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Digital Communications and Networking

2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 138

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Data And Network Optimization Effect On Web Performance, Steven Rosenberg, Surbhi Dangi, Isuru Warnakulasooriya Dec 2015

Data And Network Optimization Effect On Web Performance, Steven Rosenberg, Surbhi Dangi, Isuru Warnakulasooriya

Surbhi Dangi

In this study, we measure the effects of two software approaches to improving data and network performance: 1. Content optimization and compression; and 2. Optimizing network protocols. We achieve content optimization and compression by means of BoostEdge by ActivNetworks and employ the SPDY network protocol by Google to lower the round trip time for HTTP transactions. Since the data and transport layers are separate, we conclude our investigation by studying the combined effect of these two techniques on web performance. Using document mean load time as the measure, we found that with and without packet loss, both BoostEdge and SPDY ...


Energy Aware Forwarding In Content Centric Based Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Byung-Seo Kim Dec 2015

Energy Aware Forwarding In Content Centric Based Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Rana Asif Rehman, Byung-Seo Kim

Rana Asif Rehman

Content centric networking (CCN) is a newly proposed futuristic Internet paradigm in which communication depends on the decoupling of content names from their locations. In CCN-based multihop wireless ad hoc networks, the participating nodes show dynamic topology, intermittent connectivity, channels fluctuation, and severe constraints such as limited battery power. In the case of traffic congestion, the affected nodes die early owing to the shortage of battery power. Consequently, all pending request entries are also destroyed, which further degrades the network performance as well as the node working lifetime. In this study, we have proposed a novel energy aware transmission scheme ...


Using Software-Defined Networking To Improve Campus, Transport And Future Internet Architectures, Adrian Lara Dec 2015

Using Software-Defined Networking To Improve Campus, Transport And Future Internet Architectures, Adrian Lara

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Software-defined Networking (SDN) promises to redefine the future of networking. Indeed, SDN-based networks have unique capabilities such as centralized control, flow abstraction, dynamic updating of forwarding rules and software-based traffic analysis. SDN-based networks decouple the data plane from the control plane, migrating the latter to a software controller. By adding a software layer between network devices and applications, features such as network virtualization and automated management are simpler to achieve.

In this dissertation, we show how SDN-based deployments simplify network management at multiple scales such as campus and transport networks, as well as future Internet architectures. First, we propose OpenSec ...


Bandwidth Estimation For Virtual Networks, Ertong Zhang Dec 2015

Bandwidth Estimation For Virtual Networks, Ertong Zhang

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Cloud computing is transforming a large part of IT industry, as evidenced by the increasing popularity of public cloud computingservices, such as Amazon Web Service, Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Windows Azure, and Rackspace Public Cloud. Manycloud computing applications are bandwidth-intensive, and thus the network bandwidth information of clouds is important for theirusers to manage and troubleshoot the application performance.

The current bandwidth estimation methods originally developed for the traditional Internet, however, face great challenges in clouds dueto virtualization that is the main enabling technique of cloud computing. First, virtual machine scheduling, which is an importantcomponent of computer virtualization for processor ...


Estimation On Gibbs Entropy For An Ensemble, Lekhya Sai Sake Dec 2015

Estimation On Gibbs Entropy For An Ensemble, Lekhya Sai Sake

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In this world of growing technology, any small improvement in the present scenario would create a revolution. One of the popular revolutions in the computer science field is parallel computing. A single parallel execution is not sufficient to see its non-deterministic features, as same execution with the same data at different time would end up with a different path. In order to see how non deterministic a parallel execution can extend up to, creates the need of the ensemble of executions. This project implements a program to estimate the Gibbs Entropy for an ensemble of parallel executions. The goal is ...


Adaptive Duty Cycling In Sensor Networks With Energy Harvesting Using Continuous-Time Markov Chain And Fluid Models, Ronald Wai Hong Chan, Pengfei Zhang, Ido Nevat, Sai Ganesh Nagarajan, Alvin Cerdena Valera, Hwee Xian Tan Dec 2015

Adaptive Duty Cycling In Sensor Networks With Energy Harvesting Using Continuous-Time Markov Chain And Fluid Models, Ronald Wai Hong Chan, Pengfei Zhang, Ido Nevat, Sai Ganesh Nagarajan, Alvin Cerdena Valera, Hwee Xian Tan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The dynamic and unpredictable nature of energy harvesting sources available for wireless sensor networks, and the time variation in network statistics like packet transmission rates and link qualities, necessitate the use of adaptive duty cycling techniques. Such adaptive control allows sensor nodes to achieve long-run energy neutrality, where energy supply and demand are balanced in a dynamic environment such that the nodes function continuously. In this paper, we develop a new framework enabling an adaptive duty cycling scheme for sensor networks that takes into account the node battery level, ambient energy that can be harvested, and application-level QoS requirements. We ...


