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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

How To Cleave Wafers: Latticegear Protocol, Shenshen Wan, George Patrick Watson Feb 2021

How To Cleave Wafers: Latticegear Protocol, Shenshen Wan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

We report on the process protocol to cleave wafers using LatticeGear cleaving and scribing tools sets.


Optimization Of Bilayer Lift-Off Process To Enable The Gap Size Of 1Μm Using Lor 3a And S1813, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson Jan 2021

Optimization Of Bilayer Lift-Off Process To Enable The Gap Size Of 1Μm Using Lor 3a And S1813, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Bilayer lift-off process for 1μm feature size is demonstrated using LOR 3A and S1813 photoresist. The thickness of photoresists was fixed, whereas development time is varied. The process was further investigated by measuring the undercut depth and undercut rate by scanning electron microscopy. An optimized and reproducible recipe is provided.


Research Trend Of Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced With Silica Extracted By Green Route: A Bibliometric Analysis, Rinku Datkhile, Meena Laad, Babaji Ghule Jan 2021

Research Trend Of Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced With Silica Extracted By Green Route: A Bibliometric Analysis, Rinku Datkhile, Meena Laad, Babaji Ghule

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Metal Matrix Composites have acquired an important place in the engineering applications due to their distinctive characteristics such as high specific strength, lower specific gravity, improved material stiffness, better durability, enhanced creep and fatigue strength etc. Worldwide scientists are working on the improvement of mechanical properties of composite materials. The present work attempts to summarise all the research carried out on metal matrix composites reinforced with silica extracted by green route and provides up-to-date research material for researchers who are interested in the field of composites with metal matrices. Scopus databases and software such as Gephi Vos Viewer and Table2Net ...


An Investigation Into The Effects Of Fly Ash On Freeze-Thaw Durability Prediction, Yancy Schrader Dec 2020

An Investigation Into The Effects Of Fly Ash On Freeze-Thaw Durability Prediction, Yancy Schrader

Theses and Dissertations

Air is purposefully entrained into concrete primarily to improve resistance to freeze-thaw deterioration while saturated with water. Air entraining admixtures (AEAs) are chemical admixtures designed to entrain air into the concrete to provide adequate resistance to the effects of freezing and thawing. One of the challenges associated with air entrainment in concrete is the interaction of an AEA with supplementary cementitious materials present in the concrete, particularly fly ash. Fly ash is a by-product of the coal fired electrical generation industry, and often contains residual unburned carbon and other components that can increase the AEA demand of a particular concrete ...


Urine Volume Reduction During Long-Duration Cave Exploration By A Light-Weight And Portable Forward Osmosis System, Sebastian Engelhardt, Katey E. Bender, Jörg Vogel, Stephen E. Duirk, Francisco B. Moore, Hazel A. Barton Nov 2020

Urine Volume Reduction During Long-Duration Cave Exploration By A Light-Weight And Portable Forward Osmosis System, Sebastian Engelhardt, Katey E. Bender, Jörg Vogel, Stephen E. Duirk, Francisco B. Moore, Hazel A. Barton

International Journal of Speleology

The preservation of caves is a challenge during long-duration cave expeditions where human waste can add significant nitrogen to the cave ecosystem. Since the removal of urine that accumulates during a multi-day caving trip is not always feasible due to weight and volume constraints, a light-weight and portable filtration system that is capable of reducing urine volume would be desirable. In this study we tested the Aquaporin Inside hollow fiber membrane in a forward osmosis (FO) setup to evaluate its capability to reduce urine volume while rejecting nitrogenous compounds using different draw solution chemistries and water recovery rates. As a ...


Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky Oct 2020

Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky

Chemistry Publications and Other Works

This monograph contains a collection of recent research papers focusing on advancing existing technologies and developing new technologies to improve the environmentally friendliness and save resources during the production of elastic leather materials. The papers are organized based on the type of technological process used to preserve raw hides. A lot of attention is devoted to mathematical planning, simulations, and multicriteria optimization of the technological processes using newly developed chemical reagents. The monograph contains a complex study of physicochemical properties and characteristics of the resulting leather materials. The developed technologies were tested by the private joint-stock company Chinbar (Kyiv, Ukraine ...


