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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma Jan 2015

Computational Study Of Microstructure-Propertymechanism Relations In Ferroic Composites, Fengde D. Ma

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Ferroic materials, as notable members of smart materials, have been widely used in applications that perform sensing, actuation and control. The macroscopic property change of ferroic materials may become remarkably large during ferroic phase transition, leading to the fact that the macroscopic properties can be tuned by carefully applying a suitable external field (electric, magnetic, stress). To obtain an enhancement in physical and/or mechanical properties, different kinds of ferroic composites have been fabricated. The properties of a ferroic composite are determined not only by the properties and relative amounts of the constituent phases, but also by the microstructure of ...


In-Situ Tem Plasma Chip Nanofabrication And Characterization, Xuebo Cui Jan 2014

In-Situ Tem Plasma Chip Nanofabrication And Characterization, Xuebo Cui

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

A silicon-based microcell was fabricated with the potential for use in in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of materials under plasma processing. The microcell consisted of 50 nm-thick film of silicon nitride observation window with 60μm distance between two electrodes. E-beam scattering Mont Carlo simulation showed that the silicon nitride thin film would have very low scattering effect on TEM primary electron beam accelerated at 200 keV. Only 4.7% of primary electrons were scattered by silicon nitride thin film and the Ar gas (60 μm thick at 1 atm pressure) filling the space between silicon nitride films. Theoretical calculation also ...


Effect Of External Electric Field On Hydrogen Adsorption Over Activated Carbon Separated By Dielectric Materials, Zheng Zhang Jan 2012

Effect Of External Electric Field On Hydrogen Adsorption Over Activated Carbon Separated By Dielectric Materials, Zheng Zhang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Energy crisis and worldwide environmental problem make hydrogen a prospective energy carrier. However, storage and transportation of hydrogen in large quantities at small volume is currently not practical. Lots of materials and devices have been developed for storage hydrogen, but to today none is able to meet the DOE targets.

Activated carbon has been found to be a good hydrogen adsorbent due to its high surface area. However, the weak van der Waals force between hydrogen and the adsorbent has limited the adsorption capacity. Previous studies have found that enhanced adsorption can be obtained with applied electric field. Stronger interaction ...


Heat Transfer In Microwave Heating, Zhiwei Peng Jan 2012

Heat Transfer In Microwave Heating, Zhiwei Peng

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Heat transfer is considered as one of the most critical issues for design and implement of large-scale microwave heating systems, in which improvement of the microwave absorption of materials and suppression of uneven temperature distribution are the two main objectives. The present work focuses on the analysis of heat transfer in microwave heating for achieving highly efficient microwave assisted steelmaking through the investigations on the following aspects: (1) characterization of microwave dissipation using the derived equations, (2) quantification of magnetic loss, (3) determination of microwave absorption properties of materials, (4) modeling of microwave propagation, (5) simulation of heat transfer, and ...


Microwave-Assisted Wet Chemical (Mawc) Synthesis Of Lithium Iron Phosphate, Shangzhao Shi Jan 2012

Microwave-Assisted Wet Chemical (Mawc) Synthesis Of Lithium Iron Phosphate, Shangzhao Shi

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

LiFePO4 is a Co-free battery material. Its advantages of low cost, non-toxic and flat discharge plateau show promising for vehicle propulsion applications. A major problem associated with this material is its low electrical conductivity. Use of nanosized LiFePO4 coated with carbon is considered a solution because the nanosized particles have much shorter path for L+ ions to travel from the LiFePO4 crystal lattice to electrolytes. As other nano material powders, however, nano LiFePO4 could have processing and health issues.

In order to achieve high electrical conductivity while maintaining a satisfactory manufacturability, the particles should possess both of the nano- and ...


Molecular Modeling Of Epon 862-Detda Polymer , Ananyo Bandyopadhyay Jan 2012

Molecular Modeling Of Epon 862-Detda Polymer , Ananyo Bandyopadhyay

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

EPON 862 is an epoxy resin which is cured with the hardening agent DETDA to form a crosslinked epoxy polymer and is used as a component in modern aircraft structures. These crosslinked polymers are often exposed to prolonged periods of temperatures below glass transition range which cause physical aging to occur. Because physical aging can compromise the performance of epoxies and their composites and because experimental techniques cannot provide all of the necessary physical insight that is needed to fully understand physical aging, efficient computational approaches to predict the effects of physical aging on thermo-mechanical properties are needed. In this ...


High Temperature, Low Cycle Fatigue Of A Hybrid Particulate/Fiber Aluminum Metal-Matrix Composite , Justin Clark Jan 2011

High Temperature, Low Cycle Fatigue Of A Hybrid Particulate/Fiber Aluminum Metal-Matrix Composite , Justin Clark

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The effect of shot particles on the high temperature, low cycle fatigue of a hybrid fiber/particulate metal-matrix composite (MMC) was studied. Two hybrid composites with the general composition A356/35%SiC particle/5%Fiber (one without shot) were tested. It was found that shot particles acting as stress concentrators had little effect on the fatigue performance. It appears that fibers with a high silica content were more likely to debond from the matrix. Final failure of the composite was found to occur preferentially in the matrix. SiC particles fracture progressively during fatigue testing, leading to higher stress in the ...


