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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Functional Co-Substituted Poly[(Amino Acid Ester)Phosphazene] Biomaterials, Amanda L. Baillargeon Jul 2014

Functional Co-Substituted Poly[(Amino Acid Ester)Phosphazene] Biomaterials, Amanda L. Baillargeon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The development of new and improved biomaterials is essential for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. Amino acid-based polyphosphazenes are being explored as scaffold materials for tissue engineering applications due to their non-toxic degradation products and tunable material properties. This work focuses on the synthesis of non-functional and novel functional poly[(amino acid ester)phosphazene]s using a facile method of thermal ring opening polymerization followed by one-pot room temperature substitution. The family of polyphosphazenes developed in this work is based on L-alanine (PNEAs), L-phenylalanine (PNEFs), and L-methionine (PNEMs) with L-glutamic acid imparting the functionality. Characterization of these materials demonstrated ...


Deregulation Of Fatty Acid Transport In Escherichia Coli For Enhanced Control Of Biodegradable Plastic Copolymer Production, Ryan A. Scheel Jan 2014

Deregulation Of Fatty Acid Transport In Escherichia Coli For Enhanced Control Of Biodegradable Plastic Copolymer Production, Ryan A. Scheel

Honors Theses

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are one possible alternative for petroleum-based plastics that have been shown to be produced effectively in bacterial systems utilizing fatty acids. The global regulatory genes arcA and ompR are known to regulate steps involved in fatty acid transport and metabolism, making them promising candidates for research. In this study, we deleted the arcA and ompR genes in order to deregulate fatty acid uptake. To measure the effect of these deletions, copolymers were produced using recombinant E. coli and the repeating unit composition was analyzed. Residual fatty acid levels in media were also measured to determine a difference in ...


Additives To Control Mechanical Properties And Drug Delivery Of Injectable Polymeric Scaffolds, Paul Fisher Jan 2014

Additives To Control Mechanical Properties And Drug Delivery Of Injectable Polymeric Scaffolds, Paul Fisher

Theses and Dissertations--Biomedical Engineering

In situ forming implants (ISIs) are popular due to their ease of use and local drug delivery potential, but they suffer from high initial drug burst, and release behavior is tied closely to solvent exchange and polymer properties. Additionally, such systems are traditionally viewed purely as drug delivery devices rather than potential scaffold materials due to their poor mechanical properties and minimal porosity. The aim of this research was to develop an injectable ISI with drug release, mechanical, and microstructural properties controlled by micro- and nanoparticle additives.

First, an injectable ISI was developed with appropriate drug release kinetics for orthopedic ...