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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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2016

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Articles 31 - 60 of 925

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Laser-Processed Parchment Paper For Fabrication Of Chronic Wound Dressings With Selective Oxygenation, Manuel Ochoa Dec 2016

Laser-Processed Parchment Paper For Fabrication Of Chronic Wound Dressings With Selective Oxygenation, Manuel Ochoa

Open Access Dissertations

Chronic non-healing wounds (e.g., diabetic foot ulcers and bed sores) impact over 6.5 million Americans per year, costs in excess of $25 billion to treat on an annual basis, and are on the rise due to increasing levels of obesity and diabetes compounded by an aging population. A major inhibitor of healing is suboptimal oxygenation of the wound bed. Unlike acute injuries that receive sufficient oxygen via a functional blood vessel network, chronic wounds often suffer from the lack of a proper vascular network; thus being incapable of providing sufficient oxygen for tissue growth. Typical medical treatment of ...


Variant-Curation And Database Instantiation (Variant-Cadi): An Integrated Software System For The Automation Of Collection, Annotation And Management Of Variations In Clinical Genetic Testing, Andrea Rae Hallier Dec 2016

Variant-Curation And Database Instantiation (Variant-Cadi): An Integrated Software System For The Automation Of Collection, Annotation And Management Of Variations In Clinical Genetic Testing, Andrea Rae Hallier

Theses and Dissertations

One of the tools a clinician has in disease diagnosis and treatment is genetic testing. To generate value in genetic testing, the link between genetic variants and disease must be discovered, documented, and shared within the community. Working with two existing genomic variation tools, Kafeen and Cordova, a new set of features referred to as Variant-Curation and Database Instantiation (Variant-CADI) was identified, designed, implemented and integrated into the existing Cordova system to unite data collection, management and distribution into one cohesive tool accessible through user interfaces. This eliminates the user needing specialized knowledge of the underlying implementation, data pipeline or ...


Development Of Metrics To Describe Cerebral Aneurysm Morphology, Benjamin Micah Berkowitz Dec 2016

Development Of Metrics To Describe Cerebral Aneurysm Morphology, Benjamin Micah Berkowitz

Theses and Dissertations

Cerebral aneurysm is a pathology of the circulatory system in the brain in which an arterial wall balloons into a blood-filled sac. If the aneurysm ruptures, stroke can occur and has a high probability of causing permanent disability or death. Aneurysm surgery carries a high rate of morbidity and mortality compared to the natural rate of aneurysm rupture, so physicians must take care in recommending surgery for an aneurysm patient. However, very little is known about the etiology of brain aneurysm rupture and what prognostics exist. The International Study for Intracranial Aneurysms suggested that large aneurysm size and posterior location ...


Analysis Of Hindfoot Alignment For Total Ankle Arthroplasties, Heidi Kirsten Johanna Bingenheimer Dec 2016

Analysis Of Hindfoot Alignment For Total Ankle Arthroplasties, Heidi Kirsten Johanna Bingenheimer

Theses and Dissertations

Total ankle arthroplasties (TAAs) are mechanical devices used to replace the articular surfaces of the ankle joint in order to relieve pain for patients with osteoarthritis. Since most osteoarthritis is post-traumatic, and due to the highly variable individual foot geometry, TAAs are rarely inserted into normal geometry. This leads to serious problems with stresses and contact pressures in TAA components. This study uses finite element (FE) modeling to determine how hindfoot alignment, or how far in varus or valgus the most distal part of the calcaneus is perpendicularly from the axis of the tibia, affects the stresses and contact pressures ...


Ct Image Registration-Based Lung Mechanics In Copd, Sandeep Bodduluri Dec 2016

Ct Image Registration-Based Lung Mechanics In Copd, Sandeep Bodduluri

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing health concern associated with high morbidity and mortality, and is currently the third-ranked cause of death in the United States. COPD is characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible and includes chronic bronchitis, functional small airway disease, and emphysema. The interrelationship between emphysema and airway disease in COPD makes it a highly complex and heterogeneous disorder. Appropriate diagnosis of COPD is vital to administer targeted therapy strategies that can improve patient’s quality of life and reduce the frequency of COPD associated exacerbations. Although spirometry or pulmonary function tests are ...


