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Computer Engineering Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Multi-Sensor Localization And Tracking In Disaster Management And Indoor Wayfinding For Visually Impaired Users, Zhuorui Yang Jan 2018

Multi-Sensor Localization And Tracking In Disaster Management And Indoor Wayfinding For Visually Impaired Users, Zhuorui Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation proposes a series of multi-sensor localization and tracking algorithms particularly developed for two important application domains, which are disaster management and indoor wayfinding for blind and visually impaired (BVI) users. For disaster management, we developed two different localization algorithms, one each for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology, which enable the disaster management system to track patients in real-time. Both algorithms work in the absence of any pre-deployed infrastructure along with smartphones and wearable devices. Regarding indoor wayfinding for BVI users, we have explored several types of indoor positioning techniques including BLE-based, inertial, visual ...


Integration Of Robotic Perception, Action, And Memory, Li Yang Ku Jan 2018

Integration Of Robotic Perception, Action, And Memory, Li Yang Ku

Doctoral Dissertations

In the book "On Intelligence", Hawkins states that intelligence should be measured by the capacity to memorize and predict patterns. I further suggest that the ability to predict action consequences based on perception and memory is essential for robots to demonstrate intelligent behaviors in unstructured environments. However, traditional approaches generally represent action and perception separately---as computer vision modules that recognize objects and as planners that execute actions based on labels and poses. I propose here a more integrated approach where action and perception are combined in a memory model, in which a sequence of actions can be planned based on ...


Feature-Based Image Comparison And Its Application In Wireless Visual Sensor Networks, Yang Bai May 2011

Feature-Based Image Comparison And Its Application In Wireless Visual Sensor Networks, Yang Bai

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation studies the feature-based image comparison method and its application in Wireless Visual Sensor Networks.

Wireless Visual Sensor Networks (WVSNs), formed by a large number of low-cost, small-size visual sensor nodes, represent a new trend in surveillance and monitoring practices. Although each single sensor has very limited capability in sensing, processing and transmission, by working together they can achieve various high level tasks. Sensor collaboration is essential to WVSNs and normally performed among sensors having similar measurements, which are called neighbor sensors. The directional sensing characteristics of imagers and the presence of visual occlusion present unique challenges to neighborhood ...