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Collagen

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Articles 1 - 30 of 37

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Fabrication And Characterization Of Collagen-Polypyrrole Constructs Using Direct-Ink Write Additive Manufacturing, Rooshan Arshad May 2019

Fabrication And Characterization Of Collagen-Polypyrrole Constructs Using Direct-Ink Write Additive Manufacturing, Rooshan Arshad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Current efforts in the tissue engineering field are being directed towards the creation of platforms which will facilitate in instructing cells towards biologically relevant outcomes such as stem cell differentiation and disease pathophysiology. Traditional fabrication methods serve as a limiting factor for the production of such platforms as they lack feature and geometric complexity. Additive Manufacturing (AM) offers advantage over said methods by affording designers creative freedom and great control over printed constructs. Such constructs can then be used to create appropriate models for study- ing a plethora of tissues and structures. An AM methodology for Direct-Ink Write (DIW) printing ...


Pneumatospinning Of Collagen Microfibers From Benign Solvents, Seth Polk, Nardos Sori, Nick Thayer, Yas Maghdouri-White, Anna A. Bulysheva, Michael P. Francis Oct 2018

Pneumatospinning Of Collagen Microfibers From Benign Solvents, Seth Polk, Nardos Sori, Nick Thayer, Yas Maghdouri-White, Anna A. Bulysheva, Michael P. Francis

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

Introduction. Current collagen fiber manufacturing methods for biomedical applications, such as electrospinning and extrusion, have had limited success in clinical translation, partially due to scalability, cost, and complexity challenges. Here we explore an alternative, simplified and scalable collagen fiber formation method, termed 'pneumatospinning,' to generate submicron collagen fibers from benign solvents. Methods and results. Clinical grade type I atelocollagen from calf corium was electrospun or pneumatospun as sheets of aligned and isotropic fibrous scaffolds. Following crosslinking with genipin, the collagen scaffolds were stable in media for over a month. Pneumatospun collagen samples were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, circular dichroism ...


Electrospun Collagen Fibers For Tissue Regeneration Applications, Ying Li Sep 2018

Electrospun Collagen Fibers For Tissue Regeneration Applications, Ying Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tissue engineering aims to regenerate damaged and deceased tissue by combining cells with scaffold made from an appropriate biomaterial and providing a conducive environment to guide cell growth and the formation or regeneration of new tissue or organ. While collagen, an important material of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is a natural choice as a scaffold biomaterial, the conducive environment can only be created by having the ability to control the geometry, organization, structural and mechanical properties of the scaffold. Moreover, degradability and degradation rate control of the scaffold has to be taken into consideration too. In this work, we aim ...


Effects Of Protein-Coated Nanofibers On Conformation Of Gingival Fibroblast Spheroids: Potential Utility For Connective Tissue Regeneration, Gili Kaufman, Ryan A. Whitescarver, Laiz Nunes, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Drago Skrtic, Wojtek Tutak Jan 2018

Effects Of Protein-Coated Nanofibers On Conformation Of Gingival Fibroblast Spheroids: Potential Utility For Connective Tissue Regeneration, Gili Kaufman, Ryan A. Whitescarver, Laiz Nunes, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Drago Skrtic, Wojtek Tutak

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Deep wounds in the gingiva caused bytrauma or surgery require a rapid and robust healing of connective tissues. Wepropose utilizing gas-brushed nanofibers coated with collagen and fibrin for that purpose. Our hypotheses are that protein-coated nanofibers will: (i) attract and mobilize cells in various spatial orientations, and (ii) regulate the expression levels ofspecific extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated proteins, determining the initial conformational nature ofdense and soft connective tissues. Gingival fibroblast monolayers and3D spheroids were cultured onECMsubstrate and covered with gas-blown poly-(DL-lactide-co-glycolide)(PLGA) nanofibers (uncoated/coated with collagen and fibrin). Cell attraction and rearrangement was followed byF-actin staining and confocal ...


