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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Designing An Instrument Based Nn Native Fluorescence To Determine Soil Microbial Content At A Mars Analog Site, Heather D. Smith Dec 2009

Designing An Instrument Based Nn Native Fluorescence To Determine Soil Microbial Content At A Mars Analog Site, Heather D. Smith

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For this research project we designed an instrument to detect bacteria via biomolecular fluorescence. We introduce the current understanding of astrobiology, our knowledge of life beyond Earth, and the commonality of Earth life as it pertains to the search for life on Mars. We proposed a novel technique for searching for direct evidence of life on the surface of Mars using fluorescence. We use the arid region of the Mojave Desert as an analog of Mars. Results indicate the fluorescence of the biotic component of desert soils is approximately as strong as the fluorescence of the mineral component. Fluorescence laboratory ...


A Systems Approach To Cellular Signal Transduction, Jeremy E. Purvis Aug 2009

A Systems Approach To Cellular Signal Transduction, Jeremy E. Purvis

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Vital cellular processes such as growth, gene expression, and homeostasis depend on the correct transmission of molecular signals within and between cells. The vast complexity of these molecular signaling networks has necessitated the use of mathematical methods to model, characterize, and predict cellular responses. The work presented in this dissertation shows how computational methods were used to elucidate two clinically-relevant cellular signaling responses: (i) phosphotyrosine signaling through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a receptor tyrosine kinase that is commonly overexpressed or structurally altered in human cancers; and (ii) phosphoinositide and calcium signaling in human platelets---the key cellular mediators of ...


Mechanical And Chemical Effects In Adhesion Of Thin Shell Structures With Applications In Wafer Bonding And Adhesion Of Living Cells, Richard M. Springman Aug 2009

Mechanical And Chemical Effects In Adhesion Of Thin Shell Structures With Applications In Wafer Bonding And Adhesion Of Living Cells, Richard M. Springman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

A theoretical model is analyzed to investigate the adhesion of thin shell structures to both rigid and deformable substrates under a variety of surface conditions. The thermodynamic forces driving the adhesive process are determined from an interfacial free energy, which is described within a classical thermodynamics framework. Deformations of the thin, elastic shells are studied using a geometrically nonlinear shell theory. Finite-range adhesive tractions, chemical segregation, substrate compliance, and substrate topography all are considered over a wide range of geometric and material parameters. Equilibrium adhesion states are characterized by a shell flatness parameter, the contact radius, and the adhesive and ...


Micro, Nano Encapsulation Methods For Sustained Release Drug Formulations And Biomimetic Applications, Shantanu Balkundi Jul 2009

Micro, Nano Encapsulation Methods For Sustained Release Drug Formulations And Biomimetic Applications, Shantanu Balkundi

Doctoral Dissertations

The Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly technique was used to obtain a new type of protein/polyphenol microcapsule based on naturally occurring polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and gelatin, type A. The dependence of permeability on the molecular weight of permeating substances was studied and compared with commonly used polyallylamine/polystyrene sulfonate capsules. A quartz crystal microbalance was used to monitor the regularities of EGCG adsorption in alternation with type A and B Gelatins and electrophoretic mobility measurements were used that indicated that the nature of assembly was dependent on Gelatin properties. It was shown that EGCG retains its antioxidant activity in the ...


Inducing A Normal Phenotype In Breast Epithelial Cells Using A Three-Dimensional Basement Membrane Extract Culture System: A Study On The Reversion Of Cancer, Ross H. Booth May 2009

Inducing A Normal Phenotype In Breast Epithelial Cells Using A Three-Dimensional Basement Membrane Extract Culture System: A Study On The Reversion Of Cancer, Ross H. Booth

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Experimentally, traditional developmental models and transgenic animals consistently underscore the importance of studying cell behavior in the correct tissue context. However, live animal experimentation is inherently complex, and systematic assessment of the effects of individual variables, such as cell shape and matrix compliance on cell behavior, is extremely difficult at best. Two-dimensional monolayer culture of key individual cell types has provided abundant, fundamental information on cell response, but cannot be used to show the normal phenotype of breast epithelial cells. Furthermore, their results often fail to translate into in vivo and clinical studies. It has been previously established that normal ...


Numerical Modeling Of Hemodynamics In The Thoracic Aorta And Alterations By Dacron Patch Treatment Of Aortic Coarctation, Ronak Jashwant Dholakia Jan 2009

Numerical Modeling Of Hemodynamics In The Thoracic Aorta And Alterations By Dacron Patch Treatment Of Aortic Coarctation, Ronak Jashwant Dholakia

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a major congenital heart disease, characterized by a severe stenosis of the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Traditionally, surgery has been the treatment of choice for CoA. Dacron patch aortoplasty gained increased popularity after its introduction in the mid-twentieth century due to its advantages over other surgical treatment methods available at the time. A major complication with Dacron patch aortoplasty has been the formation of late aneurysm with as much as 51% incidence reported in follow up studies. The change in aortic morphology and formation of aneurysms after Dacron patch surgery could lead to local ...