Efficient Scheduling Algorithms For Wireless Resource Allocation And Virtualization In Wireless Networks, Mohamad Kalil Nov 2015

Efficient Scheduling Algorithms For Wireless Resource Allocation And Virtualization In Wireless Networks, Mohamad Kalil

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The continuing growth in demand for better mobile broadband experiences has motivated rapid development of radio-access technologies to support high data rates and improve quality of service (QoS) and quality of experience (QoE) for mobile users. However, the modern radio-access technologies pose new challenges to mobile network operators (MNO) and wireless device designers such as reducing the total cost of ownership while supporting high data throughput per user, and extending battery life-per-charge of the mobile devices. In this thesis, a variety of optimization techniques aimed at providing innovative solutions for such challenges are explored.

The thesis is divided into two ...


Towards A Framework For Modelling Multimedia Conferencing Calls In The Next Generation Network, Gavin Byrne, Declan Barber Nov 2015

Towards A Framework For Modelling Multimedia Conferencing Calls In The Next Generation Network, Gavin Byrne, Declan Barber

The ITB Journal

This paper is concerned with the creation of a multiparty multimedia conferencing application which can be used in Next Generation Networks. It begins by suggesting ways in which conferencing can be modeled with a focus on separating signaling and media transfer functionality. Enabling technologies which could support the modeling framework derived and which are compatible with Next Generation Network (NGN) principles are reviewed. Finally, a design and implementation for a simple multimedia conferencing application are described.


Embedded Systems In A Mobile Distributed Ip Network, Conor Gildea, Declan Barber Nov 2015

Embedded Systems In A Mobile Distributed Ip Network, Conor Gildea, Declan Barber

The ITB Journal

This paper describes an approach to the internetworking of mobile IP sensor nodes in a converged network environment. This preliminary investigation of sensory network models is driven by a joint applied research project between ITB and Teagasc (Grange) which seeks to establish the feasibility of the real-time remote monitoring of animal welfare while in transit between Ireland, Europe and the Middle East. The paper examines traditional system architectures, messaging paradigms and protocols with a view to establishing how the trend towards convergence in telecommunications and the emergence of new Internet Protocols could support the creation of new modes of operation ...


Unified Messaging Systems: An Evolutionary Overview, Declan Barber Nov 2015

Unified Messaging Systems: An Evolutionary Overview, Declan Barber

The ITB Journal

Over the last decade, the widespread demand and use of the internet has changed the direction of the telecommunications industry as it was recognised that the internet could be used as an inexpensive way to handle not only data but also voice communications. This convergence of traditional voice and data technologies towards an IP-based open architecture has been paralleled by a convergence of the internet and mobile communications. As a result of these convergences, unified messaging has emerged as a technically viable service. Integrated messaging services that offer partial unification of different message types are already in the marketplace. This ...


An Xml Framework For The Structured Data Exchange Between Medical Devices, Ulrich Neuhaus, Paul Walsh Nov 2015

An Xml Framework For The Structured Data Exchange Between Medical Devices, Ulrich Neuhaus, Paul Walsh

The ITB Journal

This paper describes an XML framework for the exchange of data between medical devices and software systems. XML technologies offer an extensible data format, which is easy to both create and process and simplifies the exchange of data. Different XML standards are defined within the framework in order to provide a practical solution for both device manufacturers and software developers. The structure and benefits of XML documents are discussed and an XML framework for ophthalmology is described.


Longer Than A Telephone Wire - Voice Firewalls To Counter Ubiquitous Lie Detection, Carl Reynolds, Matt Smith, Mark Woodman Nov 2015

Longer Than A Telephone Wire - Voice Firewalls To Counter Ubiquitous Lie Detection, Carl Reynolds, Matt Smith, Mark Woodman

The ITB Journal

Mobile computing and communication devices are open to surreptitious privacy attacks using emotion detection techniques; largely utilising work carried out in the area of voice stress analysis (VSA). This paper extends some work in the area of removing emotion cues in the voice, specifically focusing on lie detection and presents the results of a pilot study indicating that the use of mobile phones in situations of stress is common and that awareness of VSA is low. Existing strategies for the removal or modification of emotion cues, based on models of synthesis are considered and weaknesses are identified.


