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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Ego-Localization Navigation For Intelligent Vehicles Using 360° Lidar Sensor For Point Cloud Mapping, Tyler Naes Jan 2017

Ego-Localization Navigation For Intelligent Vehicles Using 360° Lidar Sensor For Point Cloud Mapping, Tyler Naes

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With its prospects of reducing vehicular accidents and traffic in highly populated urban areas by taking the human error out of driving, the future in automobiles is leaning towards autonomous navigation using intelligent vehicles. Autonomous navigation via Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) provides very accurate localization within a predefined, a priori, point cloud environment that is not possible with Global Positioning System (GPS) and video camera technology. Vehicles may be able to follow paths in the point cloud environment if the baseline paths it must follow are known in that environment by referencing objects detected in the point cloud environment ...


Localization And Mapping Of Unknown Locations And Tunnels With Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Doris Turnage Jan 2016

Localization And Mapping Of Unknown Locations And Tunnels With Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Doris Turnage

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The main goals of this research were to enhance a commercial off the shelf (COTS) software platform to support unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) exploring the complex environment of tunnels, to test the platform within a simulation environment, and to validate the architecture through field testing. Developing this platform will enhance the U. S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center’s (ERDC’s) current capabilities and create a safe and efficient autonomous vehicle to perform the following functions within tunnels: (1) localization (e.g., position tracking) and mapping of its environment, (2) traversing varied terrains, (3) sensing the environment for objects ...


Routing, Localization And Positioning Protocols For Wireless Sensor And Actor Networks, Mustafa Akbas Jan 2013

Routing, Localization And Positioning Protocols For Wireless Sensor And Actor Networks, Mustafa Akbas

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Wireless sensor and actor networks (WSANs) are distributed systems of sensor nodes and actors that are interconnected over the wireless medium. Sensor nodes collect information about the physical world and transmit the data to actors by using one-hop or multi-hop communications. Actors collect information from the sensor nodes, process the information, take decisions and react to the events. This dissertation presents contributions to the methods of routing, localization and positioning in WSANs for practical applications. We first propose a routing protocol with service differentiation for WSANs with stationary nodes. In this setting, we also adapt a sports ranking algorithm to ...