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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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2013

Electrical and Computer Engineering

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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Under-Sampled Reconstruction Techniques For Accelerated Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mohammad H. Kayvanrad Dec 2013

Under-Sampled Reconstruction Techniques For Accelerated Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mohammad H. Kayvanrad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to physical and biological constraints and requirements on the minimum resolution and SNR, the acquisition time is relatively long in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Consequently, a limited number of pulse sequences can be run in a clinical MRI session because of constraints on the total acquisition time due to patient comfort and cost considerations. Therefore, it is strongly desired to reduce the acquisition time without compromising the reconstruction quality. This thesis concerns under-sampled reconstruction techniques for acceleration of MRI acquisitions, i.e., parallel imaging and compressed sensing.

While compressed sensing MRI reconstructions are commonly regularized by penalizing the decimated ...


Angiography And Monitoring Of Hemodynamic Signals In The Brain Via Optical Coherence Tomography, Alana Mauluidy Soehartono Dec 2013

Angiography And Monitoring Of Hemodynamic Signals In The Brain Via Optical Coherence Tomography, Alana Mauluidy Soehartono

Theses and Dissertations

The brain is a complex network of interconnected neurons with each cell functioning as a nonlinear processing unit. Neural responses to stimulus can be described by activity in neurons. While blood flow changes have been associated with neural activity and are critical to brain function, this neurovascular coupling is not well understood. This work presents a technique for neurovascular interrogation, combining optogenetics and optical coherence tomography.

Optogenetics is a recently developed neuromodulation technique to control activity in the brain using light with precise spatial neuronal control and high temporal resolution. Using this method, cells act as light-gated ion channels and ...


Reconstruction Of Patient-Specific Bone Models From X-Ray Radiography, Hatem Amin Abdel Fattah El Dakhakhni Dec 2013

Reconstruction Of Patient-Specific Bone Models From X-Ray Radiography, Hatem Amin Abdel Fattah El Dakhakhni

Doctoral Dissertations

The availability of a patient‐specific bone model has become an increasingly invaluable addition to orthopedic case evaluation and planning [1]. Utilized within a wide range of specialized visualization and analysis tools, such models provide unprecedented wealth of bone shape information previously unattainable using traditional radiographic imaging [2]. In this work, a novel bone reconstruction method from two or more x‐ray images is described. This method is superior to previous attempts in terms of accuracy and repeatability. The new technique accurately models the radiological scene in a way that eliminates the need for expensive multi‐planar radiographic imaging systems ...


Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson Dec 2013

Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson

Doctoral Dissertations

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the leading causes of chronic disability (along with the hip). Due to rising healthcare costs associated with OA, it is important to fully understand the disease and how it progresses in the knee. One symptom of knee OA is the degeneration of cartilage in the articulating knee. The cartilage pad plays a major role in painting the biomechanical picture of the knee. This work attempts to quantify the cartilage thickness of healthy male and female knees using statistical shape models (SSMs) for a deep knee bend activity. Additionally, novel cartilage segmentation from ...


Sparse X-Ray Ct Image Reconstruction And Blind Beam Hardening Correction Via Mass Attenuation Discretization, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić Dec 2013

Sparse X-Ray Ct Image Reconstruction And Blind Beam Hardening Correction Via Mass Attenuation Discretization, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We develop a nonlinear sparse X-ray computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction method that accounts for beam hardening effects due to polychromatic X-ray sources. We adopt the blind scenario where the material of the inspected object and the incident polychromatic source spectrum are unknown and apply mass attenuation discretization of the underlying integral expressions that model the noiseless measurements. Our reconstruction algorithm employs constrained minimization of a penalized least-squares cost function, where nonnegativity and maximum-energy constraints are imposed on incident spectrum parameters and negative-energy and smooth ℓ1-norm penalty terms are introduced to ensure the nonnegativity and sparsity of the density map ...