Globalcom, Declan Barber, Conor Gildea, Gavin Byrne Nov 2015

Globalcom, Declan Barber, Conor Gildea, Gavin Byrne

The ITB Journal

The objective of this developed application is to provide a company with a means of communicating with its employees no matter where they are physically located and what communication resources they may have at any particular time. The core focus of this application is to provide a Unified Messaging System using synchronous and asynchronous forms.


The Role Of Cryptography In Security For Electronic Commerce, Ann Murphy, David Murphy Nov 2015

The Role Of Cryptography In Security For Electronic Commerce, Ann Murphy, David Murphy

The ITB Journal

Many businesses and consumers are wary of conducting business over the Internet due to a perceived lack of security. Electronic business is subject to a variety of threats such as unauthorised access, misappropriation, alteration and destruction of both data and systems. This paper explores the major security concerns of businesses and users and describes the cryptographic techniques used to reduce such risks.


Digital Long-Term Preservation In Albania, Determining The Right File Formats, Ardiana Topi, Aleksandër Xhuvani Nov 2015

Digital Long-Term Preservation In Albania, Determining The Right File Formats, Ardiana Topi, Aleksandër Xhuvani

UBT International Conference

The National Archive of Albania (NAA) is the main institution in Albania, according to legislation, responsible to create the rules for document life management produced by any organization, and preserve them. Almost all archival documents stored in archival institutions, must be saved for unlimited period of time, or forever. Preservation of digital documents is different from preservation of paper documents. It is a very complex procedure directly connected with the inevitable phenomenon of hardware and software obsolesces. A successful mission of the NAA must have a well-defined strategy regarding the Digital Long-term Preservation. This paper aims to present the possible ...


From Traditional Markets To E-Commerce And Finally To Social Media Commerce, Ardian Hyseni Nov 2015

From Traditional Markets To E-Commerce And Finally To Social Media Commerce, Ardian Hyseni

UBT International Conference

These days, getting new customers is much easier than in the past. People and customers are online sharing and exchanging ideas on products and it has become easier to find products over the internet and lately; with social media, where people can look for information from reviews and comments on sites. This way has changed shopping to a social experience and is the key element to the growth of social commerce. Businesses want to connect with people and customers which they do business, also they want customers opinions and reviews. By using social media, companies can now easily create an ...


New Integral Transform In Caputo Type Fractional Difference Operator, Artion Kashuri, Akli Fundo, Rozana Liko Nov 2015

New Integral Transform In Caputo Type Fractional Difference Operator, Artion Kashuri, Akli Fundo, Rozana Liko

UBT International Conference

In this paper, we introduce Caputo type nabla (q,h)-fractional difference operators and investigate their basic properties and also to show the applicability of this interesting (q,h)- new integral transform method and its efficiency in solving linear fractional difference equations. Differential equations with fractional derivative provide a natural framework for the discussion of various kinds of real problems modeled by the aid of fractional derivative. Discrete analogues of some topics of continuous fractional calculus have been developed. Finally, we provide the general solutions in terms of discrete Mittag-Leffler functions.


The Mobile Telecom Operator T-Mobile Macedonia Ad Skopje Abuses Its Dominant Position Harmful For The Mobile Telecom Operators One And Vip In The Telecom Market, Boris Arsov Nov 2015

The Mobile Telecom Operator T-Mobile Macedonia Ad Skopje Abuses Its Dominant Position Harmful For The Mobile Telecom Operators One And Vip In The Telecom Market, Boris Arsov

UBT International Conference

T-Mobile’s abusing of its dominant position is referring to the postpaid tariff models Relax and Relax Surf regarding the residential customers and the postpaid tariff models Business and Business Surf regarding its business customers. The prominent price offer to consumers is a case of predatory prices squeeze identified as a way of preventing or restricting competition in theory and practice. T-Mobile provides services at unreasonably low prices, prices below the level of expenditures necessary for their provision, as it is specific case with the postpaid tariff models Relax and Relax Surf regarding the residential customers and the postpaid tariff ...


