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Articles 1 - 30 of 120

Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett May 2019

Liquid Metal-Elastomer Soft Composites With Independently Controllable And Highly Tunable Droplet Size And Volume Loading, Ravi Tutika, Steven Kmiec, A. B. M. Tahidul Haque, Steve W. Martin, Michael D. Bartlett

Michael Bartlett

Soft composites are critical for soft and flexible materials in energy harvesting, actuators, and multifunctional devices. One emerging approach to create multifunctional composites is through the incorporation of liquid metal (LM) droplets such as eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) in highly deformable elastomers. The microstructure of such systems is critical to their performance, however, current materials lack control of particle size at diverse volume loadings. Here, we present a fabrication approach to create liquid metal-elastomer composites with independently controllable and highly tunable droplet size (100 nm ≦ D ≦ 80 μm) and volume loading (0 ≦ φ ≦ 80%). This is achieved through a combination ...


Nickel Based Rtd Fabricated Via Additive Screen Printing Process For Flexible Electronics, Vikram S. Turkani, Dinesh Maddipatla, Binu B. Narakathu, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, Bradley J. Bazuin, Massood Atashbar Feb 2019

Nickel Based Rtd Fabricated Via Additive Screen Printing Process For Flexible Electronics, Vikram S. Turkani, Dinesh Maddipatla, Binu B. Narakathu, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, Bradley J. Bazuin, Massood Atashbar

Bilge Nazli Altay

A novel nickel (Ni) based resistance temperature detector (RTD) was successfully developed for temperature monitoring applications. The RTD was fabricated by depositing Ni ink on a flexible polyimide substrate using the screen printing process. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to study the thermal behavior of the Ni ink and it was observed that the Ni ink can withstand up to 200°C before decomposition of the binder in the ink system. Scanning electron microscopy and white light interferometry were used to analyze the surface morphology of the printed Ni. X-ray diffractometry was used to obtain structural information, phase and crystallite size ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of The Evolution Of Hydrophobicity And Wettability Of Paper In Multi-Color Printing Process, C Aydemir, A Karademir, S Imamoglu, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, D Tutak Dec 2018

Investigation Of The Evolution Of Hydrophobicity And Wettability Of Paper In Multi-Color Printing Process, C Aydemir, A Karademir, S Imamoglu, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, D Tutak

Bilge Nazli Altay

One of the keys to improving print quality is to experimentally characterize the paper surface, structure and printability to obtain quality control mechanisms. In multi-color prints, determining the differences in the acceptance of the next color ink by the surface of the paper or the ink film that was previously printed is important for print quality. The criteria, such as ink setting, adhesion, color, gloss and density, in the printing process, depend on the wettability and absorbency of the paper. The surface structure of the paper is the most important factor in determining the hydrophobic properties. In this study, wetting ...


Tailoring Materials Behavior Using Geometry.Pdf, Hessein Ali, Hossein Ebrahimi, Ranajay Ghosh Dec 2018

Tailoring Materials Behavior Using Geometry.Pdf, Hessein Ali, Hossein Ebrahimi, Ranajay Ghosh

Hossein Ebrahimi

Many applications require materials whose response can be tuned such as morphing wings for super maneuverable vehicles, soft robotics and space structures. Nature achieves this objective using external dermal features – skin, furs, tooth, feathers. These nonlinearities are generated using the geometry and topology of the scales. The scales provide distinct structural advantages such as protection and tailorable response from scales contact. Scales also aid in highly dynamic life functions – such as locomotion, anti anti-fouling, flapping flights, swimming. Material to structural correlations are highly nonlinear due to scale topology. We aim to reveal structure structure-propertyproperty-architecture correlations for automated 3D printed designs.


