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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Nonlinear Observer For Visual-Inertial Navigation Using Intermittent Landmark Measurements, Miaomiao Wang Jun 2019

Nonlinear Observer For Visual-Inertial Navigation Using Intermittent Landmark Measurements, Miaomiao Wang

Western Research Forum

The development of reliable orientation, position and linear velocity estimation algorithms for the 3D visual-inertial navigation system (VINS) is instrumental in many applications, such as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). It is extremely important when the global position system (GPS) is not available in GPS-denied environments. Recently, observers design for VINS using landmark position measurements from Kinect sensors or stereo cameras has been increasingly investigated in the literature.

The aim of this work is to design a nonlinear observer for VINS under the assumption that landmark position measurements are intermittent. In practice, the landmark measurements are ...


Quantified Measurement Of The Tilt Effect In A Family Of Café Wall Illusions, Nasim Nematzadeh Dr., David Martin Powers Prof. May 2019

Quantified Measurement Of The Tilt Effect In A Family Of Café Wall Illusions, Nasim Nematzadeh Dr., David Martin Powers Prof.

MODVIS Workshop

This abstract explores the tilt effect in a family of Café Wall illusions using a Classical Gaussian Receptive Field model (CRF). Our model constructs an intermediate representation called edge map at multiple scales (Fig. 1) that reveals tilt cues and clues involved in the illusory perception of the Café Wall pattern. We investigate a wide range of parameters of the stimulus including mortar width, luminance, tiles contrast, and phase of the tile displacement (the stimuli in Fig. 2). We show that this simple bioplausible model, simulating the contrast sensitivity of the retinal ganglion cells, can not only detect the tilts ...


Predicting Unethical Physician Behavior At Scale: A Distributed Computing Framework, Quinn Keck, Robert Sandor, Miguel Romero, Diane Woodbridge, Paul Intrevado Apr 2019

Predicting Unethical Physician Behavior At Scale: A Distributed Computing Framework, Quinn Keck, Robert Sandor, Miguel Romero, Diane Woodbridge, Paul Intrevado

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

As the amount of publicly shared data increases,

developing a robust pipeline to stream, store and process data is

critical, as the casual user often lacks the technology, hardware

and/or skills needed to work with such voluminous data. In

this research, the authors employ Amazon EC2 and EMR,

MongoDB, and Spark MLlib to explore 28.5 gigabytes of CMS

Open Payments data in an attempt to identify physicians who

may have a high propensity to act unethically, owing to significant

transfers of wealth from medical companies. A Random Forest

Classifier is employed to predict the top decile of physicians ...


Quantum Criticism, Ashwini Badgujar, Paul Intrevado, Andrew Wang, Kai Yu, David Guy Brizan Apr 2019

Quantum Criticism, Ashwini Badgujar, Paul Intrevado, Andrew Wang, Kai Yu, David Guy Brizan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Quantum Criticism scrapes data from the News Articles and performs Sentiment Analysis.


Automated Segmentation Of Brain Ventricles Using 3d U-Net, Robert Sandor, Anish P. Dalal Apr 2019

Automated Segmentation Of Brain Ventricles Using 3d U-Net, Robert Sandor, Anish P. Dalal

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Neuro-radiologists currently use qualitative volumetric change of brain ventricles after surgery to assess the safety of removing a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt which is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation. Following safe removal of the VP shunt, patients can be released from the hospital. The need for accurate and quick measurement of brain ventricular volumetric change makes automatic 3D segmentation software an ideal candidate to aid decisions after surgery. In this paper, we propose an approach to estimate the ventricular volume variation using segmentation in brain MRI and CT images. Our approach consists of ...


Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino Apr 2019

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Automation of various modes of transportation is thought to make travel more safe and efficient. Over the past several decades, advances to semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles have led to advanced autopilot systems on planes and boats, and an increasing popularity of self-driving cars. We predicted the motion of an autonomous vehicle using simulations in Python. The simulation models the motion of a small scale watercraft, which can then be built and programmed using an Arduino Microcontroller. We examined different control methods for a simulated rescue craft to reach a target. We also examined the effects of different factors, such as ...