The Analytic Hierarchic Process: A Model To Evaluate The Risk Of Getting Cancer, Daniela (Halidini) Qendraj, Markela Muca Nov 2015

The Analytic Hierarchic Process: A Model To Evaluate The Risk Of Getting Cancer, Daniela (Halidini) Qendraj, Markela Muca

UBT International Conference

The aim of this study is to classify the risk factors of being with a type of cancer by applying the AHP (analytic hierarchy process) scale. The Saaty’s analytic hierarchy process is applied for computing weights for the factors, is a modeling for classification. A case study of QSUT Tirana hospital data base is presented to rank four cancer types. By the data collect from the hospital during the years 2011-2015, the results show that lung cancer is mostly spread in humans, and the prostate cancer is lower spread in humans.


Implementation Of E-Education In Africa Via Space Networks, Dimov Stojce Ilcev Nov 2015

Implementation Of E-Education In Africa Via Space Networks, Dimov Stojce Ilcev

UBT International Conference

In this paper is introduced an advanced E-education provision in remote dispersed communities, such as rural, remote, mobile, agriculture, mining, construction, surveying, military, tourism and so on, based on the specific needs and requirements, implies significant broadband connectivity requirements, timely and quality-assured content delivery of service, applications and interactivity. The E-education solutions of distance learning and training for remote and rural areas, which are out of range of terrestrial and short distance wireless telecommunications facilities, cannot provide the broadband access without space-enabled communication infrastructures, such as satellite constellations and Stratospheric Platform Systems (SPS) or High Altitude Platforms (HAP). The paper ...


Introduction To Stratospheric Communication Platforms (Scp), Dimov Stojce Ilcev Nov 2015

Introduction To Stratospheric Communication Platforms (Scp), Dimov Stojce Ilcev

UBT International Conference

In this paper are introduced the modern airship techniques and technologies as cost effective solutions of Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP). The launch or putting in position the airship is not critical point such as launch of satellite and controlling support services in the creation of space-based communication technology and the most expensive phase of the total system cost. Therefore, with few cost effective remote controlled and solar powered airships can be covered some region or country including urban, suburban and rural areas, mobile, farms and other environments with low density of population. The airship SCP network offers better solutions than ...


The Importance Of Big Data Analytics, Eljona Proko Nov 2015

The Importance Of Big Data Analytics, Eljona Proko

UBT International Conference

Identified as the tendency of IT, Big Data gained global attention. Advances in data analytics are changing the way businesses compete, enabling them to make faster and better decisions based on real-time analysis. Big Data introduces a new set of challenges. Three characteristics define Big Data: volume, variety, and velocity. Big Data requires tools and methods that can be applied to analyze and extract patterns from large-scale data. Companies generate enormous volumes of polystructured data from Web, social network posts, sensors, mobile devices, emails, and many other sources. Companies need a cost-effective, massively scalable solution for capturing, storing, and analyzing ...


Assessing Clustering In A Social University Network Course, Orgeta Gjermëni Nov 2015

Assessing Clustering In A Social University Network Course, Orgeta Gjermëni

UBT International Conference

A collection of data is gathered from surveys held in a Spring Course of the Economic Faculty in the University “Ismail Qemali” of Vlora, Albania. The data set for each student contains the names of the other students through which he/she have a “social relationship”. This relationship includes frequent communications, discussions on exercise solutions, and sitting usually close to each other in the class. We have constructed. At the end of the course, a final network based on this type of relationship. We are particularly interested on the clustering coefficient of this network and assessing it’s “significance”, in ...


Perfect Metamaterial Absorber Based Energy Harvesting Application In Ism Band, Furkan Dincer, Mehmet Bakir, Muharrem Karaaslan, Kemal Delihacioglu, Cumali Sabah Nov 2015

Perfect Metamaterial Absorber Based Energy Harvesting Application In Ism Band, Furkan Dincer, Mehmet Bakir, Muharrem Karaaslan, Kemal Delihacioglu, Cumali Sabah

UBT International Conference

An electromagnetic (EM) energy harvesting application based on metamaterial absorber (MA) is introduced and discussed in this paper. This application is operating at ISM band (2.40 GHz) which is especially chosen due to its wide usage area. Square ring resonator (SRR) which has two gaps and resistors across the gaps on it is used. Chips resistors are used to deliver power to any active component. Transmission and reflection characteristics of metamaterial absorber (MA) for energy harvesting application are investigated. 83.6% efficient for energy harvesting application is realized in this study.


