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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Energy Aware Forwarding In Content Centric Based Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Byung-Seo Kim Dec 2015

Energy Aware Forwarding In Content Centric Based Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Byung-Seo Kim

Rana Asif Rehman

Content centric networking (CCN) is a newly proposed futuristic Internet paradigm in which communication depends on the decoupling of content names from their locations. In CCN-based multihop wireless ad hoc networks, the participating nodes show dynamic topology, intermittent connectivity, channels fluctuation, and severe constraints such as limited battery power. In the case of traffic congestion, the affected nodes die early owing to the shortage of battery power. Consequently, all pending request entries are also destroyed, which further degrades the network performance as well as the node working lifetime. In this study, we have proposed a novel energy aware transmission scheme ...


Migration From Copper To Fiber Access Network Using Passive Optical Network For Green And Dry Field Areas Of Pakistan, Umar Farooq Sep 2015

Migration From Copper To Fiber Access Network Using Passive Optical Network For Green And Dry Field Areas Of Pakistan, Umar Farooq

Umar Farooq

Passive Optical Networks (PON) technology brings an evolution in the industry of Telecommunication for the provisioning of High Speed Internet (HSI) and Triple Play bundled Services that includes Voice, Data, and Video Streaming throughout the world. In Pakistan most of the service providers are offering broadband services on traditional copper OSP (Outside Plant) network since 2000. Demand for the high speed internet and broadband is increasing rapidly, it is desired with great need to migrate from traditional copper based OSP network to PON – FTTx (Fiber To The x) infrastructure. Considering the geographical requirements in Pakistan a scalable fiber network is ...


Efficient Logarithmic Function Approximation, Amjad F. Hajjar, Mohammad H. Awedh Jul 2015

Efficient Logarithmic Function Approximation, Amjad F. Hajjar, Mohammad H. Awedh

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

A criteria is developed for the approximations of a logarithmic function to piecewise straight lines at multiple segments such that the maximum absolute error is minimized.The optimum cutting points for segmentation are estimated numerically with an exhaustive search. Our hardware implementation is restricted to integer operations (addition and shifting).


Not Just A Tool. Taking Context Into Account In The Development Of A Mobile App For Rural Water Supply In Tanzania, Robert Hoppe, Anne Wesselink, Rob Lemmens Jun 2015

Not Just A Tool. Taking Context Into Account In The Development Of A Mobile App For Rural Water Supply In Tanzania, Robert Hoppe, Anne Wesselink, Rob Lemmens

Robert Hoppe

The 'eGovernance' hype around the potential of mobile phone and geoweb technologies for enhancing 'good governance' is soaring. In East Africa, the extensive use of mobile telephony adds to the imagined promises of ICT. We reflect on the assumptions made by the proponents of such tools, using our own action research project as an example. We took great care to consider context in the development of software for enhancing empowerment and accountability in rural water supply in Tanzania. However, we found that the rural water supply context in Tanzania is much more complex than the contexts for which successful mApps ...


Ndn-Crahns: Named Data Networking For Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Jong Kim, Byung-Seo Kim Jun 2015

Ndn-Crahns: Named Data Networking For Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Jong Kim, Byung-Seo Kim

Rana Asif Rehman

Named data networking (NDN) is a newly proposed paradigm for future Internet, in which communication among nodes is based on data names, decoupling from their locations. In dynamic and self-organized cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHNs), it is difficult to maintain end-to-end connectivity between ad hoc nodes especially in the presence of licensed users and intermittent wireless channels. Moreover, IP-based CRAHNs have several issues like scalability, inefficient-mapping, poor resource utilization, and location dependence. By leveraging the advantages of NDN, in this paper, we propose a new cross layer fine-grained architecture called named data networking for cognitive radio ad hoc networks ...


Pitch Detection Of Speech Signal Using Wavelet Transform, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Amin Shadravan Lalezari, Jalil Shirazi May 2015

Pitch Detection Of Speech Signal Using Wavelet Transform, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Amin Shadravan Lalezari, Jalil Shirazi

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Pitch frequency is the fundamental frequency of a speech signal. It is one of the most important parameters for speech signal processing. The simulated results on Keele pitch reference database show that the performance of the proposed wavelet transform based pitch detection algorithm is obviously better than the original AMDF and its improvements based algorithms


A Software Defined Radio Communications System For A Small Spacecraft, Michael Hlas, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh Apr 2015

A Software Defined Radio Communications System For A Small Spacecraft, Michael Hlas, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh

Jeremy Straub

Software defined radios (SDRs) are poised to significantly enhance the future of small spacecraft communications. They allow signal processing to be performed on a computer by software rather than requiring dedicated hardware. The OpenOrbiter SDR (discussed in [1] and refined in [2]) takes data from the flight computer and converts it into an analog signal that is transmitted via the spacecraft antenna. Because the signal processing is done in software, the radio can be easily reconfigured. This process is done in reverse for incoming transmissions, which are received by the SDR and decoded by software. Figures 1 and 2 provide ...


