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2013

Computer and Systems Architecture

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Articles 61 - 77 of 77

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

A Comprehensive Hdl Model Of A Line Associative Register Based Architecture, Matthew A. Sparks Jan 2013

A Comprehensive Hdl Model Of A Line Associative Register Based Architecture, Matthew A. Sparks

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Modern processor architectures suffer from an ever increasing gap between processor and memory performance. The current memory-register model attempts to hide this gap by a system of cache memory. Line Associative Registers(LARs) are proposed as a new system to avoid the memory gap by pre-fetching and associative updating of both instructions and data. This thesis presents a fully LAR-based architecture, targeting a previously developed instruction set architecture. This architecture features an execution pipeline supporting SWAR operations, and a memory system supporting the associative behavior of LARs and lazy writeback to memory.


The Nebula Future Internet Architecture, Tom Anderson, Ken Birman, Robert Broberg, Matthew Caesar, Douglas Comer, Chase Cotton, Michael J. Freed, Andreas Haeberlen, Zachary G. Ives, Arvind Krishnamurthy, William Lehr, Boon Thau Loo, David Mazieres, Antonio Nicolosi, Jonathan M. Smith, Ion Stoica, Robbert Van Renesse, Michael Walfish, Hakim Weatherspoon, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2013

The Nebula Future Internet Architecture, Tom Anderson, Ken Birman, Robert Broberg, Matthew Caesar, Douglas Comer, Chase Cotton, Michael J. Freed, Andreas Haeberlen, Zachary G. Ives, Arvind Krishnamurthy, William Lehr, Boon Thau Loo, David Mazieres, Antonio Nicolosi, Jonathan M. Smith, Ion Stoica, Robbert Van Renesse, Michael Walfish, Hakim Weatherspoon, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

NEBULA is a proposal for a Future Internet Architecture. It is based on the assumptions that: (1) cloud computing will comprise an increasing fraction of the application workload offered to an Internet, and (2) that access to cloud computing resources will demand new architectural features from a network. Features that we have identified include dependability, security, flexibility and extensibility, the entirety of which constitute resilience. NEBULA provides resilient networking services using ultrareliable routers, an extensible control plane and use of multiple paths upon which arbitrary policies may be enforced. We report on a prototype system, Zodiac, that incorporates these latter ...


A P2p Computing System For Overlay Networks, Grzegorz Chmaj, Krzysztof Walkowiak Jan 2013

A P2p Computing System For Overlay Networks, Grzegorz Chmaj, Krzysztof Walkowiak

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

A distributed computing system is able to perform data computation and distribution of results at the same time. The input task is divided into blocks, which are then sent to system participants that offer their resources in order to perform calculations. Next, a partial result is sent back by the participants to the task manager (usually one central node). In the case when system participants want to get the final result, the central node may become overloaded, especially if many nodes request the result at the same time. In this paper we propose a novel distributed computation system, which does ...


Approaches That Will Yield Greater Success When Implementing Self-Administered Electronic Data Capture Ict Systems In The Developing World With An Illiterate Or Semi-Literate Population, Stanley J. Mierzwa, Samir Souidi, Irene Friedland, Sarah A. Littlefield, Lauren L. Katzen, Craig Savel, Deborah Boccio, Saumya Ramarao Jan 2013

Approaches That Will Yield Greater Success When Implementing Self-Administered Electronic Data Capture Ict Systems In The Developing World With An Illiterate Or Semi-Literate Population, Stanley J. Mierzwa, Samir Souidi, Irene Friedland, Sarah A. Littlefield, Lauren L. Katzen, Craig Savel, Deborah Boccio, Saumya Ramarao

Reproductive Health

The Information Technology (IT) Group at the Population Council responded to a need for a technology solution that would help researchers obtain more accurate responses to survey questions that concerned subject matter of a sensitive nature. The IT Group had three goals: (1) to enhance research by obtaining the best data possible, (2) to operate successfully in the local environment and be welcomed by the local populations, and (3) to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the survey process. This paper outlines approaches to consider when designing and implementing self-administered information and communications technology (ICT) questionnaires in developing countries, and ...


