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Full-Text Articles in Signal Processing

Design And Validation Of A Low Cost High Speed Atomic Force Microscope, Michael Ganzer, Tien Pham Sep 2017

Design And Validation Of A Low Cost High Speed Atomic Force Microscope, Michael Ganzer, Tien Pham

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) is an important instrument in nanoscale topography, but it is expensive and slow. The authors designed an AFM to overcome both limitations. To do this, they used an Optical Pickup Unit (OPU) from a DVD player as the laser and photodetector system to minimize cost and they did not implement a vertical control loop, which maximized potential speed. Students will be able to be use this device to make nanoscale measurements and engage in micro-engineering. To prototype this idea, the authors tested an OPU with a silicon wafer and demonstrated the ability to consistently distinguish ...


Distributed Emitter Detector Design Under Imperfect Communication Channel, Soumyadip Patra Aug 2017

Distributed Emitter Detector Design Under Imperfect Communication Channel, Soumyadip Patra

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

We consider the distributed detection of an emitter using multiple sensors deployed at deterministic locations. The signal from the emitter follows a signal attenuation model dependent on the distance between the sensor and the emitter. The sensors transmit their decisions to the fusion center through a parallel access Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC) with a cross-over probability. We seek to optimize the detection performance under a prescribed false alarm at the sensor level and at the system level. We consider the triangular topology structure and using the least favorable emitter range study the impact of the BSC on the system level ...


Separation Of Vocal And Non-Vocal Components From Audio Clip Using Correlated Repeated Mask (Crm), Mohan Kumar Kanuri Aug 2017

Separation Of Vocal And Non-Vocal Components From Audio Clip Using Correlated Repeated Mask (Crm), Mohan Kumar Kanuri

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Extraction of singing voice from music is one of the ongoing research topics in the field of speech recognition and audio analysis. In particular, this topic finds many applications in the music field, such as in determining music structure, lyrics recognition, and singer recognition. Although many studies have been conducted for the separation of voice from the background, there has been less study on singing voice in particular.

In this study, efforts were made to design a new methodology to improve the separation of vocal and non-vocal components in audio clips using REPET [14]. In the newly designed method, we ...


Gui For Mri-Compatible Neural Stimulator And Recorder, Soo Han Soon, Nishant Babaria, Ranajay Mandal, Zhongming Liu Aug 2017

Gui For Mri-Compatible Neural Stimulator And Recorder, Soo Han Soon, Nishant Babaria, Ranajay Mandal, Zhongming Liu

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) are useful tools to analyze brain activities given active stimulation. However, the electromagnetic noise from the MRI distorts the brain signal recording and damages the subject with excessive heat generated on the electrodes attached to the skin. MRI-compatible recording and stimulation systems previously developed at LIBI lab were capable of removing the electromagnetic noise during the imaging process. Previously, the hardware systems had required the integrative software that could control both circuits simultaneously and enable users to easily change recording and stimulation parameters. Graphical user interface (GUI) programmed with computer language informed ...


Probability Distribution Of Multiple-Target Data Snapshots Applied To Large-Aperture Array Processing, Jorge E. Quijano, Lisa Zurk Jul 2017

Probability Distribution Of Multiple-Target Data Snapshots Applied To Large-Aperture Array Processing, Jorge E. Quijano, Lisa Zurk

Lisa M. Zurk

We consider sonar array target detection and azimuth estimation in experimental scenarios consisting of large-aperture horizontal line arrays of hydrophones in the water column.


Projected Nesterov’S Proximal-Gradient Algorithm For Sparse Signal Recovery, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić Jul 2017

Projected Nesterov’S Proximal-Gradient Algorithm For Sparse Signal Recovery, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Abstract: We develop a projected Nesterov's proximal-gradient (PNPG) approach for sparse signal reconstruction that combines adaptive step size with Nesterov's momentum acceleration. The objective function that we wish to minimize is the sum of a convex differentiable data-fidelity (negative log-likelihood (NLL)) term and a convex regularization term. We apply sparse signal regularization where the signal belongs to a closed convex set within the closure of the domain of the NLL; the convex-set constraint facilitates flexible NLL domains and accurate signal recovery. Signal sparsity is imposed using the ℓ1 -norm penalty on the signal's linear transform coefficients ...


Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin Jun 2017

Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin

Zhengdao Wang

We consider a single-hop interference network with K transmitters and J receivers, all having M antennas. Each transmitter emits an independent message and each receiver requests an arbitrary subset of the messages. This generalizes the well-known K -user M-antenna interference channel, where each message is requested by a unique receiver. For our setup, we derive the degrees of freedom (DoF) region. The achievability scheme generalizes the interference alignment schemes proposed by Cadambe and Jafar. In particular, we achieve general points in the DoF region by using multiple base vectors and aligning all interferers at a given receiver to the interferer ...


Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin Jun 2017

Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin

Zhengdao Wang

We consider a single hop interference network with K transmitters, each with an independent message and J receivers, all having the same number (M) of antennas. Each receiver requests an arbitrary subset of the messages. This generalizes the well-known K user M antenna interference channel, where each message is requested by a unique receiver. For this setup, we derive the exact degrees of freedom (DoF) region. Our achievability scheme generalizes the interference alignment scheme proposed by Cadambe and Jafar '08. In particular, we achieve general points in the DoF region by using multiple base vectors and aligning the interference at ...


Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben Jun 2017

Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben

Namrata Vaswani

This paper studies the recursive robust principal components analysis problem. If the outlier is the signal-of-interest, this problem can be interpreted as one of recursively recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors, St, in the presence of large but structured noise, Lt. The structure that we assume on Lt is that Lt is dense and lies in a low-dimensional subspace that is either fixed or changes slowly enough. A key application where this problem occurs is in video surveillance where the goal is to separate a slowly changing background (Lt) from moving foreground objects (St) on-the-fly. To solve the above ...


Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben Jun 2017

Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben

Namrata Vaswani

This paper studies the recursive robust principal components analysis problem. If the outlier is the signal-of-interest, this problem can be interpreted as one of recursively recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors, St, in the presence of large but structured noise, Lt. The structure that we assume on Lt is that Lt is dense and lies in a low-dimensional subspace that is either fixed or changes slowly enough. A key application where this problem occurs is in video surveillance where the goal is to separate a slowly changing background (Lt) from moving foreground objects (St) on-the-fly. To solve the above ...


Application Of Optimization Methods To Crack Profile Inversion Using Eddy Currents, John R. Bowler, Wei Zhang, Aleksandar Dogandžić Jun 2017

Application Of Optimization Methods To Crack Profile Inversion Using Eddy Currents, John R. Bowler, Wei Zhang, Aleksandar Dogandžić

John R. Bowler

A numerical scheme for finding crack shapes from eddy current measurements has been developed based on a startdard iterative inversion approach in which a nonlinear least squares objective function quantifying the overall difference between predictions and measurements is minimized. In this paper, steepest descent and conjugate‐gradient methods for minimizing the objective function are investigated and compared. Cramér‐Rao lower bounds on the crack parameters are derived to quantify the accuracy of the estimated crack shape. Cramér‐Rao bounds are also used to indicate improvements in the design of eddy‐current nondestructive evaluation systems.


Predictive Shutdown Systems For Nuclear Power Plants, Drew J. Rankin Jun 2017

Smart Sensing Skin For Detection And Localization Of Fatigue Cracks, Sari Kharroub, Simon Laflamme, Chunhui Song, Daji Qiao, Brent M. Phares, Jian Li Jun 2017

Smart Sensing Skin For Detection And Localization Of Fatigue Cracks, Sari Kharroub, Simon Laflamme, Chunhui Song, Daji Qiao, Brent M. Phares, Jian Li

Daji Qiao

Fatigue cracks on steel components may have strong consequences on the structure's serviceability and strength. Their detection and localization is a difficult task. Existing technologies enabling structural health monitoring have a complex link signal-to-damage or have economic barriers impeding large-scale deployment. A solution is to develop sensing methods that are inexpensive, scalable, with signals that can directly relate to damage. The authors have recently proposed a smart sensing skin for structural health monitoring applications to mesosystems. The sensor is a thin film soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) that transduces strain into a measurable change in capacitance. Arranged in a network ...


Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Danalog, Vikrant A. Marathe Jun 2017

Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Danalog, Vikrant A. Marathe

Electrical Engineering

The Danalog is a 25 key portable digital music synthesizer that uses multiple synthesis methods and effects to generate sounds. Sound varieties included three synthesis methods including FM, subtractive, and sample-based, with up to eight adjustable parameters, at least four effects, including reverb, chorus, and flange, with five adjustable parameters, and at least two note polyphony, and a five band equalizer. The user would be able to adjust these effects using digital encoders and potentiometers and view the settings on two LCD screens. The finals project was unable to meet the original design requirements. The FM synthesis method was primarily ...


Danalog: Digital Music Synthesizer, Evan R. Lew Jun 2017

Danalog: Digital Music Synthesizer, Evan R. Lew

Electrical Engineering

The Danalog is a 25 key portable digital music synthesizer that uses multiple synthesis methods and effects to generate sounds. Sound varieties included three synthesis methods including FM, subtractive, and sample-based, with up to eight adjustable parameters, at least four effects, including reverb, chorus, and flange, with five adjustable parameters, and at least two note polyphony, and a five band equalizer. The user would be able to adjust these effects using digital encoders and potentiometers and view the settings on two LCD screens.