Extraction Of Recipe Steps From Scientific Papers: The Nanomaterials Synthesis Domain, Richard Carmona-Andrade Apr 2019

Extraction Of Recipe Steps From Scientific Papers: The Nanomaterials Synthesis Domain, Richard Carmona-Andrade

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The overall goal of this research is to effectively extract steps for performing a specified procedure from published text descriptions, producing a recipe listing the materials, operations, and conditions required to perform the procedure. For example, if the procedure is to create a nanomaterial, and relevant source text consists of peer-reviewed scientific publications, a recipe should include raw materials and unit operations, among other specifications of a chemical engineering process. This project focuses on developing performance measures to evaluate recipe steps, by gauging their correctness, completeness, and non-redundancy. This is done by comparing manually annotated documents that conveyed desired results ...


Performance Analysis Of Voting Algorithms In Wireless Sensor Networks, Aditi Mishra Apr 2019

Performance Analysis Of Voting Algorithms In Wireless Sensor Networks, Aditi Mishra

Computer Science Graduate Research Workshop

No abstract provided.


Consensus-Based Robotic Formation Control, Satish Reddy Modugu Apr 2019

Consensus-Based Robotic Formation Control, Satish Reddy Modugu

Computer Science Graduate Research Workshop

No abstract provided.


Simulator For Qubit Measurement Using Augmented Reality, Sai Pradeep Koneti Apr 2019

Simulator For Qubit Measurement Using Augmented Reality, Sai Pradeep Koneti

Computer Science Graduate Research Workshop

No abstract provided.


An Application Of Artificial General Intelligence In Board Games, Nathan Skalka Apr 2019

An Application Of Artificial General Intelligence In Board Games, Nathan Skalka

Computer Science Graduate Research Workshop

No abstract provided.


Decreasing Technology Design Costs By Using Youtube Video To Evaluate User Acceptance, Tom Chappelear Mar 2019

Decreasing Technology Design Costs By Using Youtube Video To Evaluate User Acceptance, Tom Chappelear

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

User acceptance is a measure that contributes to technology feasibility which is a decision point that entrepreneurs use to help make better investment decisions (Hoffer, 2011). User acceptance testing is part of a design strategy where the system designer attempts to minimize risks and provide design information that an entrepreneur can use to make better investment decisions (Hoffer, 2011). A user acceptance testing instruments can range from a low-cost coffeeshop review to expensive lab-based user testing (Shneiderman, 2017). This study builds upon the User Acceptance of Information Technology (UTAUT) model to measure user acceptance for the system being evaluated (Venkatesh ...


A Correlation Network Model For Managing Safety And Performance Issues In Bridges And Civil Infrastructures, Prasad Chetti Mar 2019

A Correlation Network Model For Managing Safety And Performance Issues In Bridges And Civil Infrastructures, Prasad Chetti

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Many recent studies have shown that a large percentage of bridges in many parts of the world have low safety rating. National Bridge Inventory (NBI) database contains the information of more than 600,000 bridges, where each bridge has 116 parameters. Current safety inspections require bridge inspectors to manually inspect each bridge every few years. Manpower and budget constraints limit such approach from inspecting the bridges more frequently. Clearly, more efficient approaches need to be developed to improve the process of bridge inspection and increase the overall safety of bridges and civil infrastructures. In this study, we propose a Correlation ...


Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, Arash Mohammadzadeh Gonabadi Mar 2019

Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, Arash Mohammadzadeh Gonabadi

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Indirect calorimetry provides the average cost of a stride cycle and prevents from identifying which part of the gait cycle causes increased metabolic cost in patients, however, recent simulation methods allow estimating the time profile of metabolic cost within the stride cycle. In this study, we compare the estimations of the time profile of the metabolic cost of two simulation methods for level and uphill walking. We used kinematic, kinetic and electromyography data from level and uphill walking (one participant) to estimate the time profiles of metabolic cost using the muscle-level metabolic model of Umberger using electromyography and kinematic data ...


