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Selected Works

Computer Sciences

Ubiquitous Computing

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Sugarmap: Location-Less Coverage For Micro-Aerial Sensing Swarms, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Pei Zhang Apr 2013

Sugarmap: Location-Less Coverage For Micro-Aerial Sensing Swarms, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

No abstract provided.


Polaris: Getting Accurate Indoor Orientations For Mobile Devices Using Ubiquitous Visual Patterns On Ceilings, Zheng Sun Feb 2012

Polaris: Getting Accurate Indoor Orientations For Mobile Devices Using Ubiquitous Visual Patterns On Ceilings, Zheng Sun

Zheng Sun

Ubiquitous computing applications commonly use digital compass sensors to obtain orientation of a device relative to the magnetic north of the earth. However, these compass readings are always prone to significant errors in indoor environments due to presence of metallic objects in close proximity. Such errors can adversely affect the performance and quality of user experience of the applications utilizing digital compass sensors.

In this paper, we propose Polaris, a novel approach to provide reliable orientation information for mobile devices in indoor environments. Polaris achieves this by aggregating pictures of the ceiling of an indoor environment and applies computer vision ...


Pandaa: Physical Arrangement Detection Of Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kaifei Chen, Shijia Pan, Trevor Pering, Pei Zhang Sep 2011

Pandaa: Physical Arrangement Detection Of Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kaifei Chen, Shijia Pan, Trevor Pering, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

Future ubiquitous home environments can contain 10s or 100s of devices. Ubiquitous services running on these devices (i.e. localizing users, routing, security algorithms) will commonly require an accurate location of each device. In order to obtain these locations, existing techniques require either a manual survey, active sound sources, or estimation using wireless radios. These techniques, however, need additional hardware capabilities and are intrusive to the user. Non-intrusive, automatic localization of ubiquitous computing devices in the home has the potential to greatly facilitate device deployments.

This paper presents the PANDAA system, a zero-configuration spatial localization system for networked devices based ...


Pandaa: Physical Arrangement Detection Of Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kaifei Chen, Shijia Pan, Trevor Pering, Pei Zhang Sep 2011

Pandaa: Physical Arrangement Detection Of Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kaifei Chen, Shijia Pan, Trevor Pering, Pei Zhang

Aveek Purohit

Future ubiquitous home environments can contain 10s or 100s of devices. Ubiquitous services running on these devices (i.e. localizing users, routing, security algorithms) will commonly require an accurate location of each device. In order to obtain these locations, existing techniques require either a manual survey, active sound sources, or estimation using wireless radios. These techniques, however, need additional hardware capabilities and are intrusive to the user. Non-intrusive, automatic localization of ubiquitous computing devices in the home has the potential to greatly facilitate device deployments.

This paper presents the PANDAA system, a zero-configuration spatial localization system for networked devices based ...


Pandaa: A Physical Arrangement Detection Technique For Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Philippe De Wagter, Irina Brinster, Chorom Hamm, Pei Zhang Aug 2011

Pandaa: A Physical Arrangement Detection Technique For Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Philippe De Wagter, Irina Brinster, Chorom Hamm, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

This demo presents PANDAA, a zero-configuration automatic spatial localization technique for networked devices based on ambient sound sensing. We will demonstrate that after initial placement of the devices, ambient sounds, such as human speech, music, footsteps, finger snaps, hand claps, or coughs and sneezes, can be used to autonomously resolve the spatial relative arrangement of devices, such as mobile phones, using trigonometric bounds and successive approximation.


Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang Jun 2011

Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

Pervasive medical monitoring has become an ideal alter- native to nursing care for elderly people and patients in hospitals. Existing systems using single body-worn sensors are often intrusive and less reliable. By contrast, ubiqui- tous acoustic sensing techniques can support non-intrusive and robust medical monitoring. In this paper, we describe CoughLoc, a ubiquitous acoustic sensing system for con- tinuous cough detection using a wireless sensor network. We show how knowledge of sound source locations can be leveraged to improve the detection accuracy of sound events caused by mobile users. Experiments in indoor environ- ments show our system achieves over 90 ...


Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang Apr 2011

Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang

Aveek Purohit

Pervasive medical monitoring has become an ideal alter- native to nursing care for elderly people and patients in hospitals. Existing systems using single body-worn sensors are often intrusive and less reliable. By contrast, ubiqui- tous acoustic sensing techniques can support non-intrusive and robust medical monitoring. In this paper, we describe CoughLoc, a ubiquitous acoustic sensing system for con- tinuous cough detection using a wireless sensor network. We show how knowledge of sound source locations can be leveraged to improve the detection accuracy of sound events caused by mobile users. Experiments in indoor environ- ments show our system achieves over 90 ...


Sensorfly: Controlled-Mobile Sensing Platform For Indoor Emergency Response Applications, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Frank Mokaya, Pei Zhang Apr 2011

Sensorfly: Controlled-Mobile Sensing Platform For Indoor Emergency Response Applications, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Frank Mokaya, Pei Zhang

Aveek Purohit

Indoor emergency response situations, such as urban fire, are characterized by dangerous constantly-changing operating environments with little access to situational information for first responders. In-situ information about the conditions, such as the extent and evolution of an indoor fire, can augment rescue efforts and reduce risk to emergency personnel. Static sensor networks that are pre-deployed or manually deployed have been proposed, but are less practical due to need for large infrastructure, lack of adaptivity and limited coverage. Controlled-mobility in sensor networks, i.e. the capability of nodes to move as per network needs can provide the desired autonomy to overcome ...


Sensorfly: Controlled-Mobile Sensing Platform For Indoor Emergency Response Applications, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Frank Mokaya, Pei Zhang Apr 2011

Sensorfly: Controlled-Mobile Sensing Platform For Indoor Emergency Response Applications, Aveek Purohit, Zheng Sun, Frank Mokaya, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

Indoor emergency response situations, such as urban fire, are characterized by dangerous constantly-changing operating environments with little access to situational information for first responders. In-situ information about the conditions, such as the extent and evolution of an indoor fire, can augment rescue efforts and reduce risk to emergency personnel. Static sensor networks that are pre-deployed or manually deployed have been proposed, but are less practical due to need for large infrastructure, lack of adaptivity and limited coverage. Controlled-mobility in sensor networks, i.e. the capability of nodes to move as per network needs can provide the desired autonomy to overcome ...


Cortina: Collaborative Context-Aware Indoor Positioning Employing Rss And Rtof Techniques, Zheng Sun, Richard Farley, Telis Kaleas, Judy Ellis, Kiran Chikkappa Mar 2011

Cortina: Collaborative Context-Aware Indoor Positioning Employing Rss And Rtof Techniques, Zheng Sun, Richard Farley, Telis Kaleas, Judy Ellis, Kiran Chikkappa

Zheng Sun

Cortina is an energy-efficient indoor localization system, which leverages a wireless sensor network to support navigation and tracking applications. To improve the localization performance, we develop a hybrid ranging system, which incor- porate both RSS and RToF-based techniques. To overcome effects from indoor multipath, we design and implement algorithms to take account various context information. We evaluated the system over a 2000m2 area instrumented with twenty-six fixed nodes. Evaluation results show the system achieved 2.5m accuracy in a pedestrian tracking application.