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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Sequential Structural And Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of Balloon-Expandable Coronary Stents., David Martin Oct 2013

Sequential Structural And Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of Balloon-Expandable Coronary Stents., David Martin

Doctoral

As in-stent restenosis following coronary stent deployment has been strongly linked with stent-induced arterial injury and altered vessel hemodynamics, the sequential numerical analysis of the mechanical and hemodynamic impact of stent deployment within a coronary artery is likely to provide an excellent indication of coronary stent performance. Despite this observation, very few numerical studies have considered both the mechanical and hemodynamic impact of stent deployment. In light of this observation, the aim of this research is to develop a robust numerical methodology for investigating the performance of balloon-expandable coronary stents in terms of their mechanical and hemodynamic impact within a ...


Force Sensing Surgical Scissor Blades Using Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors, Dean Callaghan Sep 2013

Force Sensing Surgical Scissor Blades Using Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors, Dean Callaghan

Doctoral

This thesis considers the development and analysis of unique sensorised surgical scissor blades for application in minimally invasive robotic surgery (MIRS). The lack of haptic (force and tactile) feedback to the user is currently an unresolved issue with modern MIRS systems. This thesis presents details on smart sensing scissor blades which enable the measurement of instrument-tissue interaction forces for the purpose of force reflection and tissue property identification. A review of current literature established that there exists a need for small compact, biocompatible, sterilisable and robust sensors which meet the demands of current MIRS instruments. Therefore, the sensorised blades exploit ...


Experimental Microwave Breast Cancer Detection With Oil-On-Gelatin Phantom, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonio Cuccaro, Jacinta Browne, Domenico Gaetano, Max Ammann Sep 2013

Experimental Microwave Breast Cancer Detection With Oil-On-Gelatin Phantom, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonio Cuccaro, Jacinta Browne, Domenico Gaetano, Max Ammann

Articles

This paper presents a 2-D breast phantom which was realized with oil-in-gelatin materials for the evaluation of three different tumor detection methods operated in the microwave spectrum 1 – 3 GHz. A planar monopole antenna was used to scan the phantom in a multi-monostatic configuration across 36 angular locations. Results show a better performance of an Interferometric-MUSIC approach when compared to Non-coherent Migration and Wide Band MUSIC.


Multimodal Wearable Sensors For Human-Machine Interfaces, Mark Nolan Aug 2013

Multimodal Wearable Sensors For Human-Machine Interfaces, Mark Nolan

Doctoral

Certain areas of the body, such as the hands, eyes and organs of speech production, provide high-bandwidth information channels from the conscious mind to the outside world. The objective of this research was to develop an innovative wearable sensor device that records signals from these areas more conveniently than has previously been possible, so that they can be harnessed for communication. A novel bioelectrical and biomechanical sensing device, the wearable endogenous biosignal sensor (WEBS), was developed and tested in various communication and clinical measurement applications.

One ground-breaking feature of the WEBS system is that it digitises biopotentials almost at the ...


Footwear-Centric Body Area Network With Directional Uwb Antenna, Domenico Gaetano, Vit Sipal, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann, C Brannigan, Louise Keating, Frances Horgan Jul 2013

Footwear-Centric Body Area Network With Directional Uwb Antenna, Domenico Gaetano, Vit Sipal, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann, C Brannigan, Louise Keating, Frances Horgan

Articles

A footwear-centric body area network employing a directional antenna is compared with waist-centric systems using omnidirectional and directional antennas. The impact of body movements on path gain is analysed for two bands at 3.99 GHz and 7.99 GHz. The path gain and data rate results demonstrate that footwear-centric configurations are equivalent or better than waist-centric body area networks.


An Investigation Of The Biochemical Properties Of Tetrazines As Potential Coating Additives, Swarna Jaiswal, Brendan Duffy, Luke O'Neill, Patrick Mchale Jan 2013

An Investigation Of The Biochemical Properties Of Tetrazines As Potential Coating Additives, Swarna Jaiswal, Brendan Duffy, Luke O'Neill, Patrick Mchale

Articles

1,2,4,5-Tetrazine and its 3,6-disubstituted derivatives are currently used for a range of industrial and medical applications as they exhibit particular coordination chemistries, characterized by electron and charge transfer phenomena. The aim of the present work is to describe the synthesis of two tetrazine derivatives, namely 3,6-dihydrazino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DHDTZ) and 1,2,4,5-tetrazine dicarboxylic acid (DCTZ), and determine their antibacterial, antioxidant and anticorrosion characteristics as additives in a sol-gel coating on SS316L steel. The structure of the tetrazines was confirmed by NMR and FTIR while the surface morphology of bacterial cells in their ...


Rf Breast Cancer Detection Employing A Non-Characterized Vivaldi Antenna And A Music-Inspired Algorithm, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonietta D'Alterio, Max Ammann, Rocco Pierri Jan 2013

Rf Breast Cancer Detection Employing A Non-Characterized Vivaldi Antenna And A Music-Inspired Algorithm, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonietta D'Alterio, Max Ammann, Rocco Pierri

Articles

A novel microwave breast cancer detection system consisting of an Evolutionary Global Optimized Vivaldi antenna and an algorithm inspired by MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) is presented. Its performance is assessed by using a simplified numerical breast phantom for a number of critical conditions including the presence of fibroglandular tissues.


Comparison Of Non-Coherent Linear Breast Cancer Detection Algorithms Applied To A 2-D Numerical Breast Model, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonio Cuccaro, Max Ammann Jan 2013

Comparison Of Non-Coherent Linear Breast Cancer Detection Algorithms Applied To A 2-D Numerical Breast Model, Giuseppe Ruvio, Raffaele Solimene, Antonio Cuccaro, Max Ammann

Articles

A comparative analysis of an imaging method based on a multi-frequency Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) approach against two common linear detection algorithms based on non-coherent migration is made. The different techniques are tested using synthetic data generated through CST Microwave Studio and a phantom developed from MRI scans of a mostly fat breast. The multi-frequency MUSIC approach shows an overall superior performance compared to the non-coherent techniques. This paper reports that this highly performing algorithm does not require any antenna calibration or phase response estimation and allows the use of efficient and complex antenna geometries without difficult algorithm redefinitions.


Finite Element Analysis Of Balloon-Expandable Coronary Stent Deployment: Influence Of Angioplasty Balloon Configuration, David Martin, Fergal Boyle Jan 2013

Finite Element Analysis Of Balloon-Expandable Coronary Stent Deployment: Influence Of Angioplasty Balloon Configuration, David Martin, Fergal Boyle

Articles

Today, the majority of coronary stents are balloon-expandable and are deployed using a balloon-tipped catheter. To improve deliverability, the membrane of the angioplasty balloon is typically folded about the catheter in a pleated configuration. As such, the deployment of the angioplasty balloon is governed by the material properties of the balloon membrane, its folded configuration and its attachment to the catheter. Despite this observation, however, an optimum strategy for modelling the configuration of the angioplasty balloon in finite element studies of coronary stent deployment has not been identified, and idealised models of the angioplasty balloon are commonly employed in the ...