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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

The Effect Of Fixation Plate Length On Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation For The Repair Of In Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries, Abdulaziz J. Al-Kuwari Sep 2014

The Effect Of Fixation Plate Length On Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation For The Repair Of In Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries, Abdulaziz J. Al-Kuwari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract:

The Effect of Fixation Plate Length on Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation for the Repair of in Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries

Introduction: Anterior cervical decompression and fusion with a plate (ACDFP) is a commonly performed treatment following a traumatic injury to the subaxial cervical spine. The purpose of the presented work was to determine the biomechanical effect of plate length on cervical spine kinematic stability following ACDFP stabilization for a simulated traumatic injury.

Methods: Eleven fresh-frozen cadaveric C5-C6 and C6-C7 motion segments were examined in this study. To assess kinematics, flexibility testing was performed on each specimen using ...


Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang Aug 2014

Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the development of nanotechnology, piezoelectric nanostructures have attracted a surge of interests in research communities for the potential applications as transistors, sensors, actuators, resonators and energy harvesters in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) due to their high electromechanical coupling and unique features at the nano-scale. Piezoelectric nanomaterials have been characterized to possess size-dependent electromechanical coupling properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. Therefore it is of great importance to investigate the physical mechanisms of these distinct nano-scale structure features in order to fulfill the design and application of those piezoelectricity-based nanodevices.

Due to large surface to volume ratio and manifest strain ...


Micromechanics Modeling Of The Electrical Conductivity Of Carbon Nanotude (Cnt)- Polymer Nanocomposites, Chuang Feng Aug 2014

Micromechanics Modeling Of The Electrical Conductivity Of Carbon Nanotude (Cnt)- Polymer Nanocomposites, Chuang Feng

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The addition of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in polymers to form conductive composites has been attracting great interest from research and industry communities due to their potential applications. Experiments and simulations have demonstrated that the addition of a very small amount of CNTs into polymers can significantly improve the electrical conductivity of the composites. Such significant improvement in the electrical conductivity is attributed to two conductivity mechanisms: nanoscale electron hopping and microscale conductive networks. Understanding and prediction of the overall electrical conductivity of the composites with the incorporation of the conductivity mechanisms that underpin the macroscopic electrical properties are essential for ...


Mechanistic Failure Criterion For Unidirectional And Random Fibre Polymer Composites, Jamaloddin Jamali Jun 2014

Mechanistic Failure Criterion For Unidirectional And Random Fibre Polymer Composites, Jamaloddin Jamali

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polymer composite design in energy absorbing components requires a failure criterion that can predict the energy involved in its fracture under different modes of loading. Present mixed mode criteria are mainly empirical or semi-empirical, and are only suitable for a small range of composite types.

The purpose of this study was to develop a mechanistic failure criterion that is applicable to a wide range of polymer composites. An energy based mechanistic failure criterion is proposed to characterize the toughness of unidirectional (UD) and randomly oriented short fibre composites (random fibre composites).

In UD and random composites, the criterion predicts the ...