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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Intrinsically Motivated Exploration In Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning, Christopher M. Vigorito Jan 2016

Intrinsically Motivated Exploration In Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning, Christopher M. Vigorito

Doctoral Dissertations

The acquisition of hierarchies of reusable skills is one of the distinguishing characteristics of human intelligence, and the learning of such hierarchies is an important open problem in computational reinforcement learning (RL). In humans, these skills are learned during a substantial developmental period in which individuals are intrinsically motivated to explore their environment and learn about the effects of their actions. The skills learned during this period of exploration are then reused to great effect later in life to solve many unfamiliar problems very quickly. This thesis presents novel methods for achieving such developmental acquisition of skill hierarchies in artificial ...


Kernel-Assisted And Topology-Aware Mpi Collective Communication Among Multicore Or Many-Core Clusters, Teng Ma Dec 2012

Kernel-Assisted And Topology-Aware Mpi Collective Communication Among Multicore Or Many-Core Clusters, Teng Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

Multicore or many-core clusters have become the most prominent form of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems. Hardware complexity and hierarchies not only exist in the inter-node layer, i.e., hierarchical networks, but also exist in internals of multicore compute nodes, e.g., Non Uniform Memory Accesses (NUMA), network-style interconnect, and memory and shared cache hierarchies.

Message Passing Interface (MPI), the most widely adopted in the HPC communities, suffers from decreased performance and portability due to increased hardware complexity of multiple levels. We identified three critical issues specific to collective communication: The first problem arises from the gap between logical collective ...