Development And Characterization Of Nano Nickel-Based Conductive Inks For Flexographic Printing Of Electronics And New Interpretations Of Surface Energies Of Solids, Bilge N. Altay Nov 2018

Development And Characterization Of Nano Nickel-Based Conductive Inks For Flexographic Printing Of Electronics And New Interpretations Of Surface Energies Of Solids, Bilge N. Altay

Bilge Nazli Altay

Traditional printing technologies and conductive/functional inks have been integrated to print electronic devices and circuits on really think, lightweight and flexible materials in a time and cost-effective manner. Printing is an additive manufacturing technology, which selectively deposits materials only where needed to produce a wide range of devices including sensors, smart packaging, solar panels, batteries, light sources and wearable electronics. Therefore, it greatly reduces the number of required steps for manufacturing as well as the amount of waste generated relative to conventional electronic manufacturing. However, the process requirements and ink formulations to print electronics differ from graphic printing; therefore ...


Impact Of Substrate And Process On The Electrical Performance Of Screen-Printed Nickel Electrodes: Fundamental Mechanism Of Ink Film Roughness, Bilge N. Altay, Jerome Jourdan, Vikram S. Turkani, Hervé Dietsch, Dinesh Maddipatla, Alexandra Pekarovicova, Paul D. Fleming, Massood Atashbar Nov 2018

Impact Of Substrate And Process On The Electrical Performance Of Screen-Printed Nickel Electrodes: Fundamental Mechanism Of Ink Film Roughness, Bilge N. Altay, Jerome Jourdan, Vikram S. Turkani, Hervé Dietsch, Dinesh Maddipatla, Alexandra Pekarovicova, Paul D. Fleming, Massood Atashbar

Bilge Nazli Altay

In recent years, traditional printing methods have been integrated to print flexible electronic devices and circuits. Since process requirements for electronics diff er from those for graphic printing, the fundamentals require rediscovery mainly to optimize manufacturing techniques and to find cost reduction methods without compromising functional performance. In addition, alternative inks need to be formulated to increase the variety of functional inks and to pioneer new product developments. In this report, we investigate a thermoplastic-based nickel ink prototype to print electrodes using a screen-printing process. Process fundamentals are explored, and cost reduction methods are addressed by studying ...


Global Packaging Trends, Bekir Keskin, Bilge N. Altay, Merve Akyol, Guven Meral, Olgun Uyar, Paul D. Fleming Oct 2018

Global Packaging Trends, Bekir Keskin, Bilge N. Altay, Merve Akyol, Guven Meral, Olgun Uyar, Paul D. Fleming

Bilge Nazli Altay

The packaging sector is one of the massive traditional fields in the printing industry. The rapid developments in technology and environmental regulations have been affecting the expectations from packaging. User demands and the concerns to protect the environment are the two main factors that now demanding change in material properties. The choice used to depend on the physical and chemical requirements of the products, although today’s global mind set on the concepts such as biodegradability, recyclability, reusability, sustainability and carbon footprint reduction are becoming the reason to tailor packaging properties. In general, the choices have been switching from petroleum ...


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco Oct 2018

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

No abstract provided.


Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Halil Ceylan Aug 2018

Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Halil Ceylan

Ali Nahvi

Conventional snow removal strategies add direct and indirect expenses to the economy through profit lost due to passenger delays costs, pavement durability issues, contaminating the water runoff, and so on. The use of superhydrophobic (super-water-repellent) coating methods is an alternative to conventional snow and ice removal practices for alleviating snow removal operations issues. As an integrated experimental and analytical study, this work focused on optimizing superhydrophobicity and skid resistance of hydrophobic coatings on asphalt concrete surfaces. A layer-by-layer (LBL) method was utilized for spray depositing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on an asphalt concrete at different spray times and variable dosages of PTFE ...