Lysosomal Reacidification By Degradation Of Poly(Dl-Lactide-Co-Glycolide) Nanoparticles In A Lipotoxic Cardiomyopathy Model, Frederick Martin Zasadny Dec 2016

Lysosomal Reacidification By Degradation Of Poly(Dl-Lactide-Co-Glycolide) Nanoparticles In A Lipotoxic Cardiomyopathy Model, Frederick Martin Zasadny

Theses and Dissertations

Lipotoxic cardiomyopathy increases the risk of heart failure in obese patients by adversely altering heart structure and function via toxic lipid specie mediated cellular stress and cell death. Increased fatty acid uptake and esterification in cardiomyocytes increases toxic lipid intermediates. These cardiotoxic lipid species such as diacylglycerol have recently been shown to deacidify lysosomes in cardiomyocytes by activating protein kinase C βII mediated NADPH oxidase 2 generation of superoxide that inhibits proton pumps on lysosomal membranes by S-nitrosylation. Autophagy, a lysosome dependent cellular survival process, is impaired upon cardiomyocyte lipid-overload due to inhibition of pH-dependent proteolytic autophagosome degradation in the ...


Enhanced Phagocytic Capacity Endows Chondrogenic Progenitor Cells With A Novel Scavenger Function Within Injured Cartilage, Cheng Zhou Dec 2016

Enhanced Phagocytic Capacity Endows Chondrogenic Progenitor Cells With A Novel Scavenger Function Within Injured Cartilage, Cheng Zhou

Theses and Dissertations

Articular cartilage underwent serious joint injuries seldom repair spontaneously and might progress to post-traumatic osteoarthritis. This is majorly because articular cartilage’s unique properties that lack blood and nerve supply intrinsically. This peculiar structure, in addition, generates an unfavorable environment for certain phagocytes (macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, etc) to infiltrate to cartilage to scavenge debris from cartilage matrix and cell caused from joint injuries. Therefore, physiological and functional regeneration of damaged cartilage is urgently needed and several clinical techniques have been developed, including microfracture, autograft transplantation, autologous chondrocytes implantation.

We previously identified highly migratory cells emerged and repopulated in cartilage damaged ...


A Validated Software Application To Measure Fiber Organization In Soft Tissue, Erica E. Morrill, Azamat N. Tulepbergenov, Christina J. Stender, Roshani Lamichhane, Raquel J. Brown, Trevor J. Lujan Dec 2016

A Validated Software Application To Measure Fiber Organization In Soft Tissue, Erica E. Morrill, Azamat N. Tulepbergenov, Christina J. Stender, Roshani Lamichhane, Raquel J. Brown, Trevor J. Lujan

Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The mechanical behavior of soft connective tissue is governed by a dense network of fibrillar proteins in the extracellular matrix. Characterization of this fibrous network requires the accurate extraction of descriptive structural parameters from imaging data, including fiber dispersion and mean fiber orientation. Common methods to quantify fiber parameters include fast Fourier transforms (FFT) and structure tensors, however, information is limited on the accuracy of these methods. In this study, we compared these two methods using test images of fiber networks with varying topology. The FFT method with a band-pass filter was the most accurate, with an error of 0 ...


Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff Dec 2016

Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Synthetic biology is providing novel tools to engineer cells and access the basis of their molecular information processing, including their communication channels based on chemical reactions and molecule exchange. Molecular communication is a discipline in communication engineering that studies these types of communications and ways to exploit them for novel purposes, such as the development of ubiquitous and heterogeneous communication networks to interconnect biological cells with nano and biotechnology-enabled devices, i.e., the Internet of Bio-Nano Things. One major problem in realizing these goals stands in the development of reliable techniques to control the engineered cells and their behavior from ...


Scaffold And Tissue Based Therapies To Improve Skeletal Muscle Regeneration After Volumetric Muscle Loss, Benjamin Kasukonis Dec 2016

Scaffold And Tissue Based Therapies To Improve Skeletal Muscle Regeneration After Volumetric Muscle Loss, Benjamin Kasukonis

Theses and Dissertations

Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is an injury to skeletal muscle characterized by a loss of more than 20% of a muscles volume. The combination of the bulk loss of tissue, transection and separation of myofibers proximal and distal to the injury, loss of innervation and blood supply, and the depletion of muscle progenitor cells results in permanent fibrosis and functional deficits due to loss of contractile tissue. Scaffolds, cells, and engineered constructs have been explored as potential therapeutic interventions to induce myogenesis at the site of a VML injury in animal models, in addition to limited clinical trials. This dissertation ...


