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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Impact Of The Application Layer Protocol On Energy Consumption, 4g Utilization And Performance How The Application Layer Protocol Strengthens Green Iot, Sachin Pawaskar, Johannes Hofer Jul 2018

Impact Of The Application Layer Protocol On Energy Consumption, 4g Utilization And Performance How The Application Layer Protocol Strengthens Green Iot, Sachin Pawaskar, Johannes Hofer

Sachin Pawaskar

The IoT communication over our data highways is growing tremendously. In future many device and machine manufacturers will transmit data from customer end-devices to data centers to improve and change the products to the customer’s needs. The focus of the next decades will be on reducing energy consumption and data overhead in order to keep utilization of 4G/5G networks low. This paper analyzes two different communication approaches often used in IoT scenarios. The benchmark compares the protocol MQTT against the RESTful approach which is based on HTTP(s) in terms of energy consumption and performance. The results of ...


A Building Permit System For Smart Cities: A Cloud-Based Framework, Magdalini Eirinaki, Subhankar Dhar, Shishir Mathur, Adwait Kaley, Arpit Patel, Akshar Joshi, Dhvani Shah Jun 2018

A Building Permit System For Smart Cities: A Cloud-Based Framework, Magdalini Eirinaki, Subhankar Dhar, Shishir Mathur, Adwait Kaley, Arpit Patel, Akshar Joshi, Dhvani Shah

Magdalini Eirinaki

In this paper we propose a novel, cloud-based framework to support citizens and city officials in the building permit process. The proposed framework is efficient, user-friendly, and transparent with a quick turn-around time for homeowners. Compared to existing permit systems, the proposed smart city permit framework provides a pre-permitting decision workflow, and incorporates a data analytics and mining module that enables the continuous improvement of both the end user experience and the permitting and urban planning processes. This is enabled through a data mining-powered permit recommendation engine as well as a data analytics process that allow a gleaning of key ...


Scrumtutor: A Web-Based Interactive Tutorial For Scrum Software Development, Sindhura Potineni, Srividya K. Bansal, Ashish Amresh Apr 2018

Scrumtutor: A Web-Based Interactive Tutorial For Scrum Software Development, Sindhura Potineni, Srividya K. Bansal, Ashish Amresh

Ashish Amresh

In a traditional software engineering class, students are typically engaged in theoretical lectures followed by homework assignments or a project. Use of hands-on training and laboratory activities using realworld projects is more likely to produce students with a higher level of achievement and more confidence in the course material. If every topic or technique introduced in the course has a corresponding hands-on activity that demonstrates an application or use of the concept in the industry, students better understand the need for the technique and the learning environment is more interactive, engaging, and interesting to students. This paper presents a project ...


Social Recommendations For Personalized Fitness Assistance, Saumil Dharia, Magdalini Eirinaki, Vijesh Jain, Jvalant Patel, Iraklis Varlamis, Jainikkumar Vora, Rizen Yamauchi Mar 2018

Social Recommendations For Personalized Fitness Assistance, Saumil Dharia, Magdalini Eirinaki, Vijesh Jain, Jvalant Patel, Iraklis Varlamis, Jainikkumar Vora, Rizen Yamauchi

Magdalini Eirinaki

Wearable technology allows users to monitor their activity and pursue a healthy lifestyle through the use of embedded sensors. Such wearables usually connect to a mobile application that allows them to set their profile and keep track of their goals. However, due to the relatively “high maintenance” of such applications, where a significant amount of user feedback is expected, users who are very busy, or not as self-motivated, stop using them after a while. It has been shown that accountability improves commitment to an exercise routine. In this work, we present the PRO-Fit framework, a personalized fitness assistant aiming at ...


The Fat-Pyramid: A Robust Network For Parallel Computation, Ronald I. Greenberg Jan 2018

The Fat-Pyramid: A Robust Network For Parallel Computation, Ronald I. Greenberg

Ronald Greenberg

This paper shows that a fat-pyramid of area Theta(A) built from processors of size lg A requires only O(lg^2 A) slowdown in bit-times to simulate any network of area A under very general conditions. Specifically, there is no restriction on processor size (amount of attached memory) or number of processors in the competing network, nor is the assumption of unit wire delay required. This paper also derives upper bounds on the slowdown required by a fat-pyramid to simulate a network of larger area in the case of unit wire delay.


Pythagorean Combinations For Lego Robot Building., Ronald I. Greenberg Jan 2018

Pythagorean Combinations For Lego Robot Building., Ronald I. Greenberg

Ronald Greenberg

This paper provides tips for LEGO robot construction involving bracing or gear meshing along a diagonal using standard Botball kits.


