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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai Mar 2019

Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai

ASEE IL-IN Section Conference

Application of Computational Tools to Spaghetti-Based Truss Design

Statics and Strength of Materials are two foundational courses for Mechanical/Civil Engineering. In order to assist students in better understanding and applying concepts to a meaningful design task, SolidWorks and theoretical calculation were used for a spaghetti-bridge design contest with the constraints of given maximum weight and allowable support-material weight. As the first step of this iterative designing process, both extrude feature and structural member were introduced to model planar bridge trusses. Then SolidWorks’ Statics module was used to run FEA analysis of the structural performance in efforts to optimize the ...


Creating A Computational Tool To Simulate Vibration Control For Piezoelectric Devices, Ahmet Ozkan Ozer, Emma J. Moore Nov 2018

Creating A Computational Tool To Simulate Vibration Control For Piezoelectric Devices, Ahmet Ozkan Ozer, Emma J. Moore

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Piezoelectric materials have the unique ability to convert electrical energy to mechanical vibrations and vice versa. This project takes a stab to develop a reliable computational tool to simulate the vibration control of a novel “partial differential equation” model for a piezoelectric device, which is designed by integrating electric conducting piezoelectric layers constraining a viscoelastic layer to provide an active and lightweight intelligent structure. Controlling unwanted vibrations on piezoelectric devices (or harvesting energy from ambient vibrations) through piezoelectric layers has been the major focus in cutting-edge engineering applications such as ultrasonic welders and inchworms. The corresponding mathematical models for piezoelectric ...


Developing Strategies To Toughen Bio-Inspired Adhesives, Narelli P. Narciso, Samuel Lee Huntington, Jonathan J. Wilker Aug 2018

Developing Strategies To Toughen Bio-Inspired Adhesives, Narelli P. Narciso, Samuel Lee Huntington, Jonathan J. Wilker

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Mussels and other marine creatures adhere very well in underwater environments, having the ability to withstand the force of the sea. These animals have inspired synthetic biomimetic adhesives for wet systems, presenting potential for biomedical applications. However, most current commercial adhesives tend to be brittle, not resisting repetitive movements. This study assesses toughening strategies to improve the mussel-inspired adhesives’ ductility while maintaining its strength. The strategies included altering the polymer’s chemical structure by changing the percentage of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in the molecule and by adding fillers, such as calcium carbonate, silica and nacre - a calcium carbonate compound found ...


Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks Jun 2018

Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks

The International Student Science Fair 2018

We have innovated “The Energy Conversion System for Travelers” or the ECoST. With the fact that most travelers have wheeled cabin-bags, whilst walking, the wheels will rotate so why don’t we harvest electricity from this kinetic energy? We thus install our innovation, the ECoST, to the bag to generate electricity from the spinning wheels. The electricity is then kept in the storage unit and ready to charge your empty battery devices in an emergency case via a USB port. To make life easy, our ECoST was designed to replicate the power bank charging method; therefore, we can charge it ...


Performance Evaluation Of The Children’S Sleepwear Against Hot Water Splash, Akm Mashud Alam, Yulin Wu, Chunhui Xiang Jan 2018

Performance Evaluation Of The Children’S Sleepwear Against Hot Water Splash, Akm Mashud Alam, Yulin Wu, Chunhui Xiang

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The objective of this research is to examine, for the first time, the hot splash protection provided by the commercially available children’s sleepwear. Three types of commercially available children’s sleepwear, knitted in different fabric structures with different fiber composition, were evaluated. Polyester fabrics, due to better wicking property, spread hot water faster in both horizontal and vertical directions. As a result, a larger body surface area of the wearer would get burnt quickly. Cotton/modacrylic interlock fabrics, due to cotton excellent absorption of water and high thickness of the interlock structure, less body surface area was affected, indicating ...


Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, Julia M. Meyer, Ivan Christov Aug 2017

Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, Julia M. Meyer, Ivan Christov

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Phase transitions within large-scale systems may be modeled by nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations in which system dynamics are captured by appropriate potentials. Coherent structures in these systems evolve randomly through time; thus, statistical behavior of these fields is of greater interest than particular system realizations. The ability to simulate and predict phase transition behavior has many applications, from material behaviors (e.g., crystallographic phase transformations and coherent movement of granular materials) to traffic congestion. Past research focused on deriving solutions to the system probability density function (PDF), which is the ground-state wave function squared. Until recently, the extent to ...


Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski Aug 2017

Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Accidental mishandling of explosive materials leads to thousands of injuries in the US every year. Understanding the mechanisms behind the detonation process is crucial to prevent such accidents. In polymer-bonded explosives (PBX), high-frequency mechanical excitation generates thermal energy and can lead to an increase in temperature and vapor pressure, and potentially the initiation of the detonation process. However, the mechanisms behind this energy release, such as the effects of dynamic fracture and friction, are not well understood. Experimental data is difficult to collect due to the different time scales of reactions and vibrations, so research is aided by running simulations ...