Nickel Based Printed Resistance Temperature Detector On Flexible Polyimide Substrate, Vikram S. Turkani, Binu B. Narakatku, Dinesh Maddipatla, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, Bradley J. Bazuin, Massood Atashbar Dec 2017

Nickel Based Printed Resistance Temperature Detector On Flexible Polyimide Substrate, Vikram S. Turkani, Binu B. Narakatku, Dinesh Maddipatla, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming, Bradley J. Bazuin, Massood Atashbar

Bilge Nazli Altay

A fully printed nickel (Ni) based resistance temperature detector (RTD) was successfully developed for temperature sensing applications in the automobile, agricultural and consumer electronic industries. The RTD was fabricated by
depositing nickel (Ni) ink on a flexible polyimide (PI) substrate using screen printing process. The capability of the printed RTD was demonstrated by measuring its resistive response for temperatures varying from -60 °C to 180 °C, in steps of 20 °C and its sensing characteristics such as linearity, sensitivity and repeatability were analyzed. The printed RTD demonstrated a linear response with resistive changes as high as 109% at 180 °C ...


Energy Efficient Process Heating: Managing Air Flow, Kevin Carpenter, J. Kelly Kissock Mar 2017

Energy Efficient Process Heating: Managing Air Flow, Kevin Carpenter, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kelly Kissock

Much energy is lost through excess air flow in and out of process heating equipment. Energy saving opportunities from managing air flow include minimizing combustion air, preheating combustion air, minimizing ventilation air, and reconfiguring openings to reduce leakage.

This paper identifies these opportunities and presents methods to quantify potential energy savings from implementing these energy-savings measures. Case study examples are used to demonstrate the methods and the potential energy savings.The method for calculating savings from minimizing combustion air accounts for improvement in efficiency from increased combustion temperature and decreased combustion gas mass flow rate.

The method for calculating savings ...


Printed Dot Quality In Response To Doctor Blade Angle, Bilge N. Altay, Alexandra Pekarovicova, Paul D. Fleming Dec 2016

Printed Dot Quality In Response To Doctor Blade Angle, Bilge N. Altay, Alexandra Pekarovicova, Paul D. Fleming

Bilge Nazli Altay

Doctor blade is one of the critical machine part of the gravure printing press that controls the amount of ink transfer on the substrate. The angle of the blade can be varied; however, an improper angle may cause major problems. In this study, the doctor blade angle was positioned at three different level to address its effect on the printed dot quality. Print trials were made on a web-fed gravure press at the speed of 650 ft./min. A high-resolution overhead camera was used to analyze the key dot attributes. The results showed that measuring only the density of printed ...


Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras Oct 2016

Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras

Vijayan K. Asari

Object tracking in wide area motion imagery is a complex problem that consists of object detection and target tracking over time. This challenge can be solved by human analysts who naturally have the ability to keep track of an object in a scene. A computer vision solution for object tracking has the potential to be a much faster and efficient solution. However, a computer vision solution faces certain challenges that do not affect a human analyst. To overcome these challenges, a tracking process is proposed that is inspired by the known advantages of a human analyst. First, the focus of ...


Analysis Of Corrosion-Induced Diffusion Layer In Zk60a Magnesium Alloy.Pdf, Shumin Li Oct 2016

Analysis Of Corrosion-Induced Diffusion Layer In Zk60a Magnesium Alloy.Pdf, Shumin Li

Shumin Li

Corrosion-induced damage in ZK60A magnesium alloy is analyzed via chemo-mechanical tests. A certain “diffusion” corrosion layer (DCL) is identified, where partial corrosion takes place. This layer is different from the corrosion product layer (CPL). Nanoindentation analysis shows that corrosion modifies mechanical properties in the DCL, which extends up to 8–9 micrometers into the bulk, away from the CPL. Measurements over the DCL indicate a lower elastic modulus and lower fracture toughness compared with the bulk, as well as higher variance (heterogeneity). Elemental analysis confirms the layer is composed of partially oxidized magnesium and diffused chloride ions. Gradual changes in ...


Smart Ink For Flexo - 2, Bilge N. Altay Dec 2015

Smart Ink For Flexo - 2, Bilge N. Altay

Bilge Nazli Altay

No abstract provided.


