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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Biomechanical Joint Demands And Functional Outcomes During Manual Wheelchair Use In Pediatric Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Christine M. Aurit Dec 2014

Biomechanical Joint Demands And Functional Outcomes During Manual Wheelchair Use In Pediatric Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Christine M. Aurit

Theses and Dissertations

The biomechanical demands of the upper extremities (UEs) during pediatric manual wheelchair (MWC) use have not been fully explored. Children who use MWCs for mobility engage in a range of functional activities that may place large biomechanical demands on the UEs leading to a high risk on overuse injuries. This study aims to analyze the kinematics and kinetics of pediatric manual wheelchair use during propulsion, starting, stopping and weight relief tasks. Fourteen pediatric patients with spinal cord injury were recruited and data were collected using a 14-camera Vicon MX motion analysis system (Oxford Metric Group, Oxford, UK) and a SmartWheel ...


An Optogenetic Brain-Machine Interface For Spatiotemporal Neuromodulation, Ryan Andrew Baumgartner Dec 2014

An Optogenetic Brain-Machine Interface For Spatiotemporal Neuromodulation, Ryan Andrew Baumgartner

Theses and Dissertations

Direct neural stimulation has recently become a standard therapy for neurological disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, Essential Tremors, and Dystonia. Currently, deep brain electro-stimulation and neuro-pharmaceutical treatments are the dominant therapeutic options available to the public. As our understanding of brain function and neurological diseases improves, we are able to develop more advanced neuromodulation techniques. These methods could become viable treatment solutions for treating brain dysfunction. Optogenetics, first introduced by a research team led by Karl Deisseroth at Stanford University, has proved to be a versatile technique with remarkable potential to be used in treatments for brain disorders, dysfunction ...


Role Of Sensation In Altered Phalanx Grip Force In Persons With Stroke, Leah R. Enders Dec 2014

Role Of Sensation In Altered Phalanx Grip Force In Persons With Stroke, Leah R. Enders

Theses and Dissertations

Many individuals experience hand impairment after stroke leading to decreased ability to perform daily living activities. Previous research studies have investigated how stroke survivors' pinch grip control differs from healthy individuals, even though many individuals can only grasp with power grip after stroke. Furthermore, many stroke survivors experience tactile sensory deficit in their paretic limb in addition to motor deficit. It is currently unknown how stroke induced tactile sensory deficit affects power grip force directional control, which is important in terms of preventing object slippage and power grip normal force generation. Additionally it is unknown if power grip could be ...


Cryoimaging-Microscopy Implementation For 3d Optical Imaging, Mohammad Masoudimotlagh Aug 2014

Cryoimaging-Microscopy Implementation For 3d Optical Imaging, Mohammad Masoudimotlagh

Theses and Dissertations

The structures and biochemistry properties of biological tissues are mostly affected by diseases. The visualization of organ structure and biochemistry helps in early detection and progression monitoring of diseases.

Although, 2D imaging has traditionally been used to gain information from the tissue, it does not accurately represent many of the structures and functions. There currently exists a need for sensitive and specific methods to show detailed information about the structure of the tissue with high resolution and in 3D. The potential advantage of the high resolution 3D images is the ability to accurately probe structural and biochemical properties of the ...


Effect Of Junction Geometry On Monodispersed Microdroplet Generation In Microfluidic Aqueous Two-Phase Systems, Young Gyu Nam Aug 2014

Effect Of Junction Geometry On Monodispersed Microdroplet Generation In Microfluidic Aqueous Two-Phase Systems, Young Gyu Nam

Theses and Dissertations

Aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) consists of two immiscible water-based solutions of polymers, which can form phase partitioning. Dextran and polyethylene glycol I used in this thesis is the one of common components of aqueous two-phase system give a reliable and incompatible environment for purification of biomedical products and cellular macromolecules. Recently, ATPS have received increasing attention as a separation method in microfluidic device due to the advantages of biocompatibility, unlimited combination, and low interfacial tension. Hence, it became an important to discover researches related to ATPS microfluidic device.

Microdroplets produced in microfluidic device are a largely interesting phenomenon for various ...


Monitoring Changes In Hemodynamics Following Optogenetic Stimulation, Seth Thomas Frye May 2014

Monitoring Changes In Hemodynamics Following Optogenetic Stimulation, Seth Thomas Frye

Theses and Dissertations

The brain is composed of billions of neurons, all of which connected through a vast network. After years of study and applications of different technologies and techniques, there are still more questions than answers when it comes to the fundamental functions of the brain. This project aims to provide a new tool which can be used to gain a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that govern neurological processes inside the brain. In order for neural networks to operate, blood has to be supplied through neighboring blood vessels. As such, the increase or decrease in the blood supply has been ...


Citefinder: A System To Find And Rank Medical Citations, Seyed Soheil Moosavinasab May 2014

Citefinder: A System To Find And Rank Medical Citations, Seyed Soheil Moosavinasab

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents CiteFinder, a system to find relevant citations for clinicians' written content. Inclusion of citations for clinical information content makes the content more reliable through the provision of scientific articles as references, and enables clinicians to easily update their written content using new information. The proposed approach splits the content into sentences, identifies the sentences that need to be supported with citations by applying classification algorithms, and uses information retrieval and ranking techniques to extract and rank relevant citations from MEDLINE for any given sentence. Additionally, this system extracts snippets from the retrieved articles. We assessed our approach ...


Optical Studies Of Oxidative Stress In Lung Tissue: Rodent Models, Reyhaneh Sepehr May 2014

Optical Studies Of Oxidative Stress In Lung Tissue: Rodent Models, Reyhaneh Sepehr

Theses and Dissertations

Objectives: There currently exists a need for reliable measurements of tissue metabolic state at cellular levels. The objective of this research was to study tools capable of evaluating cellular redox states in intact tissue. To meet this goal, three different instruments (cryoimager, fluorometer, and fluorescent microscope) were used to study the metabolism and functions of the mitochondria at different levels and regimes (cryo, ex vivo, in vivo and in vitro).

Introduction: Through optical monitoring of autofluorescent mitochondrial metabolic coenzymes, as well as exogenous fluorophores, the state of mitochondria can be probed in real time in many intact organs and in ...