Creating A Low-Cost Radio For An Open Cubesat, Michael Wegerson, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh Apr 2015

Creating A Low-Cost Radio For An Open Cubesat, Michael Wegerson, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh

Jeremy Straub

A reliable communication system is key to the success of a CubeSat mission, allowing for data to be trans-mitted to the ground station and commands to be up-loaded to the satellite. To satisfy this need, the OpenOrbiter satellite (a 1-U CubeSat [1], being devel-oped with a target parts budget of under $5,000 [2]) is leveraging previously space-tested [3], low-cost trans-ceiver design which is based on the SI 4463 IC unit. This board design will be included in the publically available Open Framework for Educational Nanosatel-lites (OPEN) allowing others to modify, enhance and/or make use of the design in ...


Three-Dimensional Printing And Scanning Web-Based Job Management System, Stephanie Hollman, Dalyn Limesand, Jeremy Straub, Scott Kerlin Apr 2015

Three-Dimensional Printing And Scanning Web-Based Job Management System, Stephanie Hollman, Dalyn Limesand, Jeremy Straub, Scott Kerlin

Jeremy Straub

Three-dimensional (3D) printers have gained popularity for use for many different projects. The work presented herein aims to make this process simpler. This poster discusses a system that will allow individuals from all over campus to submit object files for printing, without having to schedule appointments and schedule 3D scanning appointments and retrieve scan results.


Analysis Of A ‘Turn-Key’ No Hardware Space Mission Using The Orbital Services Model, Jeremy Straub Mar 2015

Analysis Of A ‘Turn-Key’ No Hardware Space Mission Using The Orbital Services Model, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

Many applications that would benefit from access to space cannot afford the cost of spacecraft development, launch and operations. Other operations require only a fraction of a spacecraft or complete use of a spacecraft for a limited period of time. This paper considers the value of a ‘turn-key’ style space mission. It considers what types of missions could be reasonably conducted using this approach. The economics of being a service provider are considered. Then, a prospective mission concept for one OSM ‘turn-key’ mission is presented. The value proposition of this mission is assessed and the hardware and other capabilities required ...


Small Satellite Communications Security And Student Learning In The Development Of Ground Station Software, Scott Kerlin, Jeremy Straub, Jacob Huhn, Alexander Lewis Mar 2015

Small Satellite Communications Security And Student Learning In The Development Of Ground Station Software, Scott Kerlin, Jeremy Straub, Jacob Huhn, Alexander Lewis

Jeremy Straub

Communications security is gaining importance as small spacecraft include actuator capabilities (i.e., propulsion), payloads which could be misappropriated (i.e., high resolution cameras), and research missions with high value/cost. However, security is limited by capability, interoperability and regulation. Additionally, as the small satellite community becomes more mainstream and diverse, the lack of cheap, limited-to-no configuration, pluggable security modules for small satellites also presents a limit for user adoption of security.

This paper discusses a prospective approach for incorporating robust security into a student-developed ground station created at the University of North Dakota as part of a Computer Science ...


Enhanced Routing Protocol For Multihop Cognitive Radio Wireless Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Chan-Min Park, Byung-Seo Kim Jan 2015

Enhanced Routing Protocol For Multihop Cognitive Radio Wireless Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Chan-Min Park, Byung-Seo Kim

Rana Asif Rehman

Since multihop cognitive radio wireless networks are resource-constraint networks, there is a need of routing scheme that takes into account the parameters like channel information, node’s remaining energies, end-to-end latency etc., while performing routing process. In this paper, we have proposed a reliable and efficient routing scheme for multihop cognitive radio wireless networks. The proposed protocol is on-demand and reactive protocol that considers both delay and energy along the route. By using simulations, it shows that proposed scheme performs better as compared to other ones.


Intelligent Items Traceability System – Rfid Vs Qr, Masoud Shakiba, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mardina Abdullah Jan 2015

Intelligent Items Traceability System – Rfid Vs Qr, Masoud Shakiba, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mardina Abdullah

Masoud Shakiba

Nowadays traceability systems are an inseparable part of international business and are essential in manufacturing and supply chain management systems. The advantages of the traceability system are more obvious for products that are exported and those imported from overseas. Traceability is highly important in food management and for products with short expiry. In recent years there have been several investigations and publications on traceability systems criteria especially in the food industry in the US, Europe and Southeast Asia.