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Computer Engineering Commons

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Department of Computer Science and Engineering

2010

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Prognosis: A Wearable System For Health Monitoring Of People At Risk, Alexandros A. Pantelopoulos Jan 2010

Prognosis: A Wearable System For Health Monitoring Of People At Risk, Alexandros A. Pantelopoulos

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Wearable Health Monitoring Systems (WHMS) have drawn a lot of attention from the research community and the industry during the last decade. The development of such systems has been motivated mainly by increasing healthcare costs and by the fact that the world population is ageing. In addition to that, RandD in WHMS has been propelled by recent technological advances in miniature bio-sensing devices, smart textiles, microelectronics and wireless communications techniques. These portable health systems can comprise various types of small physiological sensors, which enable continuous monitoring of a variety of human vital signs and other physiological parameters such as heart ...


Semantic Provenance: Modeling, Querying, And Application In Scientific Discovery, Satya Sanket Sahoo Jan 2010

Semantic Provenance: Modeling, Querying, And Application In Scientific Discovery, Satya Sanket Sahoo

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Provenance metadata, describing the history or lineage of an entity, is essential for ensuring data quality, correctness of process execution, and computing trust values. Traditionally, provenance management issues have been dealt with in the context of workflow or relational database systems. However, existing provenance systems are inadequate to address the requirements of an emerging set of applications in the new eScience or Cyberinfrastructure paradigm and the Semantic Web. Provenance in these applications incorporates complex domain semantics on a large scale with a variety of uses, including accurate interpretation by software agents, trustworthy data integration, reproducibility, attribution for commercial or legal ...


Understanding User-Generated Content On Social Media, Bala Meenakshi Nagarajan Jan 2010

Understanding User-Generated Content On Social Media, Bala Meenakshi Nagarajan

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Over the last few years, there has been a growing public and enterprise fascination with 'social media' and its role in modern society. At the heart of this fascination is the ability for users to participate, collaborate, consume, create and share content via a variety of platforms such as blogs, micro-blogs, email, instant messaging services, social network services, collaborative wikis, social bookmarking sites, and multimedia sharing sites.

This dissertation is devoted to understanding informal user-generated textual content on social media platforms and using the results of the analysis to build Social Intelligence Applications.

The body of research presented in this ...


Visualization Of Complex Unsteady 3d Flow: Flowing Seed Points And Dynamically Evolving Seed Curves With Applications To Vortex Visualization In Cfd Simulations Of Ultra Low Reynolds Number Insect Flight, Christopher M. Koehler Jan 2010

Visualization Of Complex Unsteady 3d Flow: Flowing Seed Points And Dynamically Evolving Seed Curves With Applications To Vortex Visualization In Cfd Simulations Of Ultra Low Reynolds Number Insect Flight, Christopher M. Koehler

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Three dimensional integration-based geometric visualization is a very powerful tool for analyzing flow phenomena in time dependent vector fields. Streamlines in particular have many perceptual benefits due to their ability to provide a snapshot of the vectors near key features of complex 3D flows at any instant in time. However, streamlines do not lend themselves well to animation. Subtle changes in the vector field at each time step lead to increasingly large changes between streamlines with the same seed point the longer they are integrated. Path lines, which show particle trajectories over time suffer from similar problems when attempting to ...


Patterns Of Dipeptide Usage For Gene Prediction, Dayananda Sagar Gangadharaiah Jan 2010

Patterns Of Dipeptide Usage For Gene Prediction, Dayananda Sagar Gangadharaiah

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As the number of complete genomes that have been sequenced continues to grow rapidly, the identification of genes regions in DNA sequence data remains one of the most important open problems in bio-informatics. Improving the accuracy of such gene finding tools by a small percentage would affect accurate predictions of many genes of an organism (Zhu et al., 2010). This thesis presents a novel approach for identifying coding regions of a genome based on dipeptide usage.

The patterns in dipeptide usage are used to discriminate between coding and non-coding DNA regions. Two sample T-tests are used as tests of significance ...


Simulating 3d With Mono Video, James J. Hooker Jan 2010

Simulating 3d With Mono Video, James J. Hooker

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There are different techniques to manipulate certain characteristics within mono videos to create a 3D effect when rendered and viewed. One is to display a selected frame to one eye and a different frame to the other eye so that movement of scene parts on the retina between different frames is interpreted by the viewer as visual disparity and, as a result, creates a 3D scene. Testing using StereoDisplay, a custom developed application using this technique, showed that it is effective in providing a 3D effect with some videos. Motion of the camera is required for a 3-D effect, restricting ...


A Novel Synergistic Diagnosis Methodology For Identifying Abnormalities In Wireless Capsule Endoscopy Videos, Alexandros Karargyris Jan 2010

A Novel Synergistic Diagnosis Methodology For Identifying Abnormalities In Wireless Capsule Endoscopy Videos, Alexandros Karargyris

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Wireless Capsule Endoscopy (WCE) is a new technology that allows medical personnel to view the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa. It is a swallowable miniature capsule device the size of a pill that transmits thousands of screenshots of the digestive tract to a wearable receiver. When the procedure finishes the video is uploaded to a workstation for viewing. Capsule Endoscopy has been established as a tool to identify various gastrointestinal (GI) conditions, such as blood-based abnormalities, polyps, ulcers, Crohn's disease in the small intestine, where the classical endoscopy is not regularly used.