Processing And Mechanical Properties Of Cast Aluminum Containing Scandium, Zirconium, And Ytterbium , Nicholas D. Johnson Jan 2011

Processing And Mechanical Properties Of Cast Aluminum Containing Scandium, Zirconium, And Ytterbium , Nicholas D. Johnson

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

A series of aluminum alloys containing additions of scandium, zirconium, and ytterbium were cast to evaluate the effect of partial ytterbium substitution for scandium on tensile behavior. Due to the high price of scandium, a crucible-melt interaction study was performed to ensure no scandium was lost in graphite, alumina, magnesia, or zirconia crucibles after holding a liquid Al-Sc master alloy for 8 hours at 900 °C in an argon atmosphere. The alloys were subjected to an isochronal aging treatment and tested for conductivity and Vickers microhardness after each increment. For scandium-containing alloys, peak hardnesses of 520-790 MPa, and peak tensile ...


Structure And Properties Of Graphene Nano Disks (Gnd) With And Without Edge-Dopants, Pubodee Ratana-Arsanarom Jan 2011

Structure And Properties Of Graphene Nano Disks (Gnd) With And Without Edge-Dopants, Pubodee Ratana-Arsanarom

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Graphene is one of the most important materials. In this research, the structures and properties of graphene nano disks (GND) with a concentric shape were investigated by Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations, in which the most effective DFT methods - B3lyp and Pw91pw91 were employed.

It was found that there are two types of edges - Zigzag and Armchair in concentric graphene nano disks (GND). The bond length between armchair-edge carbons is much shorter than that between zigzag-edge carbons. For C24 GND that consists of 24 carbon atoms, only armchair edge with 12 atoms is formed. For a GND larger than the ...


Technique To Measure Heats Of Reaction Of Ti-B, Al-Ti-B, And Al-Ti-B4c Powder Blends, Andrew H. Baker Jan 2011

Technique To Measure Heats Of Reaction Of Ti-B, Al-Ti-B, And Al-Ti-B4c Powder Blends, Andrew H. Baker

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

In this research, a modification to initiation aid ignition in bomb calorimetry that involves systemically blending levels of boron and potassium nitrate initiation aids with a bulk structural energetic elemental power blend is developed. A regression is used to estimate the nominal heat of reaction for the primary reaction. The technique is first applied to the synthesis of TiB2 as a validation study to see if close proximity to literature values can be achieved. The technique is then applied to two systems of interest, Al-Ti-B, and Al-Ti-B4C. In all three investigations, x-ray diffraction is used to characterize the product phases ...


Effects Of Silicon Content And Cooling Rate On Mechanical Properties Of Heavy Section Ductile Cast Iron , Meghan Haycock Jan 2011

Effects Of Silicon Content And Cooling Rate On Mechanical Properties Of Heavy Section Ductile Cast Iron , Meghan Haycock

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The effects of Si and cooling rate are investigated for their effect on the mechanical properties and microstructure. Three alloys were chosen with varying C and Si contents and an attempt to keep the remainder of the elements present constant. Within each heat, three test blocks were poured. Two blocks had chills – one with a fluid flowing through it to cool it (active chill) and one without the fluid (passive) – and the third block did not have a chill. Cooling curves were gathered and analyzed. The mechanical properties of the castings were correlated to the microstructure, cooling rate and Si ...


Investigation Into The Impact Of Grain Boundaries, Film Interface, And Crystallographic Orientation On The Ionic Conductivity Of Thin Film Gadolinium-Doped Ceria, Matthew M. Swanson Jan 2010

Investigation Into The Impact Of Grain Boundaries, Film Interface, And Crystallographic Orientation On The Ionic Conductivity Of Thin Film Gadolinium-Doped Ceria, Matthew M. Swanson

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The research reported in this dissertation investigates the impact of grain boundaries, film interface, and crystallographic orientation on the ionic conductivity of thin film Gd-doped CeO2 (GDC).

Chapter 2 of this work addresses claims in the literature that submicron grain boundaries have the potential to dramatically increase the ionic conductivity of GDC films. Unambiguous testing of this claim requires directly comparing the ionic conductivity of single-crystal GDC films to films that are identical except for the presence of submicron grain boundaries. In this work techniques have been developed to grow GDC films by RF magnetron sputtering from a GDC target ...


