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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Nonlinear Control Strategy For A Cost Effective Myoelectric Prosthetic Hand, Cristian Federico Pasluosta Oct 2010

Nonlinear Control Strategy For A Cost Effective Myoelectric Prosthetic Hand, Cristian Federico Pasluosta

Doctoral Dissertations

The loss of a limb tremendously impacts the life of the affected individual. In the past decades, researchers have been developing artificial limbs that may return some of the missing functions and cosmetics. However, the development of dexterous mechanisms capable of mimicking the function of the human hand is a complex venture. Even though myoelectric prostheses have advanced, several issues remain to be solved before an artificial limb may be comparable to its human counterpart. Moreover, the high cost of advanced limbs prevents their widespread use among the low-income population.

This dissertation presents a strategy for the low-level of control ...


Adaptive Performance And Power Management In Distributed Computing Systems, Ming Chen Aug 2010

Adaptive Performance And Power Management In Distributed Computing Systems, Ming Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

The complexity of distributed computing systems has raised two unprecedented challenges for system management. First, various customers need to be assured by meeting their required service-level agreements such as response time and throughput. Second, system power consumption must be controlled in order to avoid system failures caused by power capacity overload or system overheating due to increasingly high server density. However, most existing work, unfortunately, either relies on open-loop estimations based on off-line profiled system models, or evolves in a more ad hoc fashion, which requires exhaustive iterations of tuning and testing, or oversimplifies the problem by ignoring the coupling ...


Anomaly Detection In Unknown Environments Using Wireless Sensor Networks, Yuanyuan Li May 2010

Anomaly Detection In Unknown Environments Using Wireless Sensor Networks, Yuanyuan Li

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation addresses the problem of distributed anomaly detection in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). A challenge of designing such systems is that the sensor nodes are battery powered, often have different capabilities and generally operate in dynamic environments. Programming such sensor nodes at a large scale can be a tedious job if the system is not carefully designed. Data modeling in distributed systems is important for determining the normal operation mode of the system. Being able to model the expected sensor signatures for typical operations greatly simplifies the human designer’s job by enabling the system to autonomously characterize the ...


A Novel Technique For Ctis Image-Reconstruction, Mitchel Dewayne Horton May 2010

A Novel Technique For Ctis Image-Reconstruction, Mitchel Dewayne Horton

Doctoral Dissertations

Computed tomography imaging spectrometer (CTIS) technology is introduced and its use is discussed. An iterative method is presented for CTIS image-reconstruction in the presence of both photon noise in the image and post-detection Gaussian system noise. The new algorithm assumes the transfer matrix of the system has a particular structure. Error analysis, performance evaluation, and parallelization of the algorithm is done. Complexity analysis is performed for the proof of concept code developed. Future work is discussed relating to potential improvements to the algorithm.

An intuitive explanation for the success of the new algorithm is that it reformulates the image reconstruction ...


Adaptive Resource Allocation For Cognitive Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Behdis Eslamnour Jan 2010

Adaptive Resource Allocation For Cognitive Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Behdis Eslamnour

Doctoral Dissertations

"Widespread use of resource constrained wireless ad hoc networks requires careful management of the network resources in order to maximize the utilization. In cognitive wireless networks, resources such as spectrum, energy, communication links/paths, time, space, modulation scheme, have to be managed to maintain quality of service (QoS). Therefore in the first paper, a distributed dynamic channel allocation scheme is proposed for multi-channel wireless ad hoc networks with single-radio nodes. The proposed learning scheme adapts the probabilities of selecting each channel as a function of the error in the performance index at each step.

Due to frequent changes in topology ...