The finals project was unable to meet the original design requirements. The FM synthesis method was primarily ...


Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Individual Report, Bryan Bellin Jun 2017

Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Individual Report, Bryan Bellin

Electrical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Multispectral Identification Array, Zachary D. Eagan Jun 2017

Multispectral Identification Array, Zachary D. Eagan

Computer Engineering

The Multispectral Identification Array is a device for taking full image spectroscopy data via the illumination of a subject with sixty-four unique spectra. The array combines images under the illumination spectra to produce an approximate reflectance graph for every pixel in a scene. Acquisition of an entire spectrum allows the array to differentiate objects based on surface material. Spectral graphs produced are highly approximate and should not be used to determine material properties, however the output is sufficiently consistent to allow differentiation and identification of previously sampled subjects. While not sufficiently advanced for use as a replacement to spectroscopy the ...


The Following Robot, Juan D. Cerda, Matthew S. Kwan, Vi M. Le Jun 2017

The Following Robot, Juan D. Cerda, Matthew S. Kwan, Vi M. Le

Computer Engineering

The objective of this project is to design, build, and test an autonomous robot with an associated Android application. The robot uses on board inertial measurement sensors (magnetometer, accelerometer, gyroscope) and coordinates itself through Bluetooth communication with the similar built­in measurement sensors on the Android phone to mimic and follow movement. The Following Robot incorporates the same basic movement functionality as a typical RC car. The robot follows the user’s phone through an application on one’s phone. This application accesses the phone’s accelerometer and gyroscope data and translates into appropriate conversions. Methods of tracking and calculating ...


Verification Of Receiver Equalization By Integrating Dataflow Simulation And Physical Channels, David M. Ritter, Tina Smilkstein Dr. Jun 2017

Verification Of Receiver Equalization By Integrating Dataflow Simulation And Physical Channels, David M. Ritter, Tina Smilkstein Dr.

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This thesis combines Keysight’s SystemVue software with a Vector Signal Analyzer (VSA) and Vector Signal Generator (VSG) to test receiver equalization schemes over physical channels. The testing setup, “Equalization Verification,” is intended to be able to evaluate any equalization scheme over any physical channel, and a decision-directed feed-forward LMS equalizer is used as an example. The decision-directed feed-forward LMS equalizer is shown to decrease the BER from 10-2 to 10-3 (average of all trials) over a CAT7 and CAT6A cable, both simulated and physical, for 1GHz and 2GHz carrier, and 80MHz data rate. A wireless channel, 2 ...


Overlay Protection Against Link Failures Using Network Coding, Ahmed Kamal, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Long Long, Shizheng Li May 2017

Overlay Protection Against Link Failures Using Network Coding, Ahmed Kamal, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Long Long, Shizheng Li

Ahmed Kamal

This paper introduces a network coding-based protection scheme against single and multiple link failures. The proposed strategy ensures that in a connection, each node receives two copies of the same data unit: one copy on the working circuit, and a second copy that can be extracted from linear combinations of data units transmitted on a shared protection path. This guarantees instantaneous recovery of data units upon the failure of a working circuit. The strategy can be implemented at an overlay layer, which makes its deployment simple and scalable. While the proposed strategy is similar in spirit to the work of ...


Perception Of 3d Symmetrical And Near-Symmetrical Shapes, Vijai Jayadevan, Aaron Michaux, Edward Delp, Zygmunt Pizlo May 2017

Perception Of 3d Symmetrical And Near-Symmetrical Shapes, Vijai Jayadevan, Aaron Michaux, Edward Delp, Zygmunt Pizlo

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Color Algebras, Jeffrey B. Mulligan May 2017

Color Algebras, Jeffrey B. Mulligan

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola May 2017

An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola

Electrical Engineering Theses

This thesis extends the prior work which produced an exact solution to the four-order acousto-optic (AO) Bragg cell with assumed fixed center frequency and with exact Bragg angle incident light. The extension predicts the model that incorporates the dependencies of both the input angle of light and the sound frequency. Specifically, a generalized 4th order linear differential equation (DE), is developed from a simultaneous analysis of four coupled AO system of DEs. Through standard methods, the characteristic roots, which requires solving a quartic equation, is produced. Subsequently, a derived system of homogeneous solutions, which absorbs the roots obtained using ...