Collagen Organization Deposited By Fibroblasts Encapsulated In Ph Responsive Methacrylated Alginate Hydrogels, Anuraag Boddupalli, Kaitlin M. Bratlie Jan 2018

Collagen Organization Deposited By Fibroblasts Encapsulated In Ph Responsive Methacrylated Alginate Hydrogels, Anuraag Boddupalli, Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The pH of dermal wounds shifts from neutral during the inflammatory phase to slightly basic in the tissue remodeling phase. Stage specific wound treatment can be developed using environmentally responsive alginate hydrogels. The chemistry of these networks dictates swelling behavior. Here, we fabricated alginate hydrogels using chain growth, step growth, and combined mixed mode gelation methods to crosslink methacrylated alginate (ALGMA) and gain control over swelling responses. Methacrylation of the alginate network was confirmed through NMR spectroscopy. Strontium cations were introduced to fabricate stiffer, dually crosslinked hydrogels. Dual crosslinking significantly decreased the swelling response over the pH range of 3 ...


Myosin Phosphorylation On Stress Fibers Predicts Contact Guidance Behavior Across Diverse Breast Cancer Cells, Juan Wang, Ian C. Schneider Mar 2017

Myosin Phosphorylation On Stress Fibers Predicts Contact Guidance Behavior Across Diverse Breast Cancer Cells, Juan Wang, Ian C. Schneider

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

During cancer progression the extracellular matrix is remodeled, forming aligned collagen fibers that proceed radially from the tumor, resulting in invasion. We have recently shown that different invasive breast cancer cells respond to epitaxially grown, aligned collagen fibrils differently. This article develops insight into why these cells differ in their contact guidance fidelity. Small changes in contractility or adhesion dramatically alter directional persistence on aligned collagen fibrils, while migration speed remains constant. The directionality of highly contractile and adhesive MDA-MB-231 cells can be diminished by inhibiting Rho kinase or β1 integrin binding. Inversely, the directionality of less contractile and adhesive ...


Biochemical And Histological Differences Between Costal And Articular Cartilages, Michael W. Stacey Jan 2017

Biochemical And Histological Differences Between Costal And Articular Cartilages, Michael W. Stacey

Bioelectrics Publications

Biologically, costal cartilage is an understudied tissue type and much is yet to be learned regarding underlying mechanisms related to form and function, and how these relate to disease states, specifically chest wall deformity. Chest wall deformities have a component of inheritance, implying underlying genetic causes; however the complexity of inheritance suggests multiple genetic components. At our Centre investigations were performed on gene expression of key select genes from costal cartilage removed at surgery of patients with chest wall deformity to show high expression of decorin, a key player in collagen fiber formation and growth. Also, the degree of tissue ...


Bi-Directional Fatigue Life Behavior Of Bovine Meniscus, Jaremy Creechley Dec 2016

Bi-Directional Fatigue Life Behavior Of Bovine Meniscus, Jaremy Creechley

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Meniscal injuries due to tissue tearing are prevalent in the U.S. yet the failure behavior of the meniscus is poorly understood. Clinical studies indicate that fatigue failure causes many of these tears. The highly circumferentially aligned fibers result in transversely isotropic material properties. Tears preferentially align bi-directionally to the fiber orientation. The aim of this study is to present the bi-directional fatigue life behavior of meniscal fibrocartilage. A novel fatigue life approach was developed to achieve this aim. Forty-eight bovine specimens were subjected to cyclic sinusoidal tension-tension stress at 2 Hz until rupture. Normalized peak tensile stresses were determined ...


The Development Of A Fibrin-Collagen-Glycosaminoglycan Scaffold For Heart Valve Tissue Engineering, Claire M. Brougham Oct 2016

The Development Of A Fibrin-Collagen-Glycosaminoglycan Scaffold For Heart Valve Tissue Engineering, Claire M. Brougham

PhD theses

Valvular heart disease is predicted to be the next cardiac epidemic (d’Arcy et al., 2011) and valve replacement, using bioprosthetic or mechanical valves, is the only therapy currently available for treating dysfunctional valves. While these valve substitutes undoubtedly save lives, they also have well documented limitations and for paediatric patients, their most debilitating limitation is an inability to grow concurrently with a growing body. Tissue engineered heart valves (HV) offer the potential of a valve replacement that can integrate fully with the native vasculature, facilitating growth and remodelling of the valve over time. However, many tissue engineering approaches have ...


Densified Collagen-Fibril Biomaterials For Bone Tissue Engineering, Lauren E. Watkins Apr 2016

Densified Collagen-Fibril Biomaterials For Bone Tissue Engineering, Lauren E. Watkins

Open Access Theses

Millions of craniofacial bone defects occur annually as a result of trauma, congenital defects, disease, or tooth extraction. When present in the oral cavity, these defects are associated with adverse impacts on speech, mastication, and aesthetics. Thus, there is a clinical need for interventional strategies to restore and preserve alveolar bone mass to improve the success of future treatment options intended to reestablish functionality and aesthetics. Guided bone regeneration using bone grafts and a membrane represent the current standard of care for repairing alveolar bone defects, but face a number of limitations related to resorption time and structural integrity. Improvements ...