Web Application For Students And Lecturer Of Electrical Engineering Faculty, Genci Sharko, Anni Dasho Sharko, Kadri Manaj Nov 2015

Web Application For Students And Lecturer Of Electrical Engineering Faculty, Genci Sharko, Anni Dasho Sharko, Kadri Manaj

UBT International Conference

Electrical Engineering Faculty, nowadays needs to develop by their students the “FIE Student MIS Application”. Development and usage of Web applications are popular due to the ubiquity of the browser as a client, commented mostly as a thin client. The ability to update and maintain web applications without distributing and installing software on potentially thousands of client computers is a key reason for their popularity. This paper presents the “FIE Student MIS Application” web platform designed for Electrical Engineering Faculty students and their lecturer to support on time correctly without delays and informing online all students and their lecturer receiving ...


Exploring The Role Of Sentiments In Identification Of Active And Influential Bloggers, Mohammad Alghobiri, Umer Ishfaq, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Tahir Afzal Malik Nov 2015

Exploring The Role Of Sentiments In Identification Of Active And Influential Bloggers, Mohammad Alghobiri, Umer Ishfaq, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Tahir Afzal Malik

UBT International Conference

The social Web provides opportunities for the public to have social interactions and online discussions. A large number of online users using the social web sites create a high volume of data. This leads to the emergence of Big Data, which focuses on computational analysis of data to reveal patterns, and associations relating to human interactions. Such analyses have vast applications in various fields such as understanding human behaviors, studying culture influence, and promoting online marketing. The blogs are one of the social web channels that offer a way to discuss various topics. Finding the top bloggers has been a ...


Morphological Parsing Of Albanian Language: A Different Approach To Albanian Verbs, Iir Çollaku, Eşref Adali Nov 2015

Morphological Parsing Of Albanian Language: A Different Approach To Albanian Verbs, Iir Çollaku, Eşref Adali

UBT International Conference

The very first step when processing a natural language is creating a morphological parser. Verbs in Albanian language are the most complex area of inflection. Besides irregular verbs, the ways in which the regular verbs change their form while being inflected are hardly definable, and the number of exceptions is huge. In this paper, a different approach to Albanian verbs is made. Unlike traditional classification, based on the inflection themes they take, verbs are classified into different verb groups. This way, the inflection process looks clearer and more regular, as the affix remains the only changeable part of the inflected ...


A Policeless Traffic Ticketing System With Autonomous Vehicles, Mükremin Özkul, Ilir Çapuni Nov 2015

A Policeless Traffic Ticketing System With Autonomous Vehicles, Mükremin Özkul, Ilir Çapuni

UBT International Conference

Besides being expensive, traffic violation monitoring systems rely heavily on a huge infrastructure that incurs installation, operational, and maintenance costs. Developing countries — where people do exhibit less traffic safety aware- ness — deployment of such systems becomes a daunting task. A police- men cannot be everywhere, and a policeman can also be bribed. With the above goals in mind, in this paper we present an infrastructure- less and police-less traffic violation detection system that relies solely on the broadcast messages between the vehicles and secure communication of the vehicles with the transportation authority. Each vehicle should be equipped with a small ...


Labeled-Image Captcha: Concept Of A Secured And Universally Useful Captcha, Mokter Hossain, Ken Nguyen, Muhammad Asadur Rahman Nov 2015

Labeled-Image Captcha: Concept Of A Secured And Universally Useful Captcha, Mokter Hossain, Ken Nguyen, Muhammad Asadur Rahman

UBT International Conference

Captcha (Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) is a widely used online security tool that ensures that a computer program is not posing as a human user. While smart programs with advanced image processing capability have already cracked picture based captcha systems there is a need for making the test harder. This paper presents a design prototype of a simplified type of labeled-image captcha where a picture of a common animal or household item is marked with a number of different labels and the users will be asked to provide the correct label for specific ...


Dual Tone Multi Frequency (Dtmf) Signal Generation And Detection Using Matlab Software, Nihat Pamuk, Ziynet Pamuk Nov 2015

Dual Tone Multi Frequency (Dtmf) Signal Generation And Detection Using Matlab Software, Nihat Pamuk, Ziynet Pamuk

UBT International Conference

In this study, Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) signal generation and detection is implemented by using Goertzel Algorithm in MATLAB software. The DTMF signals are generated by using Cool Edit Pro Version 2.0 program for DTMF tone detection. The DTMF signal generation and detection algorithm are based on International Telecommunication Union (ITU) recommendations. Frequency deviation, twist, energy and time duration tests are performed on the DTMF signals. The algorithm recognizes the DTMF tones if they satisfy the recommendations, otherwise they are rejected.