Umass Amherst Green Building Guidelines 2013, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Ted Mendoza, Ezra Small, Patricia O'Flaherty, Nariman Mostafavi, Mohamed Farzinmoghadam, Somayeh Tabatabaee Pozveh Oct 2015

Umass Amherst Green Building Guidelines 2013, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Ted Mendoza, Ezra Small, Patricia O'Flaherty, Nariman Mostafavi, Mohamed Farzinmoghadam, Somayeh Tabatabaee Pozveh

Ludmilla D Pavlova

Facilities & Campus Services, Sustainable UMass and Campus Planning support sustainability and energy conservation initiatives by providing in-house resources to campus staff as well as designers and contractors working with the University. The UMass Amherst Green Building Guidelines provide a framework for approaching new construction and major renovation projects at UMass Amherst that are undergoing LEED certification by focusing the conversation on green building aspects that are most important to the campus. They are intended to be the beginning of a dynamic conversation between designers, environmental consultants and constructors, university stakeholders, and users of new high performance buildings.


Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi Aug 2015

Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Naturally occurring iron oxides were used since ancient times as ochre yellow and red pigments. It was only in the 18th century that artificially prepared Prussian blue was discovered. This discovery opened up a new field of chemistry - - cyano compounds.


Analytical And Numerical Analysis Of Low Velocity Impact On Metallic Sandwich Panel With Polyurethane Foam Core, Mohsen Mahdian, Hossein Ebrahimi Aug 2015

Analytical And Numerical Analysis Of Low Velocity Impact On Metallic Sandwich Panel With Polyurethane Foam Core, Mohsen Mahdian, Hossein Ebrahimi

Hossein Ebrahimi

No abstract provided.


Resilience-Based Design Of Precast Steel-Concrete Composites For Railway Track Slabs, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Dane Wp Griffin, Olivia Mirza, Kenny Kwok Jun 2015

Resilience-Based Design Of Precast Steel-Concrete Composites For Railway Track Slabs, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Dane Wp Griffin, Olivia Mirza, Kenny Kwok

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

The relatively high turnover of timber sleepers (crossties in a plain track), bearers (skeleton ties in a turnout), and transoms (bridge cross beams) is responsible for producing greenhouse gas emissions 6 times greater than an equivalent reinforced concrete counterparts. This paper presents an innovative solution for the replacement of aging timber transoms installed on existing railway bridges along with the incorporation of a continuous walkway platform, which is proven to provide environmental, safety and financial benefits. Recent developments for alternative composite materials to replace timber components in railway infrastructure construction and maintenance demonstrate some compatibility issues with track stiffness as ...


Optical Detection Of Acoustic Emission Signals, C Harvey Palmer, Robert E. Green Jr Jun 2015

Optical Detection Of Acoustic Emission Signals, C Harvey Palmer, Robert E. Green Jr

Robert A. Green

Piezoelectric transducers, long used in the generation and detection of ultrasonic waves, have more recently been the detector of choice for acoustic emission signals. Optical probing methods, however, have several important advantages for acoustic emission studies: (1) they have an inherent broad frequency response, free from mechanical resonances, (2) they do not interfere with the acoustic waves. (3) since the focused optical beam diameters are typically only a few hundredths of a millimeter, optical methods can probe very close to a crack or a twin, (4) they can probe internally in transparent media, and (5) they can be used over ...


Thermal Vs. Photonic Sintering Of Nano Silver Based Conductive Inks, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming May 2015

Thermal Vs. Photonic Sintering Of Nano Silver Based Conductive Inks, Bilge N. Altay, Paul D. Fleming

Bilge Nazli Altay

Conductive ink formulations with different electrical properties and their sintering methods after printing are an emerging area of interest. In this work, different line width and resolutions were printed on a a flexible PET substrate using a nano silver based conductive ink with gravure printing. Then printed traces were sintered with two different sintering methods and the results were compared.


Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi May 2015

Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Travelling scientists certainly have contributed to advancing knowledge by communicating their observations to others. Famous professors attract students from different countries to study in their institutions and the interaction among these students is of immense importance in the diffusion of knowledge. The invention of a process for the production of aluminum is an example.


Session D-4: Coolhub.Imsa: Collaborative Innovation In Action, Carl Heine, James Gerry May 2015

Session D-4: Coolhub.Imsa: Collaborative Innovation In Action, Carl Heine, James Gerry

Carl Heine

Transform STEM teaching and learning with CoolHub.IMSA, a free virtual platform where youth and adults collaborate on projects they create. Explore the site through the eyes of project members and discover powerful ways to collaborate, innovate and network for learning.


Effects Of Temperature Change On Interfacial Delamination In Thermal Barrier Coatings, Hossein Ebrahimi, Soheil Nakhodchi Apr 2015

Effects Of Temperature Change On Interfacial Delamination In Thermal Barrier Coatings, Hossein Ebrahimi, Soheil Nakhodchi

Hossein Ebrahimi

No abstract provided.


Color And Texture Morphing With Colloids On Multilayered Surfaces.Pdf, Shumin Li Mar 2015

Color And Texture Morphing With Colloids On Multilayered Surfaces.Pdf, Shumin Li

Shumin Li

ABSTRACT: Dynamic morphing of marine species to match with environment
changes in color and texture is an advanced means for surviving, self-defense, and
reproduction. Here we use colloids that are placed inside a multilayered structure to
demonstrate color and texture morphing. The multilayer is composed of a thermal
insulating base layer, a light absorbing mid layer, and a liquid top layer. When external
light of moderate intensity (∼0.2 W cm−2) strikes the structure, colloids inside the
liquid layer will be assembled to locations with an optimal absorption. When this
system is exposed to continuous laser pulses, more than ...


Potential Dual Imaging Nanoparticle: Gd2o3 Nanoparticle, Md Wasi Ahmad Jan 2015

Potential Dual Imaging Nanoparticle: Gd2o3 Nanoparticle, Md Wasi Ahmad

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

Gadolinium (Gd) is a unique and powerful element in chemistry and biomedicine which can be applied simultaneously to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), X-ray computed tomography (CT), and neutron capture therapy for cancers. This multifunctionality can be maximized using gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) nanoparticles (GNPs) because of the large amount of Gd per GNP, making both diagnosis and therapy (i.e., theragnosis) for cancers possible using only GNPs. In this study, the T1 MRI and CT dual imaging capability of GNPs is explored by synthesizing various iodine compound (IC) coated GNPs (IC-GNPs). All the IC-GNP samples showed stronger X-ray absorption and larger ...


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2014

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Single-Layer Graphene Oxide Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites By Laser Sintering: Microstructure And Mechanical Property Enhancement, Dong Lin Oct 2014

Single-Layer Graphene Oxide Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites By Laser Sintering: Microstructure And Mechanical Property Enhancement, Dong Lin

dong lin

No abstract provided.


Exploiting Knowledge About Future Demands For Real-Time Vehicle Dispatching, Soumia Ichoua, Michel Gendreau, Jean Yves Potvin Sep 2014

Exploiting Knowledge About Future Demands For Real-Time Vehicle Dispatching, Soumia Ichoua, Michel Gendreau, Jean Yves Potvin

Soumia Ichoua

An important, but seldom investigated issue in the field of dynamic vehicle routing and dispatching is how to exploit information about future events to improve decision making. In this paper, we address this issue in a real-time setting with a strategy based on probabilistic knowledge about future request arrivals to better manage the fleet of vehicles. More precisely, the new strategy introduces dummy customers (representing forecasted requests) in vehicle routes to provide a good coverage of the territory. This strategy is assessed through computational experiments performed in a simulated environment.