Open-Source Digitally Replicable Lab-Grade Scales, Benjamin R. Hubbard, Joshua M. Pearce Jun 2020

Open-Source Digitally Replicable Lab-Grade Scales, Benjamin R. Hubbard, Joshua M. Pearce

Michigan Tech Publications

This study provides designs for a low-cost, easily replicable open-source lab-grade digital scale that can be used as a precision balance. The design is such that it can be manufactured for use in most labs throughout the world with open-source RepRap-class material extrusion-based 3-D printers for the mechanical components and readily available open-source electronics including the Arduino Nano. Several versions of the design were fabricated and tested for precision and accuracy for a range of load cells. The results showed the open-source scale was found to be repeatable within 0.05 g with multiple load cells, with even better precision ...


Tension-Tension Fatigue Behavior Of Nextel™ 720/Alumina-Mullite Ceramic Composite At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Sarah A. Witzgall Jun 2020

Tension-Tension Fatigue Behavior Of Nextel™ 720/Alumina-Mullite Ceramic Composite At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Sarah A. Witzgall

Theses and Dissertations

Uniaxial tension-tension fatigue performance of an oxide-oxide continuous fiber ceramic composite was studied at 1200°C in laboratory air and in steam. The composite is reinforced with laminated, 0/90 mullite/alumina (NEXTEL™720) fibers woven in an eight-harness satin weave and has a porous alumina/mullite matrix. There is no interphase between the fiber and matrix. The composite relies on the porous matrix for crack deflection and flaw tolerance. Tension-tension fatigue was examined for maximum stresses of 45 – 136 MPa in air and in steam. To assess the effects of the steam environment on fatigue performance, experimental results obtained ...


Fly Ash Based Geopolymer For High Temperature And High Compressive Strength Applications In Aggressive Environment, Aaryan Manoj Nair, Akm S. Rahman May 2020

Fly Ash Based Geopolymer For High Temperature And High Compressive Strength Applications In Aggressive Environment, Aaryan Manoj Nair, Akm S. Rahman

Publications and Research

Geopolymers are the results of geosynthetic reactions between aluminosilicates and strong bases. This results in chemical bonds between aluminum (Al), Silicon (Si)and oxygen (O) composing polymer rings in tetrahedral coordination. These bonds give them widespread useful applications such as high heat bearing ceramics, and base construction material whilst being far more environmentally conscious. The purpose of the experiment is to examine the effect of Silicon Carbide whisker and inorganic glass particles on thermal and mechanical properties of Geopolymers. This study will help understand the effect of various compositions and concentrations of SiO2 in mechanical strength. In this experiment ...


Aps March Meeting 2020: Undergraduate-Friendly Research In Soft Matter And Beyond, Vianney Gimenez-Pinto May 2020

Aps March Meeting 2020: Undergraduate-Friendly Research In Soft Matter And Beyond, Vianney Gimenez-Pinto

Title III Professional Development Reports

The in-person APS March Meeting 2020 taking place in Denver during March 02-06, 2020 was canceled in the last minute out of Covid-19 concerns for the well-being of the scientific community as well as the population of the city of Denver and the state of Colorado. Nevertheless, well-planned logistics by the physics community and the APS leadership, allowed attendants to share their findings, presenting their research works to their peers, and continuing the work towards the advancement of science. Given the historical and on-going under-representation of students of color in science and technology at all academic levels, there is a ...