Dynamic Holography In Semiconductors And Biomedical Optics, Hao Sun Dec 2016

Dynamic Holography In Semiconductors And Biomedical Optics, Hao Sun

Open Access Dissertations

Three-dimensional scanning and display are rapidly-advancing new technologies with important commercial drivers such as 3D printing and remote imaging for big data applications. Holography is a natural approach to recording and displaying three-dimensional information because it uses phase-sensitive interferometry to record interference patterns when a reference beam encounters coherent light arriving from an object. The 3D information is contained in the values of wave optics. Holography is a broad field that goes beyond recording and displaying. For instance, holographic optical elements, which take advantage of holographic imaging principles, perform the functions of lenses, gratings or mirrors. Holographic interferometry is also ...


Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain Dec 2016

Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Studies suggest that P. gingivalis functions as a keystone pathogen and interacts with primary colonizers in the supragingival biofilm such as S. gordonii. This interaction contributes to the initial colonization of the oral cavity by P. gingivalis and thus represents a potential target for therapeutic intervention. We have identified a peptide (BAR) derived from the streptococcal SspB protein that functions to inhibit P. gingivalis adherence to S. gordonii. In addition, we showed that nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with BAR inhibit this interaction more potently than free soluble peptide, possibly by promoting interaction with P. gingivalis at higher valency than free peptide ...


Concurrent Detection And Isolation Of Cellular And Molecular Biomarkers, Wanfeng Huang Dec 2016

Concurrent Detection And Isolation Of Cellular And Molecular Biomarkers, Wanfeng Huang

Open Access Dissertations

Detection of cancer markers such as protein biomolecules and cancer cells in bodily fluids is of great importance in early diagnosis, prognosis as well as evaluation of therapy efficacy. Numerous devices have been developed for detecting either cellular or molecular targets, however there has not yet been a system that can simultaneously detect both cellular and molecular targets effectively. Molecule and cell-based assays are important because each type of target can tell a different story about the state of the disease and the two types of information can potentially be combined and/or compared for more accurate biological or clinical ...


Development Of Breast Tissue Phantoms For Enhanced Terahertz Imaging Utilizing Microdiamond And Nano-Onion Particles, Alec Walter Dec 2016

Development Of Breast Tissue Phantoms For Enhanced Terahertz Imaging Utilizing Microdiamond And Nano-Onion Particles, Alec Walter

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis presents the work performed to develop tissue phantoms and a contrast agent that will be used in future research of terahertz time-domain imaging of breast tumor margins. Since an excised breast tumor can contain healthy fibrous and fatty tissues along with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), three phantom materials were developed. Solid phantom materials were made by using TX151 to solidify water in order to tune the refractive index and absorption coefficient of the fibrous tissue phantom and IDC phantom to the properties of freshly excised breast tissue. Various amounts of olive oil were added to the water prior ...


Development Of A Semi-Interpenetrating Network Hydrogel To Study The Effects Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury On Astrocyte Remodeling, Amanda Ederle Dec 2016

Development Of A Semi-Interpenetrating Network Hydrogel To Study The Effects Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury On Astrocyte Remodeling, Amanda Ederle

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a widespread public health concern affecting over 2.5 million people in the United States alone (1). TBIs are the leading cause of death and disability in children (ages 0-14), and their devastating effects can also be seen in vast population subsets such as professional athletes and combat soldiers (1).

Damaged astrocytes, the specialized glial cells associated with the maintenance of the brain’s environment, respond to injury by altering regulation of certain proteins and ion channels in an attempt to maintain homeostasis (3). Studies have also shown that following a TBI, astrocytes seek to ...