Randomized Routing On Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg Jan 2018

Randomized Routing On Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg

Ronald Greenberg

Fat-trees are a class of routing networks for hardware-efficient parallel computation. This paper presents a randomized algorithm for routing messages on a fat-tree. The quality of the algorithm is measured in terms of the load factor of a set of messages to be routed, which is a lower bound on the time required to deliver the messages. We show that if a set of messages has load factor lambda on a fat-tree with n processors, the number of delivery cycles (routing attempts) that the algorithm requires is O(lambda+lgnlglgn) with probability 1-O(1/n). The ...


Pythagorean Approximations For Lego: Merging Educational Robot Construction With Programming And Data Analysis, Ronald I. Greenberg Jan 2018

Pythagorean Approximations For Lego: Merging Educational Robot Construction With Programming And Data Analysis, Ronald I. Greenberg

Ronald Greenberg

Abstract. This paper can be used in two ways. It can provide reference information for incorporating diagonal elements (for bracing or gear meshing) in educational robots built from standard LEGO kits. Alternatively, it can be used as the basis for an assignment for high school or college students to recreate this information; in the process, students will exercise skills in both computer programming and data analysis. Using the paper in the second way can be an excellent integrative experience to add to an existing course; for example, the Exploring Computer Science high school curriculum concludes with the units “Introduction to ...


Motion Planning For Simple Two-Wheeled Robots, Ronald I. Greenberg, Jeffery M. Karp Jan 2018

Motion Planning For Simple Two-Wheeled Robots, Ronald I. Greenberg, Jeffery M. Karp

Ronald Greenberg

This paper considers various simple ways of navigating in a 2-dimensianal territory with a two-wheeled robot of a type typical in educational robotics. We determine shortest paths under various modes of operation and compare.


An Empirical Comparison Of Area-Universal And Other Parallel Computing Networks, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan Jan 2018

An Empirical Comparison Of Area-Universal And Other Parallel Computing Networks, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Ronald Greenberg

This paper provides empirical comparison of the communication capabilities of two area-universal networks, the fat-tree and the fat-pyramid, to the popular mesh and hypercube networks for parallel computation. While area-universal networks have been proven capable of simulating, with modest slowdown, any computation of any other network of comparable area, prior work has generally left open the question of how area-universal networks compare to other networks in practice. Comparisons are performed using techniques of throughput and latency analysis that have previously been applied to k-ary n-cube networks and using various existing models to equate the hardware cost of the networks being ...


An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan Jan 2018

An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Ronald Greenberg

A performance model for wormhole routed interconnection networks is presented and applied to the butterfly fat-tree network. Experimental results agree very closely over a wide range of load rate. Novel aspects of the model, leading to accurate and simple performance predictions, include (1) use of multiple-server queues, and (2) a general method of correcting queuing results based on Poisson arrivals to apply to wormhole routing. These ideas can also be applied to other networks.


An Empirical Comparison Of Networks And Routing Strategies For Parallel Computation, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan Jan 2018

An Empirical Comparison Of Networks And Routing Strategies For Parallel Computation, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Ronald Greenberg

This paper compares message routing capabilities of important networks proposed for general-purpose parallel computing. All the networks have been proven to have some type of universality property, i.e., an ability to simulate other networks of comparable cost with modest slowdown, using appropriate cost and communication models. But in this paper we seek an empirical comparison of communication capability under typical direct use rather than an analysis of worst-case results for simulating message traffic of another network.


A Systolic Simulation And Transformation System, Ronald I. Greenberg, H.-C. Oh Jan 2018

A Systolic Simulation And Transformation System, Ronald I. Greenberg, H.-C. Oh

Ronald Greenberg

This paper presents a CAD tool, SystSim, to ease the design of systolic systems. Given a high-level, functional description of processors, and a high-level description of their interconnection, SystSim will perform simulations and provide graphical output. SystSim will also perform transformations such as retiming, which eases use of the methodology of Leiserson and Saxe of designing a system with broadcasting and then obtaining a systolic system through retiming.


Recommender Systems For Large-Scale Social Networks: A Review Of Challenges And Solutions, Magdalini Eirinaki, Jerry Gao, Iraklis Varlamis, Konstantinos Tserpes Dec 2017

Recommender Systems For Large-Scale Social Networks: A Review Of Challenges And Solutions, Magdalini Eirinaki, Jerry Gao, Iraklis Varlamis, Konstantinos Tserpes

Magdalini Eirinaki

Social networks have become very important for networking, communications, and content sharing. Social networking applications generate a huge amount of data on a daily basis and social networks constitute a growing field of research, because of the heterogeneity of data and structures formed in them, and their size and dynamics. When this wealth of data is leveraged by recommender systems, the resulting coupling can help address interesting problems related to social engagement, member recruitment, and friend recommendations.

In this work we review the various facets of large-scale social recommender systems, summarizing the challenges and interesting problems and discussing some of ...