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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Probabilistic Graphical Models Follow Directly From Maximum Entropy, Anh H. Ly, Francisco Zapata, Olac Fuentes, Vladik Kreinovich Sep 2017

Probabilistic Graphical Models Follow Directly From Maximum Entropy, Anh H. Ly, Francisco Zapata, Olac Fuentes, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Probabilistic graphical models are a very efficient machine learning technique. However, their only known justification is based on heuristic ideas, ideas that do not explain why exactly these models are empirically successful. It is therefore desirable to come up with a theoretical explanation for these models' empirical efficiency. At present, the only such explanation is that these models naturally emerge if we maximize the relative entropy; however, why the relative entropy should be maximized is not clear. In this paper, we show that these models can also be obtained from a more natural -- and well-justified -- idea of maximizing (absolute) entropy.


Simplest Polynomial For Which Naive (Straightforward) Interval Computations Cannot Be Exact, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich, Songsak Sriboonchitta Jun 2017

Simplest Polynomial For Which Naive (Straightforward) Interval Computations Cannot Be Exact, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich, Songsak Sriboonchitta

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

One of the main problem of interval computations is computing the range of a given function over given intervals. It is known that naive interval computations always provide an enclosure for the desired range. Sometimes -- e.g., for single use expressions -- naive interval computations compute the exact range. Sometimes, we do not get the exact range when we apply naive interval computations to the original expression, but we get the exact range if we apply naive interval computations to an equivalent reformulation of the original expression. For some other functions -- including some polynomials -- we do not get the exact range ...


How To Gauge The Accuracy Of Fuzzy Control Recommendations: A Simple Idea, Patricia Melin, Oscar Castillo, Andrzej Pownuk, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich Jun 2017

How To Gauge The Accuracy Of Fuzzy Control Recommendations: A Simple Idea, Patricia Melin, Oscar Castillo, Andrzej Pownuk, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Fuzzy control is based on approximate expert information, so its recommendations are also approximate. However, the traditional fuzzy control algorithms do not tell us how accurate are these recommendations. In contrast, for the probabilistic uncertainty, there is a natural measure of accuracy: namely, the standard deviation. In this paper, we show how to extend this idea from the probabilistic to fuzzy uncertainty and thus, to come up with a reasonable way to gauge the accuracy of fuzzy control recommendations.


Normalization-Invariant Fuzzy Logic Operations Explain Empirical Success Of Student Distributions In Describing Measurement Uncertainty, Hamza Alkhatib, Boris Kargoll, Ingo Neumann, Vladik Kreinovich Jun 2017

Normalization-Invariant Fuzzy Logic Operations Explain Empirical Success Of Student Distributions In Describing Measurement Uncertainty, Hamza Alkhatib, Boris Kargoll, Ingo Neumann, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In engineering practice, usually measurement errors are described by normal distributions. However, in some cases, the distribution is heavy-tailed and thus, not normal. In such situations, empirical evidence shows that the Student distributions are most adequate. The corresponding recommendation -- based on empirical evidence -- is included in the International Organization for Standardization guide. In this paper, we explain this empirical fact by showing that a natural fuzzy-logic-based formalization of commonsense requirements leads exactly to the Student's distributions.


Structural And Electrical Characterization Of Tin Oxide Resistive Switching, Arka Talukdar Jan 2017

Structural And Electrical Characterization Of Tin Oxide Resistive Switching, Arka Talukdar

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Resistive switching in metal oxide is a phenomenon in which the metal oxide changes its resistance upon application of electric field and thus giving two states; high resistance state (HRS) and low resistance state (LRS). Many metal oxides have been investigated however very little is known about unipolar resistive switching in SnO2 though it has shown excellent resistive switching characteristics. Defects in the material play a vital role in resistive switching of the metal oxides. In this work, the role of defects in resistive switching of SnO2 are investigated in Ti/SnO2/Au structures. Two methods were used to control ...


Safety Airway For Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using A Gas Particles Behavior Analogy, Pablo Rangel Jan 2017

Safety Airway For Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using A Gas Particles Behavior Analogy, Pablo Rangel

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) implemented the Part 107 legislation to allow the flight of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) for commercial use (i.e. package deliveries, power transmission line inspections, etc.) in the National Airspace System (NAS). As a consequence of the newly introduced rules, there is an increased risk for accidents involving injured bystanders or damaged to property. The work within this document defines a UAV to UAV safety distance model that acts as a range sensor enabled "elastic bubble". The length of the UAV safety bubble contracts and expands upon changing airway wind speed conditions. It ...