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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Integrating Non-Topical Aspects Into Information Retrieval, Elif Aktolga May 2014

Integrating Non-Topical Aspects Into Information Retrieval, Elif Aktolga

Doctoral Dissertations

When users investigate a topic, they are often interested in results that are not just relevant, but also strongly opinionated or covering a range of times. To get such results, users are forced to formulate ambiguous, complex, or longer queries. Commonly this becomes a burden, since users need to issue several queries with reformulations if initial search results are not completely satisfactory. In this thesis, we focus on those two non-topical dimensions: opinionatedness and time. We develop measures for quantifying them in documents and incorporate them into search results.

For improving search results with respect to non-topical dimensions, we use ...