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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

A Novel Minimally Invasive Tumour Localization Device, Doran Avivi Apr 2016

A Novel Minimally Invasive Tumour Localization Device, Doran Avivi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death, by cancer. The usual treatment is surgical resection of tumours. However, patients who are weak or have poor pulmonary function are deemed unfit for surgery. For these patients, a minimally-invasive approach is desired. A major problem associated with minimally-invasive approaches is tumour localization in real time and accurate measurement of tool--tissue forces.

This thesis describes the design, analysis, manufacturing and validation of a minimally-invasive instrument for tumour localization, named Palpatron. The instrument has an end effector that is able to support two previously designed jaws, one containing an ultrasound sensor ...


Dynamic Image Processing For Guidance Of Off-Pump Beating Heart Mitral Valve Repair, Feng Li Sep 2014

Dynamic Image Processing For Guidance Of Off-Pump Beating Heart Mitral Valve Repair, Feng Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Compared to conventional open heart procedures, minimally invasive off-pump beating heart mitral valve repair aims to deliver equivalent treatment for mitral regurgitation with reduced trauma and side effects. However, minimally invasive approaches are often limited by the lack of a direct view to surgical targets and/or tools, a challenge that is compounded by potential movement of the target during the cardiac cycle. For this reason, sophisticated image guidance systems are required in achieving procedural efficiency and therapeutic success. The development of such guidance systems is associated with many challenges. For example, the system should be able to provide high ...


Augmented Image-Guidance For Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, Pencilla Lang Jul 2012

Augmented Image-Guidance For Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, Pencilla Lang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), an innovative stent-based technique for delivery of a bioprosthetic valve, has resulted in a paradigm shift in treatment options for elderly patients with aortic stenosis. While there have been major advancements in valve design and access routes, TAVI still relies largely on single-plane fluoroscopy for intraoperative navigation and guidance, which provides only gross imaging of anatomical structures. Inadequate imaging leading to suboptimal valve positioning contributes to many of the early complications experienced by TAVI patients, including valve embolism, coronary ostia obstruction, paravalvular leak, heart block, and secondary nephrotoxicity from contrast use.

A ...