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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Multi-Segment Multi-Criteria Approach For Selection Of Trenchless Construction Methods, Ashikul Islam Oct 2013

Multi-Segment Multi-Criteria Approach For Selection Of Trenchless Construction Methods, Ashikul Islam

Doctoral Dissertations

The research work presented in this thesis has two broad objectives as well as five individual goals. The first objective is to search and determine the minimum cost and corresponding goodness-of-fit by using a different combination of methods that are capable of resolving the problem that exists in multiple segments. This approach can account for variations in unit price and the cost of the design and the inspection associated with multiple methods. The second objective is to calculate the minimum risk for the preferred solution set. The five individual goals are 1) reduction in total cost, 2) application of Genetic ...


Online Multi-Stage Deep Architectures For Feature Extraction And Object Recognition, Derek Christopher Rose Aug 2013

Online Multi-Stage Deep Architectures For Feature Extraction And Object Recognition, Derek Christopher Rose

Doctoral Dissertations

Multi-stage visual architectures have recently found success in achieving high classification accuracies over image datasets with large variations in pose, lighting, and scale. Inspired by techniques currently at the forefront of deep learning, such architectures are typically composed of one or more layers of preprocessing, feature encoding, and pooling to extract features from raw images. Training these components traditionally relies on large sets of patches that are extracted from a potentially large image dataset. In this context, high-dimensional feature space representations are often helpful for obtaining the best classification performances and providing a higher degree of invariance to object transformations ...


Mitigation Of Catastrophic Interference In Neural Networks And Ensembles Using A Fixed Expansion Layer, Robert Austin Coop Aug 2013

Mitigation Of Catastrophic Interference In Neural Networks And Ensembles Using A Fixed Expansion Layer, Robert Austin Coop

Doctoral Dissertations

Catastrophic forgetting (also known in the literature as catastrophic interference) is the phenomenon by which learning systems exhibit a severe exponential loss of learned information when exposed to relatively small amounts of new training data. This loss of information is not caused by constraints due to the lack of resources available to the learning system, but rather is caused by representational overlap within the learning system and by side-effects of the training methods used. Catastrophic forgetting in auto-associative pattern recognition is a well-studied attribute of most parameterized supervised learning systems. A variation of this phenomenon, in the context of feedforward ...


An Expert System For Guitar Sheet Music To Guitar Tablature, Chuanjun He May 2013

An Expert System For Guitar Sheet Music To Guitar Tablature, Chuanjun He

Doctoral Dissertations

This project applies analysis, design and implementation of the Optical Music Recognition (OMR) to an expert system for transforming guitar sheet music to guitar tablature. The first part includes image processing and music semantic interpretation to interpret and transform sheet music or printed scores into editable and playable electronic form. Then after importing the electronic form of music into internal data structures, our application uses effective pruning to explore the entire search space to find the best guitar tablature. Also considered are alternate guitar tunings and transposition of the music to improve the resulting tablature.


Using Power-Law Properties Of Social Groups For Cloud Defense And Community Detection, Justin L. Rice Jan 2013

Using Power-Law Properties Of Social Groups For Cloud Defense And Community Detection, Justin L. Rice

Doctoral Dissertations

The power-law distribution can be used to describe various aspects of social group behavior. For mussels, sociobiological research has shown that the Lévy walk best describes their self-organizing movement strategy. A mussel's step length is drawn from a power-law distribution, and its direction is drawn from a uniform distribution. In the area of social networks, theories such as preferential attachment seek to explain why the degree distribution tends to be scale-free. The aim of this dissertation is to glean insight from these works to help solve problems in two domains: cloud computing systems and community detection.

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