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University of Tennessee, Knoxville

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Articles 1 - 30 of 118

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Stability In Government, Emerging Technology, And Decentralized Economies: An Analysis Of Alternative Uses Of Cryptocurrencies, Mickayla Stogsdill May 2019

Stability In Government, Emerging Technology, And Decentralized Economies: An Analysis Of Alternative Uses Of Cryptocurrencies, Mickayla Stogsdill

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Comparison Of Verbalized Feedback In Human To Computer Interfacing Versus Human To Human Interaction, Kea Francis Feb 2019

The Comparison Of Verbalized Feedback In Human To Computer Interfacing Versus Human To Human Interaction, Kea Francis

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The project evaluates response to social robots for purposeful tasks. The study uses a social robot, Rapiro, along with a smartphone that serves as a visual interface for the robot system. My role was to design a program on a Raspberry Pi that allows simultaneous control of Rapiro’s actions and a response from a phone application. The phone app is downloaded to an Android phone and designed using MIT App Inventor software. This allows pre-programmed and real-time control of the robot. The user inputs what they want the robot to say through the terminal of the Raspberry Pi. Through ...


Increasing Engineering Retention With Mobile Technology: Using Ux/Ui For Us, James H. Cate Jr., Andrey Karnauch, Dakota Sanders, Matt Matto Dec 2018

Increasing Engineering Retention With Mobile Technology: Using Ux/Ui For Us, James H. Cate Jr., Andrey Karnauch, Dakota Sanders, Matt Matto

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Dynamic In Vivo Skeletal Feature Tracking Via Fluoroscopy Using A Human Gait Model, William Patrick Anderson Dec 2017

Dynamic In Vivo Skeletal Feature Tracking Via Fluoroscopy Using A Human Gait Model, William Patrick Anderson

Doctoral Dissertations

The Tracking Fluoroscope System II, a mobile robotic fluoroscopy platform, developed and built at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, presently employs a pattern matching algorithm in order to identify and track a marker placed upon a subject’s knee joint of interest. The purpose of this research is to generate a new tracking algorithm based around the human gait cycle for prediction and improving the overall accuracy of joint tracking.

This research centers around processing the acquired x-ray images of the desired knee joint obtained during standard clinical operation in order to identify and track directly through the acquired image ...


Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard Dec 2017

Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard

Masters Theses

Many promising memory technologies, such as non-volatile, storage-class memories and high-bandwidth, on-chip RAMs, are beginning to emerge. Since each of these new technologies present tradeoffs distinct from conventional DRAMs, next-generation systems are likely to include multiple tiers of memory storage, each with their own type of devices. To efficiently utilize the available hardware, such systems will need to alter their data management strategies to consider the performance and capabilities provided by each tier.

This work explores a variety of cross-layer strategies for managing application data in heterogeneous memory systems. We propose different program profiling-based techniques to automatically partition program allocation ...


Computational Imaging Approach To Recovery Of Target Coordinates Using Orbital Sensor Data, Michael D. Vaughan Aug 2017

Computational Imaging Approach To Recovery Of Target Coordinates Using Orbital Sensor Data, Michael D. Vaughan

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation addresses the components necessary for simulation of an image-based recovery of the position of a target using orbital image sensors. Each component is considered in detail, focusing on the effect that design choices and system parameters have on the accuracy of the position estimate. Changes in sensor resolution, varying amounts of blur, differences in image noise level, selection of algorithms used for each component, and lag introduced by excessive processing time all contribute to the accuracy of the result regarding recovery of target coordinates using orbital sensor data.

Using physical targets and sensors in this scenario would be ...


Learning Multimodal Structures In Computer Vision, Ali Taalimi Aug 2017

Learning Multimodal Structures In Computer Vision, Ali Taalimi

Doctoral Dissertations

A phenomenon or event can be received from various kinds of detectors or under different conditions. Each such acquisition framework is a modality of the phenomenon. Due to the relation between the modalities of multimodal phenomena, a single modality cannot fully describe the event of interest. Since several modalities report on the same event introduces new challenges comparing to the case of exploiting each modality separately.