Collagen And Elastin Based Tissue Engineered Vascular Grafts, Alan J. Ryan Feb 2016

Collagen And Elastin Based Tissue Engineered Vascular Grafts, Alan J. Ryan

PhD theses

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 29% of all global deaths and is set to rise to 23 million deaths a year by 2030 (World Health Organisation, 2012). Arterial bypassing, both peripheral and coronary, is usually performed with autologously harvested vessels. However, the quantity available is often very limited as well as the vessels of elderly patients often suffering from thrombus, aneurysm formation or arthrosclerosis in high pressure arterial sites. The shortcomings of autografts has led to a substantial amount of research being directed towards tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) (Kakisis et al., 2005). Currently ...


Viewing The Extracellular Matrix: An Imaging Method For Tissue Engineering, Michael Drakopoulos, Sarah Calve Aug 2015

Viewing The Extracellular Matrix: An Imaging Method For Tissue Engineering, Michael Drakopoulos, Sarah Calve

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The field of regenerative medicine seeks to create replacement tissues and organs, both to repair deficiencies in biological function and to treat structural damage caused by injury. Scaffoldings mimicking extracellular matrix (ECM), the structure to which cells attach to form tissues, have been developed from synthetic polymers and also been prepared by decellularizing adult tissue. However, the structure of ECM undergoes significant remodeling during natural tissue repair, suggesting that ECM-replacement constructs that mirror developing tissues may promote better regeneration than those modeled on adult tissues. This work investigated the effectiveness of a method of viewing the extracellular matrix of developing ...


Promoting Extracellular Matrix Crosslinking In Synthetic Hydrogels, Marcos M. Manganare Jan 2015

Promoting Extracellular Matrix Crosslinking In Synthetic Hydrogels, Marcos M. Manganare

Masters Theses

The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides mechanical and biochemical support to tissues and cells. It is crucial for cell attachment, differentiation, and migration, as well as for ailment-associated processes such as angiogenesis, metastases and cancer development. An approach to study these phenomena is through emulation of the ECM by synthetic gels constructed of natural polymers, such as collagen and fibronectin, or simple but tunable materials such as poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) crosslinked with short peptide sequences susceptible to digestion by metalloproteases and cell-binding domains. Our lab uses PEG gels to study cell behavior in three dimensions (3D). Although this system fosters ...


Using Collagen Binding Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Nanoparticles To Prevent Intravascular Platelet Adhesion And Activation, Anna E. Searle, Alyssa Panitch, James Mcmasters Aug 2014

Using Collagen Binding Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Nanoparticles To Prevent Intravascular Platelet Adhesion And Activation, Anna E. Searle, Alyssa Panitch, James Mcmasters

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Balloon angioplasty, the most prevalent non-surgical treatment for Atherosclerosis, damages the endothelial layer of the artery, baring an underlying collagenous layer, which causes platelet adhesion and activation and eventual thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia. Previous work in our lab has used a collagen-binding peptidoglycan, dermatan-sulfate-SILY (DS-SILY), that has been shown to bind to type I collagen and prevent platelet adhesion and activation. Our goal is to fabricate nanoparticle-SILY by cross-linking SILY to a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (NIPAm) nanoparticle instead of a DS backbone, while retaining the SILY’s high collagen binding affinity and platelet inhibition capacity observed in DS-SILY. Using a biotin-streptavidin ...


Cellular Contractility And Extracellular Matrix Stiffness Regulate Matrix Metalloproteinase Activity In Pancreatic Cancer Cells, Amanda Haage, Ian C. Schneider Aug 2014

Cellular Contractility And Extracellular Matrix Stiffness Regulate Matrix Metalloproteinase Activity In Pancreatic Cancer Cells, Amanda Haage, Ian C. Schneider

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The pathogenesis of cancer is often driven by local invasion and metastasis. Recently, mechanical properties of the tumor microenvironment have been identified as potent regulators of invasion and metastasis, while matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are classically known as significant enhancers of cancer cell migration and invasion. Here we have been able to sensitively measure MMP activity changes in response to specific extracellular matrix (ECM) environments and cell contractility states. A pancreatic cancer cell line, Panc-1 cells, up-regulate MMP activities between 3- and 10- fold with increased cell contractility. Conversely, they down-regulate MMP activities when contractility is blocked to levels seen with ...


