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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Theses/Dissertations

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Stent

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Evaluating Wall Shear Stress Indices To Uncover Stimuli For Restenosis And Malapposition In Stented Coronary Arteries, Ali A. Aleiou Jul 2017

Evaluating Wall Shear Stress Indices To Uncover Stimuli For Restenosis And Malapposition In Stented Coronary Arteries, Ali A. Aleiou

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The cause of coronary artery neointimal thickening leading to restenosis in ~10% of drug-eluting stents is unknown. Although research suggests adverse values of traditional wall shear stress (WSS) indices may contribute, studies to date have not accounted for stent geometry, which dictates local WSS patterns influencing drug concentration. Recently proposed WSS indices such as WSS variability and WSS exposure time (WSSET) may shed further light on restenosis or, the opposite effect, resorption. The objective of this investigation was to locally evaluate traditional and recently proposed post-stenting metrics and their respective impact on restenosis or resorption. This study used de-identified data ...


Improving Cardiovascular Stent Design Using Patient-Specific Models And Shape Optimization, Timothy J. Gundert Oct 2011

Improving Cardiovascular Stent Design Using Patient-Specific Models And Shape Optimization, Timothy J. Gundert

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Stent geometry influences local hemodynamic alterations (i.e. the forces moving blood through the cardiovascular system) associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is frequently used to quantify stent-induced hemodynamic disturbances, but previous CFD studies have relied on simplified device or vascular representations. Additionally, efforts to minimize stent-induced hemodynamic disturbances using CFD models often only compare a small number of possible stent geometries. This thesis describes methods for modeling commercial stents in patient-specific vessels along with computational techniques for determining optimal stent geometries that address the limitations of previous studies.

An efficient and robust method was developed for ...


Image-Based Quantification Workflow For Coronary Morphology: A Tool For Use In Next-Generation Bifurcation Stent Design, Sara Marie Nomeland Jul 2010

Image-Based Quantification Workflow For Coronary Morphology: A Tool For Use In Next-Generation Bifurcation Stent Design, Sara Marie Nomeland

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs in ~200,000 bifurcation lesions annually. Treatment of CAD near bends and bifurcations is challenging and a preferred strategy for bifurcation lesions has yet to be established. However, a favorable treatment option may be elucidated by a more thorough understanding of vessel morphology as well as local hemodynamic alterations caused by current stenting approaches. Computational modeling of human arteries offers an attractive way to investigate the relationships between geometry, hemodynamics and vascular disease. Recent developments also make it possible to perform analysis on realistic geometries acquired noninvasively.

The objective of this work was twofold. The ...