Measuring The Elastic Modulus Of Polymers Using The Atomic Force Microscope, Daniel Hoffman Jan 2010

Measuring The Elastic Modulus Of Polymers Using The Atomic Force Microscope, Daniel Hoffman

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Testing a new method of nanoindentation using the atomic force microscope (AFM) was the purpose of this research. Nanoindentation is a useful technique to study the properties of materials on the sub-micron scale. The AFM has been used as a nanoindenter previously; however several parameters needed to obtain accurate results, including tip radius and cantilever sensitivity, can be difficult to determine. To solve this problem, a new method to determine the elastic modulus of a material using the atomic force microscope (AFM) has been proposed by Tang et al. This method models the cantilever and the sample as two springs ...


Charge Induced Enhancement Of Adsorption For Hydrogen Storage Materials, Xiang Sun Jan 2009

Charge Induced Enhancement Of Adsorption For Hydrogen Storage Materials, Xiang Sun

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The rising concerns about environmental pollution and global warming have facilitated research interest in hydrogen energy as an alternative energy source. To apply hydrogen for transportations, several issues have to be solved, within which hydrogen storage is the most critical problem. Lots of materials and devices have been developed; however, none is able to meet the DOE storage target. The primary issue for hydrogen physisorption is a weak interaction between hydrogen and the surface of solid materials, resulting negligible adsorption at room temperature. To solve this issue, there is a need to increase the interaction between the hydrogen molecules and ...


High Cycle Fatigue Of Aa6082 And Aa6063 Aluminum Extrusions , Nicholas E. Nanninga Jan 2008

High Cycle Fatigue Of Aa6082 And Aa6063 Aluminum Extrusions , Nicholas E. Nanninga

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The high cycle fatigue behavior of hollow extruded AA6082 and AA6063 aluminum extrusions has been studied. Hollow extruded aluminum profiles can be processed into intricate shapes, and may be suitable replacements for fatigue critical automotive applications requiring reduced weight. There are several features inherent in hollow aluminum extrusions, such as seam welds, charge welds, microstructural variations and die lines. The effects of such extrusion variables on high cycle fatigue properties were studied by taking specimens from an actual car bumper extrusion. It appears that extrusion die lines create large anisotropy differences in fatigue properties, while welds themselves have little effect ...


Shear Band Evolution In Zr/Hf-Based Bulk Metallic Glasses Under Static And Dynamic Indentations, Hongwen Zhang Jan 2006

Shear Band Evolution In Zr/Hf-Based Bulk Metallic Glasses Under Static And Dynamic Indentations, Hongwen Zhang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) exhibit superior mechanical properties as compared with other conventional materials and have been proposed for numerous engineering and technological applications. Zr/Hf-based BMGs or tungsten reinforced BMG composites are considered as a potential replacement for depleted uranium armor-piercing projectiles because of their ability to form localized shear bands during impact, which has been known to be the dominant plastic deformation mechanism in BMGs. However, in conventional tensile, compressive and bending tests, limited ductility has been observed because of fracture initiation immediately following the shear band formation. To fully investigate shear band characteristics, indentation tests that can ...


Rf-Sputter Fabrication Of Magnetic Garnet Thin Films And Simulation Modeling For 1-D Magnetic Photonic Crystal Waveguide Devices, Haichun Yang Jan 2005

Rf-Sputter Fabrication Of Magnetic Garnet Thin Films And Simulation Modeling For 1-D Magnetic Photonic Crystal Waveguide Devices, Haichun Yang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

One dimensional magnetic photonic crystals (1D-MPC) are promising structures for integrated optical isolator applications. Rare earth substituted garnet thin films with proper Faraday rotation are required to fabricate planar 1D-MPCs. In this thesis, flat-top response 1D-MPC was proposed and spectral responses and Faraday rotation were modeled. Bismuth substituted iron garnet films were fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering and structures, compositions, birefringence and magnetooptical properties were studied. Double layer structures for single mode propagation were also fabricated by sputtering for the first time.

Multilayer stacks with multiple defects (phase shift) composed of Ce-YIG and GGG quarter-wave plates were simulated by the ...


Effect Of Microstructure And Alloying Elements On The Resistance Of Fastener Grade Steels To Hydrogen Assisted Cracking , Nicholas E. Nanninga Jan 2005

Effect Of Microstructure And Alloying Elements On The Resistance Of Fastener Grade Steels To Hydrogen Assisted Cracking , Nicholas E. Nanninga

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Fastener grade steels with varying alloy contents and heat treatments were employed to measure changes in resistance to hydrogen assisted cracking. The testing procedure compared notched tension specimens fractured in air to threshold stress values obtained during hydrogen charging, utilizing a rising step load procedure. Bainitic structures improved resistance by 10-20% compared to tempered martensite structures. Dual phase steels with a tempered martensite matrix and 20% ferrite were more susceptible and notch sensitive. High strength, fully pearlitic structures showed an improvement in resistance. Carbon content, per se, had no effect on the resistance of steel to hydrogen assisted cracking. Chromium ...