Implementation Of Range Autofocus For Sar Radar Imaging, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis May 2017

Implementation Of Range Autofocus For Sar Radar Imaging, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis

Honors College Capstones and Theses

The range calculation for an FMCW radar depends on accurate linear modulation. In some circumstances, linear modulation may not be available and must be corrected for. This paper describes an autofocus technique used to correct for phase error due to non-linearities in the components of a FMCW radar. Also described here is the algorithm used in calculating the phase error and application of the phase correction with triangle modulation. Known errors were calculated at certain distances and applied to correcting the phase of data taken at similar distances. The results given were generated using a SAR working outside linear ranges.


Low-Resolution Adc Receiver Design, Mimo Interference Cancellation Prototyping, And Phy Secrecy Analysis., Chen Cao May 2017

Low-Resolution Adc Receiver Design, Mimo Interference Cancellation Prototyping, And Phy Secrecy Analysis., Chen Cao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation studies three independent research topics in the general field of wireless communications. The first topic focuses on new receiver design with low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADC). In future massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems, multiple high-speed high-resolution ADCs will become a bottleneck for practical applications because of the hardware complexity and power consumption. One solution to this problem is to adopt low-cost low-precision ADCs instead. In Chapter II, MU-MIMO-OFDM systems only equipped with low-precision ADCs are considered. A new turbo receiver structure is proposed to improve the overall system performance. Meanwhile, ultra-low-cost communication devices can enable massive deployment of disposable wireless ...


5g-Ucda Multi Antenna-To-Logical Cell Circular Fifo Mapping Strategy For High-Speed Train Wireless Communications, Subharthi Banerjee Apr 2017

5g-Ucda Multi Antenna-To-Logical Cell Circular Fifo Mapping Strategy For High-Speed Train Wireless Communications, Subharthi Banerjee

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

2020 is the target year for the roll out of fifth generation wireless communication methodologies. The commercial vendors have characterized 5G as a collection of disruptive set of technologies to provide high throughput, low latency communication supporting a variety of services, i.e., machine to machine communication to next generation base stations and vehicle-to-vehicle communication to radio-over-fiber and high mobility channels. High-speed train wireless communication channels as a subset of high mobility channels have their clear advantages and disadvantages considering other vehicular channels. The speed of high-speed trains is going to reach 500km/hr and with Hyperloop it may reach ...


Basic Science To Clinical Research: Segmentation Of Ultrasound And Modelling In Clinical Informatics, Ali K. Hamou Apr 2017

Basic Science To Clinical Research: Segmentation Of Ultrasound And Modelling In Clinical Informatics, Ali K. Hamou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The world of basic science is a world of minutia; it boils down to improving even a fraction of a percent over the baseline standard. It is a domain of peer reviewed fractions of seconds and the world of squeezing every last ounce of efficiency from a processor, a storage medium, or an algorithm. The field of health data is based on extracting knowledge from segments of data that may improve some clinical process or practice guideline to improve the time and quality of care. Clinical informatics and knowledge translation provide this information in order to reveal insights to the ...


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Tracking System With Out-Of-Sequence Measurement In A Discrete Time-Delayed Extended Kalman Filter, Roque Lora Apr 2017

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Tracking System With Out-Of-Sequence Measurement In A Discrete Time-Delayed Extended Kalman Filter, Roque Lora

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this thesis is to extend the delayed Kalman filter so it can be used with non-linear systems and that it can handle randomized delays on the measurements. In the particular case of this study, the filter is used to estimates the states of an unmanned aerial system. The outputs of the filter are used to point an antenna and a camera towards a UAS. Different scenarios are simulated for the purpose of comparing the efficiency of this technique in various situations.


Silent Communication Device, Christopher Wayne Schutter Mar 2017

Silent Communication Device, Christopher Wayne Schutter

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Oral communication has constituted as a necessary aspect of how people interact with one another, but there are always situations where this form of communication can create distractions, irritation, or even danger. Take for example, a student in a laboratory who needs to communicate effectively with a lab partner without creating a distraction to those trying to work around said student or a soldier on a battlefield who needs to relay information effectively to his or her comrades without revealing his or her position to the enemy. It becomes apparent that people need a more exclusive form of communication in ...


Thermal Evolution Of Moon, Arshdeep Singh Gill Mar 2017

Thermal Evolution Of Moon, Arshdeep Singh Gill

Master's Theses and Project Reports

In August, 2014 three experiments were conducted using infrared systems deployed at White Mountain Research center, CA. The data was acquired for the whole month of August. Teams of 3-4 students from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and UC Santa Barbara were stationed at the research center for 2-3 days to operate the equipment. The three experiments were:(1) creating spatial-temporal time series of lunar surface temperatures;(2) identifying atmospheric meteor trails;(3) search for meteor impacts on the Moon surface. Out of the three this thesis focusses on experiment 1 and the results from this experiment could also help ...