Structure, Thermophysical Properties Of Liquids, And Their Connection With Glass Formability, Rongrong Dai May 2020

Structure, Thermophysical Properties Of Liquids, And Their Connection With Glass Formability, Rongrong Dai

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Metallic glasses have drawn significant attention due to their unique properties, such as high strength, excellent elastic energy storage capacity, and versatile processability. However, why some liquids can easily form metallic glasses while others donմ is still unclear. Since metallic glasses are formed when liquids are cooled fast enough to bypass crystallization, we hope to better understand glass formation by investigating the structural evolution and thermophysical properties of the liquids as they are cooled toward the glass transition. Multiple molecular dynamics simulations suggest a crossover temperature for the dynamics near the liquidus temperature, which corresponds to the onset of cooperative ...


First-Principles Studies Of Anion Engineering In Functional Ceramics, Steven Timothy Hartman May 2020

First-Principles Studies Of Anion Engineering In Functional Ceramics, Steven Timothy Hartman

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Ceramic materials display a wide variety of valuable properties, such as ferroelectricity, superconductivity, and magnetic ordering, due to the partially covalent bonds which connect the cations and anions. While many breakthroughs have been made by mixing multiple cations on a sublattice, the equivalent mixed-anion ceramics have not received nearly as much attention, despite the key role the anion plays in the materials’ properties. There is great potential for functional ceramics design using anion engineering, which aims to tune the materials properties by adding and removing different types of anions in existing classes of ceramic materials. In this dissertation, I present ...


Chemical And Electronic Surface Structure Of Chalcopyrite-Based Thin Films For Solar Water Splitting, James C. Carter May 2020

Chemical And Electronic Surface Structure Of Chalcopyrite-Based Thin Films For Solar Water Splitting, James C. Carter

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

In recent years, various thin film solar devices have reached markedly high efficiencies on both the laboratory and large area scale. To further evaluate their potential, and help drive device optimization of efficient solar devices, a detailed understanding of the chemical and electronic structure of the surfaces and interfaces is required. It is these interfaces that play a pivotal role in dictating aspects of device performance. Chalcopyrite-based materials, such as Cu(In,Ga)S2 (CIGS) are regarded as one of the most promising absorber materials for use in highly efficient solar devices. In the context of photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen generation ...


Development Of Multi-Axial Fatigue Retrofits For Lock Gate Components, Logan Verkamp May 2020

Development Of Multi-Axial Fatigue Retrofits For Lock Gate Components, Logan Verkamp

Theses and Dissertations

Lock gates are essential infrastructure components to the United State (US) supply chain. They create large cost savings and environmental benefits when compared with traditional methods of transport (freight and rail). Because of the large quantity of goods and dependence on these shipping chains, the US economy can be drastically affected by an unexpected gate closure. Unfortunately, many lock gates within the US have reached or exceeded their designed life. Due to the intensity of cyclic loads and the environment, fatigue cracks have become a prominent issue. Developed cracks near the pintle region (a joint which the gate rotates and ...


Impact Resistance Of Fiber-Reinforced Composites Using Computational Simulations, Maitham Alabbad May 2020

Impact Resistance Of Fiber-Reinforced Composites Using Computational Simulations, Maitham Alabbad

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Composite materials are widely used in aerospace, automotive and wind power industries due to their high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios and their improved mechanical properties compared to metals. The damage resistance of composite materials due to low velocity impact depends on fiber breakage, matrix cracking and delamination between the interfaces. In this research, a numerical investigation of low velocity impact response of a multidirectional symmetric carbon-epoxy composite laminate is carried out and presented. Two different finite element models are developed for composite laminates made of non-crimp fabric to investigate their behavior under different levels of impact energy. In the first ...


Morphology And Structure Of Pb Thin Films Grown On Si (111) By Pulsed Laser Deposition, Bektur Abdisatarov Apr 2020

Morphology And Structure Of Pb Thin Films Grown On Si (111) By Pulsed Laser Deposition, Bektur Abdisatarov

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is a versatile thin film deposition technique in which high powered laser beam interacts with a target material inside an ultrahigh vacuum chamber. Highly energetic particles such as electrons, atoms, protons, and ions generate a plasma plume that directed towards a substrate material where recondenses form a thin film. PLD is an effective and reliable method to create varieties of thin films such as metal, polymer, and ceramic for many technologically essential applications.