A Parametric Study Of The Mechanics Of Different Skin Flap Techniques, Steven J. Meza, Adrián Tepole Buganza Aug 2017

A Parametric Study Of The Mechanics Of Different Skin Flap Techniques, Steven J. Meza, Adrián Tepole Buganza

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In modern day plastic and reconstructive surgeries numerous skin flap designs have been developed and are used to close open wounds. Skin flaps are developed with the intention of imposing minimal tension in skin closure. Excessive tension can lead to poor blood flow that result in post-surgery complications such as necrosis. Currently there is no standard in choosing a skin flap design and a surgeon's choice is based personal experience. A comparison of the mechanical loading in these various designs has not yet been done. We have developed a parametric study, using finite element analysis, of two advancement skin ...


Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On The Fatigue Life And Energy Performance Of Wave Energy Converter System, Shun-Han Yang, Jonas W. Ringsberg, Erland Johnson Jan 2017

Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On The Fatigue Life And Energy Performance Of Wave Energy Converter System, Shun-Han Yang, Jonas W. Ringsberg, Erland Johnson

MARENER 2017

This study presents an analysis of a wave energy converter (WEC) system consisting of a buoy, a mooring system, and a power cable connected to a hub. The design service life of the investigated WEC is 25 years. During this long period, its service life will be influenced by marine biofouling due to the biological activity in the water.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of biofouling with regard to the energy performance of the WEC and the fatigue lives of the mooring lines and power cable. The marine biofouling is modelled by an increase in ...


Into The Real World: Assessing The Value Of Wind Assist Technology, Benjamin Howett, T. Cui, M. Kui, O. Turan, A. H. Day, A. Incecik Jan 2017

Into The Real World: Assessing The Value Of Wind Assist Technology, Benjamin Howett, T. Cui, M. Kui, O. Turan, A. H. Day, A. Incecik

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Numerical Simulations On Added Resistance And Ship Motions Of Kvlcc2 In Waves, Mingyu Kim Jan 2017

Numerical Simulations On Added Resistance And Ship Motions Of Kvlcc2 In Waves, Mingyu Kim

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of The Stratosphere On Materials, Ashley C. Greene, Theresa M. Palandro Nov 2016

The Effects Of The Stratosphere On Materials, Ashley C. Greene, Theresa M. Palandro

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Abstract 1:

Making AND Breaking: How reliable are some water pipes?

Ashley C. Greene.

Three different types of pipes were tested to see at what point in time they would break. The pipes, PVC pipe, PEX pipe, and CPVC pipe, were filled with water and attached to a helium filled weather balloon. The ends of the pipes were sealed to trap the water inside. The pipes were secured onto a payload in a Styrofoam box surrounded by cheese cloth. This frame secured the pipes and ensured that they stayed in one place and could not move around the container. The ...


Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu Oct 2016

Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon Oct 2016

A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang Oct 2016

A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu Oct 2016

Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova Oct 2016

Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu Oct 2016

Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng Oct 2016

On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu Oct 2016

Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han Oct 2016

Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Weld Thermal Simulation Of Crmov With Pwht In Type Iv Region, Bin Xu Oct 2016

Weld Thermal Simulation Of Crmov With Pwht In Type Iv Region, Bin Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Fatigue Analysis Of The Welded Region In The Automotive Torsion Beam Rear Suspension System, Nan Zhan, Xiaochuan Zhang Oct 2016

Fatigue Analysis Of The Welded Region In The Automotive Torsion Beam Rear Suspension System, Nan Zhan, Xiaochuan Zhang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Ductile Damage In Forging, Miroslav Urbanek Oct 2016

Evaluation Of Ductile Damage In Forging, Miroslav Urbanek

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Numerical Simulation And Experiments Analysis On Stiffness Control Mechanism Of Hyperboloid Shallow Shells, Zhao Lihong, Yu Haiping, Xing Zhongwen, Lei Chengxi, Wu Bin Oct 2016

Numerical Simulation And Experiments Analysis On Stiffness Control Mechanism Of Hyperboloid Shallow Shells, Zhao Lihong, Yu Haiping, Xing Zhongwen, Lei Chengxi, Wu Bin

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Constitutive Modelling Of Polycarbonate At Low, Moderate, And High Strain Rates, Haitao Wang, Yun Zhang, Huamin Zhou, Zhigao Huang, Maoyuan Li Oct 2016

Constitutive Modelling Of Polycarbonate At Low, Moderate, And High Strain Rates, Haitao Wang, Yun Zhang, Huamin Zhou, Zhigao Huang, Maoyuan Li

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Finite Element Simulation And Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Combining Ultrasonic Vibration With Ecap Process On Pure Aluminum 1050, Saeed Bagherzadeh, Yanfei Liu, Karen Abrinia, Qingyou Han Oct 2016

Finite Element Simulation And Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Combining Ultrasonic Vibration With Ecap Process On Pure Aluminum 1050, Saeed Bagherzadeh, Yanfei Liu, Karen Abrinia, Qingyou Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


The Study On Kinetics Of Metadynamic Recrystallization Of A Nb–V Microalloyed Non-Quenched And Tempered Steel, Li-Wen Zhang, Wen-Fei Shen, Chi Zhang, Ying-Nan Xia, Xin-Hua Shi, Fei Xia Oct 2016

The Study On Kinetics Of Metadynamic Recrystallization Of A Nb–V Microalloyed Non-Quenched And Tempered Steel, Li-Wen Zhang, Wen-Fei Shen, Chi Zhang, Ying-Nan Xia, Xin-Hua Shi, Fei Xia

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.