Mobility-Based Models For Advancing Diagnostic/Predictive Healthcare, Elham Rastegari Mar 2019

Mobility-Based Models For Advancing Diagnostic/Predictive Healthcare, Elham Rastegari

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Functional ability has been always considered as one of the important determining factors of individuals’ health and quality of life. Traditional movement analysis systems require expensive facilities and frequent visits for patients to specialized laboratories. Portability and affordability of wearable sensors along with their improved accuracy and capability of monitoring movement during daily activities make them a potential alternative for analyzing mobility patterns for clinical and health assessment purposes. Wearable-based movement data, when combined with other relevant clinical or laboratory data, could enhance evidence-based healthcare and data-driven Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS). Utilizing the data from wearable devices, many researchers ...


A Shared-Memory Algorithm For Updating Single-Source Shortest Paths In Large Weighted Dynamic Networks, Sriram Srinivasan Mar 2019

A Shared-Memory Algorithm For Updating Single-Source Shortest Paths In Large Weighted Dynamic Networks, Sriram Srinivasan

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

In the last decade growth of social media, increased the interest of network algorithms for analyzing large-scale complex systems. The networks are highly unstructured and exhibit poor locality, which has been a challenge for developing scalable parallel algorithms. The state-of-the-art network algorithms such as Prim's algorithm for Minimum Spanning Tree, Dijkstra's algorithm for Single Source Shortest Path and ISPAN algorithm for detecting strongly connected components are designed and optimized for static networks. The networks which change with time i.e. the dynamic networks such as social networks, the above-mentioned approaches can only be utilized if they are recomputed ...


End To End Satellite Servicing And Space Debris Management, Aman Chandra, Himangshu Kalita, Roberto Furfaro, Jekan Thanga Feb 2019

End To End Satellite Servicing And Space Debris Management, Aman Chandra, Himangshu Kalita, Roberto Furfaro, Jekan Thanga

Space Traffic Management Conference

There is growing demand for satellite swarms and constellations for global positioning, remote sensing and relay communication in higher LEO orbits. This will result in many obsolete, damaged and abandoned satellites that will remain on-orbit beyond 25 years. These abandoned satellites and space debris maybe economically valuable orbital real-estate and resources that can be reused, repaired or upgraded for future use. Space traffic management is critical to repair damaged satellites, divert satellites into warehouse orbits and effectively deorbit satellites and space debris that are beyond repair and salvage. Current methods for on-orbit capture, servicing and repair require a large service ...


Advanced Inflatable De-Orbit Solutions For Derelict Satellites And Orbital Debris, Aman Chandra, Greg Wilburn, Jekan Thanga Feb 2019

Advanced Inflatable De-Orbit Solutions For Derelict Satellites And Orbital Debris, Aman Chandra, Greg Wilburn, Jekan Thanga

Space Traffic Management Conference

The exponential rise in small-satellites and CubeSats in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) poses important challenges for future space traffic management. At altitudes of 600 km and lower, aerodynamic drag accelerates de-orbiting of satellites. However, placement of satellites at higher altitudes required for constellations pose important challenges. The satellites will require on-board propulsion to lower their orbits to 600 km and let aerodynamic drag take-over. In this work we analyze solutions for de-orbiting satellites at altitudes of up to 3000 km. We consider a modular robotic de-orbit device that has stowed volume of a regular CubeSat. The de-orbit device would be ...


Analogies And Comparisons For Stm Data Bodies, Phillip M. Cunio, Brien Flewelling Feb 2019

Analogies And Comparisons For Stm Data Bodies, Phillip M. Cunio, Brien Flewelling

Space Traffic Management Conference

Space Traffic Management (STM) has already demonstrated its potential to be extremely data-intensive. The large number of objects on orbit today, if observed constantly throughout their lifetimes, could produce a staggeringly large number of observations that might in turn generate large numbers of orbits. Orbit data with a lengthy time history can be used to produce estimates of maneuver frequency, susceptibility to natural forces such as drag, and (if combined with photometric data) assessments of behavioral patterns of life.

A future of mega-constellations and a growing number of nations and organizations with assets on orbit would make it likely that ...