In this study, thin Pb films were grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (111) at various laser fluences, pulse wavelengths, deposition times ...


A Novel Self-Healing System: Towards A Sustainable Porous Asphalt, Shi Xu, Xueyan Liu, Amir Tabakovic, Erik Schlangen Mar 2020

A Novel Self-Healing System: Towards A Sustainable Porous Asphalt, Shi Xu, Xueyan Liu, Amir Tabakovic, Erik Schlangen

Articles

Self-healing asphalt, aimed to produce a sustainable asphalt pavement using green technology, has been studied in the past two decades. Technologies including encapsulated rejuvenator and induction heating have been proposed, demonstrated in the laboratory, and gradually evaluated in field application. This paper looks into the synergy effect of the above two technologies, where induction heating serves as the asphalt damage repair mechanism, requiring just 2 min heating time and encapsulated rejuvenator will replenish (rejuvenate) aged asphalt binder and reinstate bitumen’s healing ability. Moreover, the increased temperature from induction heating could in turn accelerate the diffusion process of rejuvenator into ...


Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Melt-Infiltrated Sic/Sic Composite With Environmental Barrier Coating At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Thaddeus M. Williams Mar 2020

Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Melt-Infiltrated Sic/Sic Composite With Environmental Barrier Coating At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Thaddeus M. Williams

Theses and Dissertations

Advanced aerospace applications such as aircraft turbine engine components, hypersonic flight vehicles, and spacecraft reentry thermal protection systems require structural materials that have superior long-term mechanical properties under high temperature, high pressure, and varying environmental factors, such as moisture. Because of their low density, high strength and fracture toughness at high temperatures SiC fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composites are being evaluated for aircraft engine hot-section components. In these applications the composites will be subjected to various types of mechanical loadings at elevated temperatures in oxidizing environments. Because their constituents are intrinsically oxidation-prone, the most significant problem hindering SiC/SiC composites is ...


Detection Of Surface Cracks In Ferromagnetic Materials By C-Scan Mapping Of Residual Stresses Using Barkhausen Emissions, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, David C. Jiles, G. V. Prabhu Gaunkar Jan 2020

Detection Of Surface Cracks In Ferromagnetic Materials By C-Scan Mapping Of Residual Stresses Using Barkhausen Emissions, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, David C. Jiles, G. V. Prabhu Gaunkar

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Surface cracks can develop in components due to residual stresses, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, etc, during service exposure. Different non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are employed to detect and monitor such cracks. Magnetic Barkhausen Noise (MBN) analysis is one such technique that is used for in situ examination of microstructural anomalies or stress patterns. In the present work, we study the applicability of MBN for the detection of surface cracks. A part through surface crack was created by controlled fatigue loading of a martensitic stainless steel plate. The surface of the sample was scanned for BN emissions in incremental ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Material Systems For 3d Printed Smart Structures, Hilda Fontes Jan 2020

Synthesis And Characterization Of Material Systems For 3d Printed Smart Structures, Hilda Fontes

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The silica hollow spheres have demonstrated excellent results in multiple applications such as light-weight composites, and optical applications as a glass coating. This material also exhibits excellent thermal, shock impact, and hydrophilic properties extremely useful for industrial applications. However, a controllable size of the particle is desired to further increase the number of applications of the silica hollow spheres.

This Thesis aims a method to fabricate silica hollow spheres in a single step with a controlled diameter size. A study was developed to demonstrate the particle size change when adjusting the molecular weight of the medium by using different alcohol ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Lithium Gallium Phosphate (Ligap2o7) For Extreme Environment Applications, Mohan Raj Rajkumar Jan 2020

Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Lithium Gallium Phosphate (Ligap2o7) For Extreme Environment Applications, Mohan Raj Rajkumar

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In this work, we report on the synthesis, characterization, and performance of LiGaP2O7 (LGP), a novel material and fairly new to the scientific & engineering community. LiGaP2O7 materials were was synthesized using the conventional high-temperature, solid-state ceramic reaction. Calcination was done in three steps at the temperatures of 300 °C, 500 °C, and 650 °C for 8 h each to ensure a single phase. Utilizing this, different green pellets were sintered at 800 °C for varying times of 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h. The structure, phase, and morphology were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron ...