An Implantable Low Pressure Biosensor Transponder, Chad Eric Seaver Dec 2013

An Implantable Low Pressure Biosensor Transponder, Chad Eric Seaver

Masters Theses

The human body’s intracranial pressure (ICP) is a critical element in sustaining healthy blood flow to the brain while allowing adequate volume for brain tissue within the relatively rigid structure of the cranium. Disruptions in the body’s maintenance of intracranial pressure are often caused by hemorrhage, tumors, edema, or excess cerebral spinal fluid resulting in treatments that are estimated to globally cost up to approximately five billion dollars annually. A critical element in the contemporary management of acute head injury, intracranial hemorrhage, stroke, or other conditions resulting in intracranial hypertension, is the real-time monitoring of ICP. Currently such ...


Pre-Amplifiers For A 15-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imager, Chin-Leong Lim, Peter Serano, Jerome L. Ackerman Nov 2013

Pre-Amplifiers For A 15-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imager, Chin-Leong Lim, Peter Serano, Jerome L. Ackerman

Chin-Leong Lim

High-field magnetic resonance imagers (MRI) give better signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image contrast. However clinical MRIs are currently limited to 3 Tesla (T) magnetic field strength. To create an uncommon 15 T scanner for research use, we evaluated several low-cost, intended for wireless communication, GaAs enhancement-mode pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistors (ePHEMT) in the critical preamplifier slot. This paper reports the experimental results that were obtained at both module and system levels. When evaluated in our prototype 15 T scanner front-end’s preamplifier slot, the candidate devices’ sub 1dB noise figures enabled image SNR ~ 110 in a water phantom (test ...


A Novel Signal Processing Method For Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring In Spinal Surgeries, Krishnatej Vedala Nov 2013

A Novel Signal Processing Method For Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring In Spinal Surgeries, Krishnatej Vedala

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring is an integral part of spinal surgeries and involves the recording of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP). However, clinical application of IONM still requires anywhere between 200 to 2000 trials to obtain an SSEP signal, which is excessive and introduces a significant delay during surgery to detect a possible neurological damage. The aim of this study is to develop a means to obtain the SSEP using a much less, twelve number of recordings. The preliminary step involved was to distinguish the SSEP with the ongoing brain activity. We first establish that the brain activity is indeed quasi-stationary whereas ...


Network Construction And Graph Theoretical Analysis Of Functional Language Networks In Pediatric Epilepsy, Anas Salah Eddin Nov 2013

Network Construction And Graph Theoretical Analysis Of Functional Language Networks In Pediatric Epilepsy, Anas Salah Eddin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation introduces a new approach for assessing the effects of pediatric epilepsy on the language connectome. Two novel data-driven network construction approaches are presented. These methods rely on connecting different brain regions using either extent or intensity of language related activations as identified by independent component analysis of fMRI data. An auditory description decision task (ADDT) paradigm was used to activate the language network for 29 patients and 30 controls recruited from three major pediatric hospitals. Empirical evaluations illustrated that pediatric epilepsy can cause, or is associated with, a network efficiency reduction. Patients showed a propensity to inefficiently employ ...


A Quantitative Analysis Of A Paper-Based, Laser-Defined, Oxygen-Generating Platform For Chronic Wounds, Tiffany L. Huang, Babak Ziaie Oct 2013

A Quantitative Analysis Of A Paper-Based, Laser-Defined, Oxygen-Generating Platform For Chronic Wounds, Tiffany L. Huang, Babak Ziaie

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Chronic wounds affect 6.5 million patients a year while consuming US$25 billion in health care costs (Sen 2009 Wound Repair Regen.). Despite advances in wound management therapies, modern treatment for chronic wounds still requires continual professional attention and expensive equipment, posing serious practical and financial burdens for the regular patient. To provide an alternative solution, we are developing a low-cost smart bandage platform that integrates actuators and sensors to monitor and treat chronic wounds. One component of the integrated platform is an oxygen-generating module. It is a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based microfluidic device fabricated on a parchment paper substrate ...


Bionano Electronics: Magneto-Electric Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery, Brain Stimulation And Imaging Applications, Rakesh Guduru Sep 2013

Bionano Electronics: Magneto-Electric Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery, Brain Stimulation And Imaging Applications, Rakesh Guduru

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nanoparticles are often considered as efficient drug delivery vehicles for precisely dispensing the therapeutic payloads specifically to the diseased sites in the patient’s body, thereby minimizing the toxic side effects of the payloads on the healthy tissue. However, the fundamental physics that underlies the nanoparticles’ intrinsic interaction with the surrounding cells is inadequately elucidated. The ability of the nanoparticles to precisely control the release of its payloads externally (on-demand) without depending on the physiological conditions of the target sites has the potential to enable patient- and disease-specific nanomedicine, also known as Personalized NanoMedicine (PNM). In this dissertation, magneto-electric nanoparticles ...