Transient Local Bone Remodeling Effects Of Rhbmp-2 In An Ovine Interbody Spine Fusion Model, Hyun W. Bae, Vikas V. Patel, Zeeshan M. Sardar, Jeffrey Badura, Ben B. Pradhan, Howard Seim, Anthony S. Turner, Jeffrey M. Toth Dec 2016

Transient Local Bone Remodeling Effects Of Rhbmp-2 In An Ovine Interbody Spine Fusion Model, Hyun W. Bae, Vikas V. Patel, Zeeshan M. Sardar, Jeffrey Badura, Ben B. Pradhan, Howard Seim, Anthony S. Turner, Jeffrey M. Toth

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteoinductive morphogen capable of stimulating the migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the site of implantation and inducing the proliferation and differentiation of these MSCs into osteoblasts. Vertebral end-plate and vertebral body resorption has been reported after interbody fusion with high doses of rhBMP-2. In this study, we investigated the effects of 2 rhBMP-2 doses on peri-implant bone resorption and bone remodeling at 7 time points in an end-plate-sparing ovine interbody fusion model. Methods: Twenty-one female sheep underwent an end-plate-sparing discectomy followed by interbody fusion at L2-L3 and L4-L5 ...


Measuring The Effects Of High-Altitude Flight And Upper Atmospheric Radiation On Muscle Cells, Annelise Dykes Dec 2016

Measuring The Effects Of High-Altitude Flight And Upper Atmospheric Radiation On Muscle Cells, Annelise Dykes

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

There are several physiological barriers to long-term space travel, including the effects of launch, landing, and microgravity on muscle cells. A payload capsule was designed to maintain cell growth during a high altitude balloon flight to model some of these physiological processes. Murine muscle cells (strain C2C12) were cultured and launched in a capsule on a balloon satellite in November 2016. Cells were monitored for changes due to temperature, flight motion, radiation, and gravity differences by quantifying cell characteristics before and after the flight using physical measurements and cell viability. Instruments were selected to monitor flight data, and a payload ...


Design Of A Flexible Control Platform And Miniature In Vivo Robots For Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgeries, Lou P. Cubrich Dec 2016

Design Of A Flexible Control Platform And Miniature In Vivo Robots For Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgeries, Lou P. Cubrich

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Minimally-invasive laparoscopic procedures have proven efficacy for a wide range of surgical procedures as well as benefits such as reducing scarring, infection, recovery time, and post-operative pain. While the procedures have many advantages, there are significant shortcomings such as limited instrument motion and reduced dexterity. In recent years, robotic surgical technology has overcome some of these limitations and has become an effective tool for many types of surgeries. These robotic platforms typically have an increased workspace, greater dexterity, improved ergonomics, and finer control than traditional laparoscopic methods. This thesis presents the designs of both a four degree-of-freedom (DOF) and 5-DOF ...


The Impacts Of Arterial Occlusion, Sex, And Exercise On Arteriogenesis And Functional Vasodilation, Megan Tze-Mei Chu Dec 2016

The Impacts Of Arterial Occlusion, Sex, And Exercise On Arteriogenesis And Functional Vasodilation, Megan Tze-Mei Chu

Master's Theses

The most frequent clinical presentation of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is intermittent claudication, which may be caused by impaired vasodilation. Patients demonstrate both local and systemic impairments in vasodilation, but as the collateral circulation is the primary site of resistance to the ischemic zone, impaired collateral vasodilation would have the greatest potential to induce claudication. Collateral function following arterial occlusion is not well defined, but immature collaterals may demonstrate impaired vasodilation in animal models, although this is potentially improved with exercise training. Furthermore, as females exhibit poorer physical function with ischemia and less improvement with therapeutic exercise, there appears ...


Quantifying Parkinson's Disease Symptoms Using Mobile Devices, Charles R. Aylward Dec 2016

Quantifying Parkinson's Disease Symptoms Using Mobile Devices, Charles R. Aylward

Master's Theses

Current assessments for evaluating the progression of Parkinson’s Disease are largely qualitative and based on small sets of data obtained from occasional doctor-patient interactions. There is a clinical need to improve the techniques used for mitigating common Parkinson’s Disease symptoms. Available data sets for researching the disease are minimal, hindering advancement toward understanding the underlying causes and effectiveness of treatment and therapies. Mobile devices present an opportunity to continuously monitor Parkinson’s Disease patients and collect important information regarding the severity of symptoms. The evolution of digital technology has opened doors for clinical research to extend beyond the ...


