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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Multiple-Input Subject-Specific Modeling Of Plasma Glucose Concentration For Feedforward Control, Kaylee Renee Kotz, Ali Cinar, Yong Mei, Amy Roggendorf, Elizabeth Littlejohn, Laurie Quinn, Derrick K. Rollins Sr. Jan 2014

Multiple-Input Subject-Specific Modeling Of Plasma Glucose Concentration For Feedforward Control, Kaylee Renee Kotz, Ali Cinar, Yong Mei, Amy Roggendorf, Elizabeth Littlejohn, Laurie Quinn, Derrick K. Rollins Sr.

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The ability to accurately develop subject-specific, input causation models, for blood glucose concentration (BGC) for large input sets can have a significant impact on tightening control for insulin dependent diabetes. More specifically, for Type 1 diabetics (T1Ds), it can lead to an effective artificial pancreas (i.e., an automatic control system that delivers exogenous insulin) under extreme changes in critical disturbances. These disturbances include food consumption, activity variations, and physiological stress changes. Thus, this paper presents a free-living, outpatient, multiple-input, modeling method for BGC with strong causation attributes that is stable and guards against overfitting to provide an e ffective ...


Evaluation Of Coarse-Grained Mapping Schemes For Polysaccharide Chains In Cellulose, Sergiy Markutsya, Ajitha Devarajan, John Ysrael Baluyut, Theresa Lynn Windus, Mark S. Gordon, Monica H. Lamm Jan 2013

Evaluation Of Coarse-Grained Mapping Schemes For Polysaccharide Chains In Cellulose, Sergiy Markutsya, Ajitha Devarajan, John Ysrael Baluyut, Theresa Lynn Windus, Mark S. Gordon, Monica H. Lamm

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

A fundamental understanding of the intermolecular forces that bind polysaccharide chains together in cellulose is crucial for designing efficient methods to overcome the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass to hydrolysis. Because the characteristic time and length scales for the degradation of cellulose by enzymatic hydrolysis or chemical pretreatment span orders of magnitude, it is important to closely integrate the molecular models used at each scale so that, ultimately, one may switch seamlessly between quantum, atomistic, and coarse-grained descriptions of the system. As a step towards that goal, four multiscale coarse-grained models for polysaccharide chains in a cellulose-Iα microfiber are considered. Using ...


Production Of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural From Glucose Using A Combination Of Lewis And Brønsted Acid Catalysts In Water In A Biphasic Reactor With An Alkylphenol Solvent, Yomaira J. Pagan-Torres, Tianfu Wang, Jean Marcel R. Gallo, Brent H. Shanks, James A. Dumesic Jan 2012

Production Of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural From Glucose Using A Combination Of Lewis And Brønsted Acid Catalysts In Water In A Biphasic Reactor With An Alkylphenol Solvent, Yomaira J. Pagan-Torres, Tianfu Wang, Jean Marcel R. Gallo, Brent H. Shanks, James A. Dumesic

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We report the catalytic conversion of glucose in high yields (62%) to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), a versatile platform chemical. The reaction system consists of a Lewis acid metal chloride (e.g., AlCl 3) and a Bronsted acid (HCl) in a biphasic reactor consisting of water and an alkylphenol compound (2-sec-butylphenol) as the organic phase. The conversion of glucose in the presence of Lewis and Bronsted acidity proceeds through a tandem pathway involving isomerization of glucose to fructose, followed by dehydration of fructose to HMF. The organic phase extracts 97% of the HMF produced, while both acid catalysts remain in the aqueous ...


Arg343 In Human Surfactant Protein D Governs Discrimination Between Glucose And N-Acetylglucosamine Ligands, Martin J. Allen, Alain Laederach, Peter J. Reilly, Robert J. Mason, Dennis R. Voelker Aug 2004

Arg343 In Human Surfactant Protein D Governs Discrimination Between Glucose And N-Acetylglucosamine Ligands, Martin J. Allen, Alain Laederach, Peter J. Reilly, Robert J. Mason, Dennis R. Voelker

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Surfactant protein D (SP-D), one of the members of the collectin family of C-type lectins, is an important component of pulmonary innate immunity. SP-D binds carbohydrates in a calcium-dependent manner, but the mechanisms governing its ligand recognition specificity are not well understood. SP-D binds glucose (Glc) stronger than N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). Structural superimposition of hSP-D with mannose- binding protein C (MBP-C) complexed with GlcNAc reveals steric clashes between the ligand and the side chain of Arg343 in hSP-D. To test whether Arg343contributes to Glc > GlcNAc recognition specificity, we constructed a computational model of Arg343→Val (R343V ...