Oriented Collagen And Applications Of Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (Wefs) Microscopy, Qamrun Nahar Apr 2014

Oriented Collagen And Applications Of Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (Wefs) Microscopy, Qamrun Nahar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (WEFS) microscopy is developed as a non-invasive, label-free live cell imaging technique. This new high-contrast imaging can be employed to study the first hundred nanometers from the surface as it utilizes the evanescent field of a waveguide as the illumination source. Previously, waveguide evanescent field fluorescence (WEFF) microscopy was developed as a fluorescence imaging technique comparable to the total internal reflection fluorescent (TIRF) microscopy. Both the WEFF and WEFS technique utilizes the same fundamental concepts except in WEFS microscopy imaging is accomplished without the application of any fluorescent labeling. In this work, bacterial ...


Mammary Epithelial Cells Cultured Onto Non-Woven Nanofiber Electrospun Silk-Based Biomaterials To Engineer Breast Tissue Models, Yas Maghdouri-White Apr 2014

Mammary Epithelial Cells Cultured Onto Non-Woven Nanofiber Electrospun Silk-Based Biomaterials To Engineer Breast Tissue Models, Yas Maghdouri-White

Theses and Dissertations

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women in the world today. To better understand breast cancer initiation and progression modeling biological tissue under physiological conditions is essential. Indeed, breast cancer involves complex interactions between mammary epithelial cells and the stroma, both extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells including adipocytes (fat tissue) and fibroblasts (connective tissue). Therefore, the engineering of in vitro three-dimensional (3D) systems of breast tissues allows a deeper understanding of the complex cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions involved during breast tissue development and cancer initiation and progression. Furthermore, such 3D systems may provide a ...


The Number Of Lines A Cell Contacts And Cell Contractility Drive The Efficiency Of Contact Guidance, Nicholas R. Romsey, Yue Hou, Laura L. Rodriguez, Ian C. Schneider Mar 2014

The Number Of Lines A Cell Contacts And Cell Contractility Drive The Efficiency Of Contact Guidance, Nicholas R. Romsey, Yue Hou, Laura L. Rodriguez, Ian C. Schneider

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Cell migration is an important biological function that impacts many physiological and pathological processes. Often migration is directed along various densities of aligned fibers of collagen, a process called contact guidance. However, cells adhere to other components in the extracellular matrix, possibly affecting migrational behavior. Additionally, changes in intracellular contractility are well known to affect random migration, but its effect on contact guidance is less known. This study examines differences in directed migration in response to variations in the spacing of collagen, non-specific background adhesion strength and myosin II-mediated contractility. Collagen was microcontact printed onto glass substrates and timelapse live-cell ...


Collagen Attachment To The Substrate Controls Cell Clustering Through Migration, Yue Hou, Laura L. Rodriguez, Juan Wang, Ian C. Schneider Jan 2014

Collagen Attachment To The Substrate Controls Cell Clustering Through Migration, Yue Hou, Laura L. Rodriguez, Juan Wang, Ian C. Schneider

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Cell clustering and scattering play important roles in cancer progression and tissue engineering. While the extracellular matrix (ECM) is known to control cell clustering, much of the quantitative work has focused on the analysis of clustering between cells with strong cell-cell junctions. Much less is known about how the ECM regulates cells with weak cell-cell contact. Clustering characteristics were quantified in rat adenocarcinoma cells, which form clusters on physically adsorbed collagen substrates, but not on covalently attached collagen substrates. Covalently attaching collagen inhibited desorption of collagen from the surface. While changes in proliferation rate could not explain differences seen in ...


Electrospinning Of Core-Shell Collagen Nanofibers, Ying Li Aug 2013

Electrospinning Of Core-Shell Collagen Nanofibers, Ying Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In tissue engineering, the scaffold plays a critical role in guiding and supporting cells to function and grow optimally. The electrospun nanofibrous scaffold can serve as a near ideal substrate for tissue engineering because it has high surface area and the three-dimensional interconnected porous network can enhance cell attachment and proliferation. Core-shell nanofibrous scaffolds produced with coaxial electrospinning allow bioactive molecule encapsulation to improve cell adhesion, mediate and promote the proper signaling among the cells for their functioning and growth. In the current study, core-shell collagen nanofibers were fabricated via coaxial electrospinning with horizontal and vertical configurations. Core-shell nanofibers with ...


