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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Green Manufacturing Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications, Sijia Yi Aug 2013

Green Manufacturing Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications, Sijia Yi

Doctoral Dissertations

The vast majority of nanomaterials are chemically synthesized, a costly process, that is environmentally risky, and the produced nanoparticles are potentially toxic to patients. Nature-based nanomaterials, however, are proving to be much more biocompatible with lower environmental toxicity. Even though a variety of natural nanomaterials have been designed, fabrication technologies for the desired natural nanoparticles with reproducible quality, high productivity and low cost remain a challenge. My objective has been to establish strategies for the isolation, purification and characterization of nanoparticles using a production system based on green tea and fungus (Arthrobotrys oligospora) and also to develop new approaches for ...


Polysaccharide-Based Nanocarriers For Improved Drug Delivery, Nan Zhang Aug 2013

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocarriers For Improved Drug Delivery, Nan Zhang

Dissertations - ALL

The field of drug delivery has provided a solution to the limited efficacy and high toxicity of many drugs. Nano-sized drug carriers are popular because their size allows for selective accumulation in the diseased area. Polysaccharides are non-toxic and biodegradable natural polymers that can serve as the basis for these nano-sized carriers. Polysialic acid (PSA) is such a polysaccharide with strong hydrophilicity that may reduce uptake by the reticuloendothelial system and prolong drug circulation. In this study, we developed PSA-based nanocarriers, specifically micelles and nanoparticles, for improved drug delivery with improved efficacy and minimized toxicity. PSA-based micelle systems were developed ...


Applications Of Antioxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Polymers To Inhibit Injury And Disease, David B. Cochran Jan 2013

Applications Of Antioxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Polymers To Inhibit Injury And Disease, David B. Cochran

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

There is an undeniable link between oxidative stress, inflammation, and disease. Currently, approaches using antioxidant therapies have been largely unsuccessful due to poor delivery and bioavailability. Responding to these limitations, we have developed classes of polymer and delivery systems that can overcome the challenges of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory therapy. In our initial studies, nanoparticles of poly(trolox), a polymeric form of trolox, were surface-modified with antibodies. This modification allows for specific targeting to endothelial cells, affording controllable and localized protection against oxidative stress. We have shown these targeted nanoparticles bind, internalize, and provide protection against oxidative stress generation and cytotoxicity ...


Development Of Vapor Deposited Silica Sol-Gel Particles For A Bioactive Materials System To Direct Osteoblast Behavior, Katherine Lynn Snyder Jan 2013

Development Of Vapor Deposited Silica Sol-Gel Particles For A Bioactive Materials System To Direct Osteoblast Behavior, Katherine Lynn Snyder

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have emerged in an effort to generate replacement tissues capable of restoring native tissue structure and function, but because of the complexity of biologic system, this has proven to be much harder than originally anticipated. Silica based bioactive glasses are popular as biomaterials because of their ability to enhance osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Sol-gel processing methods are popular in generating these materials because it offers: 1) mild processing conditions; 2) easily controlled structure and composition; 3) the ability to incorporate biological molecules; and 4) inherent biocompatibility. The goal of this work was to develop a bioactive ...