News Reviews, Susan Fingerman Apr 2013

Sci-Tech Book News Reviews, Susan Fingerman

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Application Of Machine Learning Principles To Modeling Of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems, Murray R. Clark Jan 1994

Application Of Machine Learning Principles To Modeling Of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems, Murray R. Clark

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

A method for the development of mathematical models for dynamic systems with arbitrary nonlinearities from measured data is described. The method involves the use of neural networks as embedded processors in dynamic system simulation models. The technique is demonstrated through generation of models for anharmonic oscillators described by the Duffing Equation and the Van der Pol Equation from measured input/output data. It is shown that high quality models of these systems can be developed using this technique which are efficient in terms of model size. Using neural networks as embedded processors, accurate models of the Duffing Oscillator and the ...


Low Cost Fencing, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1978

Low Cost Fencing, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Fences with more wire and posts are not necessarily stronger.

Design using high tensile wire can save on materials and reduce costs.


Australian Tractor Test Report No. 58 : Massey-Ferguson 165, G H. Vasey, W. T. Brown Jan 1970

Australian Tractor Test Report No. 58 : Massey-Ferguson 165, G H. Vasey, W. T. Brown

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE Massey-Ferguson 165 is a general purpose farm tractor. The test tractor gave 50 drawbar h.p. with 59 h.p. at the P.T.O. at rated engine speed it comes within Class 5 of the Australian Standard Classification of Wheeled Tractors for Agricultural Purposes, AS Dl 0-1967. It is equipped with 18.4 x 28 in. pneumatic tyres. It has a threespeed gear box with a ratio change giving 6 forward and reverse speeds.


Australian Tractor Test Report No. 55 : Nuffield 4/65, G H. Vasey, W. F. Baillie Jan 1969

Australian Tractor Test Report No. 55 : Nuffield 4/65, G H. Vasey, W. F. Baillie

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE Nuffield 4/65 is a general purpose farm tractor of 49 drawbar horsepower.

With 54 h.p. at the P.T.O. at rated engine speed it comes within Class 5 of the Australian Standard Classification of Wheeled Tractors for Agricultural Purposes, AS D10-1967. I t is equipped with 18.4 x 30 pneumatic tyres.

It has a five speed gear box with a High and Low ratio change giving 10 forward and 2 reverse speeds.


Australian Tractor Test Report No. 49 : Mccormick International 624, G H. Vasey, W. F. Baillie Jan 1968

Australian Tractor Test Report No. 49 : Mccormick International 624, G H. Vasey, W. F. Baillie

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

AUSTRALIAN TRACTOR TEST REPORT

No. 49 - McCORMICK INTERNATIONAL 624


Concrete In Dairies, D Roger Buchanan Jan 1968

Concrete In Dairies, D Roger Buchanan

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

PRIME requirements for exposed concrete surfaces in dairies are that they should be easily cleansed and should not deteriorate in contact with milk and milk products.

In milking stalls, animal races and on loading platforms hardwearing surfaces which offer good foothold are also necessary.


Controlled Environment Broiler Houses In Western Australia, D F. Hessels Jan 1967

Controlled Environment Broiler Houses In Western Australia, D F. Hessels

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

The three main features which contribute to the better returns from controlled environment broiler housing are higher density, better conversion and a reduction in labour.

The higher initial cost of housing and higher running costs are more than covered by these three advantages.


Siphon Tubes For Furrow Irrigation In The Kimberleys, K S. Cole Jan 1963

Siphon Tubes For Furrow Irrigation In The Kimberleys, K S. Cole

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Irrigation soils in the Ord River area have a high clay content and erode easily under the influence of running water.

To overcome the problem of erosion in cuts between the head channels and irrigation furrows polythene siphon tubes have been found the most satisfactory.

In this article K. S. Cole, B.Sc. (Agric), Agricultural Adviser, Kununurra, describes the use of siphon tubes for furrow irrigation in the Kimberleys.