Evaluation Of Cyclo Olefin Polymer As Sabot Material For High-Density Projectiles, Estebanne Tarango Jan 2020

Evaluation Of Cyclo Olefin Polymer As Sabot Material For High-Density Projectiles, Estebanne Tarango

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Assuring the integrity of spacecraft and its occupants are a priority in the field of space exploration. Micrometeoroids and orbital debris are one of the primary threats that affect spacecraft materials due to the high kinetic energies involved with hypervelocity impacts. Improvement of projectile launching capabilities prompts the investigation of adequate materials for the manufacturing of sabots able to carry high-density projectiles without catastrophic failure. Polycarbonate (PC) has been the chosen material by the Hypervelocity Team at White Sands Test Facility for sabots on the 0.50 caliber launcher; however, there is a material constraint when the projectile becomes significantly ...


Generation Of Warm Dense Plasma On Solar Panel Infrastructure In Exo-Atmospheric Conditions, Harrison C. Wenzel Jan 2020

Generation Of Warm Dense Plasma On Solar Panel Infrastructure In Exo-Atmospheric Conditions, Harrison C. Wenzel

Theses and Dissertations

The use of a weaponized thermo-nuclear device in exo-atmospheric conditions would be of great impact on the material integrity of orbiting satellite infrastructure. Particular damage would occur to the multi-layered, solar cell components of such satellites. The rapid absorption of X-ray radiation originating from a nuclear blast into these layers occurs over a picosecond time scale and leads to the generation of Warm Dense Plasma (WDP). While incredibly difficult and costly to replicate in a laboratory setting, a collection of computational techniques and software libraries may be utilized to simulate the intricate atomic and subatomic physics characteristics of such an ...


Fabrication, Development, And Characterization Of Hipco Swcnt - Alginate Hydrogel Composites For Cellular Product Applications, Fabian Armando Alvarez-Primo Jan 2020

Fabrication, Development, And Characterization Of Hipco Swcnt - Alginate Hydrogel Composites For Cellular Product Applications, Fabian Armando Alvarez-Primo

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In this study, we designed, synthesized, and characterized ultrahigh purity single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-alginate hydrogel composites. Among the parameters of importance in the formation of an alginate-based hydrogel composite with single-walled carbon nanotubes, are their varying degrees of purity, their particulate agglomeration and their dose-dependent correlation to cell viability, all of which have an impact on the resultant compositeâ??s efficiency and effectiveness towards biomedical applications. To promote their homogenous dispersion by preventing agglomeration of the SWCNT, at first, we used three different surfactants-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-anionic), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB-cationic), and Pluronic F108 (nonionic). After experimentation and corroboration through ...


Supercritical Processed Decellularized Extracellualr Matrix As Regeneration Therapeutics Applying 3d Printing, Seungwon Chung Jan 2020

Supercritical Processed Decellularized Extracellualr Matrix As Regeneration Therapeutics Applying 3d Printing, Seungwon Chung

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Extracellular matrix has been broadly applied and show great promise in medical applications and tissue engineering. Product of extracellular matrix (ECM) should be treated with decellularization and purification process. Supercritical carbon dioxide treatment is of particular interest for purifying ECM because of its medically available and rapid speed of process. However, it is not fully researched in treatment of biomaterials for tissue engineering. Therefore, we investigated optimal conditions of supercritical carbon dioxide processing in different extracting parameters from porcine adipose tissue. The 3-day, dual treatment including enzymatic decellularization and supercritical fluid extraction of pork adipose tissue were performed. Two types ...


