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Articles 1 - 30 of 64

Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai Mar 2019

Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai

ASEE IL-IN Section Conference

Application of Computational Tools to Spaghetti-Based Truss Design

Statics and Strength of Materials are two foundational courses for Mechanical/Civil Engineering. In order to assist students in better understanding and applying concepts to a meaningful design task, SolidWorks and theoretical calculation were used for a spaghetti-bridge design contest with the constraints of given maximum weight and allowable support-material weight. As the first step of this iterative designing process, both extrude feature and structural member were introduced to model planar bridge trusses. Then SolidWorks’ Statics module was used to run FEA analysis of the structural performance in efforts to optimize the ...


Developing Strategies To Toughen Bio-Inspired Adhesives, Narelli P. Narciso, Samuel Lee Huntington, Jonathan J. Wilker Aug 2018

Developing Strategies To Toughen Bio-Inspired Adhesives, Narelli P. Narciso, Samuel Lee Huntington, Jonathan J. Wilker

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Mussels and other marine creatures adhere very well in underwater environments, having the ability to withstand the force of the sea. These animals have inspired synthetic biomimetic adhesives for wet systems, presenting potential for biomedical applications. However, most current commercial adhesives tend to be brittle, not resisting repetitive movements. This study assesses toughening strategies to improve the mussel-inspired adhesives’ ductility while maintaining its strength. The strategies included altering the polymer’s chemical structure by changing the percentage of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in the molecule and by adding fillers, such as calcium carbonate, silica and nacre - a calcium carbonate compound found ...


Spot-R By Triax, Purdue Ect Team Jan 2018

Spot-R By Triax, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Triax’s Spot-r system was developed to tackle the construction industry’s unique safety and productivity challenges, stemming from a demonstrated lack of total jobsite visibility and automatically collected, easily accessible field data. Spot-r by Triax combines a proprietary mesh network with sensor technology to record and transmit previously unattainable workforce and equipment location, activity and safety data within a defined area – all in real-time.

The Spot-r network is installed around the site and operates in a 900 MHz network, with a subset using a cellular connection to forward Spot-r sensor data to Triax’s custom, cloud dashboard. In the ...


Mdp (Machine Drive Power) Intelligent Compaction Technology, Purdue Ect Team Jan 2018

Mdp (Machine Drive Power) Intelligent Compaction Technology, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Caterpillar developed MDP (Machine Drive Power) technology to fill this gap. Rather than an accelerometer and vibratory drum, it uses the principle of rolling resistance to provide indications of soil stiffness. This allows it to perform more reliably on cohesive and granular soils with less variability than accelerometer systems. It also means that the technology can be used on both vibratory and static drum compactors, which are often used on larger sites. While the technology is quite useful on its own, it is even better as a complementary technology to the existing accelerometer-based systems. Contractors who use vibratory soil compactors ...


Purdue’S Biowall, Purdue Ect Team Jan 2018

Purdue’S Biowall, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Mechanical ventilation, energy recovery ventilation, and infiltration (air that leaks into a building) are commonly used to introduce fresh air. These are all valid approaches, but a living plant-based filter is an innovative complement to these traditional technologies. A Biowall has the potential to improve indoor air quality while reducing the quantity of air needed for ventilation, creating the potential for energy savings. Figure 1 shows a Biowall prototype being evaluated in the ReNEWW House, a research home located near the Purdue University campus (http://www.renewwhouse.com/).


Datumate, Purdue Ect Team Oct 2017

Datumate, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Datumate is digitally transforming civil engineering processes used in construction, surveying and infrastructure inspection markets with fully automated, highly precise, cost effective and safe tools. It utilizes state-of-the-art image processing and advanced drones and camera technologies dramatically reducing the amount of time surveying crews spend in the field, speeding up construction progress checks and shortening infrastructure inspection duration, while maintaining survey grade accuracy. The intuitive, simple and automated solutions increase productivity by saving field and office time in civil engineering and inspection projects of roads, intersections, stockpile volumes, topography, piping, industrial facilities, bridges, property surveys, building facades, railways, cellular infrastructure ...


Technology To Manufacture Oriented Pvc (Pvc-O) Pipes, Purdue Ect Team Aug 2017

Technology To Manufacture Oriented Pvc (Pvc-O) Pipes, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The development of Molecor´s technology, which is based on the application of a Molecular Orientation process, has delivered a significant turning point in the pipelines sector. With this technological development, the company has begun to manufacture TOM® PVC-O pipes, the most eco-friendly pipes on the market. The Molecor technology enabled eradicating many of the existing disadvantages of thermoplastic pipes.

This technology delivers a clear objective; to provide the water industry with a solution for pipes carrying pressurized water in an environmentally friendly, yet cost efficient manner. This also extends a service life compared to pipeline materials currently in use ...


Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, Julia M. Meyer, Ivan Christov Aug 2017

Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, Julia M. Meyer, Ivan Christov

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Phase transitions within large-scale systems may be modeled by nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations in which system dynamics are captured by appropriate potentials. Coherent structures in these systems evolve randomly through time; thus, statistical behavior of these fields is of greater interest than particular system realizations. The ability to simulate and predict phase transition behavior has many applications, from material behaviors (e.g., crystallographic phase transformations and coherent movement of granular materials) to traffic congestion. Past research focused on deriving solutions to the system probability density function (PDF), which is the ground-state wave function squared. Until recently, the extent to ...


Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski Aug 2017

Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Accidental mishandling of explosive materials leads to thousands of injuries in the US every year. Understanding the mechanisms behind the detonation process is crucial to prevent such accidents. In polymer-bonded explosives (PBX), high-frequency mechanical excitation generates thermal energy and can lead to an increase in temperature and vapor pressure, and potentially the initiation of the detonation process. However, the mechanisms behind this energy release, such as the effects of dynamic fracture and friction, are not well understood. Experimental data is difficult to collect due to the different time scales of reactions and vibrations, so research is aided by running simulations ...