The Comparison Of Verbalized Feedback In Human To Computer Interfacing Versus Human To Human Interaction, Kea Francis Feb 2019

The Comparison Of Verbalized Feedback In Human To Computer Interfacing Versus Human To Human Interaction, Kea Francis

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The project evaluates response to social robots for purposeful tasks. The study uses a social robot, Rapiro, along with a smartphone that serves as a visual interface for the robot system. My role was to design a program on a Raspberry Pi that allows simultaneous control of Rapiro’s actions and a response from a phone application. The phone app is downloaded to an Android phone and designed using MIT App Inventor software. This allows pre-programmed and real-time control of the robot. The user inputs what they want the robot to say through the terminal of the Raspberry Pi. Through ...


3d Wi-Fi Campus Coverage: Flying A Drone, Richard Thompson, Tyler Williams, Seth Pritchett, Tracy Whitlock Nov 2018

3d Wi-Fi Campus Coverage: Flying A Drone, Richard Thompson, Tyler Williams, Seth Pritchett, Tracy Whitlock

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Everyone in a college environment is immersed in their electronic devices. Whether it be in the quad, the classroom, the library or their favorite nook by the windows, they all need a reliable Wi-Fi signal to get their work done. In this era most of the tasks that has to be completed require some sort of connection between electronic devices especially if the individuals require information located on the internet. The main method of accessing the internet is using Wifi technology which uses electromagnetic waves to propagate information across a certain area. Considering the properties of these electromagnetic frequencies it ...


12 - Data Analytics Using Accelerometer Data Obtained From Adxl345 Mounted On A Wi-Fi-Based Remotely Controlled Model Car, Adriana Amyette, Sairam Tangirala, Tae Song Lee Nov 2018

12 - Data Analytics Using Accelerometer Data Obtained From Adxl345 Mounted On A Wi-Fi-Based Remotely Controlled Model Car, Adriana Amyette, Sairam Tangirala, Tae Song Lee

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Poster presentation of

“Data Analytics Using Accelerometer Data Obtained From ADXL345 Mounted on a Wi-Fi-Based Remotely Controlled Model Car”

with demonstration of a working remotely-controlled smart car prototype system.


39 - Mars Environmental Module- The Aura Of The Red Planet, Nisha Kurian, Tae Lee, Sairam Tangirala Nov 2018

39 - Mars Environmental Module- The Aura Of The Red Planet, Nisha Kurian, Tae Lee, Sairam Tangirala

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Mars Environmental Module- The Aura of The Red Planet

Finding the possibility of life in Mars!

We plan to demonstrate the working of a telemetric environmental module made up of multiple environmental-parameter sensors. Our standalone module will consist of environmental sensors managed by one Arduino microcontroller that communicates with sensors and records sensor data that characterize the surrounding environment.

We plan to integrate temperature and humidity sensors to record temperature and humidity of the environment. A soil moisture sensor to obtain data on any possible water present within the soil. A motion sensor to detect any possible motions (such as ...


Esense 2.0: Modeling Biomimetic Predation With Multi-Agent Multi-Team Distributed Artificial Intelligence, D. Michael Franklin, Derek Martin Nov 2018

Esense 2.0: Modeling Biomimetic Predation With Multi-Agent Multi-Team Distributed Artificial Intelligence, D. Michael Franklin, Derek Martin

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Biologic predation is a complex interaction amongst sets of predators and prey operating within the same environment. There are many disparate factors for each member of each set to consider as they interact. Additionally, they each must seek food while avoiding other predators, meaning that they must prioritize their actions based on policies. eSense provides a powerful yet simplistic reinforcement learning algorithm that employs model-based behavior across multiple learning layers. These independent layers split the learning objectives across multiple layers, avoiding the learning-confusion common in many multi-agent systems. The new eSense 2.0 increases the number of layers and the ...


Cloud Oriented Additive Technology Use For Fast Prototype Development, Betim Shabani, Vladimir Dukovski Oct 2018

Cloud Oriented Additive Technology Use For Fast Prototype Development, Betim Shabani, Vladimir Dukovski

UBT International Conference

Digitalization has already affected every segment of the industry and especially manufacturing. Based on market requires that are more specific and faster than ever, there is a need to use some of the online platform packages called Cloud Manufacturing (CM). CM operate through the digital data then here comes the expression CAD models or in particular STL files that are currently adequate for Additive Technologies (AT). On the other hand, there is a rapid increase in the measurement aspects via non-contact forms (3D scanners) where their data are stored in various digital formats: IGES, OBJ, PLY, etc.). Those formats can ...