We are interested in designing new algorithmic tools to apply sensor fusion techniques in the particular signal representation of sparse coding which is a favorite methodology in signal processing, machine learning and statistics to ...


Modeling The Consumer Acceptance Of Retail Service Robots, So Young Song Aug 2017

Modeling The Consumer Acceptance Of Retail Service Robots, So Young Song

Doctoral Dissertations

This study uses the Computers Are Social Actors (CASA) and domestication theories as the underlying framework of an acceptance model of retail service robots (RSRs). The model illustrates the relationships among facilitators, attitudes toward Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), anxiety toward robots, anticipated service quality, and the acceptance of RSRs. Specifically, the researcher investigates the extent to which the facilitators of usefulness, social capability, the appearance of RSRs, and the attitudes toward HRI affect acceptance and increase the anticipation of service quality. The researcher also tests the inhibiting role of pre-existing anxiety toward robots on the relationship between these facilitators and attitudes ...


A Probabilistic Software Framework For Scalable Data Storage And Integrity Check, Sisi Xiong Aug 2017

A Probabilistic Software Framework For Scalable Data Storage And Integrity Check, Sisi Xiong

Doctoral Dissertations

Data has overwhelmed the digital world in terms of volume, variety and velocity. Data- intensive applications are facing unprecedented challenges. On the other hand, computation resources, such as memory, suffer from shortage comparing to data scale. However, in certain applications, it is a must to process large amount of data in a time efficient manner. Probabilistic approaches are compromises between these three perspectives: large amount of data, limited computation resources and high time efficiency, in the sense that those approaches cannot guarantee 100% correctness, their error rates, however, are predictable and adjustable depending on available computation resources and time constraints ...


Wide-Area Measurement-Driven Approaches For Power System Modeling And Analytics, Hesen Liu Aug 2017

Wide-Area Measurement-Driven Approaches For Power System Modeling And Analytics, Hesen Liu

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation presents wide-area measurement-driven approaches for power system modeling and analytics. Accurate power system dynamic models are the very basis of power system analysis, control, and operation. Meanwhile, phasor measurement data provide first-hand knowledge of power system dynamic behaviors. The idea of building out innovative applications with synchrophasor data is promising.

Taking advantage of the real-time wide-area measurements, one of phasor measurements’ novel applications is to develop a synchrophasor-based auto-regressive with exogenous inputs (ARX) model that can be updated online to estimate or predict system dynamic responses.

Furthermore, since auto-regressive models are in a big family, the ARX model ...


Scalable High-Speed Communications For Neuromorphic Systems, Aaron Reed Young Aug 2017

Scalable High-Speed Communications For Neuromorphic Systems, Aaron Reed Young

Masters Theses

Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGA), application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC), and other chip/multi-chip level implementations can be used to implement Dynamic Adaptive Neural Network Arrays (DANNA). In some applications, DANNA interfaces with a traditional computing system to provide neural network configuration information, provide network input, process network outputs, and monitor the state of the network. The present host-to-DANNA network communication setup uses a Cypress USB 3.0 peripheral controller (FX3) to enable host-to-array communication over USB 3.0. This communications setup has to run commands in batches and does not have enough bandwidth to meet the maximum throughput requirements of the ...


Tiled Danna: Dynamic Adaptive Neural Network Array Scaled Across Multiple Chips, Patricia Jean Eckhart Aug 2017

Tiled Danna: Dynamic Adaptive Neural Network Array Scaled Across Multiple Chips, Patricia Jean Eckhart

Masters Theses

Tiled Dynamic Adaptive Neural Network Array(Tiled DANNA) is a recurrent spiking neural network structure composed of programmable biologically inspired neurons and synapses that scales across multiple FPGA chips. Fire events that occur on and within DANNA initiate spiking behaviors in the programmable elements allowing DANNA to hold memory through the synaptic charge propagation and neuronal charge accumulation. DANNA is a fully digital neuromorphic computing structure based on the NIDA architecture. To support initial prototyping and testing of the Tiled DANNA, multiple Xilinx Virtex 7 690Ts were leveraged. The primary goal of Tiled DANNA is to support scaling of DANNA ...