Multimodal Wearable Sensors For Human-Machine Interfaces, Mark Nolan Aug 2013

Multimodal Wearable Sensors For Human-Machine Interfaces, Mark Nolan

Doctoral

Certain areas of the body, such as the hands, eyes and organs of speech production, provide high-bandwidth information channels from the conscious mind to the outside world. The objective of this research was to develop an innovative wearable sensor device that records signals from these areas more conveniently than has previously been possible, so that they can be harnessed for communication. A novel bioelectrical and biomechanical sensing device, the wearable endogenous biosignal sensor (WEBS), was developed and tested in various communication and clinical measurement applications.

One ground-breaking feature of the WEBS system is that it digitises biopotentials almost at the ...


Development Of A Novel Handheld Device For Active Compensation Of Physiological Tremor, Abhijit Saxena Jul 2013

Development Of A Novel Handheld Device For Active Compensation Of Physiological Tremor, Abhijit Saxena

Abhijit Saxena

In microsurgery, the human hand imposes certain limitations in accurately positioning the tip of a device such as scalpel. Any errors in the motion of the hand make microsurgical procedures difficult and involuntary motions such as hand tremors can make some procedures significantly difficult to perform. This is particularly true in the case of vitreoretinal microsurgery. The most familiar source of involuntary motion is physiological tremor. Real-time compensation of tremor is, therefore, necessary to assist surgeons to precisely position and manipulate the tool-tip to accurately perform a microsurgery. In this thesis, a novel handheld device (AID) is described for compensation ...


Footwear-Centric Body Area Network With Directional Uwb Antenna, Domenico Gaetano, Vit Sipal, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann, C Brannigan, Louise Keating, Frances Horgan Jul 2013

Footwear-Centric Body Area Network With Directional Uwb Antenna, Domenico Gaetano, Vit Sipal, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann, C Brannigan, Louise Keating, Frances Horgan

Articles

A footwear-centric body area network employing a directional antenna is compared with waist-centric systems using omnidirectional and directional antennas. The impact of body movements on path gain is analysed for two bands at 3.99 GHz and 7.99 GHz. The path gain and data rate results demonstrate that footwear-centric configurations are equivalent or better than waist-centric body area networks.


Computational Modeling To Evaluate Helical Electrode Designs For Use In Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Anthony W. Cowley Jun 2013

Computational Modeling To Evaluate Helical Electrode Designs For Use In Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Anthony W. Cowley

Master's Theses and Project Reports

An estimated 0.5% of world’s population has been diagnosed with epilepsy. Of these patients 20-30% will be unable to achieve seizure control with anti-epileptic drugs. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be an appropriate treatment option for some patients with pharmaceutically refractory, partial-onset seizures.

VNS therapy uses a helical electrode to interface between the implantable pulse generator and the vagus nerve. While there have been several studies related to the mechanical and electrical safety of such electrodes, little work has been done toward understanding the effectiveness of the helical electrode in nerve stimulation. A better understanding of the voltage ...


Electrochemical Immunosensing Of Cortisol In An Automated Microfluidic System Towards Point-Of-Care Applications, Abhay Vasudev May 2013

Electrochemical Immunosensing Of Cortisol In An Automated Microfluidic System Towards Point-Of-Care Applications, Abhay Vasudev

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the development of a label-free, electrochemical immunosensing platform integrated into a low-cost microfluidic system for the sensitive, selective and accurate detection of cortisol, a steroid hormone co-related with many physiological disorders. Abnormal levels of cortisol is indicative of conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome, Addison’s disease, adrenal insufficiencies and more recently post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Electrochemical detection of immuno-complex formation is utilized for the sensitive detection of Cortisol using Anti-Cortisol antibodies immobilized on sensing electrodes. Electrochemical detection techniques such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) have been utilized for the characterization and sensing ...