Nanomechanics Of Electrospun Nanofibres For Tissue Engineering Of The Tympanic Membrane, Sara Makaremi Dec 2012

Nanomechanics Of Electrospun Nanofibres For Tissue Engineering Of The Tympanic Membrane, Sara Makaremi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Tympanic Membrane (TM), also known as the eardrum, includes layers of organized collagen nanofibres which play an essential role in sound transmission. Perforations that are caused by infection or accident must be repaired in order to restore hearing. Tympanoplasty is performed using grafts that are prepared from bladder, cartilage, temporal fascia and cadaveric skin. However, since mechanical properties of these grafts do not match those of the original TM, normal hearing is not fully restored. The goal of this study is to develop nanofibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering of the TM in order to circumvent the complications addressed with ...


Effect Of Applied Uniaxial Stress On Rate And Mechanical Effects Of Cross-Linking In Tissue-Derived Biomaterials, Debbie Chachra, Paul Gratzer, Christopher Pereira, J. Lee Jul 2012

Effect Of Applied Uniaxial Stress On Rate And Mechanical Effects Of Cross-Linking In Tissue-Derived Biomaterials, Debbie Chachra, Paul Gratzer, Christopher Pereira, J. Lee

Debbie Chachra

Conformational changes in collagen fibrils, and indeed the triple helix, can be produced by application of mechanical stress or strain. We have demonstrated that the rate of cross-linking in glutaraldehyde and epoxide homobifunctional reagents can be modulated by uniaxial stress (strain). Two poly(glycidyl ether) epoxides were used: Denacol® EX-810 (a small bifunctional reagent), and Denacol EX-512 (a large polyfunctional reagent). To prevent any possible effect from being masked by saturation of cross-linking sites, bovine pericardium was cross-linked to such an extent that the increase in collagen denaturation temperature, Td, was one-half of the maximal rise achievable with each ...


Persistent Vascular Collagen Accumulation Alters Hemodynamic Recovery From Chronic Hypoxia, Diana M. Tabima, Alejandro Roldan-Alzate, Zhijie Wang, Timothy A. Hacker, Robert C. Molthen, Naomi C. Chesler Mar 2012

Persistent Vascular Collagen Accumulation Alters Hemodynamic Recovery From Chronic Hypoxia, Diana M. Tabima, Alejandro Roldan-Alzate, Zhijie Wang, Timothy A. Hacker, Robert C. Molthen, Naomi C. Chesler

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is caused by narrowing and stiffening of the pulmonary arteries that increase pulmonary vascular impedance (PVZ). In particular, small arteries narrow and large arteries stiffen. Large pulmonary artery (PA) stiffness is the best current predictor of mortality from PAH. We have previously shown that collagen accumulation leads to extralobar PA stiffening at high strain (Ooi et al. 2010). We hypothesized that collagen accumulation would increase PVZ, including total pulmonary vascular resistance (Z0), characteristic impedance (ZC), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and index of global wave reflections (Pb/Pf), which contribute to increased right ...


Investigation Of A New Material For Heart Valve Tissue Engineering, Claire Brougham, Nian Shen, Allison Cudsworth, Thomas Flanagan, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Fergal O'Brien Jan 2012

Investigation Of A New Material For Heart Valve Tissue Engineering, Claire Brougham, Nian Shen, Allison Cudsworth, Thomas Flanagan, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Fergal O'Brien

Conference Papers

No abstract provided.


Optimization Of A Tri-Layered Vascular Graft: The Influence Of Cellular And Mechanical Properties, Michael Mcclure Jun 2011

Optimization Of A Tri-Layered Vascular Graft: The Influence Of Cellular And Mechanical Properties, Michael Mcclure

Theses and Dissertations

Electrospinning is a polymer processing technique which allows for the production of nano to micro size fibers and scaffolds which can be composed of numerous synthetic biodegradable materials and natural biopolymers. Natively, elastin and collagen are the main components of vascular tissue. Arranged in a tri-layered structure, they create a specific mechanical environment that can withstand the rigors of circulation. The goal of this study was to develop a mechanically ‘biomimicking’ vascular graft composed of three distinct layers through the process of electrospinning. We hypothesize that the use of bioactive agents such as elastin, collagen, and silk to supplement poly ...


