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Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prostate cancer

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Computer-Assisted Characterization Of Prostate Cancer On Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Derek J. Soetemans Mar 2017

Computer-Assisted Characterization Of Prostate Cancer On Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Derek J. Soetemans

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most prevalent cancers among men. Early diagnosis can improve survival and reduce treatment costs. Current inter-radiologist variability for detection of PCa is high. The use of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) with machine learning algorithms has been investigated both for improving PCa detection and for PCa diagnosis. Widespread clinical implementation of computer-assisted PCa lesion characterization remains elusive; critically needed is a model that is validated against a histologic reference standard that is densely sampled in an unbiased fashion. We address this using our technique for highly accurate fusion of mpMRI with whole-mount digitized ...


Validation Strategies Supporting Clinical Integration Of Prostate Segmentation Algorithms For Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Maysam Shahedi Bagh Khandan Mar 2016

Validation Strategies Supporting Clinical Integration Of Prostate Segmentation Algorithms For Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Maysam Shahedi Bagh Khandan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Segmentation of the prostate in medical images is useful for prostate cancer diagnosis and therapy guidance. However, manual segmentation of the prostate is laborious and time-consuming, with inter-observer variability. The focus of this thesis was on accuracy, reproducibility and procedure time measurement for prostate segmentation on T2-weighted endorectal magnetic resonance imaging, and assessment of the potential of a computer-assisted segmentation technique to be translated to clinical practice for prostate cancer management. We collected an image data set from prostate cancer patients with manually-delineated prostate borders by one observer on all the images and by two other observers on a subset ...


Prostate Tumor Volume Measurement On Digital Histopathology And Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mehrnoush Salarian Sep 2014

Prostate Tumor Volume Measurement On Digital Histopathology And Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mehrnoush Salarian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An accurate assessment of prostate tumour burden supports appropriate treatment selection, ranging from active surveillance through focal therapy, to radical whole-prostate therapies. For selected patients, knowledge of the three-dimensional locations and sizes of prostate tumours on pre-procedural imaging supports planning of effective focal therapies that preferentially target tumours, while sparing surrounding healthy tissue. In the post-prostatectomy context, pathologic measurement of tumour burden in the surgical specimen may be an independent prognostic factor determining the need for potentially life-saving adjuvant therapy. An accurate and repeatable method for tumour volume assessment based on histology sections taken from the surgical specimen would be ...


3d Fusion Of Histology To Multi-Parametric Mri For Prostate Cancer Imaging Evaluation And Lesion-Targeted Treatment Planning, Eli Gibson Aug 2014

3d Fusion Of Histology To Multi-Parametric Mri For Prostate Cancer Imaging Evaluation And Lesion-Targeted Treatment Planning, Eli Gibson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of localized prostate cancer has the potential to support detection, staging and localization of tumors, as well as selection, delivery and monitoring of treatments. Delineating prostate cancer tumors on imaging could potentially further support the clinical workflow by enabling precise monitoring of tumor burden in active-surveillance patients, optimized targeting of image-guided biopsies, and targeted delivery of treatments to decrease morbidity and improve outcomes. Evaluating the performance of mpMRI for prostate cancer imaging and delineation ideally includes comparison to an accurately registered reference standard, such as prostatectomy histology, for the locations of tumor boundaries on mpMRI ...


New Technology And Techniques For Needle-Based Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Prostate Focal Therapy, Jeremy Cepek Dec 2013

New Technology And Techniques For Needle-Based Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Prostate Focal Therapy, Jeremy Cepek

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The most common diagnosis of prostate cancer is that of localized disease, and unfortunately the optimal type of treatment for these men is not yet certain. Magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided focal laser ablation (FLA) therapy is a promising potential treatment option for select men with localized prostate cancer, and may result in fewer side effects than whole-gland therapies, while still achieving oncologic control. The objective of this thesis was to develop methods of accurately guiding needles to the prostate within the bore of a clinical MRI scanner for MRI-guided FLA therapy.

To achieve this goal, a mechatronic needle guidance ...