As of 2009 the market is dominated by Given ...


Evolution And Analysis Of Neuromorphic Flapping-Wing Flight Controllers, Sanjay Kumar Boddhu Jan 2010

Evolution And Analysis Of Neuromorphic Flapping-Wing Flight Controllers, Sanjay Kumar Boddhu

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The control of insect-sized flapping-wing micro air vehicles is attracting increasing interest. Solution of the problem requires construction of a controller that is physically small, extremely power efficient, and capable. In addition, process variation in the creation of very small wings and armatures as well as the potential for accumulating damage and wear over the course of a vehicle's lifetime suggest that controllers be able to self-adapt to the specific and possibly changing nature of the vehicles in which they are embedded. Previous work with Evolvable Hardware Continuous Time Recurrent Neural Networks (CTRNNs) as applied to adaptive control of ...


Design And Development Of A Wireless Data Acquisition System For Fall Detection, Anoop Hanchinamane Ramakrishna Jan 2010

Design And Development Of A Wireless Data Acquisition System For Fall Detection, Anoop Hanchinamane Ramakrishna

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With the mortality rate of the elderly on the rise due to fall related incidents, fall detection has become an important entity in the geriatric health care sector. The study conducted in this thesis involved the design and development of a Wireless Data Acquisition System (WDAS) with Bluetooth capabilities interfaced to pulse width modulated gyroscopic sensors. Each sensor used has a reference output pulse width which changes when rotated about its sensitive axis.Part of the effort involves the design and development of two versions of printed circuit boards for the application. Each board includes a Parallax Propeller micro- controller ...


Algorithmic Techniques Employed In The Quantification And Characterization Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Data, Paul Edward Anderson Jan 2010

Algorithmic Techniques Employed In The Quantification And Characterization Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Data, Paul Edward Anderson

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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) based metabolomics is a developing research field with broad applicability, including the identification of biomarkers associated with pathophysiologic changes, sample classification based on the mechanism of toxicity, and clinical diagnosis. Intrinsic to these applications is the need for statistical and computational techniques to facilitate the associated data analysis. Further, a typical 1H NMR spectrum of pure proteins, biofluids, or tissue may contain thousands of resonances (i.e., peaks), thus, a pure visual inspection is insufficient to fully utilize the spectral information.

Common practice within the NMR-based metabolomics community is to evaluate and validate novel algorithms on ...


A Study Of Evolvable Hardware Adaptive Oscillators For Augmentation Of Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicle Altitude Control, Bharath Venugopal Chengappa Jan 2010

A Study Of Evolvable Hardware Adaptive Oscillators For Augmentation Of Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicle Altitude Control, Bharath Venugopal Chengappa

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The control of insect-sized flapping-wing micro air vehicles is fraught with difficulties. Even when adequate control laws are known, limits on computational precision and floating-point processing can render it difficult to field implementations that provide sufficiently accurate and precise vehicle body placement and pose. Augmentation of an existing altitude controller with an Evolvable Adaptive Hardware (EAH) oscillator has been proposed as a means for an on-board altitude controller to correct control precision and accuracy difficulties during normal flight. This thesis examines a range of setting of the internal learning algorithms for the EAH oscillator and provides empirical evidence about which ...


Privacy-Preserving Attribute-Based Access Control In A Grid, Sang Mork Park Jan 2010

Privacy-Preserving Attribute-Based Access Control In A Grid, Sang Mork Park

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A Grid community is composed of diverse stake holders, such as data resource providers, computing resource providers, service providers, and the users of the resources and services. In traditional security systems for Grids, most of the authentication and authorization mechanisms are based on the user's identity or the user's classification information. If the authorization mechanism is based on the user's identity, fine-grained access control policies can be implemented but the scalability of the security system would be limited. If the authorization mechanism is based on the user's classification, the scalability can be improved but the fine-grained ...


Mining Shared Decision Trees Between Datasets, Qian Han Jan 2010

Mining Shared Decision Trees Between Datasets, Qian Han

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This thesis studies the problem of mining models, patterns andstructures (MPS) shared by two datasets (applications), a well understood dataset, denoted as WD, and a poorly understood one, denoted as PD. Combined with users' familiarity with WD, the shared MPS can help users better understand PD, since they capture similarities between WD and PD. Moreover, the knowledge on such similarities can enable the users to focus attention on analyzing the unique behavior of PD. Technically, this thesis focuses on the shared decision tree mining problem. In order to provide a view on the similarities between WD and PD, this thesis ...


Development Of A Remote Medical Image Browsing And Interaction System, Wei Ye Jan 2010

Development Of A Remote Medical Image Browsing And Interaction System, Wei Ye

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In this thesis a new capability - remote image browsing built upon our existing music telepresence platform is introduced. The implementation of this new image capability has two parts: one part is the local image viewing and the other part is distributed image-view interaction. Image viewing part is realized using the foundation of Linux GTK+ library. Most popular lossless and lossy image coding formats such as GIF, PNG, BMP and JPEG are supported currently. Image viewing part also provides several image operations such as: zoom in and zoom out, image information display and moreover users can select their own regions of ...