Design And Development Of Multilayer Vascular Graft, Krishna Madhavan Jan 2011

Design And Development Of Multilayer Vascular Graft, Krishna Madhavan

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Vascular graft is a widely-used medical device for the treatment of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and aneurysm as well as for the use of vascular access and pediatric shunt, which are major causes of mortality and morbidity in this world. Dysfunction of vascular grafts often occurs, particularly for grafts with diameter less than 6mm, and is associated with the design of graft materials. Mechanical strength, compliance, permeability, endothelialization and availability are issues of most concern for vascular graft materials. To address these issues, we have designed a biodegradable, compliant graft made of hybrid multilayer by combining an intimal equivalent ...


Second-Harmonic Imaging Microscopy Of Living Cells, Paul J. Campagnola, Heather Clark, William A. Mohler, Aaron Lewis (Prof.), Leslie M. Loew Nov 2010

Second-Harmonic Imaging Microscopy Of Living Cells, Paul J. Campagnola, Heather Clark, William A. Mohler, Aaron Lewis (Prof.), Leslie M. Loew

Heather Clark

Second harmonic generation (SHG) has been developed in our laboratories as a high-resolution nonlinear optical imaging microscopy for cellular membranes and intact tissues. SHG shares many of the advantageous features for microscopy of another more established nonlinear optical technique: two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF). Both are capable of optical sectioning to produce threedimensional images of thick specimens and both result in less photodamage to living tissue than confocal microscopy. SHG is complementary to TPEF in that it uses a different contrast mechanism and is most easily detected in the transmitted light optical path. It can be used to image membrane probes ...


Lipids And Collagen Matrix Restrict The Hydraulic Permeability Within The Porous Compartment Of Adult Cortical Bone, Demin Wen, Caroline Androjna, Amit Vasanji, Joanne M. Belovich, Ronald J. Midura Mar 2010

Lipids And Collagen Matrix Restrict The Hydraulic Permeability Within The Porous Compartment Of Adult Cortical Bone, Demin Wen, Caroline Androjna, Amit Vasanji, Joanne M. Belovich, Ronald J. Midura

Chemical & Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications

In vivo the hydraulic permeability of cortical bone influences the transport of nutrients, waste products and signaling molecules, thus influencing the metabolic functions of osteocytes and osteoblasts. In the current study two hypotheses were tested: the presence of (1) lipids and (2) collagen matrix in the porous compartment of cortical bone restricts its permeability. Our approach was to measure the radial permeability of adult canine cortical bone before and after extracting lipids with acetone-methanol, and before and after digesting collagen with bacterial collagenase. Our results showed that the permeability of adult canine cortical bone was below 4.0 × 10−17 ...


Biaxial Mechanical Characterization And Microstructure-Driven Modeling Of Elastic Pulmonary Artery Walls Of Large Mammals Under Hypertensive Conditions, Philip Hsien-Lan Kao Jan 2010

Biaxial Mechanical Characterization And Microstructure-Driven Modeling Of Elastic Pulmonary Artery Walls Of Large Mammals Under Hypertensive Conditions, Philip Hsien-Lan Kao

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a disease of the pulmonary vasculature which causes right heart failure. It is known that PH causes significant remodeling of the pulmonary arterial vasculature, but the effects of this remodeling are not well-understood. In addition, there is a dearth of research in large mammals for PH. Modeling of the arteries is also important in the simulation of deformation due to blood flow. Current models either do not reflect the microstructure, or are too complex for clinical use. This work presents mechanical characterization and analysis of the artery wall, in addition to a constitutive model driven by ...


Alternative Routes For Purification Of Collagen Type I Α1 From A Whole Corn Extract, Christopher Michael Setina Jan 2010

Alternative Routes For Purification Of Collagen Type I Α1 From A Whole Corn Extract, Christopher Michael Setina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transgenic corn is capable of producing and storing Type I α1 human collagen (r-CIα1) containing a sequence that assists assembly (foldon) and the mature cleaved form (without foldon). Extracts of ground corn grain spiked with Pichia-sourced collagen (rP-CIα1), with and without foldon, were precipitated with NaCl to purify collagen from host cell proteins. The low acid solubility of host cell proteins (HCP's) along with the acid stability of collagen favored extraction at pH 2. NaCl concentrations >0.75 M provided complete precipitation of rP-CIα1 without foldon and >70% purity. A fractional cut to remove HCP's with 0 ...