A Parametric Study Of The Mechanics Of Different Skin Flap Techniques, Steven J. Meza, Adrián Tepole Buganza Aug 2017

A Parametric Study Of The Mechanics Of Different Skin Flap Techniques, Steven J. Meza, Adrián Tepole Buganza

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In modern day plastic and reconstructive surgeries numerous skin flap designs have been developed and are used to close open wounds. Skin flaps are developed with the intention of imposing minimal tension in skin closure. Excessive tension can lead to poor blood flow that result in post-surgery complications such as necrosis. Currently there is no standard in choosing a skin flap design and a surgeon's choice is based personal experience. A comparison of the mechanical loading in these various designs has not yet been done. We have developed a parametric study, using finite element analysis, of two advancement skin ...


Netpoint®, Purdue Ect Team May 2017

Netpoint®, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The vast majority of construction scheduling software uses a combination of spreadsheets and Gantt charts for developing and depicting Critical Path Method (CPM) schedules. While this paradigm works for the expert scheduler, it is not conducive to collaboration, and it is prohibitively difficult for non-scheduling experts to understand.

NetPoint® provides a dynamic, visual interface conducive to touch and gestural input. Activities are drawn directly on a time-scale and may be placed on the same row or arranged automatically using codes or the WBS. Such control of the presentation makes it easier to communicate the plan to any type of audience ...


Fluid Isolator, Purdue Ect Team May 2017

Fluid Isolator, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The reliability of concrete infrastructure is vital to ensuring daily life, as well as commerce, can progress without interruption. From the pavement of interstate highways to the driveways and sidewalks in a local neighborhood, concrete is expensive to install and often even more expensive, and intrusive, when it needs to be replaced. Unfortunately, to maintain functionality in winter climates concrete is heavily exposed to deicing salts. This not only affects the roads, driveways, and sidewalks where salt is applied directly, but many other areas such as parking and residential garages where vehicles (and people) will track salt along with water ...


Smartvid.Io, Purdue Ect Team Apr 2017

Smartvid.Io, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The collection, organization, and retrieval of industrial media is a pervasive challenge that is especially glaring for companies in the AEC industry. Construction projects often generate large volumes of pictures & videos from the field for tracking progress and communicating between engineers, contractors, and subcontractors. It is not uncommon for field personnel to capture hundreds of photos per week on any given jobsite.

Smartvid.io is a cloud-based software solution designed for the specific needs of industrial media. The application’s internal deep-learning engines, collectively nicknamed VINNIE (for ‘Very Intelligent Neural Network for Insight and Evaluation’), use speech and image recognition ...


Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue Ect Team Apr 2017

Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The Hillman-Composite Beam (HCB®), is an innovative structural member for use in highway and railroad bridges as well as marine facilities. The HCB is essentially a lightweight reinforced concrete beam strengthened and protected by a corrosion-resistant and resilient Fiberglass Reinforced Polymer (FRP) shell.

The beam is comprised of three main components, a concrete arch (compression reinforcement), an FRP bottom flange encapsulating steel strands tying the ends of the arch together (tension reinforcement) and the FRP shell. Galvanized Rebar “shear connectors” are used to make the beam composite with the concrete deck in the same manner as pre-stressed concrete beams.

The ...


Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue Ect Team Apr 2017

Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Safety and productivity are top priorities for contractors and industrial operations. Improving either makes a company more profitable and competitive. Technology advancements that can do both are important for every company to consider. HoistCamTM industrial-grade video monitoring solutions can improve employees’ productivity and workplace safety in the construction industries. HoistCam also improves efficiency of operations and reduces job site accidents resulting in substantial cost savings to a contractor.

HoistCam™ is an integrated, wireless video system. The use of HoistCam eliminates blind lifts, blind spots and can share the live video with anyone, anywhere with solid security and easy control ...


Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue Ect Team Mar 2017

Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Fourth Quarter 2016

This is a quarterly report from the Purdue ECT.


Road Zipper™, Purdue Ect Team Feb 2017

Road Zipper™, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Construction work zones are growing in number around the world. The natural aging of existing roadway infrastructure ensures that more and more maintenance and rehabilitation will be required. Work zones, by their very definition, create two major problems that must be addressed in some way: safety and mobility. In the United States, highway work zones are responsible for almost 25% of all non-recurring congestion and 10% of overall congestion. Vehicle accidents are more common in work zones, and traffic congestion through work zones on urban arterials and freeways is often considered to be “unavoidable." To address these issues, ROAD ZIPPER ...


Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue Ect Team Dec 2016

Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

In most gravity fed water transmission pipelines, it is desired to reduce excess pressure head to prevent undue strain on a pipeline and lower the incidence of leaks. Normally this is done with pressure reducing valves that essentially burn off this excess pressure as heat. The LucidPipe™ system converts it to low cost electricity thereby removing unwanted pressure and generating energy at the same time - energy that can be put used behind the grid or put back on the grid. The LucidPipe™ system extracts a small percentage of pressure head providing nearly invisible operation allowing water operators to fulfill their ...


Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu Oct 2016

Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon Oct 2016

A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang Oct 2016

A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu Oct 2016

Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova Oct 2016

Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu Oct 2016

Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng Oct 2016

On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu Oct 2016

Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han Oct 2016

Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Weld Thermal Simulation Of Crmov With Pwht In Type Iv Region, Bin Xu Oct 2016

Weld Thermal Simulation Of Crmov With Pwht In Type Iv Region, Bin Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.