Investigation Of Iron Doped Gallium Oxide (Ga-Fe-O) System: Structure Property Relationship And Performance Evaluation For Optical And Catalytic Applications, Swadipta Roy Jan 2020

Investigation Of Iron Doped Gallium Oxide (Ga-Fe-O) System: Structure Property Relationship And Performance Evaluation For Optical And Catalytic Applications, Swadipta Roy

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

From September 2012 to May 2015, a phenocam monitored the seaward edge of a protected mangrove forest. Calculated GCC revealed seasonal greening patterns of a mangrove species, Rhizophoa apiculata, and an overall increase in the GCC, suggesting mangrove expansion. In comparing temperature and precipitation effects, it was found that this particular mangrove species had a greening optima at temperatures between 28°C and 28.5°C, and greening and canopy development response lag time of 10 weeks in response to precipitation. Tree saplings were monitored and showed to grow by 50%, mostly during a three month period during the rainy ...


Effects Of Thermal Process Parameters On Mechanical Interlayer Strength For Additively Manufactured Ultem 9085, Travis E. Shelton, Zane Wilburn, Carl R. Hartsfield, Gregory R. Cobb, Joshua T. Cerri, Ryan A. Kemnitz Jan 2020

Effects Of Thermal Process Parameters On Mechanical Interlayer Strength For Additively Manufactured Ultem 9085, Travis E. Shelton, Zane Wilburn, Carl R. Hartsfield, Gregory R. Cobb, Joshua T. Cerri, Ryan A. Kemnitz

Faculty Publications

The effects of the envelope temperature on the microstructure and mechanical strength of Ultem 9085 fused deposition modeling (FDM) components were studied. A customized build chamber was developed for a commercial 3D printer in order to control the envelope temperature during printing. Test specimens were printed in the vertical direction because their mechanical strength exhibited the greatest dependence on inter-layer adhesion and neck development. A delay was introduced between two layers in each specimen in order to create a weak region where the neck was not expected to fully develop. However, none of the specimens failed in this region. Mechanical ...


Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Brian English, Richard Leffler, Andrew Shirk Jan 2020

Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Brian English, Richard Leffler, Andrew Shirk

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The need for hands-on and face-to-face experiences in the engineering classroom is very great. The equations, principles, and concepts can all be learned, but without the visual and tactile application, these don’t always sink in or become concrete. A small-scale tensile test machine was designed, sourced, manufactured, and tested for the purpose of being applied in classroom settings to provide this experience to engineering students. Extensive research was performed concerning tensile machines on the market, the essential elements of which are the load cell, grips, crosshead, extensometer, motor, and frame. The raw materials for the frame were purchased and ...


Jominy Hardenability Tester With In-Situ Heating, Luke Allen Jan 2020

Jominy Hardenability Tester With In-Situ Heating, Luke Allen

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project centers on building a Jominy Hardenability tester with In-Situ heating for the manufacturing lab at the University of Akron. A new process and setup will be designed using engineering concepts in order to make the testing more efficient and safer for the teaching and testing of metal hardness. The current Jominy testing setup has efficiency issues within the transfer of specimen from induction heater to testing rig. Our design will simplify the design by creating a test rig that removes the traveling aspect of the specimen which will limit the amount of premature cooling done and will be ...


Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud Jan 2020

Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Significant research effort has been dedicated for decades to improve the mechanical properties of aerospace polymer-based composite materials. Lightweight epoxy-based composite materials have increasingly replaced the comparatively heavy and expensive metal alloys used in aeronautical and aerospace structural components. In particular, carbon fibers (CF)/graphene nanoplatelets (GNP)/epoxy hybrid composites can be used for this purpose owing to their high specific stiffness and strength. Therefore, this work has been completed to design, predict, and optimize the effective mechanical properties of CF/GNP/epoxy composite materials at different length scales using a multiscale modeling approach. The work-flow of modeling involves a ...