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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

A Parameterized Stereo Vision Core For Fpgas, Mark Chang, Stephen Longfield Jul 2012

A Parameterized Stereo Vision Core For Fpgas, Mark Chang, Stephen Longfield

Mark L. Chang

We present a parameterized stereo vision core suitable for a wide range of FPGA targets and stereo vision applications. By enabling easy tuning of algorithm parameters, our system allows for rapid exploration of the design space and simpler implementation of high-performance stereo vision systems. This implementation utilizes the census transform algorithm to calculate depth information from a pair of images delivered from a simulated stereo camera pair. This work advances our previous work through implementation improvements, a stereo camera pair simulation framework, and a scalable stereo vision core.


Precis: A Usercentric Word-Length Optimization Tool, Mark Chang, Scott Hauck Jul 2012

Precis: A Usercentric Word-Length Optimization Tool, Mark Chang, Scott Hauck

Mark L. Chang

Translating an algorithm designed for a general-purpose processor into an algorithm optimized for custom logic requires extensive knowledge of the algorithm and the target hardware. Precis lets designers analyze the precision requirements of algorithms specified in Matlab. The design time tool combines simulation, user input, and program analysis to help designers focus their manual precision optimization efforts.


Low-Cost Stereo Vision On An Fpga, Chris A. Murphy, Daniel Lindquist, Ann Marie Rynning, Thomas Cecil, Sarah Leavitt, Mark L. Chang Jul 2012

Low-Cost Stereo Vision On An Fpga, Chris A. Murphy, Daniel Lindquist, Ann Marie Rynning, Thomas Cecil, Sarah Leavitt, Mark L. Chang

Mark L. Chang

We present a low-cost stereo vision implementation suitable for use in autonomous vehicle applications and designed with agricultural applications in mind. This implementation utilizes the Census transform algorithm to calculate depth maps from a stereo pair of automotive-grade CMOS cameras. The final prototype utilizes commodity hardware, including a Xilinx Spartan-3 FPGA, to process 320times240 pixel images at greater than 150 frames per second and deliver them via a USB 2.0 interface.


Automated Least-Significant Bit Datapath Optimization For Fpgas, Mark L. Chang, Scott Hauck Jul 2012

Automated Least-Significant Bit Datapath Optimization For Fpgas, Mark L. Chang, Scott Hauck

Mark L. Chang

In this paper, we present a method for FPGA datapath precision optimization subject to user-defined area and error constraints. This work builds upon our previous research which presented a methodology for optimizing the dynamic range- the most significant bit position. In this work, we present an automated optimization technique for the least-significant bit position of circuit datapaths. We present results describing the effectiveness of our methods on typical signal and image processing kernels.