Accelerated Data Delivery Architecture, Michael L. Grecol Jan 2013

Accelerated Data Delivery Architecture, Michael L. Grecol

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This paper introduces the Accelerated Data Delivery Architecture (ADDA). ADDA establishes a framework to distribute transactional data and control consistency to achieve fast access to data, distributed scalability and non-blocking concurrency control by using a clean declarative interface. It is designed to be used with web-based business applications. This framework uses a combination of traditional Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) combined with a distributed Not Only SQL (NoSQL) database and a browser-based database. It uses a single physical and conceptual database schema designed for a standard RDBMS driven application. The design allows the architect to assign consistency levels to entities ...


Application Of Self-Monitoring For Situational Awareness, Christopher Trickler Jan 2013

Application Of Self-Monitoring For Situational Awareness, Christopher Trickler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Self-monitoring devices and services are used for physical wellness, personal tracking and self-improvement. These individual devices and services can only provide information based on what they can measure directly or historically without an intermediate system. This paper proposes a self-monitoring system to perform situational awareness which may extend into providing insight into predictable behaviors. Knowing an individual’s current state and likelihood of particular behaviors occurring is a general solution. This knowledge-based solution derived from sensory data has many applications. The proposed system could monitor current individual situational status, automatically provide personal status as it changes, aid personal improvement, contribute ...


A New Simplified Federated Single Sign-On System, Chen Liang Jan 2013

A New Simplified Federated Single Sign-On System, Chen Liang

Masters

The work presented in this MPhil thesis addresses this challenge by developing a new simplified FSSO system that allows end-users to access desktop systems, web-based services/applications and non-web based services/applications using one authentication process. This new system achieves this using two major components: an “Authentication Infrastructure Integration Program (AIIP)" and an “Integration of Desktop Authentication and Web-based Authentication (IDAWA)." The AIIP acquires Kerberos tickets (for end-users who have been authenticated by a Kerberos single sign-on system in one net- work domain) from Kerberos single sign-on systems in different network domains without establishing trust between these Kerberos single sign-on ...


Optimal Network Topologies And Resource Mappings For Heterogeneous Networks-On-Chip, Haera Chung Jan 2013

Optimal Network Topologies And Resource Mappings For Heterogeneous Networks-On-Chip, Haera Chung

Dissertations and Theses

Communication has become a bottleneck for modern microprocessors and multi-core chips because metal wires don't scale. The problem becomes worse as the number of components increases and chips become bigger. Traditional Systems-on-Chips (SoCs) interconnect architectures are based on shared-bus communication, which can carry only one communication transaction at a time. This limits the communication bandwidth and scalability. Networks-on-Chip (NoC) were proposed as a promising solution for designing large and complex SoCs. The NoC paradigm provides better scalability and reusability for future SoCs, however, long-distance multi-hop communication through traditional metal wires suffers from both high latency and power consumption. A ...


Career Advising Workshop Exercise For Software Engineers, Todd Sedano, Mikelynn Romero Dec 2012

Career Advising Workshop Exercise For Software Engineers, Todd Sedano, Mikelynn Romero

Todd Sedano

Carnegie Mellon University’s Silicon Valley Campus (CMU-SV) attracts science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) students who want to make an impact in Silicon Valley, an area known for its innovative and entrepreneurial culture. The goal of the various CMU-SV masters programs is to provide a transformative educational experience – one that changes how the students perform in the workplace. The students are immersed in a “learn-by-doing” environment that makes them valuable members of the workforce as they graduate with practical experience in high-demand technical areas.

Despite this “state-of-the-art” graduate education in software engineering and software management, when it comes time ...


Datacenter Efficiency Measures, Heather M. Brotherton Dec 2012

Datacenter Efficiency Measures, Heather M. Brotherton

Heather M Brotherton

This document answers the questions, “What are relative energy efficiency measures (percentage of energy reductions) that are available to data centers for improving energy efficiency?” and, “What types of certifications are now available to data centers?”


Energy Costs For Data Center Operations, Heather M. Brotherton Dec 2012

Energy Costs For Data Center Operations, Heather M. Brotherton

Heather M Brotherton

This document answers the questions: What are relative energy costs for data center operations (energy per unit computing) and how do sources of fuel impact data center operation costs geographically across the US?