Eareeg Final Report, Tyler Stuessi, Jeremy Herwig, Dillon Hunneke, Evan Goble, Arthur Vidineyev May 2017

Eareeg Final Report, Tyler Stuessi, Jeremy Herwig, Dillon Hunneke, Evan Goble, Arthur Vidineyev

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Target Detection With Neural Network Hardware, Hollis Bui, Garrett Massman, Nikolas Spangler, Jalen Tarvin, Luke Bechtel, Kevin Dunn, Shawn Bradford May 2017

Target Detection With Neural Network Hardware, Hollis Bui, Garrett Massman, Nikolas Spangler, Jalen Tarvin, Luke Bechtel, Kevin Dunn, Shawn Bradford

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Optimization Of Spatial Convolution In Convnets On Intel Knl, Sangamesh Nagashattappa Ragate May 2017

Optimization Of Spatial Convolution In Convnets On Intel Knl, Sangamesh Nagashattappa Ragate

Masters Theses

Most of the experts admit that the true behavior of the neural network is hard to predict. It is quite impossible to deterministically prove the working of the neural network as the architecture gets bigger, yet, it is observed that it is possible to apply a well engineered network to solve one of the most abstract problems like image recognition with substantial accuracy. It requires enormous amount of training of a considerably big and complex neural network to understand its behavior and iteratively improve its accuracy in solving a certain problem. Deep Neural Networks, which are fairly popular nowadays deal ...


Context-Sensitive Auto-Sanitization For Php, Jared M. Smith, Richard J. Connor, David P. Cunningham, Kyle G. Bashour, Walter T. Work Dec 2016

Context-Sensitive Auto-Sanitization For Php, Jared M. Smith, Richard J. Connor, David P. Cunningham, Kyle G. Bashour, Walter T. Work

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Scheduling For Timely Passenger Delivery In A Large Scale Ride Sharing System, Yang Zhang Dec 2016

Scheduling For Timely Passenger Delivery In A Large Scale Ride Sharing System, Yang Zhang

Masters Theses

Taxi ride sharing is one of the most promising solutions to urban transportation issues, such as traffic congestion, gas insufficiency, air pollution, limited parking space and unaffordable parking charge, taxi shortage in peak hours, etc. Despite the enormous demands of such service and its exciting social benefits, there is still a shortage of successful automated operations of ride sharing systems around the world. Two of the bottlenecks are: (1) on-time delivery is not guaranteed; (2) matching and scheduling drivers and passengers is a NP-hard problem, and optimization based models do not support real time scheduling on large scale systems.

This ...


Architecture For Real-Time, Low-Swap Embedded Vision Using Fpgas, Steven Andrew Clukey Dec 2016

Architecture For Real-Time, Low-Swap Embedded Vision Using Fpgas, Steven Andrew Clukey

Masters Theses

In this thesis we designed, prototyped, and constructed a printed circuit board for real-time, low size, weight, and power (SWaP) HDMI video processing and developed a general purpose library of image processing functions for FPGAs.

The printed circuit board is a baseboard for a Xilinx Zynq based system-on-module (SoM). The board provides power, HDMI input, and HDMI output to the SoM and enables low-SWaP, high-resolution, real-time video processing.

The image processing library for FPGAs is designed for high performance and high reusability. These objectives are achieved by utilizing the Chisel hardware construction language to create parameterized modules that construct low-level ...


Topology Design And Delay Control For Communication Networks In Smart Grid, Xiaodong Wang Aug 2016

Topology Design And Delay Control For Communication Networks In Smart Grid, Xiaodong Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Stability is a critical concern in the design and maintenance of power systems. Different approaches have been proposed for the analysis of power grid stability in various scenarios depending on small or large perturbations and the speed of the phenomenon of interest. In this work, we consider the power grid as a group of flocking birds, as synchronization is the key issue in both contexts. The framework of partial difference equation (PdE) is used to analyze the system stability, when designing the communication network of the power grid network for conveying measurements between different power stations. Both the cases where ...


