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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Separation Of Visual And Motor Workspaces During Targeted Reaching Results In Limited Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation, Yuming Lei, Michelle J. Johnson, Jinsung Wang Apr 2013

Separation Of Visual And Motor Workspaces During Targeted Reaching Results In Limited Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation, Yuming Lei, Michelle J. Johnson, Jinsung Wang

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Separating visual and proprioceptive information in terms of workspace locations during reaching movement has been shown to disturb transfer of visuomotor adaptation across the arms. Here, we investigated whether separating visual and motor workspaces would also disturb generalization of visuomotor adaptation across movement conditions within the same arm. Subjects were divided into four experimental groups (plus three control groups). The first two groups adapted to a visual rotation under a “dissociation” condition in which the targets for reaching movement were presented in midline while their arm performed reaching movement laterally. Following that, they were tested in an “association” condition in ...


Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson Jul 2010

Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

We examined how proprioceptive contributions to perception of hand path straightness are influenced by visual, motor and attentional sources of performance variability during horizontal planar reaching. Subjects held the handle of a robot that constrained goal-directed movements of the hand to the paths of controlled curvature. Subjects attempted to detect the presence of hand path curvature during both active (subject driven) and passive (robot driven) movements that either required active muscle force production or not. Subjects were less able to discriminate curved from straight paths when actively reaching for a target versus when the robot moved their hand through the ...


Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt Jan 2003

Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

People optimize reaching to make straight and smooth movements. We performed experiments characterizing human sensitivity to hand path deviations from a straight reach. Vision of the arm was blocked. Subjects either moved the hand along paths of constrained curvature, or a robot moved the relaxed limb along similar trajectories (active and passive conditions, respectively). Subjects responded after each trial whether or not they thought the movement curved convex right. In a series of three experiments, we tested the effects of modifying visual feedback of hand position to suppress curvature, isotonic muscle activation, and a distracter task on subjects ability to ...