Detection Of Cocaine Use With Wireless Electrocardiogram Sensors, Annamalai Natarajan, Abhinav Parate, Edward C. Gaiser, Gustavo A. Angarita, Robert T. Malison, Deepak Ganesan, Benjamin M. Marlin May 2013

Detection Of Cocaine Use With Wireless Electrocardiogram Sensors, Annamalai Natarajan, Abhinav Parate, Edward C. Gaiser, Gustavo A. Angarita, Robert T. Malison, Deepak Ganesan, Benjamin M. Marlin

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

In recent years, the ability to continuously monitor activities, health, and lifestyles of individuals using sensor technologies has reached unprecedented levels. Such ubiquitous physiological sensing has the potential to profoundly improve our understanding of human behavior, leading to more targeted treatments for a variety of disorders. The long terms goal of this work is development of novel computational tools to support the study of addiction in the context of cocaine use. The current paper takes the first step in this important direction by posing a simple, but crucial question: Can cocaine use be reliably detected using wearable on-body sensors and ...


Design And Testing Of Novel Mouthguard With Intermediate Nitinol And Foam Layers, Adam Kessler May 2013

Design And Testing Of Novel Mouthguard With Intermediate Nitinol And Foam Layers, Adam Kessler

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

It is the aim of this study to investigate a novel mouthguard design that incorporates the use of a nickel-titanium (Nitinol) layer and thin foam layer in addition to EVA layers. It is thought that the Nitinol layer can distribute the force of an impact and that the thin foam layer may absorb this distributed force better than a solid EVA mouthguard of the same thickness. Rectangular, flat coupons representative of several mouthguard configurations were constructed for testing using an instrumented drop-weight impact tower. The coupon configurations include a control made of laminated EVA, a group of laminated EVA and ...


Closed Loop Control Of A Cylindrical Tube Type Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (Ipmc), Benjamin Mead May 2013

Closed Loop Control Of A Cylindrical Tube Type Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (Ipmc), Benjamin Mead

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The goal of this research is to provide a framework for the integration of tube type, cylindrical Ionic Polymer Metal-Composite (IPMC) into conventional devices. IPMCs are one of the most widely used types of electro-active polymer actuator, due to their low electric driving potential and large deformation range. For this research a tube type IPMC was investigated. This IPMC has a circular cross section with four separate electrodes on its surface and a hole through the middle. The four electrodes allow for biaxial bending and accurate control of the tip location. One of the main advantages of using this type ...


Design And Implementation Of Wireless Point-Of-Care Health Monitoring Systems: Diagnosis For Sleep Disorders And Cardiovascular Diseases, Se Chang Oh May 2013

Design And Implementation Of Wireless Point-Of-Care Health Monitoring Systems: Diagnosis For Sleep Disorders And Cardiovascular Diseases, Se Chang Oh

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic sleep disorders are present in 40 million people in the United States. More than 25 million people remain undiagnosed and untreated, which accounts for over $22 billion in unnecessary healthcare costs. In addition, another major chronic disease is the heart diseases which cause 23.8% of the deaths in the United States. Thus, there is a need for a low cost, reliable, and ubiquitous patient monitoring system. A remote point-of-care system can satisfy this need by providing real time monitoring of the patient's health condition at remote places. However, the currently available POC systems have some drawbacks; the ...


Parallel Recording Of Neurotransmitters Release From Chromaffin Cells Using A 10 X 10 Cmos Ic Potentiostat Array With On-Chip Working Electrodes, Brian Kim, Adam Herbst, Sung Kim, Bradley Minch, Manfred Lindau Feb 2013

Parallel Recording Of Neurotransmitters Release From Chromaffin Cells Using A 10 X 10 Cmos Ic Potentiostat Array With On-Chip Working Electrodes, Brian Kim, Adam Herbst, Sung Kim, Bradley Minch, Manfred Lindau

Bradley Minch

Neurotransmitter release is modulated by many drugs and molecular manipulations. We present an active CMOS-based electrochemical biosensor array with high throughput capability (100 electrodes) for on-chip amperometric measurement of neurotransmitter release. The high-throughput of the biosensor array will accelerate the data collection needed to determine statistical significance of changes produced under varying conditions, from several weeks to a few hours. The biosensor is designed and fabricated using a combination of CMOS integrated circuit (IC) technology and a photolithography process to incorporate platinum working electrodes on-chip. We demonstrate the operation of an electrode array with integrated high-gain potentiostats and output time-division ...