Extending Capability And Implementing A Web Interface For The Xalt Software Monitoring Tool, Kapil Agrawal Aug 2016

Extending Capability And Implementing A Web Interface For The Xalt Software Monitoring Tool, Kapil Agrawal

Masters Theses

As high performance computing centers evolve in terms of hardware, software, and user-base, the act of monitoring and managing such systems requires specialized tools. The tool discussed in this thesis is XALT, which is a collaborative effort between the National Institute for Computational Sciences and Texas Advanced Computing Center. XALT is designed to track link-time and job level information for applications that are compiled and executed on any Linux cluster, workstation, or high-end supercomputer. The key objectives of this work are to extend the existing functionality of XALT and implement a real-time web portal to easily visualize the tracked data ...


Autonomous Android: Autonomous 3d Environment Mapping With Android Controlled Multicopters, Tate Glick Hawkersmith Aug 2016

Autonomous Android: Autonomous 3d Environment Mapping With Android Controlled Multicopters, Tate Glick Hawkersmith

Masters Theses

Autonomous robots are robotic platforms with a high degree of autonomy, programmed to perform various behaviors or tasks. They can either be semi-autonomous, only operable within the strict confines of their direct environment, or fully autonomous, capable of sensing and navigating their environments without any human interaction.

In this thesis, I focus on fully autonomous robotic platforms, specifically multicopters, controlled by an onboard Android-driven device, a widely available operating system for smartphones and tablets with over 1.4 billion active monthly users worldwide [Callaham 2015]. The main objective of this research is to create a plug and play solution for ...


The Design And Validation Of A Wireless Bat-Mounted Sonar Recording System, Jeremy Joseph Langford Aug 2016

The Design And Validation Of A Wireless Bat-Mounted Sonar Recording System, Jeremy Joseph Langford

Masters Theses

Scientists studying the behavior of bats monitor their echolocation calls, as their calls are important for navigation and feeding, but scientist are typically restricted to ground-based recording. Recording bat calls used for echolocation from the back of the bat as opposed to the ground offers the opportunity to study bat echolocation from a vantage otherwise only offered to the bats themselves. However, designing a bat mounted in-flight audio recording system, (bat-tag), capable of recording the ultra-sound used in bat echolocation presents a unique set of challenges. Chiefly, the bat-tag must be sufficiently light weight as to not overburden the bat ...


An Application Of The Universal Verification Methodology, Rui Ma Aug 2016

An Application Of The Universal Verification Methodology, Rui Ma

Masters Theses

The Universal Verification Methodology (UVM) package is an open-source SystemVerilog library, which is used to set up a class-based hierarchical testbench. UVM testbenches improve the reusability of Verilog testbenches. Direct Memory Access (DMA) plays an important role in modern computer architecture. When using DMA to transfer data between a host machine and field-programmable gate array (FPGA) accelerator, a modularized DMA core on the FPGA frees the host side Central Processing Unit(CPU) during the transfer, helps to save FPGA resources, and enhances performance. Verifying the functionality of a DMA core is essential before mapping it to the FPGA. In this ...


Face Centered Image Analysis Using Saliency And Deep Learning Based Techniques, Rui Guo Aug 2016

Face Centered Image Analysis Using Saliency And Deep Learning Based Techniques, Rui Guo

Doctoral Dissertations

Image analysis starts with the purpose of configuring vision machines that can perceive like human to intelligently infer general principles and sense the surrounding situations from imagery. This dissertation studies the face centered image analysis as the core problem in high level computer vision research and addresses the problem by tackling three challenging subjects: Are there anything interesting in the image? If there is, what is/are that/they? If there is a person presenting, who is he/she? What kind of expression he/she is performing? Can we know his/her age? Answering these problems results in the saliency-based ...


Achieving High Reliability And Efficiency In Maintaining Large-Scale Storage Systems Through Optimal Resource Provisioning And Data Placement, Lipeng Wan Aug 2016

Achieving High Reliability And Efficiency In Maintaining Large-Scale Storage Systems Through Optimal Resource Provisioning And Data Placement, Lipeng Wan

Doctoral Dissertations

With the explosive increase in the amount of data being generated by various applications, large-scale distributed and parallel storage systems have become common data storage solutions and been widely deployed and utilized in both industry and academia. While these high performance storage systems significantly accelerate the data storage and retrieval, they also bring some critical issues in system maintenance and management. In this dissertation, I propose three methodologies to address three of these critical issues.

