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Digital Communications and Networking

Directional Antennas

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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Connectivity Of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Impacts Of Antenna Models, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao Dec 2012

Connectivity Of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Impacts Of Antenna Models, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao

Hong-Ning Dai

This paper concerns the impact of various antenna models on the network connectivity of wireless ad hoc networks. Existing antenna models have their pros and cons in the accuracy reflecting realistic antennas and the computational complexity. We therefore propose a new directional antenna model called Approx-real to balance the accuracy against the complexity. We then run extensive simulations to compare the existing models and the Approx-real model in terms of the network connectivity. The study results show that the Approx-real model can better approximate the best accurate existing antenna models than other simplified antenna models, while introducing no high computational ...


Eavesdropping Security In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Directional Antennas, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao Dec 2012

Eavesdropping Security In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Directional Antennas, Qiu Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Qinglin Zhao

Hong-Ning Dai

The eavesdropping security of wireless ad hoc networks has attracted considerable attention recently. However, most of current studies only consider OMN networks, where each node is mounted with a single omni-directional antenna, which radiates radio signals in all directions and consequently leads to the high eavesdropping possibility. Compared with an omnidirectional antenna, a directional antenna can concentrate the radio signals on some desired directions so that it can potentially reduce the eavesdropping possibility. This paper investigates the eavesdropping security of wireless ad hoc networks equipped with directional antennas. In particular, we study the eavesdropping possibility of OMN networks, SDA networks ...


An Overview Of Using Directional Antennas In Wireless Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2012

An Overview Of Using Directional Antennas In Wireless Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

Compared with omni-directional antennas, directional antennas have many merits, such as lower interference, better spatial reuse, longer transmission range and the improved network capacity. Directional antennas enable numerous emerging outdoor and indoor applications, which have been addressed in many recent studies. Despite the advances in wireless networks with directional antennas (DAWNs), there are many research challenges in all layers of DAWNs. This paper presents a detailed study on recent advances and open research issues on DAWNs. Firstly, we briefly introduce the classification of directional antennas, antenna radiation patterns, antenna modes as well as the challenges in the physical layer of ...


On The Connectivity Of Wireless Networks With Multiple Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai Dec 2011

On The Connectivity Of Wireless Networks With Multiple Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai

Hong-Ning Dai

The network connectivity is one of important measures of the performance of wireless networks. However, most of current studies on the network connectivity only consider either an SOMN network, where each node is mounted with a single omni-directional antenna, or an SDA network, where each node is mounted with a single directional antenna. Using multiple directional antennas instead of a single directional antenna can potentially improve the network performance. In this paper, we investigate the connectivity of a novel network, in terms of an MDA network, where each node is mounted with multiple directional antennas. We found that MDA networks ...


Throughput And Delay In Wireless Sensor Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai Dec 2008

Throughput And Delay In Wireless Sensor Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai

Hong-Ning Dai

Most of studies only consider that wireless sensor networks are equipped with only omni-directional antennas, which can cause high collisions. It is shown that the per node throughput in such networks is decreased with the increased number of nodes. Thus, the transmission with multiple short-range hops is preferred to reduce the interference. However, other studies show that the transmission delay increases with the increased number of hops.

In this paper, we consider using directional antennas in wireless sensor networks. We have found that using directional antennas not only can increase the throughput capacity but also can decrease the delay by ...


Collision-Tolerant Transmission With Narrow-Beam Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu, Bo Li Oct 2008

Collision-Tolerant Transmission With Narrow-Beam Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu, Bo Li

Hong-Ning Dai

The application of directional antennas in wireless ad hoc networks brings numerous benefits, such as increased spatial reuse and mitigated interference. Most MAC protocols with directional antennas are based on the RTS/CTS mechanism which works well in wireless ad hoc networks using omni-directional antennas. However, RTS/CTS frames cannot mitigate the interference completely. Besides, they also contribute a lot to the performance overhead. This paper studies the problem from a new perspective. We have found that the transmission success probability under directional transmission and directional reception is quite high when the antenna beamwidth is quite narrow. Motivated by the ...


On Collision-Tolerant Transmission With Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2007

On Collision-Tolerant Transmission With Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

The application of directional antennas in wireless networks brings numerous benefits, such as increased spatial reuse and mitigated interferences. Most MAC protocols with directional antennas are based on the RTS/CTS mechanism which works well in wireless networks using omni-directional antennas. However, RTS/CTS frames cannot mitigate the interfering nodes completely. Besides, they also contribute a lot to the performance overhead. This paper studies the problem from a new perspective. We analyze the transmission success probability under directional transmission and directional reception when the antenna beamwidth is quite narrow. Motivated by the analytical results, we design a lightweight MAC protocol ...


On The Capacity Of Multi-Channel Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Raymond Chi-Wing Wong, Min-You Wu Dec 2007

On The Capacity Of Multi-Channel Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Raymond Chi-Wing Wong, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

The capacity of wireless ad hoc networks is affected by two key factors: the interference among concurrent transmissions and the number of simultaneous transmissions on a single interface. Recent studies found that using multiple channels can separate concurrent transmissions and greatly improve network throughput. However, those studies only consider that wireless nodes are equipped with only omnidirectional antennas, which cause high collisions. On the other hand, some researchers found that directional antennas bring more benefits such as reduced interference and increased spatial reuse compared with omnidirectional antennas. But, they only focused on a single-channel network which only allows finite concurrent ...


A Busy-Tone Based Mac Scheme For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2006

A Busy-Tone Based Mac Scheme For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

Applying directional antennas in wireless ad hoc networks offers numerous benefits, such as extended communication range, increased spatial reuse, improved capacity and suppressed interference. However, directional antennas can cause new location-dependent carrier sensing problems, such as new hidden terminal and deafness problems, which can cause severe penalties to the performance. Recently, a few schemes have been proposed to tackle these problems. However, these methods can provide limited solutions on the hidden terminal and deafness problems. We propose a new MAC protocol, termed the busy-tone based directional medium access control (BT-DMAC) protocol. When the transmission is in progress, the sender and ...


An Overview Of Mac Protocols With Directional Antennas In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu Dec 2005

An Overview Of Mac Protocols With Directional Antennas In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

Although directional antennas have been used in mobile communications systems for quite a long time, realistic applications of directional or smart antennas in wireless ad hoc network have emerged just in recent years. Directional antennas provide numerous benefits, such as higher gains, increased transmission range and low interferences. Wireless medium access schemes play a crucial role in ensuring the efficient and fair sharing of wireless resources. Therefore there are many research work on mechanisms at the wireless medium access layer by using directional antennas. The new features of MAC with directional antennas can cause not only location dependent carrier sensing ...