Nanoenabled Microelectromechanical Sensor For Volatile Organic Chemical Detection, Chiara Zuniga, Matteo Rinaldi, Samuel M. Khamis, A. T. Johnson, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

Nanoenabled Microelectromechanical Sensor For Volatile Organic Chemical Detection, Chiara Zuniga, Matteo Rinaldi, Samuel M. Khamis, A. T. Johnson, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

A nanoenabled gravimetric chemical sensor prototype based on the large scale integration of single-stranded DNA (ss-DNA) decorated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as nanofunctionalization layer for aluminum nitride contour-mode resonant microelectromechanical (MEM) gravimetric sensors has been demonstrated. The capability of two distinct single strands of DNA bound to SWNTs to enhance differently the adsorption of volatile organic compounds such as dinitroluene (simulant for explosive vapor) and dymethyl-methylphosphonate (simulant for nerve agent sarin) has been verified experimentally. Different levels of sensitivity (17.3 and 28 KHz µm^2/fg) due to separate frequencies of operation (287 and 450 MHz) on the same ...


At89c51 Microcontroller Based Control Model For Hybrid Assistive Limb (Knee ), Suresh L Jan 2013

At89c51 Microcontroller Based Control Model For Hybrid Assistive Limb (Knee ), Suresh L

suresh L

In this paper, a controlling system is implemented for a wearable walking supporting device so called as Hybrid Assistive Limb. The control circuit is implemented without considering the biological signals of the human body for the knee part, which is based on the knee joint moment from the human body model. The control and a driving circuit s are implemented to assistive the knee as for the requir ement of knee joint dynamics.


Microfabricated Nanotopological Surfaces For Study Of Adhesion-Dependent Cell Mechanosensitivity, Weiqiang Chen, Yubing Sun, Jianping Fu Jan 2013

Microfabricated Nanotopological Surfaces For Study Of Adhesion-Dependent Cell Mechanosensitivity, Weiqiang Chen, Yubing Sun, Jianping Fu

Weiqiang Chen

Cells exhibit high sensitivity and diverse responses to the intrinsic nanotopography of the extracellular matrix through their nanoscale cellular sensing machinery. A simple microfabrication method for precise control and spatial patterning of the local nanoroughness on glass surfaces by using photolithography and reactive ion etching is reported. It is demonstrated that local nanoroughness as a biophysical cue could regulate a diverse array of NIH/3T3 fi broblast behaviors, including cell morphology, adhesion, proliferation, migration, and cytoskeleton contractility. The capability to control and further predict cellular responses to nanoroughness might suggest novel methods for developing biomaterials mimicking nanotopographic structures in vivo ...


Surface-Micromachined Microfiltration Membranes For Efficient Isolation And Functional Immunophenotyping Of Subpopulations Of Immune Cells, Weiqiang Chen, Nien-Tsu Huang, Boram Oh, Raymond H. W. Lam, Rong Fan, Timothy T. Cornell, Thomas P. Shanley, Katsuo Kurabayashi, Jianping Fu Jan 2013

Surface-Micromachined Microfiltration Membranes For Efficient Isolation And Functional Immunophenotyping Of Subpopulations Of Immune Cells, Weiqiang Chen, Nien-Tsu Huang, Boram Oh, Raymond H. W. Lam, Rong Fan, Timothy T. Cornell, Thomas P. Shanley, Katsuo Kurabayashi, Jianping Fu

Weiqiang Chen

An accurate measurement of the immune status in patients with immune system disorders is critical in evaluating the stage of diseases and tailoring drug treatments. The functional cellular immunity test is a promising method to establish the diagnosis of immune dysfunctions. The conventional functional cellular immunity test involves measurements of the capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines when stimulated ex vivo. However, this “bulk” assay measures the overall reactivity of a population of lymphocytes and monocytes, making it difficult to pinpoint the phenotype or real identity of the reactive immune cells involved. In this research, we ...