First, I develop an optimal resource management and spare provisioning model to minimize the impact brought by component failures and ensure a highly operational experience ...


Standardizing Functional Safety Assessments For Off-The-Shelf Instrumentation And Controls, Andrew Michael Nack May 2016

Standardizing Functional Safety Assessments For Off-The-Shelf Instrumentation And Controls, Andrew Michael Nack

Masters Theses

It is typical for digital instrumentation and controls, used to manage significant risk, to undergo substantial amounts of scrutiny. The equipment must be proven to have the necessary level of design integrity. The details of the scrutiny vary based on the particular industry, but the ultimate goal is to provide sufficient evidence that the equipment will operate successfully when performing their required functions.

To be able to stand up to the scrutiny and more importantly, successfully perform the required safety functions, the equipment must be designed to defend against random hardware failures and also to prevent systematic faults. These design ...


Interactive Debriefing Application (Ida), Quentin Eastridge, Erik Vass Apr 2016

Interactive Debriefing Application (Ida), Quentin Eastridge, Erik Vass

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Health Information Technology & Simulation Lab (HITS Lab) is an interprofessional effort aimed at enhancing consumer and professional health education through the advancement of health information technology. The HITS Lab brings together expertise from multiple disciplines to promote active simulated learning and the development and testing of new health technology. The lab’s latest development is the Interactive Debriefing Application (IDA). This tablet application will engage students as they observe medical simulations. The IDA will transform students from passive to active observers as they engage with what they are seeing in the simulation. The application will also enhance the face-to-face debriefing ...


Hyperspectral Data Acquisition And Its Application For Face Recognition, Woon Cho Dec 2015

Hyperspectral Data Acquisition And Its Application For Face Recognition, Woon Cho

Doctoral Dissertations

Current face recognition systems are rife with serious challenges in uncontrolled conditions: e.g., unrestrained lighting, pose variations, accessories, etc. Hyperspectral imaging (HI) is typically employed to counter many of those challenges, by incorporating the spectral information within different bands. Although numerous methods based on hyperspectral imaging have been developed for face recognition with promising results, three fundamental challenges remain: 1) low signal to noise ratios and low intensity values in the bands of the hyperspectral image specifically near blue bands; 2) high dimensionality of hyperspectral data; and 3) inter-band misalignment (IBM) correlated with subject motion during data acquisition.

This ...


Neuron Clustering For Mitigating Catastrophic Forgetting In Supervised And Reinforcement Learning, Benjamin Frederick Goodrich Dec 2015

Neuron Clustering For Mitigating Catastrophic Forgetting In Supervised And Reinforcement Learning, Benjamin Frederick Goodrich

Doctoral Dissertations

Neural networks have had many great successes in recent years, particularly with the advent of deep learning and many novel training techniques. One issue that has affected neural networks and prevented them from performing well in more realistic online environments is that of catastrophic forgetting. Catastrophic forgetting affects supervised learning systems when input samples are temporally correlated or are non-stationary. However, most real-world problems are non-stationary in nature, resulting in prolonged periods of time separating inputs drawn from different regions of the input space.

Reinforcement learning represents a worst-case scenario when it comes to precipitating catastrophic forgetting in neural networks ...


Using Gpu To Accelerate Linear Computations In Power System Applications, Xue Li Dec 2015

Using Gpu To Accelerate Linear Computations In Power System Applications, Xue Li

Doctoral Dissertations

With the development of advanced power system controls, the industrial and research community is becoming more interested in simulating larger interconnected power grids. It is always critical to incorporate advanced computing technologies to accelerate these power system computations. Power flow, one of the most fundamental computations in power system analysis, converts the solution of non-linear systems to that of a set of linear systems via the Newton method or one of its variants. An efficient solution to these linear equations is the key to improving the performance of power flow computation, and hence to accelerating other power system applications based ...