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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

Marquette University

Cardiac mitochondria

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Extra-Matrix Mg2+ Limits Ca2+ Uptake And Modulates Ca2+ Uptake-Independent Respiration And Redox State In Cardiac Isolated Mitochondria, Age D. Boelens, Ranjan K. Pradhan, Christoph A. Blomeyer, Amadou K.S. Camara, Ranjan K. Dash, David F. Stowe Jun 2013

Extra-Matrix Mg2+ Limits Ca2+ Uptake And Modulates Ca2+ Uptake-Independent Respiration And Redox State In Cardiac Isolated Mitochondria, Age D. Boelens, Ranjan K. Pradhan, Christoph A. Blomeyer, Amadou K.S. Camara, Ranjan K. Dash, David F. Stowe

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Cardiac mitochondrial matrix (m) free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) increases primarily by Ca2+ uptake through the Ca2+ uniporter (CU). Ca2+ uptake via the CU is attenuated by extra-matrix (e) Mg2+ ([Mg2+]e). How [Ca2+]m is dynamically modulated by interacting physiological levels of [Ca2+]e and [Mg2+]e and how this interaction alters bioenergetics are not well understood. We postulated that as [Mg2+]e modulates Ca2+ uptake via the CU, it also alters bioenergetics in a matrix Ca2+–induced and matrix Ca2+–independent manner. To test this ...


Protection Against Cardiac Injury By Small Ca2 +-Sensitive K+ Channels Identified In Guinea Pig Cardiac Inner Mitochondrial Membrane, David F. Stowe, Ashish K. Gadicherla, Yifan Zhou, Mohammed Aldakkak, Qunli Cheng, Wai-Meng Kwok, Ming Tao Jiang, James S. Heisner, Meiying Yang, Amadou K.S. Camara Feb 2013

Protection Against Cardiac Injury By Small Ca2 +-Sensitive K+ Channels Identified In Guinea Pig Cardiac Inner Mitochondrial Membrane, David F. Stowe, Ashish K. Gadicherla, Yifan Zhou, Mohammed Aldakkak, Qunli Cheng, Wai-Meng Kwok, Ming Tao Jiang, James S. Heisner, Meiying Yang, Amadou K.S. Camara

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

We tested if small conductance, Ca2 +‐sensitive K+ channels (SKCa) precondition hearts against ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury by improving mitochondrial (m) bioenergetics, if O2‐derived free radicals are required to initiate protection via SKCa channels, and, importantly, if SKCa channels are present in cardiac cell inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM). NADH and FAD, superoxide (O2), and m[Ca2 +] were measured in guinea pig isolated hearts by fluorescence spectrophotometry. SKCa and IKCa channel opener DCEBIO (DCEB) was given for 10 min and ended 20 min before IR. Either TBAP, a dismutator of O ...