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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Use Of Biofunctional Hydrogel Matrices For Chondrocyte Transplantation Applications, Balaji V. Sridhar Jan 2015

Use Of Biofunctional Hydrogel Matrices For Chondrocyte Transplantation Applications, Balaji V. Sridhar

Chemical & Biological Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Healing joint articular cartilage is a significant clinical challenge because it lacks self-healing properties. Focal defects that do not heal properly tend to progress to debilitating osteoarthritis that affects millions of people worldwide. Tissue engineering strategies that utilize biofunctional scaffolds as chondrocyte carriers present a promising treatment option to regenerate cartilage tissue. Autologous chondrocytes are a good cell source since they regulate cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) production in the tissue. Cells can be combined with photopolymerizable scaffolds, which permit control over network formation and can be modified to present biological cues. Current treatment options for cartilage regeneration have generally yielded ...


Matrix Remodeling Accompanies In Vitro Articular Cartilage Spherical Shaping, Nathan Thomas Balcom Jun 2013

Matrix Remodeling Accompanies In Vitro Articular Cartilage Spherical Shaping, Nathan Thomas Balcom

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Introduction: Articular cartilage (AC) is a low friction load bearing material found in synovial joints. The natural repair of damaged tissue is difficult and often requires surgical intervention. With large defects it becomes necessary to match the original tissue geometry. We hypothesized that localized collagen (COL) and/or proteoglycan (PG) remodeling occurs during AC spherical reshaping. The objective of this study was to determine the presence, magnitude and depth dependence of COL and PG remodeling that accompanies AC reshaping. Methods: Full thickness AC blocks (7x7 mm2 surface area) were harvested from the ridges of the patellofemoral groove of immature ...


Viscoelastic Anisotropic Finite Element Mixture Model Of Articular Cartilage Using Viscoelastic Collagen Fibers And Validation With Stress Relaxation Data, Matthew Alexander Griebel Jun 2012

Viscoelastic Anisotropic Finite Element Mixture Model Of Articular Cartilage Using Viscoelastic Collagen Fibers And Validation With Stress Relaxation Data, Matthew Alexander Griebel

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Experimental results show that collagen fibers exhibit stress relaxation under tension and a highly anisotropic distribution. To further develop the earlier model of Stender [1], the collagen constituent was updated to reflect its intrinsic viscoelasticity and anisotropic distribution, and integrated with an existing mixture model with glycosaminoglycans and ground substance matrix. A two-term Prony series expansion of the quasi-linear viscoelastic model was chosen to model the viscoelastic properties of the collagen fibers. Material parameters were determined by using the simplex method to minimize the sum of squared errors between model results and experimental stress relaxation data of tissue in tension ...


Optimization And Translation Of Msc-Based Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogels For Cartilage Repair, Isaac E. Erickson Dec 2011

Optimization And Translation Of Msc-Based Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogels For Cartilage Repair, Isaac E. Erickson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Traumatic injury and disease disrupt the ability of cartilage to carry joint stresses and, without an innate regenerative response, often lead to degenerative changes towards the premature development of osteoarthritis. Surgical interventions have yet to restore long-term mechanical function. Towards this end, tissue engineering has been explored for the de novo formation of engineered cartilage as a biologic approach to cartilage repair. Research utilizing autologous chondrocytes has been promising, but clinical limitations in their yield have motivated research into the potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as an alternative cell source. MSCs are multipotent cells that can differentiate towards a ...


Nano-Mechanics Of Cartilage Glycosaminoglycans Using Molecular Dynamics Methods, Kevin Neil Hendrickson Jan 2009

Nano-Mechanics Of Cartilage Glycosaminoglycans Using Molecular Dynamics Methods, Kevin Neil Hendrickson

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Articular Cartilage (AC) is the main load carrying material in synovial joints {Hamerman, 1962} and degeneration of AC can cause pain in the form of arthritis. Current work is centered on the method of replacing damaged cartilage inside the body (in vivo) with tissue engineered outside the body (ex vivo) {Temenoff, 2000}. In order to engineer tissue ex vivo similar to the native tissue in structure and function there must be a comprehensive understanding of the mechanical properties of AC. This work focuses on the study of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), a molecule known to be primarily responsible for the compressive stiffness ...