Nanoindentation Techniques For The Evaluation Of Silicon Nitride Thin Films, Weston T. Mangin Dec 2016

Nanoindentation Techniques For The Evaluation Of Silicon Nitride Thin Films, Weston T. Mangin

Master's Theses

Silicon nitride thin films are of interest in the biomedical engineering field due to their biocompatibility and favorable tribological properties. Evaluation and understanding of the properties of these films under diverse loading and failure conditions is a necessary prerequisite to their use in biomedical devices. Three wafers of silicon nitride-coated silicon were obtained from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and used to create 96 samples. Samples were subjected to nanoindentation testing to evaluate the mechanical properties of the film. Samples were subjected to nanoimpact testing to compare the damage resistance of the film to separate nanoimpact types. Samples were subjected to ...


Functional 3-D Cellulose And Nitrocellulose Paper-Based, Microfluidic Device Utilizing Elisa Technology For The Detection/Distinction Between Hemorrhagic And Ischemic Strokes, Alicia Leanne Holler Dec 2016

Functional 3-D Cellulose And Nitrocellulose Paper-Based, Microfluidic Device Utilizing Elisa Technology For The Detection/Distinction Between Hemorrhagic And Ischemic Strokes, Alicia Leanne Holler

Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis project is to demonstrate and evaluate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on a paper microfluidic device platform. The integration of ELISA technology onto paper microfluidic chips allows for a quantitative detection of stroke biomarkers, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Dye experiments were performed to confirm fluid connectivity throughout the 3D chips. Several chip and housing designs were fabricated to determine an optimal design for the microfluidic device. Once this design was finalized, development time testing was performed. The results confirmed that the paper microfluidic device could successfully route fluid throughout its channels at ...


An Emg-Based Patient Monitoring System Using Zynq Soc Device, Farhad Fallahlalehzari Dec 2016

An Emg-Based Patient Monitoring System Using Zynq Soc Device, Farhad Fallahlalehzari

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This thesis describes the design, development, and testing of an EMG-based patient monitoring system using the Zynq device. Zynq is a system on chip device designed by Xilinx which consists of an ARM dual cortex-A9 processor as well as an FPGA integrated into one chip. This work also analyzes the performance of image-processing algorithms on this system and compares that performance to more traditional PC-based systems. Image processing algorithms, such as Sobel edge detection, dilation and erosion, could be used in conjunction with a camera for the patient monitoring purposes. These algorithms often perform sub-optimally on processors because of their ...


Radiation Therapy And Dosing Material Transport Methodology, Robert O'Brien Dec 2016

Radiation Therapy And Dosing Material Transport Methodology, Robert O'Brien

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

A technique is examined here that utilizes high energy beta decays from a short lived radioisotope to treat medical conditions such as shallow cancerous lesions. A major benefit of beta particle interaction in tissue is a fixed penetration depth for the charged particle, with dose limited to the ultimate range of the beta particle. This method improves on some current techniques of radioactive brachytherapy, where "seeds" are placed inside patients through temporary or permanent implantation in order to kill cancerous cells or inhibit growth of tissue. The use of low energy gamma-rays is the most common method of treatment currently ...


The Effects Of Cryopreservation On Human Dental Pulp-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Allison Elaine Tomlin Dec 2016

The Effects Of Cryopreservation On Human Dental Pulp-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Allison Elaine Tomlin

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Many studies have demonstrated clinical applications for the use of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) for the treatment of various conditions. This has driven medical and scientific interest in the collection, isolation and banking of DPSC tissues for research into these potential therapies. Few studies to date have evaluated the viability of DPSC following long-term cryopreservation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cryopreservation on dental pulp-derived stem cells (DPSC) viability over a period of three years. Dental pulp-derived stem cells were isolated and cultured from thirty-one healthy teeth. DPSC isolates were assessed for doubling-time and ...