An Applied Approach To Teach Hospital Information Systems Development Using An Open Source Erp Framework, Seyed Mohammad Motahar, Shima Mostafavi, Syed Aljunid, Nurhizam Safie, Muriati Mokhtar Dec 2012

An Applied Approach To Teach Hospital Information Systems Development Using An Open Source Erp Framework, Seyed Mohammad Motahar, Shima Mostafavi, Syed Aljunid, Nurhizam Safie, Muriati Mokhtar

Seyed Mohammad Motahar

The objective of the paper is to represent an international pilot project to teach development of free and open source hospital Information systems at the national level using a live pre installed Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System. We have developed live image with pre installed free and open source ERP framework -Tryton® (A fork of openERP®) and a free and open source health and hospital information system GNU Health® that supports electronic medical records (EMR) which is developed on top of the ERP framework as the second layer. We considered the two layer system as a domain specific application development ...


Transforming Information Systems And Computer Science Education With Virtualization, Maurice E. Dawson Jr., Jorja Wright, Jonathan Abramson Dec 2012

Transforming Information Systems And Computer Science Education With Virtualization, Maurice E. Dawson Jr., Jorja Wright, Jonathan Abramson

Maurice Dawson

This paper will propose an innovative method to transform information systems (IS) and computer science education on a global scale. This method will introduce the use of virtualization and cloud computing combined with open source software (OSS) in higher education. This will allow for those studying IS and computer science to work independently on projects anywhere in the world from a baseline image that has been developed with information assurance (IA) controls. Additionally, this will allow professors and course developers to deploy their own customized virtual machines (VMs) to be used with the course. These VMs will host their own ...


Connectivity Of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Impacts Of Antenna Models, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao Dec 2012

Connectivity Of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Impacts Of Antenna Models, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao

Hong-Ning Dai

This paper concerns the impact of various antenna models on the network connectivity of wireless ad hoc networks. Existing antenna models have their pros and cons in the accuracy reflecting realistic antennas and the computational complexity. We therefore propose a new directional antenna model called Approx-real to balance the accuracy against the complexity. We then run extensive simulations to compare the existing models and the Approx-real model in terms of the network connectivity. The study results show that the Approx-real model can better approximate the best accurate existing antenna models than other simplified antenna models, while introducing no high computational ...


Eavesdropping Security In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Directional Antennas, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao Dec 2012

Eavesdropping Security In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Directional Antennas, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao

Hong-Ning Dai

The eavesdropping security of wireless ad hoc networks has attracted considerable attention recently. However, most of current studies only consider OMN networks, where each node is mounted with a single omni-directional antenna, which radiates radio signals in all directions and consequently leads to the high eavesdropping possibility. Compared with an omnidirectional antenna, a directional antenna can concentrate the radio signals on some desired directions so that it can potentially reduce the eavesdropping possibility. This paper investigates the eavesdropping security of wireless ad hoc networks equipped with directional antennas. In particular, we study the eavesdropping possibility of OMN networks, SDA networks ...


An Overview Of Using Directional Antennas In Wireless Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2012

An Overview Of Using Directional Antennas In Wireless Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

Compared with omni-directional antennas, directional antennas have many merits, such as lower interference, better spatial reuse, longer transmission range and the improved network capacity. Directional antennas enable numerous emerging outdoor and indoor applications, which have been addressed in many recent studies. Despite the advances in wireless networks with directional antennas (DAWNs), there are many research challenges in all layers of DAWNs. This paper presents a detailed study on recent advances and open research issues on DAWNs. Firstly, we briefly introduce the classification of directional antennas, antenna radiation patterns, antenna modes as well as the challenges in the physical layer of ...


Channel Allocation In Wireless Networks With Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2012

Channel Allocation In Wireless Networks With Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

In this paper, we study the channel allocation in multi-channel wireless ad hoc networks with directional antennas. In particular, we investigate the problem: given a set of wireless nodes equipped with directional antennas, how many channels are needed to ensure collision-free communications? We derive the upper bounds on the number of channels, which heavily depend on the node density and the interference ratio (i.e., the ratio of the interference range to the transmission range). We construct several scenarios to examine the tightness of the derived bounds. We also take the side-lobes and back-lobes as well as the signal path ...