Shear Wave Propagation In Soft Tissue With Ultrasound Vibrometry, Yi Zheng, Xin Chen, Aiping Yao, Haoming Lin, Yuanyuan Shen, Ying Zhu, Minhua Lu, Tianfu Wang, Siping Chen Jan 2013

Shear Wave Propagation In Soft Tissue With Ultrasound Vibrometry, Yi Zheng, Xin Chen, Aiping Yao, Haoming Lin, Yuanyuan Shen, Ying Zhu, Minhua Lu, Tianfu Wang, Siping Chen

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Studies have found that shear moduli, having the dynamic range of several orders of magnitude for various biological tissues, are highly correlated with the pathological statues of human tissue such as livers. Shear moduli can be investigated by measuring the attenuation and velocity of the shear wave propagation in a tissue region. Many efforts have been made to measure shear wave propagations induced by different types of force, which include the motion force of human organs, external applied force, and ultrasound radiation force.

In the past 15 years, ultrasound radiation force has been successfully used to induce tissue motion for ...


Computational-Optical Microscopy For 3d Biological Imaging Beyond The Diffraction Limit, Ginni Grover Jan 2013

Computational-Optical Microscopy For 3d Biological Imaging Beyond The Diffraction Limit, Ginni Grover

Electrical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In recent years, super-resolution imaging has become an important fluorescent microscopy tool. It has enabled imaging of structures smaller than the optical diffraction limit with resolution less than 50 nm. Extension to high-resolution volume imaging has been achieved by integration with various optical techniques. In this thesis, development of a fluorescent microscope to enable high resolution, extended depth, three dimensional (3D) imaging is discussed; which is achieved by integration of computational methods with optical systems.

In the first part of the thesis, point spread function (PSF) engineering for volume imaging is discussed. A class of PSFs, referred to as double-helix ...


Beam Hardening Correction Via Mass Attenuation Discretization, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić Jan 2013

Beam Hardening Correction Via Mass Attenuation Discretization, Renliang Gu, Aleksandar Dogandžić

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We develop a beam-hardening correction method for polychromatic xray computed tomography (ct) reconstruction based on mass attenuation coefficient discretization. We assume that the inspected object consists of an unknown single material and that the incident x-ray spectrum is unknown. In this case, the standard photon-energy discretization of the Beer’s law measurement equation leads to an excessive number of unknown parameters and scaling ambiguity. To obtain a parsimonious measurement model parametrization, we first rewrite the measurement equation in terms of integral expressions of the mass attenuation rather than photon energy. The resulting integrals can be discretized easily thanks to the ...


Activity Intent Recognition Of The Torso Based On Surface Electromyography And Inertial Measurement Units, Zhe Zhang Jan 2013

Activity Intent Recognition Of The Torso Based On Surface Electromyography And Inertial Measurement Units, Zhe Zhang

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis presents an activity mode intent recognition approach for safe, robust and reliable control of powered backbone exoskeleton. The thesis presents the background and a concept for a powered backbone exoskeleton that would work in parallel with a user. The necessary prerequisites for the thesis are presented, including the collection and processing of surface electromyography signals and inertial sensor data to recognize the user’s activity. The development of activity mode intent recognizer was described based on decision tree classification in order to leverage its computational efficiency. The intent recognizer is a high-level supervisory controller that belongs to a ...


Independent Component Analysis Enhancements For Source Separation In Immersive Audio Environments, Yue Zhao Jan 2013

Independent Component Analysis Enhancements For Source Separation In Immersive Audio Environments, Yue Zhao

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

In immersive audio environments with distributed microphones, Independent Component Analysis (ICA) can be applied to uncover signals from a mixture of other signals and noise, such as in a cocktail party recording. ICA algorithms have been developed for instantaneous source mixtures and convolutional source mixtures. While ICA for instantaneous mixtures works when no delays exist between the signals in each mixture, distributed microphone recordings typically result various delays of the signals over the recorded channels. The convolutive ICA algorithm should account for delays; however, it requires many parameters to be set and often has stability issues. This thesis introduces the ...