An Economic Evaluation Of A Biofuel Supply Chain Utilizing Multiple Feedstocks, Huaqi Zhang Dec 2016

An Economic Evaluation Of A Biofuel Supply Chain Utilizing Multiple Feedstocks, Huaqi Zhang

Masters Theses

Biomass is considered as one potential feedstock for biofuel production. However, the high cost of biomass-to-biofuel supply chain, attributed to biomass’s low bulk density and resulting harvest, storage, and transportation challenges, has been a major hindrance to the success of biomass-based biofuel industry. In addition, the issue of dry matter losses during storage for a feedstock has affected biomass quantity and quality if the feedstock is stored for several months after a single harvest in a year. One potential way to improve the economics of biomass supply chain is to reduce storage need and enhance the utilization of harvest ...


Accuracy Of Patient-Specific Organ Dose Estimates Obtained Using An Automated Image Segmentation Algorithm, Taly Gilat-Schmidt, Adam S. Wang, Thomas Coradi, Benjamin Haas, Josh Star-Lack Nov 2016

Accuracy Of Patient-Specific Organ Dose Estimates Obtained Using An Automated Image Segmentation Algorithm, Taly Gilat-Schmidt, Adam S. Wang, Thomas Coradi, Benjamin Haas, Josh Star-Lack

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

The overall goal of this work is to develop a rapid, accurate, and automated software tool to estimate patient-specific organ doses from computed tomography (CT) scans using simulations to generate dose maps combined with automated segmentation algorithms. This work quantified the accuracy of organ dose estimates obtained by an automated segmentation algorithm. We hypothesized that the autosegmentation algorithm is sufficiently accurate to provide organ dose estimates, since small errors delineating organ boundaries will have minimal effect when computing mean organ dose. A leave-one-out validation study of the automated algorithm was performed with 20 head-neck CT scans expertly segmented into nine ...


Importance Of Heat And Pressure For Solubilization Of Recombinant Spider Silk Proteins In Aqueous Solution, Justin A. Jones, Thomas I. Harris, Paula F. Oliveira, Brianne E. Bell, Abdulrahman Alhabib, Randolph V. Lewis Nov 2016

Importance Of Heat And Pressure For Solubilization Of Recombinant Spider Silk Proteins In Aqueous Solution, Justin A. Jones, Thomas I. Harris, Paula F. Oliveira, Brianne E. Bell, Abdulrahman Alhabib, Randolph V. Lewis

Biology Faculty Publications

The production of recombinant spider silk proteins continues to be a key area of interest for a number of research groups. Several key obstacles exist in their production as well as in their formulation into useable products. The original reported method to solubilize recombinant spider silk proteins (rSSp) in an aqueous solution involved using microwaves to quickly generate heat and pressure inside of a sealed vial containing rSSp and water. Fibers produced from this system are remarkable in their mechanical ability and demonstrate the ability to be stretched and recover 100 times. The microwave method dissolves the rSSPs with dissolution ...


Optical Coherence Photoacoustic Microscopy (Oc-Pam) For Multimodal Imaging, Xiaojing Liu Nov 2016

Optical Coherence Photoacoustic Microscopy (Oc-Pam) For Multimodal Imaging, Xiaojing Liu

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) are two noninvasive, high-resolution, three-dimensional, biomedical imaging modalities based on different contrast mechanisms. OCT detects the light backscattered from a biological sample either in the time or spectral domain using an interferometer to form an image. PAM is sensitive to optical absorption by detecting the light-induced acoustic waves to form an image. Due to their complementary contrast mechanisms, OCT and PAM are suitable for being combined to achieve multimodal imaging.

In this dissertation, an optical coherence photoacoustic microscopy (OC-PAM) system was developed for in vivo multimodal retinal imaging with a pulsed broadband ...


Performance Factors In Neurosurgical Simulation And Augmented Reality Image Guidance, Ryan Armstrong Nov 2016

Performance Factors In Neurosurgical Simulation And Augmented Reality Image Guidance, Ryan Armstrong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Virtual reality surgical simulators have seen widespread adoption in an effort to provide safe, cost-effective and realistic practice of surgical skills. However, the majority of these simulators focus on training low-level technical skills, providing only prototypical surgical cases. For many complex procedures, this approach is deficient in representing anatomical variations that present clinically, failing to challenge users’ higher-level cognitive skills important for navigation and targeting. Surgical simulators offer the means to not only simulate any case conceivable, but to test novel approaches and examine factors that influence performance. Unfortunately, there is a void in the literature surrounding these questions. This ...