The Moving Object Reflected Under Matlab Test-Bench (Simulation Model Through Buit-In Functions), Virtyt Lesha, Jozef Bushati, Dea Strica Oct 2018

The Moving Object Reflected Under Matlab Test-Bench (Simulation Model Through Buit-In Functions), Virtyt Lesha, Jozef Bushati, Dea Strica

UBT International Conference

Digital image processing is an area that finds many applications in three-dimensional graphics. One of the subjects considered in image processing is detection of moving objects. In this paper, we have analyzed the performance of an algorithm that detects a moving object. The performance relates to the speed of moving object during a pre-determined time interval. The methodology supports Matlab integrated with built-in functions. Specifically, as input of the simulation model is a video material containing moving objects. The model reads a video file presenting moving objects; after the model is executed in Matlab, the output emits moving objects associated ...


The Importance Of Cad/Cae Systems In Development Of Product Design And Process Of Optimization, Fatmir Azemi, Xhemajl Mehmeti, Bekim Maloku Oct 2018

The Importance Of Cad/Cae Systems In Development Of Product Design And Process Of Optimization, Fatmir Azemi, Xhemajl Mehmeti, Bekim Maloku

UBT International Conference

Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) are the most important technology tools that today designers are using in development of product (design and in process of optimization). Thus, this study is carried out to present the importance of CAD/CAE system on process of design and process of optimization of spur gear. The paper presents the usage of CAD system for modeling parts and CAE software for analysis of stress-strain of spur gear and the results of calculation of pair spur-gears that it used in the gearbox transmission of the bucket wheel excavator located in “Bardhi i ...


Multithreading Technique Improvement In Processing Client Server Communication By Utilizing Object Oriented Language, Eda Tabaku, Kliv Shapllo, Senada Bushati Oct 2018

Multithreading Technique Improvement In Processing Client Server Communication By Utilizing Object Oriented Language, Eda Tabaku, Kliv Shapllo, Senada Bushati

UBT International Conference

A comparison of an application’s performance, when a program is executed through multiple threads and only a thread to complete a specified task by using Java techniques. In this paper will be expounded how a Java programmer can profit by technology facilities. How to create a program that executes in a parallel way, that solves independent tasks not one after the other, but all at the same time. The application that is developed(the environment used is Eclipse) aims to speed up the time needed to download images from a specific website, but it is flexible for downloading images ...


Performance Analysis Of Java Persistence Api Providers, Besart Pllana Oct 2018

Performance Analysis Of Java Persistence Api Providers, Besart Pllana

UBT International Conference

Nowadays, fast and accurate access to data is very important. Usually data is managed and processed through software applications. In recent years, the most preferred programming model by most application developers is Object Oriented Programming (OOP) where data is represented through objects. These data must be persistent and therefore needs to be stored, and storage can be done on a variety of databases. The most common databases are Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS). While persistence of objects in RDBMS is limited by object-relational mismatch which is the inconsistency of the direct interaction between two components based on different approaches, OOP ...


Review Of Cloud Migration Strategies And Providers – An Iaas Migration Strategy, Florinda Imeri, Agon Memeti Oct 2018

Review Of Cloud Migration Strategies And Providers – An Iaas Migration Strategy, Florinda Imeri, Agon Memeti

UBT International Conference

Companies are addressing the Cloud Computing issue more actively recently, as a part of a move towards a more agile and flexible IT infrastructure since benefitting from an IT infrastructure that is flexible, scalable, high-performance and up-to-date is no longer a luxury or the exception to a rule. The issue they address is “Which is the best strategy?” Of course, this is not a simple issue given that the cloud can impact an organization’s application picture across several dimensions. When an organizations made the decision to consider cloud services for its application or infrastructure deployment, it’s important to ...